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  • Lossless directional guiding of light in dielectric nanosheets using Dyakonov surface waves

     Takayama, Osamu; Artigas Garcia, David; Torner Sabata, Lluis
    Nature nanotechnology
    Date of publication: 2014-06-01
    Journal article

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    Guiding light at the nanoscale is usually accomplished using surface plasmons(1-12). However, plasmons propagating at the surface of a metal sustain propagation losses. A different type of surface excitation is the Dyakonov surface wave. These waves, which exist in lossless media, were predicted more than two decades ago(13) but observed only recently(14). Dyakonov surface waves exist when at least one of the two media forming the surface exhibits a suitable anisotropy of refractive indexes. Although propagating only within a narrow range of directions(15), these waves can be used to create modes supported by ultrathin films that confine light efficiently within film thicknesses well below the cutoff thickness required in standard waveguides. Here, we show that 10 nm and 20 nm dielectric nanosheets of aluminium oxide clad between an anisotropic crystal (lithium triborate) and different liquids support Dyakonov-like modes. The direction of light propagation can be controlled by modulating the refractive index of the cladding. The possibility of guiding light in nanometre-thick films with no losses and high directionality makes Dyakonov wave modes attractive for planar photonic devices in schemes similar to those currently employing long-range plasmons.

    Guiding light at the nanoscale is usually accomplished using surface plasmons(1-12). However, plasmons propagating at the surface of a metal sustain propagation losses. A different type of surface excitation is the Dyakonov surface wave. These waves, which exist in lossless media, were predicted more than two decades ago(13) but observed only recently(14). Dyakonov surface waves exist when at least one of the two media forming the surface exhibits a suitable anisotropy of refractive indexes. Although propagating only within a narrow range of directions(15), these waves can be used to create modes supported by ultrathin films that confine light efficiently within film thicknesses well below the cutoff thickness required in standard waveguides. Here, we show that 10 nm and 20 nm dielectric nanosheets of aluminium oxide clad between an anisotropic crystal (lithium triborate) and different liquids support Dyakonov-like modes. The direction of light propagation can be controlled by modulating the refractive index of the cladding. The possibility of guiding light in nanometre-thick films with no losses and high directionality makes Dyakonov wave modes attractive for planar photonic devices in schemes similar to those currently employing long-range plasmons.

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    Enhancement and inhibition of light tunneling mediated by resonant mode conversion  Open access

     Kartashov, Yaroslav V.; Vysloukh, Victor A.; Torner Sabata, Lluis
    Optics letters
    Date of publication: 2014-02-15
    Journal article

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    We show that the rate at which light tunnels between neighboring multimode waveguides can be drastically increased or reduced by the presence of small longitudinal periodic modulations of the waveguide properties that stimulate resonant conversion between the eigenmodes of each waveguide. Such a conversion, available only in multimode guiding structures, leads to periodic power transfer into higher-order modes, whose tails may considerably overlap with neighboring waveguides. As a result, the effective coupling constant for neighboring waveguides may change by several orders of magnitude upon small variations in the longitudinal modulation parameters. (C) 2014 Optical Society of America

    We show that the rate at which light tunnels between neighboring multimode waveguides can be drastically increased or reduced by the presence of small longitudinal periodic modulations of the waveguide properties that stimulate resonant conversion between the eigenmodes of each waveguide. Such a conversion, available only in multimode guiding structures, leads to periodic power transfer into higher-order modes, whose tails may considerably overlap with neighboring waveguides. As a result, the effective coupling constant for neighboring waveguides may change by several orders of magnitude upon small variations in the longitudinal modulation parameters. (C) 2014 Optical Society of America

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    Observation of asymmetric solitons in waveguide arrays with refractive index gradient  Open access

     Weimann, Steffen; Kartashov, Yaroslav V.; Vysloukh, Victor A.; Szameit, Alexander; Torner Sabata, Lluis
    Optics letters
    Date of publication: 2014-06-15
    Journal article

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    We study light propagation in waveguide arrays made in Kerr nonlinear media with a transverse refractive index gradient, and we find that the presence of the refractive index gradient leads to the appearance of a number of new soliton families. The effective coupling between the solitons and the localized linear eigenmodes of the lattice induces a drastic asymmetry in the soliton shapes and the appearance of long tails at the soliton wings. Such unusual solitons are found to be completely stable under propagation, and we report their experimental observation in fs-laser written waveguide arrays with focusing Kerr nonlinearity.

    We study light propagation in waveguide arrays made in Kerr nonlinear media with a transverse refractive index gradient, and we find that the presence of the refractive index gradient leads to the appearance of a number of new soliton families. The effective coupling between the solitons and the localized linear eigenmodes of the lattice induces a drastic asymmetry in the soliton shapes and the appearance of long tails at the soliton wings. Such unusual solitons are found to be completely stable under propagation, and we report their experimental observation in fs-laser written waveguide arrays with focusing Kerr nonlinearity.

