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    Nothing to hide  Open access

     Rodriguez Mondelo, Pedro Manuel; Terres De Ercilla, Fernando
    International Conference on Occupational Risk Prevention
    Presentation's date: 2013-04-03
    Presentation of work at congresses

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    En este artículo los autores hacen una reflexión sobre la utilización de instrumentos para el seguimiento de la gestión de la seguridad y salud en una obra de construcción y presentan los resultados preliminares de una herramienta con este objetivo, actualmente en fase de desarrollo. La medición del clima de seguridad y salud viene siendo habitual en empresas, particularmente de los sectores de la energía y la industria; sin embargo, su utilización es menos frecuente en el sector de la construcción por las especiales características de dicho sector, cuestión que se aborda haciendo hincapié en la coordinación de la seguridad y salud, un elemento constante en los países de la Unión Europea. Por otro lado, en la construcción es frecuente la utilización de instrumentos de recogida de información de inspecciones y observaciones, para lo que se propone un modelo específico que incluye propuestas de mejora y consideraciones adicionales sobre la coordinación de la seguridad y salud en las obras. Finalmente, en la última parte se presentan los resultados preliminares de la aplicación de esta herramienta a una muestra de obras de construcción.

  • Análisis de la exposición al riesgo por levantamiento manual de cargas en condiciones de alta variabilidad  Open access

     Alvarez Casado, Enrique
    Defense's date: 2013-03-18
    Department of Business Administration, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya
    Theses

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    El levantamiento manual de cargas es un requerimiento de trabajo muy frecuente en Europa y su exposición puede originar importantes daños a la salud, comportando un gran coste socio-económico. En esta investigación, mediante la valoración de expertos y delegados de prevención, se caracterizan las exposiciones a levantamientos manuales de cargas más presentes en las empresas y las prácticas comunes para su evaluación. Se analiza la validez, las limitaciones y la aplicabilidad de los modelos matemáticos actuales para evaluar la exposición al riesgo que comporta ante condiciones de levantamiento de alta variabilidad. Se propone un nuevo modelo matemático para analizar la exposición al riesgo, el índice de levantamiento variable (VLI), y se plantean y analizan diferentes estrategias de aplicación basadas en la reducción de la dimensión de los atributos que la caracterizan, definiendo los indicadores que permiten valorar las estrategias de aplicación del modelo más adecuadas.

    L’aixecament manual de càrregues és un requeriment de treball molt freqüent a Europa, i la seva exposició pot generar importants danys a la salut amb un alt cost sòcio-econòmic. En aquesta recerca, mitjançant la valoració d’experts i delegats de prevenció, es caracteritzen les exposicions a aixecaments manuals de càrregues més presents en les empreses i les pràctiques més comuns per a la seva avaluació. S’analitza la validesa, les limitacions i la aplicabilitat dels models matemàtics actuals per avaluar l’exposició al risc en condicions d’alta variabilitat. Es proposa un nou model matemàtic per analitzar l’exposició al risc, l’índex d’aixecament variable (VLI), i es plantegen i analitzen diferents estratègies d’aplicació basades en la reducció de la dimensió dels atributs que la caracteritzen, definint els indicadors que permeten valorar les estratègies d’aplicació del model més adients.

    Manual lifting loads is a widely extended requirement at work in Europe. The exposure to this hazard is producing significant work-related musculoskeletal disorders and a high social and economic cost. In this study, the most common characteristics of tasks involving manual lifting loads in companies and how they are currently analyzed are identified, based on perception and opinions of ergonomists and health and safety representatives. The validity, applicability and limitations of current mathematical models for assessing this risk in highly variable conditions are analyzed. A new mathematical model, called variable lifting index (VLI), is proposed. Different strategies for applying the model based on attribute reduction are analyzed. Finally, new indicators to evaluate the goodness of each strategy have been defined.

  • Modelo conceptual de proceso de evaluación de factores ergonómicos en tareas con manipulación manual de carga dinámico asimétrica en el sector de la construcción  Open access

     Cerda Díaz, Eduardo Niels
    Defense's date: 2013-09-27
    Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya
    Theses

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    El objetivo de esta investigación es estudiar tareas, analizar variables y desarrollar modelo de evaluación para tareas con Manipulación Manual de Carga Dinámico-Asimétricas en el Sector Construcción. Los resultados describen la necesidad de desarrollar metodologías cuyo constructo sea adecuado para el estudio de este tipo de tareas, las variables de dinamismo y asimetría asociadas que determinan patrones específicos en la ejecución de las mismas lo que finalmente orienta el desarrollo del Modelo. Este Modelo contempla en su constructo las siguientes etapas: Clasificación Sistemática Proceso, Levantamiento Información Técnica, Análisis Sistémico, Identificación de Variables, Análisis de Tarea, Determinación Índice Ergonómico Global - Parcial y Proceso Específico de Evaluación considerando las siguientes variables específicas de análisis: Peso, Frecuencia, Técnicas y Posturas Combinadas, Agarre Combinado, Percepción de Esfuerzo y Dificultad de Manipulación. Se concluye con proyecciones y necesidades de investigación en la temática de Manipulación Manuales de Carga Dinámico-Asimétricas.

