This paper presents a phenomenological equivalent circuit to model the phenomenon occurring when a section of superconducting transmission line transits from a superconducting state to a normal state. This phenomenon allows the use of superconductors for the design of autolimiting structures based on superconducting transmission line sections. Although this autolimiting effect happens when the current density achieved in the superconductor exceeds the critical current inherent to the superconducting material, heating effects also play a significant role in this behavior. The equivalent circuit presented in this work accounts for both electric and thermal effects, and the interaction between them. The circuit model is then used for the evaluation of a practical microwave and frequency selective IMUX configuration.
This letter describes a novel three-port absorptive limiter for frequency-selective circuits based on a configuration similar to a conventional 90° hybrid coupler. This circuit uses the switching behavior of common diodes to change between the nonlimiting and absorptive limiting states. Theoretical descriptions and designs are presented along with prototypes based on PIN diodes. Measurements of the limiting performance of the devices at approximately 2 GHz as a function of power demonstrate the viability of the concept.