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    Soliton gyroscopes in media with spatially growing repulsive nonlinearity  Open access

     Driben, Rodislav; Kartashov, Yaroslav V.; Malomed, Boris A.; Meier, Torsten; Torner Sabata, Lluis
    Physical review letters
    Date of publication: 2014-01-15
    Journal article

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    We find that the recently introduced model of self-trapping supported by a spatially growing strength of a repulsive nonlinearity gives rise to robust vortex-soliton tori, i.e., three-dimensional vortex solitons, with topological charges S >= 1. The family with S = 1 is completely stable, while the one with S = 2 has alternating regions of stability and instability. The families are nearly exactly reproduced in an analytical form by the Thomas-Fermi approximation. Unstable states with S = 2 and 3 split into persistently rotating pairs or triangles of unitary vortices. Application of a moderate torque to the vortex torus initiates a persistent precession mode, with the torus' axle moving along a conical surface. A strong torque heavily deforms the vortex solitons, but, nonetheless, they restore themselves with the axle oriented according to the vectorial addition of angular momenta.

    We find that the recently introduced model of self-trapping supported by a spatially growing strength of a repulsive nonlinearity gives rise to robust vortex-soliton tori, i.e., three-dimensional vortex solitons, with topological charges S >= 1. The family with S = 1 is completely stable, while the one with S = 2 has alternating regions of stability and instability. The families are nearly exactly reproduced in an analytical form by the Thomas-Fermi approximation. Unstable states with S = 2 and 3 split into persistently rotating pairs or triangles of unitary vortices. Application of a moderate torque to the vortex torus initiates a persistent precession mode, with the torus' axle moving along a conical surface. A strong torque heavily deforms the vortex solitons, but, nonetheless, they restore themselves with the axle oriented according to the vectorial addition of angular momenta.

  • Light dynamics in materials with radially inhomogeneous thermal conductivity

     Kartashov, Yaroslav V.; Vysloukh, Victor A.; Torner Sabata, Lluis
    Optics letters
    Date of publication: 2013-11-01
    Journal article

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    We study the properties of bright and vortex solitons in thermal media with nonuniform thermal conductivity and homogeneous refractive index, whereby the local modulation of the thermal conductivity strongly affects the entire refractive index distribution. While regions where the thermal conductivity is increased effectively expel light, self-trapping may occur in the regions with reduced thermal conductivity, even if such regions are located close to the material boundary. Asa result, strongly asymmetric self-trapped beams may form inside a ring with reduced thermal conductivity and perform persistent rotary motion. Also, such rings are shown to support stable vortex solitons, which may feature strongly noncanonical shapes. © 2013 Optical Society of America.

  • Spatial light rectification in an optical waveguide lattice

     Dreisow, Felix; Kartashov, Yaroslav V.; Heinrich, Matthias; Vysloukh, Victor A.; Tünnermann, Andreas; Nolte, Stefan; Torner Sabata, Lluis; Longhi, Stefano; Szameit, Alexander
    Europhysics letters
    Date of publication: 2013-02-13
    Journal article

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    The rectification of light beams in an optical ratchet is reported. This directed transport is implemented using a photonic mesh lattice consisting of sequences of directional couplers. In such a structure, we observe light propagation at an angle that is independent of the input direction of the injected beam

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    Hybrid bloch-anderson localization of light  Open access

     Stützer, Simon; Kartashov, Yaroslav V.; Vysloukh, Victor A.; Konotop, Vladimir V; Nolte, Stefan; Torner Sabata, Lluis; Szameit, Alexander
    Optics letters
    Date of publication: 2013-04-26
    Journal article

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    We investigate the interplay of Bloch oscillations and Anderson localization in optics. Gradual washing out of Bloch oscillations and the formation of nearly stationary averaged intensity distributions, which are symmetric for narrow and strongly asymmetric for broad input excitations, are observed experimentally in laser-written waveguide arrays. At large disorder levels Bloch oscillations are completely destroyed and both narrow and wide excitations lead to symmetric stationary averaged intensity distributions with exponentially decaying tails.

    We investigate the interplay of Bloch oscillations and Anderson localization in optics. Gradual washing out of Bloch oscillations and the formation of nearly stationary averaged intensity distributions, which are symmetric for narrow and strongly asymmetric for broad input excitations, are observed experimentally in laser-written waveguide arrays. At large disorder levels Bloch oscillations are completely destroyed and both narrow and wide excitations lead to symmetric stationary averaged intensity distributions with exponentially decaying tails.

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    Generation of arbitrary complex quasi-non-diffracting optical patterns  Open access

     Ortiz Ambriz, Antonio; López Aguayo, Servando; Kartashov, Yaroslav V.; Vysloukh, Victor A.; Petrov, Dimitri; Garcia Gracia, Hipolito; Gutierrez Vega, Julio Cesar; Torner Sabata, Lluis
    Optics express
    Date of publication: 2013-09
    Journal article

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    Due to their unique ability to maintain an intensity distribution upon propagation, non-diffracting light fields are used extensively in various areas of science, including optical tweezers, nonlinear optics and quantum optics, in applications where complex transverse field distributions are required. However, the number and type of rigorously non-diffracting beams is severely limited because their symmetry is dictated by one of the coordinate system where the Helmholtz equation governing beam propagation is separable. Here, we demonstrate a powerful technique that allows the generation of a rich variety of quasi-non-diffracting optical beams featuring nearly arbitrary intensity distributions in the transverse plane. These can be readily engineered via modifications of the angular spectrum of the beam in order to meet the requirements of particular applications. Such beams are not rigorously non-diffracting but they maintain their shape over large distances, which may be tuned by varying the width of the angular spectrum. We report the generation of unique spiral patterns and patterns involving arbitrary combinations of truncated harmonic, Bessel, Mathieu, or parabolic beams occupying different spatial domains. Optical trapping experiments illustrate the opto-mechanical properties of such beams.