    The Manual Material Handling is one of the most important physical risk factors in an Ergonomics context in the different productive processes. The current risk assessment models focus on methodologies that analyze the specific variables based on an atomized model. Some of these specific variables are: material characteristics, lumbar-hand distance, vertical distance, asymmetry of angle trunk, coupling and the frequency of manual material handling. In these models the independent variables in lifting (origin and destination) and carrying are analyzed . These traditional models do not take into account an integrated analysis of the risk factors assessment process in manual handling tasks performed in lifting and carrying. The construction of current models has focused on the variables mentioned above. However, they do not ensure a proper application in the different productive sectors, such as the construction sector, due to the characteristic processes that have, as a common denominator, a poorly defined variable duty cycle, and several variable incidents. Taking into consideration the concepts of ¿work related musculoskeletal disorders¿ and ¿physical load¿, there are three variables which are relevant to the development of a conceptual model in the risk ¿Ergonomics¿ assessment process. These variables are: range of motion, exposition time and force. For the "range of motion" and "time" variables there are technical agreements regarding the evaluation approach; however for the third variable studied, "the Force", there is no technical agreement in the assessment model. The aim of this research is to study the tasks, analyze variables and develop a risk assessment proceses model in Manual Material Handling Dynamics and Asymmetrics in the Construction Sector. These model focus the analysis of specific variables related to ¿the Force¿. This research concluded that it is necessary to develop models focused on the sectors where there are variables related to asymmetry and dynamism in manual material handling, and their associations and patterns of presentation. The incidence of variables such as handling techniques, handling posture, coupling and handling difficulties are relevant in a risk assessment model on manual material handling dynamics and asymmetrics. Each of these variables and their patterns of presentation are relevant in the assessment model and the task analysis. In manual material handling dynamics and asymmetrics there is a high incidence of these variables. The model exposed defines the importance of several concepts; the first of them is the ¿production process classification¿ due to the importance of classifying (stage, operation, trades, task and activities) correctly and assessing critical conditions in a specific condition. The next relevants concepts are the task analysis and system analysis. In the conceptual model, it is relevant to execute the analysis from the macro to the specific aspects. This concept considered that the risk assessment is conditioned due to the interaction among the different elements in a specific system. Additionally, the risk assessment process model should follow a Decision Diagram and a Risk Assessment Model focused on Manual Material Handling Asymmetrics and Dynamics.

  • Comparison of regional policy in the prevention of work-related musculoskeletal disorders within 5 European regions of TIAM project

     Zhang, Bing; Alvarez Casado, Enrique; Rodriguez Mondelo, Pedro Manuel; Talavera Pedrol, Nuria
    International Conference on Occupational Risk Prevention
    Presentation of work at congresses

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    In Europe, generally, there are various legal requirements for the prevention of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSD) in the workplace. It is essential for organizations to consider these legal requirements when establishing, implementing and maintaining their risk management systems, particularly with regard to hazard identification, risk assessment, oversight protocol, and results review. This questionnaire seeks to identify good practices in terms of regional policy in the prevention of work-related musculoskeletal disorders by asking several important questions to all 5 regions participating in TIAM projects. In this paper, we not only described the design of the questionnaire and the final answers from the 5 European regions, but also have compared those different regional policies. The paper has concluded that most regions haven’t established procedures for monitoring correct implementation of ISO or EN based methods/tools/criteria in companies. There are still gaps between application and the standards. New tools, methods and guidelines for small and medium enterprise are needed to address the solution for prevention of WMSD. More efforts are needed to develop technological tools to address this problem in high variable and intensive hand activities

    Postprint (author’s final draft)

  • Estudio ergonómico del teleférico de Mérida (Venezuela) : el más largo y alto del mundo en su tipo

     Guedez Torcates, Victor Manuel; Rodriguez Mondelo, Pedro Manuel
    International Conference on Occupational Risk Prevention
    Presentation's date: 2012-05-23
    Presentation of work at congresses

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    La Escuela de Ingeniería Mecánica de la Universidad de los Andes en Venezuela (ULA) llevan a cabo estudios antropométricos y ergonómicos destinados a valorar la calidad de los servicios públicos de la ciudad de Mérida, para poder ofrecer mejoras en su servicio. Los factores a analizar son principalmente la postura, esfuerzos, espacios disponibles, seguridad y peligros asociados a los puestos de trabajo presentes en la empresa. El trabajo muestra una metodología informatizada para evaluar dimensionalmente la mejor distribución de los pasajeros dentro de las antiguas cabinas del teleférico más emblemático del país. La metodología comienza con la selección de las cabinas existentes, su medición exacta, y luego se digitalizan las imágenes utilizando un programas CAD, para ver claramente las posturas y secuencias de movimientos, la digitalización de la cabina con sus respectivos asientos tal como está y luego su comparación con otras distribuciones propuestas hasta dejar en manos de la gerencia del teléferico la decisión de elegir una cabina con mayor cantidad de pasajeros o una cabina mas segura y ergonómica. Los elementos presentes en este estudio, permiten tomar una decisión en base a criterios científicos y económicos, sobre cual es la mejor cabina para el teleférico de Mérida.

