Sarmiento, S.; Altabas, J.; Izquierdo, D.; Garces, I.; Spadaro, S.; Lazaro, J.A. Journal of optical communications and networking Vol. 9, num. 12, p. 1116-1124 DOI: 10.1364/JOCN.9.001116 Data de publicació: 2017-12 Article en revista
Architectural changes are required for the underlying networks to support the expected Internet data traffic volume growth caused by the popularization of cloud services, 5G-based services, and social networks, to provide a highly dynamic connectivity. Cost-effective and energy-efficient solutions for flexible network subsystems are required to provide future sustainable networks. In this paper, we present a cost-effective dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM) reconfigurable optical add/drop multiplexer (ROADM) design enabling optical metro–access networks convergence. The cost-effective DWDM ROADM capabilities also have been assessed in an ultradense wavelength multiplexing (u-DWDM) ring network scenario. In particular, achievable network throughput has been considered.
A cost-effective transceiver for a 1-Gb/s full-duplex ultra-dense wavelength division multiplexing optical link is proposed for flexible metro-access and 5G networks. The transceiver is based on a vertical cavity surface emitting laser, which is used as the local oscillator for a heterodyne receiver and also feeds a phase-modulated reflective semiconductor optical amplifier (RSOA) transmitter. The modulation format used in the RSOA is a nonreturn-to-zero differential binary phase shift keying (DPSK) for the uplink, while the downlink is based on a Nyquist DPSK format. The central frequencies of the links are 2 GHz separated, and both links can be placed inside a 6.25-GHz frequency slot. The sensitivity of this transceiver is -43.5 dBm over a 50-km fiber.
Ricciardi, S.; Palmieri, F.; Castiglione, A.; Careglio, D. Journal of network and computer applications Vol. 56, p. 41-47 DOI: 10.1016/j.jnca.2015.06.014 Data de publicació: 2015-10-01 Article en revista
Flexgrid Optical Networks provide higher spectrum efficiency and flexibility in comparison to traditional wavelength switched optical networks (WSON) due to the finer granularity in managing communication channels at the WDM layer, thus allowing beyond 100 Gbps transmission capabilities. They also promise allocating part of the traffic aggregation function to the optical layer, thus reducing the use of energy-hungry electronic devices. Accordingly, in this work, we analyzed these architectures from the power consumption perspective by evaluating the energy efficiency derived from introducing the Flexgrid technology in order to allow the shift of grooming and bandwidth aggregation functions at the optical layer, by envisioning a next generation of IP/MPLS-over-flexgrid transport architectures.
Rodriguez, A.; Marc Portoles-Comeras; Ermagan, V.; Lewis, D.; Farinacci, D.; Maino, F.; Albert Cabellos-Aparicio IEEE communications magazine Vol. 53, num. 7, p. 201-207 DOI: 10.1109/MCOM.2015.7158286 Data de publicació: 2015-07-01 Article en revista
The Locator/ID Separation Protocol (LISP) splits current IP addresses overlapping semantics of identity and location into two separate namespaces. Since its inception the protocol has gained considerable attention from both industry and academia, motivating several new use cases to be proposed. Despite its inherent control-data decoupling and the abstraction and flexibility it introduces into the network, little has been said about the role of LISP on the SDN paradigm. In this article we try to fill that gap and analyze if LISP can be used for SDN. The article presents a systematic analysis of the relevant SDN requirements and how such requirements can be fulfilled by the LISP architecture and components. This results in a set of benefits (e.g. incremental deployment, scalability, flexibility, interoperability, and inter-domain support) and drawbacks (e.g. extra headers and some initial delay) of using LISP for SDN. In order to validate the analysis, we have built and tested a prototype using the LISPmob open-source implementation.
The constant growing in traffic demands has driven to look for new methods with which to reduce the occupied bandwidth and efficient use of the optical spectrum. Despite non-orthogonal signalling lead to intersymbolic interference introduction, it can be considered as a promising solution if interference is introduced in a controlled manner. In this paper the modulation scheme called Faster-Than-Nyquist (FTN) is presented for Flexible Passive Optical Networks application. Different ratios of bandwidth reduction vs. power penalty are presented and compared to the Nyquist modulation.