    Due to their unique ability to maintain an intensity distribution upon propagation, non-diffracting light fields are used extensively in various areas of science, including optical tweezers, nonlinear optics and quantum optics, in applications where complex transverse field distributions are required. However, the number and type of rigorously non-diffracting beams is severely limited because their symmetry is dictated by one of the coordinate system where the Helmholtz equation governing beam propagation is separable. Here, we demonstrate a powerful technique that allows the generation of a rich variety of quasi-non-diffracting optical beams featuring nearly arbitrary intensity distributions in the transverse plane. These can be readily engineered via modifications of the angular spectrum of the beam in order to meet the requirements of particular applications. Such beams are not rigorously non-diffracting but they maintain their shape over large distances, which may be tuned by varying the width of the angular spectrum. We report the generation of unique spiral patterns and patterns involving arbitrary combinations of truncated harmonic, Bessel, Mathieu, or parabolic beams occupying different spatial domains. Optical trapping experiments illustrate the opto-mechanical properties of such beams.

  • Anderson localization of light with topological dislocations

     Lobanov, Valery E.; Kartashov, Yaroslav V.; Vysloukh, Victor A.; Torner Sabata, Lluis
    Physical review A
    Date of publication: 2013-11-01
    Journal article

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    We predict Anderson localization of light with nested screw topological dislocations propagating in disordered two-dimensional arrays of hollow waveguides illuminated by vortex beams. The phenomenon manifests itself in the statistical presence of topological dislocations in ensemble-averaged output distributions accompanying standard disorder-induced localization of light spots. Remarkably, screw dislocations are captured by the light spots despite the fast and irregular transverse displacements and topological charge flipping undertaken by the dislocations due to the disorder. The statistical averaged modulus of the output local topological charge depends on the initial vorticity carried by the beam.

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    Solitons in spiraling Vogel lattices  Open access

     Kartashov, Yaroslav V.; Vysloukh, Victor A.; Torner Sabata, Lluis
    Optics letters
    Date of publication: 2013-01-15
    Journal article

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    We address light propagation in Vogel optical lattices and show that such lattices support a variety of stable soliton solutions in both self-focusing and self-defocusing media, whose propagation constants belong to domains resembling gaps in the spectrum of a truly periodic lattice. The azimuthally rich structure of Vogel lattices allows generation of spiraling soliton motion.

    We address light propagation in Vogel optical lattices and show that such lattices support a variety of stable soliton solutions in both self-focusing and self-defocusing media, whose propagation constants belong to domains resembling gaps in the spectrum of a truly periodic lattice. The azimuthally rich structure of Vogel lattices allows generation of spiraling soliton motion.

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    Asymmetric solitons and domain walls supported by inhomogeneous defocusing nonlinearity  Open access

     Kartashov, Yaroslav V.; Lobanov, Valery E.; Malomed, Boris A.; Torner Sabata, Lluis
    Optics letters
    Date of publication: 2013-12-01
    Journal article

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    We show that an inhomogeneous defocusing nonlinearity that grows toward the periphery in the positive and negative transverse directions at different rates can support strongly asymmetric fundamental and multipole bright solitons, which are stable in wide parameter regions. In the limiting case, when nonlinearity is uniform in one direction, solitons transform into stable domain walls (fronts), with constant or oscillating intensity in the homogeneous region, attached to a tail rapidly decaying in the direction of growing nonlinearity.

    We show that an inhomogeneous defocusing nonlinearity that grows toward the periphery in the positive and negative transverse directions at different rates can support strongly asymmetric fundamental and multipole bright solitons, which are stable in wide parameter regions. In the limiting case, when nonlinearity is uniform in one direction, solitons transform into stable domain walls (fronts), with constant or oscillating intensity in the homogeneous region, attached to a tail rapidly decaying in the direction of growing nonlinearity.