  • Hight prevalence of depression among working people with occupational disease: a population-based study

     Otero Sierra, Carmen; Rodriguez Mondelo, Pedro Manuel; Macho Fernández, Juan Miguel; Chau, Nearkasen
    International Conference on Occupational Risk Prevention
    Presentation's date: 2012-05-23
    Presentation of work at congresses

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    Objective Occupational diseases (OD) are common and may generate physical/mental disorders. This study assessed depression risk among workers with OD. Methods We compared 560 subjects with recognized OD (for a two-year period) to 4,766 randomly selected subjects having worked in north-eastern France. They completed a self-administered questionnaire gathering socioeconomic/occupational characteristics, health, physician-diagnosed-diseases, and disabilities. Data were analyzed via logistic models. Results Depression was more common in OD-group than in the reference group among working people (4.9% vs. 2.6%, p=0.006, sex-age-adjusted-OR 1.94, 95%CI 1.11-2.38), but not among inactive people (4.3% vs. 4.9%, p=0.825). In working OD-group, depression related to bad health, poly-pathology, and domestic/leisure-activity-disability (sex-age-adjusted-ORs 2.88 to 8.27). Workers with adjusted jobs were also at risk (sex-age-adjusted-OR 2.71). Depression higher risk in women was more pronounced in working OD-group than among reference counterparts (age-adjusted-OR 3.40 vs. 2.20). Conclusion Working subjects with OD suffer much from depression which needs to be monitored

  • Promoting heart rate based healthcare sensor to stimulate prevention of work related musculoskeletal disorder and heart disease for elderly worker at workplace

     Zhang, Bing; Alvarez Casado, Enrique; Rodriguez Mondelo, Pedro Manuel; Talavera Pedrol, Nuria
    International Conference on Occupational Risk Prevention
    Presentation's date: 2012-05-23
    Presentation of work at congresses

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    In this paper, we discussed the possibility and proposal to adapt heart rate based healthcare sensor at workplace to estimate working load for elderly worker by an holistic literature study. The occurrence of work related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) increase with age. Many older workers will have spent more time working in situations that are prone to lead to MSDs. There are predictive equations developed to estimate metabolic work rate (MWR) as a function of heart rate and physical characteristics. Besides, there are significant effects of mental stress on trapezius muscle activity and heart rate. On the other hand, little is known about occupational risks for coronary heart disease. A few specific toxins encountered occupationally are known to affect the heart, most prominently carbon disulfide, nitroglycerin, and carbon monoxide. However, the age group between 60 and 65 or 67 has been neglected from current standards. Therefore, this paper has promoted to protect those target users from mental stress and MSDs at workplace and promote heart health meanwhile improve the productivity of the companies

    Postprint (author’s final draft)

  • Introducción a la organización del trabajo

     Rodriguez Mondelo, Pedro Manuel; IBAÑEZ giner, JOSE MARIA; COLLANTES IBAÑEZ, PILAR
    Date of publication: 2012-10-01
    Book

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  • Vigilancia normativa y tecnológica en nanotecnologia y seguridad y salud laboral

     Rodriguez Mondelo, Pedro Manuel; Galera Rodrigo, Mª Asuncion
    International Conference on Occupational Risk Prevention
    Presentation's date: 2011-11-10
    Presentation of work at congresses

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  • Evaluation research by CATIA ergonomics software tool to address the needs of digital human modeling systems for occupational risk prevention

     Zhang, Bing; Rodriguez Mondelo, Pedro Manuel; Talavera Pedrol, Nuria
    International Conference on Occupational Risk Prevention
    Presentation's date: 2011-11-10
    Presentation of work at congresses

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  • RSC: incidencia de los nuevos modelos de estructura familiar en la calidad de vida laboral

     Nieto Checa, Estrella Maria; Rodriguez Mondelo, Pedro Manuel; Sanchez Ferradal, Paula
    International Conference on Occupational Risk Prevention
    Presentation's date: 2011-11-10
    Presentation of work at congresses

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    Using ergonomics Digital Human Modeling in Evaluation of workplace Design and Prevention of work related musculoeskeletal disorders aboard small fishing vessels r  Open access

     Alvarez Casado, Enrique; Zhang, Bing; Tello Sandoval, Sonia; Rodriguez Mondelo, Pedro Manuel
    Human factors and ergonomics in manufacturing
    Date of publication: 2011-03-31
    Journal article

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    This article seeks to presentmethods for preventing work-relatedmusculoskeletal disorders of Spanish fishermen and for redesigning the workplace aboard small fishing vessels. To achieve its objective, the research project was designed in four steps. First, the equipment and procedures for catching, handling, and storing fish were studied. Second, the work postures of all the fishermen were simulated and assessed by using an ergonomic digital human modeling system (ManneQuin Pro). Third, the work environment design aboard vessels was modified on the basis of acceptable simulated work postures to prevent repetitive movements, awkward working postures, and lower back biomechanical stresses. In the fourth step, ergonomic design parameters were provided to vessel designers.

  • Implicaciones de la integración de los sistemas de gestión de calidad, medio ambiente y seguridad y salud laboral basados en estándares internacionales  Open access

     Abad Puente, Jesus
    Defense's date: 2011-09-28
    Department of Business Administration, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya
    Theses

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    From the proposed conceptualization of the construct ¿integration of management systems¿ like a ¿semantic diffused universe¿, based on the multidisciplinary confluence in its field of study, this thesis deal with three key aspects in its theoretical framework: the scope of integrated management systems, the definitions of construct and the methodological approaches used for its consecution. Together with this, it is carried out a bibliographic meta-analysis about consequences as a result of an integration process. Based on this theoretical framework it was formulated three objectives: the first one is to know the characteristics of integrated systems (semantic consideration) including Quality, Environment and Occupational Health and Safety systems based on international standards (scope consideration), and the methodological aspects which determine its structure (methodological consideration). The second objective focus on the advantages, disadvantages and difficulties appeared after a process of integration of management systems; observing its level of appearance and identifying the contingent aspects which influence in his performance. Finally, we analyze the impact of the integration process on one technical function involved, Occupational Health and Safety, evaluating how is the impact on their performance results, as well as on the management mechanisms that it uses. The research methodology used to contrast the hypotheses derived from these objectives is basically exploratory, with application of quantitative techniques: for the first objective we have used the ¿principal component analysis¿ multivariate technique, complemented with descriptive statistics. For the other two objectives were combined techniques of statistical inference and descriptive statistics. The results have shown the appearance of three levels of integration between the organizations in the sample, which can be characterized by two variables: the integration of the documentary structure of the new system and the level of integration of the map of processes. It has also verified that the integration of management systems provides multiple benefits to organizations, so generally is perceived as positive for them. There is also a positive relationship between level of integration and level of acquisition of such benefits. Finally, we have found that the occupational health and safety management system integration with other systems has a positive impact on the management and operation of the preventive processes and its performance. Likewise it can even be a contributing factor to the reduction of the accident rates of the company.

  • El absentismo y sus costes en España: análisis de los datos recientes

     Rodriguez Mondelo, Pedro Manuel; Sanchez Ferradal, Paula
    Date: 2011-11-30
    Report

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  • Los riesgos laborales- viales y su prevención

     Rodriguez Mondelo, Pedro Manuel
    Date: 2011-04-30
    Report

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  • Satisfacción en el trabajo y su relación con las condiciones de trabajo

     Rodriguez Mondelo, Pedro Manuel; Sanchez Ferradal, Paula
    Date: 2011-11-30
    Report

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  • Plan integral de prevención de trastornos músculo-esqueléticos

     Rodriguez Mondelo, Pedro Manuel; Sanchez Ferradal, Paula; Otero Sierra, Carmen; Parreño Catalán, José Luis
    Date: 2011-12-31
    Report

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    GRUPO DE TRABAJO DEL CENTRE ESPECÍFIC DE RECERCA PER A LA MILLORA I INNOVACIÓ DE LES EMPRESES DE LA UNIVERSITAT POLITÉCNICA DE CATALUNYA, CERpIE.

  • Using ergonomic digital human modeling in evaluation of workplace design and prevention of work-related musculoskeletal disorders aboard small fishing vessels

     Alvarez Casado, Enrique; Zhang, Bing; Tello Sandoval, Sonia; Rodriguez Mondelo, Pedro Manuel
    Human factors and ergonomics in manufacturing
    Date of publication: 2011-10-11
    Journal article

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    Corporate motivation to risk prevention: applied exploratory analysis in construction sector in Catalonia  Open access

     Terres De Ercilla, Fernando; Castejon Vilella, Emilio; Rodriguez Mondelo, Pedro Manuel
    Human factors and ergonomics in manufacturing
    Date of publication: 2011-11-22
    Journal article