  • Soliton generation and control in engineered materials  Open access

     Borovkova, Olga
    Defense's date: 2013-10-11
    The Institute of Photonic Sciences, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya
    Theses

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    Los solitones ópticos proporcionan oportunidades únicas para el control de la luz mediante luz. Actualmente, el campo de la formación de solitones en materiales naturales está bien desarrollado, ya que las principales propiedades de los posibles solitonesestán bien comprendidas y se han observado experimentalmente en una variedad de materiales y configuraciones físicas. Esto incluye materiales con non-linealidadcúbica, cuadrática,fotorrefractiva, saturable, no local y térmica.Nuevas oportunidades para la generación y control de solitones pueden ser posibles en materiales artificiales, cuyas propiedades pueden ser modificados a voluntad. Esto incluye, por ejemplo, las modulaciones de los parámetros principales del material así como las ganancias o pérdidas o materiales con propiedades lineales y no lineales con modulaciones transversales superficiales del índice de refracción lineal y el coeficiente de no linealidad. La exploración de la existencia, estabilidad y propiedades dinámicas de solitones en materiales conservativos y disipativos es el objeto de esta tesis doctoral.Estudiamos solitones fundamentales y de orden superior en materiales artificiales con índice de refracción lineal no homogéneo y no lineal.Demostramos que pueden existir solitones de dos dimensiones estables en lattices no linealescon dominios transversalmente alternos con no linealidades cúbicos y saturables. Consideramos solitones-multi-componentesen materiales donde uno de los componentes está afectado por la modulación del índice de refracción o no linealidad mientras que el otro componente se propaga como si estuviera en un medio no lineal uniforme. Estudiamos si la modulación de fase cruzada entre los componentes permite la estabilización del estado solitón.Estudiamos también medios con no linealidad auto-desfocalizante que decrece rápidamente desde el centro hacia la periferia. En contraste con la creencia común, hemos encontrado que tales materiales soportan solitones brillantes estables cuando la no linealidad crece hacia la periferia con suficiente rapidez. Consideramos diferentes formas de la no-linealidad y analizamos los tipos de solución solitón que existen en cada caso.Los materiales no lineales con distribución espacial complejas de ganancias y pérdidas también ofrecen importantes oportunidades para lageneración de solitones., incluyendo multipolos y vórtices. Estudiamos solitonesunidimensionales en materiales auto-focalizantes y auto-desfocalizantes en geometrías simples y complejas de ganancia y absorción. Abordamosestructuras con vórtices estacionarios y también vórtices con distribuciones de intensidad modulada azimutalmente. Por último, se estudia la posibilidad de formar light bullets en medios no lineales con propiedades no homogéneas.

    Optical solitons provide unique opportunities for the control of light‐bylight. Today, the field of soliton formation in natural materials is mature, as the main properties of the possible soliton states are well understood. In particular, optical solitons have been observed experimentally in a variety of materials and physical settings, including media with cubic, quadratic, photorefractive, saturable, nonlocal and thermal nonlinearities. New opportunities for soliton generation, stability and control may become accessible in complex engineered, artificial materials, whose properties can be modified at will by, e.g., modulations of the material parameters or the application gain and absorption landscapes. In this way one may construct different types of linear and nonlinear optical lattices by transverse shallow modulations of the linear refractive index and the nonlinearity coefficient or complex amplifying structures in dissipative nonlinear media. The exploration of the existence, stability and dynamical properties of conservative and dissipative solitons in settings with spatially inhomogeneous linear refractive index, nonlinearity, gain or absorption, is the subject of this PhD Thesis. We address stable conservative fundamental and multipole solitons in complex engineered materials with an inhomogeneous linear refractive index and nonlinearity. We show that stable two‐dimensional solitons may exist in nonlinear lattices with transversally alternating domains with cubic and saturable nonlinearities. We consider multicomponent solitons in engineered materials, where one field component feels the modulation of the refractive index or nonlinearity while the other component propagates as in a uniform nonlinear medium. We study whether the cross‐phase‐modulation between two components allows the stabilization of the whole soliton state. Media with defocusing nonlinearity growing rapidly from the center to the periphery is another example of a complex engineered material. We study such systems and, in contrast to the common belief, we have found that stable bright solitons do exist when defocusing nonlinearity grows towards the periphery rapidly enough. We consider different nonlinearity landscapes and analyze the types of soliton solution available in each case. Nonlinear materials with complex spatial distributions of gain and losses also provide important opportunities for the generation of stable one‐ and multidimensional fundamental, multipole, and vortex solitons. We study onedimensional solitons in focusing and defocusing nonlinear dissipative materials with single‐ and double‐well absorption landscapes. In two‐dimensional geometries, stable vortex solitons and complexes of vortices could be observed. We not only address stationary vortex structures, but also steadily rotating vortex solitons with azimuthally modulated intensity distributions in radially symmetric gain landscapes. Finally, we study the possibility of forming stable topological light bullets in focusing nonlinear media with inhomogeneous gain landscapes and uniform twophoton absorption.