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    In this article, we have undertaken an exploratory analysis of the extrinsic and intrinsic factors affecting an employer’s safety motivation in the construction industry, and their correlation with firm size, management level, and perceived risk. We have employed a model based on previous research by Michael Wright for the Health and Safety Executive (UK). Methods: A sample of managers from 198 construction firms in Catalonia (Spain) were interviewed collecting relevant data. The exploratory factor analysis of this data detected two factors: extrinsic (prosecution, inspection, external pressure) and intrinsic (legal, responsibility, internal involvement). Confirmatory factor analysis did not rule out the presence of extrinsic and intrinsic factors (Wright), and the analysis with covariates (MIMIC model) showed significant positive relationships between extrinsic factors, management level, and perceived risk. It also showed a significant positive relationship between intrinsic factors and firm size. Conclusion: The aim of this study was to make a preliminary diagnostic of an employer’s safety motivation. Our findings indicate that it is possible to develop external motivators (advice from inspection bodies, union activities, publicity of prosecution records, etc.) that are addressed to top managers and to firms more exposed to risk.We have also found that it is possible to develop internal motivators by introducing experience modification ratings, social accounting, advertising in the mass media, and promotion campaigns, particularly among bigger firms. Our findings will be useful to government agencies, company managers, and consultants and may be adapted for use in motivating midlevel staff to adopt participatory intervention programs.

  • Management systems integration - Spanish survey reveals key benefits

     Abad Puente, Jesus; Rodriguez Mondelo, Pedro Manuel; Sánchez-Toledo Ledesma, Agustín
    ISO Focus+
    Date of publication: 2011-01
    Journal article

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  • Ergonomics as basis for a decision support system in the printing industry

     Mateo Doll, Manuel; Alvarez Casado, Enrique; Rodriguez Mondelo, Pedro Manuel; Tarral, Marc
    International Conference on Occupational Risk Prevention
    Presentation's date: 2010-05-01
    Presentation of work at congresses

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  • Occupational health and safety management in the manufacturing industry

     Rubio Romero, Juan Carlos; Rubio Gámez, María del Carmen; Terres De Ercilla, Fernando; Rodriguez Mondelo, Pedro Manuel
    International Conference on Occupational Risk Prevention
    Presentation's date: 2010-05-01
    Presentation of work at congresses

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    Toolkits for hazard identification, risk assessment and prevention of work-related musculoskeletal disorders based on a collaborative platform  Open access

     Zhang, Bing; Alvarez Casado, Enrique; Occhipinti, Enrico; Rodriguez Mondelo, Pedro Manuel
    International Conference on Occupational Risk Prevention
    Presentation's date: 2010-05-06
    Presentation of work at congresses

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    Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) is currently not only a health problem in enterprises across six European regions which are Catalonia (ES), Lombardy (IT), South-West Bohemia (CZ) Upper Austria (AU), Estonia (EE), Provincie Noord-Brabantv(NL), but also impacts negatively on productivity and on the competitiveness of enterprises. This project, granted by Innovation 4 Welfare (I4W), will provide a high value to enterprises in the participating regions. However, although EU-legislation has established new and highly innovative technical standards the area of “physical ergonomics, specifically aimed at protecting the “working population” from biomechanical and organizational risks for WMSDs, it is still not easy for users to find a suitable tool or strategy for identifying hazards and assessing risks for purposes of WMSDs prevention effectively. Additionally, there are no criteria or guidelines for teaching users how to select the best method for a specific case. Hence, this project proposes to develop a set of toolkits to help users find the most suitable and effective solution to the problem at hand. Developing toolkits based on a collaborative platform for preventing WMSDs will not only help companies improve and maintain healthy and safe working conditions, but will also promote the creation of new solutions in the field of WMSD and injuries prevention. As a result, it will significantly enhance worker health, life quality and productivity, as well as reduce sick leave absences and economic/social costs connected to work-related muscular disorders and injuries. This paper seeks to illustrate the methodology of developing toolkits for hazard identification, risk assessment and prevention of WMSDs based on a collaborative platform. In order to demonstrate this, the paper presents an analysis of the approaches and the implementation plan for toolkits development. Additionally, the paper closes by suggesting that an essential element for successful prevention of WMSDs is the interaction between the workers and the policy makers, knowledge providers.

    Postprint (author’s final draft)

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    Using ergonomic digital human modeling in evaluation of workplace design and prevention of occupational hazards onboard fishing vessel  Open access

     Zhang, Bing; Alvarez Casado, Enrique; Tello Sandoval, Sonia; Rodriguez Mondelo, Pedro Manuel
    International Conference on Occupational Risk Prevention
    Presentation's date: 2010-05-06
    Presentation of work at congresses

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    This paper seeks to present methods for improving the occupational health and safety of Spanish fishermen, and for redesigning the workplace onboard small fishing vessels. To achieve its objective, the research project was designed in four steps: First, the equipment and procedures for catching, handling, and storing fish was studied. Second, the work postures of all the fishermen were simulated and assessed by using an ergonomic digital human modeling system (ManneQuin Pro). Third, the work environment design on board vessels was modified on the basis of acceptable simulated work postures to prevent repetitive movements and lower back biomechanical stresses. In the fourth and final step, ergonomic design parameters were provided to vessel designers

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    Ergomomics as basis for a decision support system in the printing industry  Open access

     Mateo, Manel; Alvarez Casado, Enrique; Rodriguez Mondelo, Pedro Manuel; Tarral, Marc
    International Conference on Occupational Risk Prevention
    Presentation of work at congresses

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  • Estudio empírico sobre la integración de sistemas de gestión

     Abad Puente, Jesus; Rodriguez Mondelo, Pedro Manuel; Sánchez-Toledo Ledesma, Agustín
    International Conference on Occupational Risk Prevention
    Presentation's date: 2010-05
    Presentation of work at congresses

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    Using ergonomics digital human modeling in evaluation of workplaces design and prevention of occupational hazards onboard fishing vessel  Open access

     Zhang, Bing; Alvarez Casado, Enrique; Tello Sandoval, Sonia; Rodriguez Mondelo, Pedro Manuel
    International Conference on Occupational Risk Prevention
    Presentation's date: 2010-05-01
    Presentation of work at congresses

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    This paper seeks to present methods for improving the occupational health and safety of Spanish fishermen, and for redesigning the workplace onboard small fishing vessels. To achieve its objective, the research project was designed in four steps: First, the equipment and procedures for catching, handling, and storing fish was studied. Second, the work postures of all the fishermen were simulated and assessed by using an ergonomic digital human modeling system (ManneQuin Pro). Third, the work environment design on board vessels was modified on the basis of acceptable simulated work postures to prevent repetitive movements and lower back biomechanical stresses. In the fourth and final step, ergonomic design parameters were provided to vessel designers.

  • La integración de sistemas de gestión

     Abad Puente, Jesus; Rodriguez Mondelo, Pedro Manuel; Sánchez-Toledo Ledesma, Agustín
    UNE
    Date of publication: 2010-06
    Journal article

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  • Metodología para la evaluación del riesgo por trabajo repetitivo mediante tareas pre-evaluadas

     Hernandez Soto, Aquiles Carlos
    Defense's date: 2010-05-27
    Department of Business Administration, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya
    Theses

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  • Análisis de la siniestralidad del sector minero de Catalunya y España

     Sanmiquel Pera, Lluis
    Defense's date: 2010-01-13
    Department of Mining Engineering and Natural Resources, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya
    Theses

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    Estrategias nacionales de seguridad y salud en el trabajo  Open access

     Rodriguez Mondelo, Pedro Manuel
    Date: 2010-03-31
    Report

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    Estudio realizado por encargo del Instituto Vasco de Seguridad y Salud Laborales

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    La perspectiva de género en la prevención de riesgos laborales  Open access

     Rodriguez Mondelo, Pedro Manuel
    Date: 2010-05-31
    Report

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    Estudio realizado para el Instituto Vasco de Seguridad y Salud Laborales (OSALAN).

  • La integración de los sistemas de gestión según las normas internacionales

     Sánchez-Toledo Ledesma, Agustín; Abad Puente, Jesus; Rodriguez Mondelo, Pedro Manuel
    Forum Calidad
    Date of publication: 2010-10
    Journal article

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  • Resultados esperados para una organización tras la integración de sistemas de gestión

     Sánchez-Toledo Ledesma, Agustín; Abad Puente, Jesus; Rodriguez Mondelo, Pedro Manuel
    Seguridad y Medio Ambiente
    Date of publication: 2010-07
    Journal article

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  • La integración de la prevención con otros sistemas de gestión. ¿Es conveniente?

     Abad Puente, Jesus; Rodriguez Mondelo, Pedro Manuel; Sánchez-Toledo Ledesma, Agustín
    Revista seguridad
    Date of publication: 2010
    Journal article

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  • El factor humano en el sector de la construcción. Estudio de la percepción del riesgo, las actitudes y las conductas seguras de los trabajadores

     López Fernández, Elisenda
    Defense's date: 2009-10-23
    Department of Business Administration, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya
    Theses

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  • MULTIMATHERIA

     Rodriguez Mondelo, Pedro Manuel
    Participation in a competitive project

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    La ergonomía en el sector de la construcción: el método EC2  Open access

     Cerda, Eduardo; Hernandez Soto, Aquiles Carlos; Rodriguez Mondelo, Pedro Manuel; Alvarez Casado, Enrique; Rodriguez, Carolina
    Ciencia & Trabajo
    Date of publication: 2009-10
    Journal article

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    Este artículo presenta el método EC2, el cual ha sido diseñado para evaluar el riesgo de trastornos lumbares durante tareas de manipulación manual de materiales realizada en el sector de la construcción. El método EC2 recurre a estándares existentes, métodos para evaluar riesgos de desórdenes lumbares y métodos para optimizar procesos productivos. Propone una ecuación para calcular el índice de riesgo basado en criterios fisiológicos, biomecánicos, psicofísicos y organizacionales. Elementos tales como el acoplamiento mano-aobjeto, las posturas de manipulación, el esfuerzo percibido y el nivel de dificultad de la manipulación tienen que ser introducidos en la ecuación, así como el perímetro de trabajo, un elemento clave del método EC2. Además, el método ofrece una orientación sistemática a fin de que pueda ser utilizada de manera óptima en una situación de trabajo. Presenta a sus usuarios una tabla de clasificación de procesos constructivos, un árbol de decisiones y una lista de verificación de evaluación de riesgo preliminar, entre otras. El método EC2, el cual ayuda significativamente al ergonomista a realizar su misión de evaluación y rediseño, está actualmente en proceso de validación.