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    Practical dyakonons  Open access

     Takayama, Osamu; Artigas Garcia, David; Torner Sabata, Lluis
    Optics letters
    Date of publication: 2012-10-12
    Journal article

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    We show that engineered photonic metamaterials composed of alternating layers of suitable dielectrics and metals can support different kinds of surface waves (SWs) under robust and readily achievable experimental conditions. The supported SWs include Dyakonov SWs, hybrid plasmons, and Dyakonov plasmons. In particular, in contrast to conventional physical settings, we show that the high form birefringence exhibited by the metamaterials allows Dyakonov SWs, or dyakonons, to exist within large angular existence domains and levels of localization similar to plasmons, thus making dyakonons available for practical applications

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    Observation of the gradual transition from one-dimensional to two-dimensional Anderson localization  Open access  awarded activity

     Naether, U.; Tünnermann, A.; Torner Sabata, Lluis; Kartashov, Yaroslav V.; Szameit, Alexander; Nolte, Stefan; Vysloukh, Victor A.
    Optics letters
    Date of publication: 2012-02-15
    Journal article

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    We study the gradual transition from one-dimensional to two-dimensional Anderson localization upon transformation of the di-mensionality of disordered waveguide arrays. An effective transition from one- to two-dimensional system is achieved by increas-ing the number of rows forming the arrays. We observe that, for a given disorder level, Anderson localization becomes weaker with increasing number of rows, hence the effective dimension.

  • Stable bright and vortex solitons in photonic crystal fibers with inhomogeneous defocusing nonlinearity

     Lobanov, Valery E.; Borovkova, Olga V.; Kartashov, Yaroslav V.; Malomed, Boris A.; Torner Sabata, Lluis
    Optics letters
    Date of publication: 2012-06-01
    Journal article

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    Compactons and bistability in exciton-polariton condensates  Open access

     Kartashov, Yaroslav V.; Konotop, Vladimir V; Torner Sabata, Lluis
    Physical review B: condensed matter and materials physics
    Date of publication: 2012-11-15
    Journal article

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    We address stationary patterns in exciton-polariton condensates supported by a narrow external pump beam, and we discover that even in the absence of trapping potentials, such condensates may support stable localized stationary dissipative solutions (quasicompactons), whose field decays faster than exponentially or even vanishes everywhere outside the pump spot. More general conditions lead to dissipative solitons which may display bistability. The bistability in exciton-polariton condensates, which manifests itself in the simultaneous existence of two stable and one unstable localized solitons with different amplitudes, widths, and exciton-photon fractions under the same physical conditions, strongly depends on the width of the pump beam and is found to disappear for sufficiently narrow pump beams.

    We address stationary patterns in exciton-polariton condensates supported by a narrow external pump beam, and we discover that even in the absence of trapping potentials, such condensates may support stable localized stationary dissipative solutions (quasicompactons), whose field decays faster than exponentially or even vanishes everywhere outside the pump spot. More general conditions lead to dissipative solitons which may display bistability. The bistability in exciton-polariton condensates, which manifests itself in the simultaneous existence of two stable and one unstable localized solitons with different amplitudes, widths, and exciton-photon fractions under the same physical conditions, strongly depends on the width of the pump beam and is found to disappear for sufficiently narrow pump beams

  • Anderson cross-localization

     Stützer, Simon; Tünnermann, A.; Lewenstein, Maciej; Torner Sabata, Lluis; Kartashov, Yaroslav V.; Szameit, Alexander; Nolte, Stefan; Vysloukh, Victor A.
    Optics letters
    Date of publication: 2012
    Journal article

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  • Stable vortex-soliton tori with multiple nested phase singularities in dissipative media

     Borovkova, Olga V.; Lobanov, Valery E.; Kartashov, Yaroslav V.; Torner Sabata, Lluis
    Physical review A
    Date of publication: 2012
    Journal article

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    We show the existence of stable two- and three-dimensional vortex solitons carrying multiple, spatially separated, single-charge topological dislocations nested in a common vortex-ring core. Such nonlinear states are supported by elliptical gain landscapes in focusing nonlinear media with two-photon absorption. The separation between the phase dislocations is dictated mostly by the geometry of the gain landscape, and it only slightly changes upon variation of the gain or absorption strength.

  • Spatial solitons in optofluidic waveguide arrays with focusing ultrafast Kerr nonlinearity

     Vieweg, M.; Gissibl, T.; Kartashov, Yaroslav V.; Torner Sabata, Lluis; Giessen, H.
    Optics letters
    Date of publication: 2012
    Journal article

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  • Coupling plasmons and dyakonons

     Takayama, Osamu; Artigas Garcia, David; Torner Sabata, Lluis
    Optics letters
    Date of publication: 2012-06-01
    Journal article

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  • Characterization of dielectric spheres by spiral imaging

     Petrov, Dimitri; Rahuel, Nicolás; Molina Terriza, Gabriel; Torner Sabata, Lluis
    Optics letters
    Date of publication: 2012
    Journal article

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    Anderson localization in Bragg-guiding arrays with negative defects  Open access

     Lobanov, Valery E.; Kartashov, Yaroslav V.; Vysloukh, Victor A.; Torner Sabata, Lluis
    Optics letters
    Date of publication: 2012-10
    Journal article

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    We show that Anderson localization is possible in waveguide arrays with periodically-spaced defect waveguides having lower refractive index. Such localization is mediated by Bragg reflection, and it takes place even if diagonal or off-diagonal disorder affects only defect waveguides. For off-diagonal disorder the localization degree of the intensity distributions monotonically grows with increasing disorder. In contrast, under appropriate conditions, increasing diagonal disorder may result in weaker localization.

    We show that Anderson localization is possible in waveguide arrays with periodically spaced defect waveguides having a lower refractive index. Such localization is mediated by Bragg reflection, and it takes place even if diagonal or off-diagonal disorder affects only defect waveguides. For off-diagonal disorder the localization degree of the intensity distributions monotonically grows with increasing disorder. In contrast, under appropriate conditions, increasing diagonal disorder may result in weaker localization.

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    Soliton generation by counteracting gain-guiding and self-bending  Open access

     Lobanov, Valery E.; Kartashov, Yaroslav V.; Vysloukh, Victor A.; Torner Sabata, Lluis
    Optics letters
    Date of publication: 2012-11-01
    Journal article

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    We introduce a new concept for stable spatial soliton formation, mediated by the competition between self-bending induced by a strongly asymmetric nonlocal nonlinearity and spatially localized gain superimposed on a wide pedestal with linear losses. When acting separately both effects seriously prevent stable localization of light, but under suitable conditions they counteract each other, forming robust soliton states that are attractors for a wide range of material and input light conditions.

    We introduce a concept for stable spatial soliton formation, mediated by the competition between self-bending induced by a strongly asymmetric nonlocal nonlinearity and spatially localized gain superimposed on a wide pedestal with linear losses. When acting separately both effects seriously prevent stable localization of light, but under suitable conditions they counteract each other, forming robust soliton states that are attractors for a wide range of material and input light conditions.

  • Solitons supported by spatially inhomogeneous nonlinear losses

     Borovkova, Olga V.; Lobanov, Valery E.; Malomed, Boris A.; Torner Sabata, Lluis; Kartashov, Yaroslav V.; Vysloukh, Victor A.
    Optics express
    Date of publication: 2012
    Journal article

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    We uncover that, in contrast to the common belief, stable dissipative solitons exist in media with uniform gain in the presence of nonuniform cubic losses, whose local strength grows with coordinate η (in one dimension) faster than |η| . The spatially-inhomogeneous absorption also supports new types of solitons, that do not exist in uniform dissipative media. In particular, single-well absorption profiles give rise to spontaneous symmetry breaking of fundamental solitons in the presence of uniform focusing nonlinearity, while stable dipoles are supported by double-well absorption landscapes. Dipole solitons also feature symmetry breaking, but under defocusing nonlinearity.

  • Light localization in nonuniformly randomized lattices

     Konotop, Vladimir V; Vysloukh, Victor A.; Torner Sabata, Lluis; Kartashov, Yaroslav V.
    Optics letters
    Date of publication: 2012
    Journal article

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    We address Anderson localization of light in disordered optical lattices where the disorder strength varies across the transverse direction. Such variation changes the preferred domains where formation of localized eigenmodes is most probable, hence drastically impacting light localization properties. Thus, step-like disorder results in formation of modes with different decay rates at both sides of the interface, while a smoothly varying disorder yields appearance of modes that are extended within weakly disordered domains and rapidly fade away in strongly disordered domains.

  • Topological light bullets supported by spatiotemporal gain

     Lobanov, Valery E.; Borovkova, Olga V.; Kartashov, Yaroslav V.; Torner Sabata, Lluis; Vysloukh, Victor A.
    Physical review A
    Date of publication: 2012-02-02
    Journal article

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    We reveal that the competition among diffraction, cubic nonlinearity, two-photon absorption, and gain localized in both space and time results in arrest of collapse, suppression of azimuthal modulation instabilities for spatiotemporal wave packets, and formation of stable three-dimensional light bullets. We show that Gaussian spatiotemporal gain landscapes support bright, fundamental light bullets, while gain landscapes featuring a ringlike spatial and a Gaussian temporal shapes may support stable vortex bullets carrying topological phase dislocations.

  • Tunable ultrafast nonlinear optofluidic coupler

     Vieweg, M.; Pricking, S.; Gissibl, T.; Kartashov, Yaroslav V.; Torner Sabata, Lluis; Giessen, H.
    Optics letters
    Date of publication: 2012-03-15
    Journal article

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    We present an optofluidic nonlinear coupler fabricated by selective filling of two strands of a photonic crystal fiber with the liquid CCl 4 which exhibits a large ultrafast Kerr nonlinearity. We demonstrate power dependent switching in this novel optofluidic device. The large thermo-optical effect of liquids enables us to tune the behavior of the nonlinear coupler by changing the coupling strength with temperature. This opens the road towards flexible designs and realization of a new class of tunable ultrafast nonlinear couplers with switching times below 1 ps. © 2012 Optical Society of America.