  • Evaluación de la carga mental en tareas de control: técnicas subjetivas y medidas de exigencia  Open access

     Dalmau Pons, Ines
    Defense's date: 2008-01-08
    Department of Business Administration, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya
    Theses

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    En la tesis, planteada desde la perspectiva de la prevención de riesgos laborales, se analizan las ventajas e inconvenientes de diversos métodos vigentes para la evaluación de la carga mental en puestos de trabajo cuyo objetivo preferente son tareas de supervisión y control. Se comparan técnicas subjetivas (FPSICO, ISTAS21, NASATLX) y medidas de exigencia (LEST, RNUR, EWA, PYMES), y se propone un nuevo método (CM6) para la evaluación de las consecuencias de un nivel inadecuado de carga mental. En los primeros capítulos se realiza una revisión de la evolución del concepto de carga mental. A partir de los años cincuenta del siglo XX, las investigaciones sobre carga mental se centraron en generar modelos. Des de la visión estructural de filtro único (Broadbent, 1958; Treisman, 1964), de canal (Welford, 1959) o de recurso (Kahneman, 1973; Norman y Bobrow, 1975), a una visión más compleja y multidimensional del proceso, planteando recursos múltiples (Navon y Gopher, 1979; Sanders, 1983; Wickens, 1984) en el que se propone un perfil de carga que agrupa las distintas variables identificadas hasta el momento como componentes de la carga mental.El concepto de carga mental es intuitivo y fácil de comprender pero, a su vez, difícil de concretar, lo que ha dificultado la definición de su metodología de evaluación. Aún así existe un gran acuerdo entre los expertos en que la forma más adecuada para medirla dependerá del propósito de dicha evaluación. Para la mayoría de situaciones se recomienda la combinación de diversos tipos de medida como el procedimiento más preciso y completo. Las metodologías de evaluación de la carga mental han sido clasificadas en cinco grupos en función de la naturaleza de los datos recogidos: medidas de rendimiento, técnicas psicofisiológicas, métodos analíticos, medidas de exigencia y técnicas subjetivas. En la tesis se analizan los resultados obtenidos al evaluar la carga mental y los factores psicosociales en un hospital y en una empresa farmacéutica con técnicas subjetivas y medidas de exigencia.Los resultados obtenidos, pueden resumirse en: - Los métodos FPSICO e ISTAS21 no pueden ser considerados equivalentes. En general, en los factores relacionados con la carga mental se obtuvieron perfiles sensiblemente distintos y elevados, aunque las respuestas a los ítems correspondientes a carga mental no resultaron ser muy distintas. Los niveles de carga mental con el método NASA-TLX también fueron elevados.- Entre las medidas de exigencia (LEST, RNUR, EWA y PYMES) existen bastantes semejanzas sobre el contenido que se pretende evaluar como carga mental, aunque difieren en su grado precisión. Al administrar estos métodos se observan diferencias importantes en los resultados obtenidos: en general el nivel de gravedad asociado al puesto es distinto según el método aplicado.- El método CM6 recoge las aportaciones -sobre todo las referentes al procesamiento cognitivo- de métodos previos (las medidas de exigencia, y el método EPT-PSICOVAR y EPPFA descritos en el capítulo cinco), y propone una reorganización conceptual de lo facstores de carga mental. Se compone de 6 factores: Atención, Decisión, Respuesta, Error, Entorno organizativo y Entorno físico. Cuatro de estos recogen la carga de tarea mental (incluida la exigencia temporal) uno recoge las condiciones organizativas (factores psicosociales), y el último las condiciones físicas (condiciones ambientales y de exigencia física). Los resultados obtenidos permiten apuntar que se trata de un método que presenta una importante sensibilidad en la medida y un elevado poder diagnóstico y validez, características especialmente importantes para evaluar la carga mental y orientar la definición de propuestas de acción preventiva específica.