  • Leadership Award

     Torner Sabata, Lluis
    Award or recognition

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  • Premios OPTOEL´11 a la trayectoria

     Torner Sabata, Lluis
    Award or recognition

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  • Stripe-like quasi-nondiffracting optical lattices

     Kartashov, Yaroslav V.; López Aguayo, Servando; Vysloukh, Victor A.; Torner Sabata, Lluis
    Optics express
    Date of publication: 2011-05-09
    Journal article

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    We introduce stripe-like quasi-nondiffracting lattices that can be generated via spatial spectrum engineering. The complexity of the spatial shapes of such lattices and the distance of their almost diffractionless propagation depend on the width of their ring-like spatial spectrum. Stripe-like lattices are extended in one direction and are localized in the orthogonal one, thereby creating either straight or curved in any desired fashion optically-induced channels that may be used for optical trapping, optical manipulation, or optical lattices for quantum and nonlinear optics applications. As an illustrative example, here we show their potential for spatial soliton control. Complex networks consisting of several intersecting or joining stripe-like lattices suited to a particular application may also be constructed.

  • Algebraic bright and vortex solitons in defocusing media

     Borovkova, Olga V.; Kartashov, Yaroslav V.; Malomed, Boris A.; Torner Sabata, Lluis
    Optics letters
    Date of publication: 2011-08-15
    Journal article

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  • Dyakonov surface wave resonant transmission

     Takayama, Osamu; Nikitin, A. Yu; Martin-Moreno, Luis; Torner Sabata, Lluis; Artigas Garcia, David
    Optics express
    Date of publication: 2011-03-28
    Journal article

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    The role of Dyakonov surface waves in the transmission through structures composed of birefringent media is theoretically explored. In the case of structures using prisms, unexpected high transmission above the critical angle due to resonant excitation of Dyakonov surface waves is predicted. This transmission is produced only when TE polarized incident wave reaches the interface supporting the surface waves within a narrow interval of angles, for both the angle of incidence and the angle with respect to the optic axis of the birefringent media. As a result, over 90% transmission for a single and isolated peak confined in the two transversal directions, with hybrid TE and TM polarization, can be obtained.

  • General quasi-nonspreading linear three-dimensional wave packets

     Borovkova, Olga V.; Lobanov, Valery E.; Vysloukh, Victor A.; Torner Sabata, Lluis; Kartashov, Yaroslav V.
    Optics letters
    Date of publication: 2011-06-15
    Journal article

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    We introduce a general approach for generation of sets of three-dimensional quasi-nonspreading wave packets propagating in linear media, also referred to as linear light bullets. The spectrum of rigorously nonspreading wave packets in media with anomalous group velocity dispersion is localized on the surface of a sphere, thus drastically restricting the possible wave packet shapes. However, broadening slightly the spectrum affords the generation of a large variety of quasi-nonspreading distributions featuring complex topologies and shapes in space and time that are of interest in different areas, such as biophysics or nanosurgery. Here we discuss the method and show several illustrative examples of its potential.

  • Self-trapping and splitting of bright vector solitons under inhomogeneous defocusing nonlinearities

     Kartashov, Yaroslav V.; Vysloukh, Victor A.; Torner Sabata, Lluis; Malomed, Boris A.
    Optics letters
    Date of publication: 2011-12-01
    Journal article

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    We show that bimodal systems with a spatially nonuniform defocusing cubic nonlinearity, whose strength grows toward the periphery, can support stable two-component solitons. For a sufficiently strong cross-phase-modulation interaction, vector solitons with overlapping components become unstable, while stable families of solitons with spatially separated components emerge. Stable complexes with separated components may be built not only of fundamental solitons, but of multipoles, too.

  • Solitons in geometric potentials

     Szameit, Alexander; Keil, R.; Vysloukh, Victor A.; Torner Sabata, Lluis; Kartashov, Yaroslav V.
    Optics letters
    Date of publication: 2011-07-01
    Journal article

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    We show that the geometrically induced potential existing in undulated slab waveguides dramatically affects the properties of solitons. In particular, whereas solitons residing in the potential maxima do not feature power thresholds and are stable, their counterparts residing in the potential minima are unstable and may exhibit a power threshold for their existence. Additionally, the geometric potential is shown to support stable multipole solitons that cannot be supported by straight waveguides. Finally, the geometric potential results in the appearance of the effective barriers that prevent transverse soliton motion.

  • Evolution dynamics of discrete-continuous light bullets

     Eilenberger, F.; Minardi, Stefano; Roepke, Ulrich; Kobelke, J.; Schuster, K.; Bartelt, H.; Torner Sabata, Lluis; LEDERER, FALK; Tünnermann, Andreas; Pertsch, T.; Szameit, Alexander; Nolte, Stefan
    Physical review A
    Date of publication: 2011-07-29
    Journal article

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  • Rotating vortex solitons supported by localized gain

     Borovkova, Olga V.; Lobanov, Valery E.; Kartashov, Yaroslav V.; Torner Sabata, Lluis
    Optics letters
    Date of publication: 2011-05-15
    Journal article

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    We show that ringlike localized gain landscapes imprinted in focusing cubic (Kerr) nonlinear media with strong two-photon absorption support new types of stable higher-order vortex solitons containing multiple phase singularities nested inside a single core. The phase singularities are found to rotate around the center of the gain landscape, with the rotation period being determined by the strength of the gain and the nonlinear absorption.