    In this Phd, aimed at preventing occupational risks, we analyze the advantages and drawbacks of several methods used for assessing mental workload in workplaces with control and supervision tasks. We compare subjective techniques (FPSICO, ISTAS 21, NASA-TLX) and measures of demand (LEST, RNUR, EWA, PYMES). Furthermore, we propose a new method -the CM6-, to assess the consequences of an inappropriate level of mental workload.In the first chapters of the study we review the evolution of the litterature on mental workload. Since the 1950's, research tried to define models of this phenomenon. The 'single filter' models of Broadbent (1958) and Treisman (1964), the 'canal' model of Welford (1959), and the 'resource' models of Kahneman (1973) and Norman & Bobrow (1975) tended to compare mental workload to a structure. More recent models give a more complex, multidimensional vision of mental workload, in which 'multiple resources' generate a 'load profile' made of several variables that compose mental workload. Among these models we can state the ones from Navon and Gopher (1979), Sanders (1983), and Wickens (1984). As far as assessment methods are concerned, they have proved difficult to design, as mental workload -while being an easy-to-understand idea- is difficult to define with the appropriate level of precision. Nevertheless, there is widespread agreement about the fact that the most appropriate way to measure mental workload depends on the aim of such assessment. For most situations, experts recommend to combine several kinds of measurements as the best way to get a complete vision of mental workload. These measurements have been classified into five groups according to the typology of the obtained data: we have thus performance measurements, psychophysiological techniques, analytical methods, measures of demand, and subjective techniques. The following chapters of the PhD present an assessment of mental workload and psychosocial factors made with subjective techniques in a hospital and in a pharmaceutical factory. Results can be summarized as follows: -The FPSICO and ISTAS21 methods cannot be considered as equivalent: the profiles of the elements that, in these methods, relate to mental workload proved to be sensibly different (even though the answers to the items more explicitly related to mental workload proved not to be very different). Both methods showed both a high level of mental workload in the analyzed workplaces, this last point being also confirmed when applying of the NASA-TLX method. -While the LEST, RNUR, EWA and PYMES methods which assess demand- take into account more or less the same elements as being related to mental workload, they measure them with different levels of precision. When applied to the hospital and the pharmaceutical factory, these methods showed very different results: the 'danger level' of a given workplace changed significantly according to the method employed. Finally, the last chapters of the PhD present a new method that we propose to assess mental workload, the CM6, and analyze the results of applying it in the hospital and the pharmaceutical factory together with the previously mentioned methods. CM6 takes into account the most recent findings of litterature, especially those on cognitive processing, and draws up particularly on the findings of the EPT PSICOVAR and EPPFA methods. CM6 proposes a new arrangement of the elements related to mental workload: Attention, Decision, Response, Error, Organizational environment, and Physical environment. The first four elements are meant to explicitly assess mental workload, and include time demands; the fifth element evaluates organizational conditions (psychosocial factors); and the sixth component assesses both physical conditions and physical demands. When applied to the hospital and the pharmaceutical factory, CM6 showed a significant sensibility of measurement, a high diagnosis power and a high level of validity. These are key elements for assessing mental workload and knowing which preventive actions should be taken at workplaces to face this phenomenon.

  • Evaluación indirecta de la carga mental. Estudio comparativo de las metodologías FPSICO, ISTAS21

     Dalmau Pons, Ines; Ferrer Puig, Ramon; Rodriguez Mondelo, Pedro Manuel
    International Conference on Occupational Risk Prevention
    Presentation's date: 2008
    Presentation of work at congresses

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  • Occupational health and safety management in the manufacturing industry

     Rubio Romero, Juan Carlos; Rodriguez Mondelo, Pedro Manuel; Terres De Ercilla, Fernando; Rubio Gámez, María del Carmen
    International Conference on Occupational Risk Prevention
    Presentation's date: 2008
    Presentation of work at congresses

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  • Evaluació indirecta de la CArga Mental. Estudio Comparativo de las metodologias FPSICO, ISTAS,ESPAÑOL

     Dalmau Pons, Ines; Ferrer, Puig R; Rodriguez Mondelo, Pedro Manuel
    International Conference on Occupational Risk Prevention
    Presentation of work at congresses

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  • CONFERENCIA INAUGURAL Y CLAUSURA

     Rodriguez Mondelo, Pedro Manuel
    International Conference on Occupational Risk Prevention
    Presentation's date: 2008-05-14
    Presentation of work at congresses

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  • Proceedings 6th International Conference on Occupational Risk Prevention

     Rubio, Gàmez MC; Romero, Rubio Jc; Erecilla, Terres de F; Terres De Ercilla, Fernando; Rodriguez Mondelo, Pedro Manuel
    International Conference on Occupational Risk Prevention
    Presentation of work at congresses

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  • Work Risk-Prevention Procedures in the Highway Management and Maintenance Contracts

     Martinez, Montes G; Rubio, Gámez Mªc; Romero, Rubio Jc; Rodriguez Mondelo, Pedro Manuel; Terres De Ercilla, Fernando
    Human factors and ergonomics in manufacturing
    Date of publication: 2007-05
    Journal article

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  • The european perspective on corporate social responsability: considerations from occupational risk prevention

     Rodriguez Mondelo, Pedro Manuel; Novella Izquierdo, Maria Isabel
    International Conference on Occupational Risk Prevention
    Presentation's date: 2006-05-01
    Presentation of work at congresses

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