  • FIRST EXPERIMENTAL OBSERVATION OF DYAKONOV SURFACE WAVES

     Takayama, Osamu
    Defense's date: 2011-11-25
    The Institute of Photonic Sciences, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya
    Theses

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  • Negative Goos-Hanchen shift in periodic media

     Rechtsman, Mikael C.; Setzpfandt, Frank; Trompeter, Henrik; Torner Sabata, Lluis; Pertsch, T.; Peschel, Ulf; Kartashov, Yaroslav V.; Szameit, Alexander
    Optics letters
    Date of publication: 2011-11-15
    Journal article

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    We show that, under certain conditions, a negative Goos–Hänchen shift—a longitudinal displacement of a totally internally reflected wave packet—occurs in periodic media such as waveguide arrays.

  • Solitons in nonlinear lattices

     Kartashov, Yaroslav V.; Malomed, Boris A.; Torner Sabata, Lluis
    Reviews of modern physics
    Date of publication: 2011-04-14
    Journal article

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  • Disorder-induced soliton transmission in nonlinear photonic lattices

     Kartashov, Yaroslav V.; Vysloukh, Victor A.; Torner Sabata, Lluis
    Optics letters
    Date of publication: 2011-02-15
    Journal article

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  • Stable radially symmetric and azimuthally modulated vortex solitons supported by localized gain

     Lobanov, Valery E.; Kartashov, Yaroslav V.; Vysloukh, Victor A.; Torner Sabata, Lluis
    Optics letters
    Date of publication: 2011-01
    Journal article

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  • Bright solitons from defocusing nonlinearities

     Borovkova, Olga V.; Kartashov, Yaroslav V.; Torner Sabata, Lluis; Malomed, Boris A.
    Physical review E: statistical, nonlinear, and soft matter physics
    Date of publication: 2011-09-19
    Journal article

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    We report that defocusing cubic media with spatially inhomogeneous nonlinearity, whose strength increases rapidly enough toward the periphery, can support stable bright localized modes. Such nonlinearity landscapes give rise to a variety of stable solitons in all three dimensions, including one-dimensional fundamental and multihump states, two-dimensional vortex solitons with arbitrarily high topological charges, and fundamental solitons in three dimensions. Solitons maintain their coherence in the state of motion, oscillating in the nonlinear potential as robust quasiparticles and colliding elastically. In addition to numerically found soliton families, particular solutions are found in an exact analytical form, and accurate approximations are developed for the entire families, including moving solitons.

  • Vortex twins and anti-twins supported by multiring gain landscapes

     Borovkova, Olga V.; Lobanov, Valery E.; Vysloukh, Victor A.; Torner Sabata, Lluis; Kartashov, Yaroslav V.
    Optics letters
    Date of publication: 2011-10-01
    Journal article

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  • Twin-vortex solitons in nonlocal nonlinear media

     Fangwei, Ye; Kartashov, Yaroslav V.; Hu, Bambi; Torner Sabata, Lluis
    Optics letters
    Date of publication: 2010
    Journal article

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  • Wave localization at the boundary of disordered photonic lattices

     Zeil, P.; Dreisow, Felix; Heinrich, Matthias; Keil, R.; Tünnermann, A.; Torner Sabata, Lluis; Kartashov, Yaroslav V.; Szameit, Alexander; Nolte, Stefan; Vysloukh, Victor A.
    Optics letters
    Date of publication: 2010-04-15
    Journal article

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  • Access to the full text
    Light bullets by synthetic diffraction-dispersion matching  Open access

     Lobanov, Valery E.; Kartashov, Yaroslav V.; Torner Sabata, Lluis
    Physical review letters
    Date of publication: 2010-07-03
    Journal article

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    We put forward a new approach to generate stable, fully three-dimensional light bullets, which is based on the matching of the intrinsic material dispersion with a suitable effective diffraction. The matching is achieved in adequate waveguide arrays whose refractive index is periodically modulated along the direction of light propagation. We show that by using nonconventional, out-of-phase longitudinal modulation of the refractive index of neighboring channels, it is possible to tune the effective diffraction to match the intrinsic material group velocity dispersion. Three-dimensional light bullets are shown to form at reduced energy levels, in settings where the dispersion would be far too weak to generate bullets in the absence of array.

  • Stabilization of two-dimensional solitons in cubic-saturable nonlinear lattices

     Borovkova, Olga V.; Kartashov, Yaroslav V.; Torner Sabata, Lluis
    Physical review A
    Date of publication: 2010-06-04
    Journal article

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  • Vortex lattice solitons supported by localized gain

     Kartashov, Yaroslav V.; Konotop, Vladimir V; Vysloukh, Victor A.; Torner Sabata, Lluis
    Optics letters
    Date of publication: 2010-10-01
    Journal article

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  • Three-dimensional light bullets in arrays of waveguides

     Minardi, Stefano; Eilenberger, F.; Röpke, U.; Kobelke, J.; Schuster, K.; Bartelt, H.; Torner Sabata, Lluis; LEDERER, FALK; Tünnermann, A.; Pertsch, T.; Kartashov, Yaroslav V.; Szameit, Alexander; Nolte, Stefan
    Physical review letters
    Date of publication: 2010-12-20
    Journal article

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