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  • Ideas clave y evolución en la ordenación territorial contemporánea. Evolución de los paradigmas disciplinares en base a los planes regionales de Nueva York (1929), Londres (1944), Copenhague (1947), París (1965), Barcelona (1966 y 2010), Holanda (2004), Bolonia (2004) y Marsella (2012)

     Español Fernandez, Esteban
    Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya
    Theses

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    Las grandes ciudades y regiones urbanas necesitan ser abordadas, dada su magnitud, desde un enfoque global y regional. Esta mirada al conjunto, que crea verdaderos "proyectos de ciudad" es la que se elige como tema de estudio: la llamada Planificación Territorial o "regional planning". Aunque ya existen diversos estudios sobre su evolución redactados por autores de gran renombre (Hall, Faludi, Ward, lndovina},.en general, no persiguen un gran nivel de detalle ni de dibujo. Desgranan las ideas, el contexto y los procesos, pero no profundizan en los instrumentos: los Planes Territoriales en sí. Ante este vacío, se persigue aportar una lectura de cómo y por qué cambian las ideas claves detrás las "grandes decisiones" sobre la ordenación de la ciudad, en base al estudio de diferentes Planes "llevados a la realidad.Para esta evolución se estudian en profundidad los siguientes planes regionales: Nueva York (1929) Londres (1944). Copenhague (1947), París (1965), Barcelona (1965 y 2010). Bolonia (2004), Holanda (2004) y Marsella (2012). La lectura de ellos muestra que hay cuatro retos comunes "fundamentales para su redacción: el uso racional del suelo, la preservación de espacios abiertos, la distribución de la centralidad y la optimización de la movilidad. De ellos se extraen sus principalesaportaciones a cada una de las mencionadas ideas clave, así se disecciona cómo cada uno "evoluciona" y las causas (internas y externas) que motivan las innovaciones.La evolución de los planes nos muestra que el concepto de "uso racional" del suelo ha vivido un gran cambio: se ha pasado de un modelo de ciudad expansivo basado en ocupar nuevo suelo para urbanizarlo a uno que promueve la reutilización del existente.Durante décadas se vio natural promover que las ciudades crecieran colonizando grandes extensiones del territorio circundante. Pero después, se consideró más racional reducir el consumo de suelo, evitar la urbanización injustificada. concentrar los desarrollos y potenciar los mecanismos de reciclaje urbano.En cuanto a la preservación de los espacios abiertos, en sus inicios se los entendía como reservas al servicio del crecimiento y las futuras necesidades, pero se ha ido evolucionando hasta verlos como suelos finalistas que constituyen la estructura básicadel territorio. La matriz biofísica y medioambiental se ha transformado en condicionante de partida para cualquier toma de decisiones sobre el territorio. Esta evolución revela un cambio muy profundo en la relación del hombre con la naturaleza, ahora dominada por la búsqueda de la "sostenibilidad ambiental". La actitud de los planes hacia la centralidad ha experimentado un cambio muy profundo, de buscar la descentralización de unas ciudades que tendían a ser centrípetas ha evolucionado a promover la recentralización de unas regiones urbanas centrifugas.La expansión económica. demográfica y urbana de las ciudades ha supuesto un aumento del número, tipo y distancia de las relaciones presentes, es decir, mayor complejidad. Dichos procesos de dispersión y de recentralización han dado más entidad a multitud de centros secundarios y polos funcionales de las periferias y de dentro de las aglomeraciones cuyo resultado ha sido un territorio mucho más policéntrico.Respecto a la optimización de la movilidad, ésta ha pasado de intentar solucionarse en base a un gran esfuerzo material por extender y densificar las infraestructuras de transporte a, en la actualidad, basarse en un enfoque más contenido que se limita acompletar, optimizar e integrar las existentes. Extender las infraestructuras era lógico para romper la congestión del centro y acompañar al crecimiento, pero con el tiempo fue haciéndose evidente que, frente a la generalizada movilidad individual (vehículo privado), los sistemas de transporte de alta capacidad, especialmente el ferrocarril, resultaban más sostenibles económica y ambientalmente.

  • La Metrópoli de los valles centrales : morfogénesis de la ciudad de Oaxaca

     Font Arellano, Antonio
    Date of publication: 2013-11
    Book chapter

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  • Ciudades, territorios metropolitanos y regiones urbanas eficientes. Estrategias y propuestas de proyecto para la regeneración de la ciudad_mosaico_territorial después de la explosión de la ciudad

     Llop Torné, Carles Joan; Cuchi Burgos, Alberto; Rueda Palenzuela, Salvador; Font Arellano, Antonio; Carrera Alpuente, Josep Maria; Kourkoutas, Konstantinos; Calderon Esteban, Arturo; Carrasco Bonet, Marta; Mas Artigas, Sílvia
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  • Manuel de Solà-Morales i Rubió : in memoriam

     Font Arellano, Antonio
    QRU: Quaderns de recerca en urbanisme
    num. 2, p. 8-11
    Date of publication: 2013
    Journal article

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  • Ámbito central del Camp de Tarragona : la emergencia de una metrópoli territorial

     Font Arellano, Antonio
    Ciudad y Territorio, Estudios Territoriales
    Vol. XLV, num. 176, p. 379-392
    Date of publication: 2013-07
    Journal article

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  • L¿ Explosion de la Ville

     Font Arellano, Antonio
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  • Oaxaca, de "ciudad intermedia" a metrópoli de Los Valles Centrales.  Open access  awarded activity

     Madrid Vázquez, Gustavo
    Department of Urbanism and Regional Planning, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya
    Theses

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    This thesis aims at observing the current situation of Oaxaca city, a medium-size urban area in the southwest of Mexico. After the industrial era, the globalization of economic and cultural issues in the information era resulted in the deep transformation of practically every part of the world. We tried measuring how a specific urban area was able to react to such changes. We started by asking ourselves what was the current role of these cities and this one in particular, from an urban point of view, after the intensive social and economical transformations occurred at the end of twentieth century and at the beginning of the twenty-first. In order to answer this basic question we carried out a territorial research based on a spatial and functional analysis. Although in the end also other perspectives, such as social or economics facts, have also become part of this work very naturally. At the same time we tried to understand how these different factors have been impacted over the territory, and which new urban forms have been merged as part of this chain of actions and transformations. The conclusion of our research and experimentations brought us to draw some answers and explications for some social and urban phenomenon that are currently taking place in the city area. The first consequences of these changes resulted in the transformation of a compact city, which has been such since the colonial times, up to the mid part of the twentieth century, into a complex urban space extended over a regional territory. Some times the cut has been rather blurred and some other times it was instead clearly defined. That configuration in fact defines the urban area that was analyzed in this thesis. This radical change follows a series of social phenomenon that are responsible in big part for the actual conditions of the city. This is the case -for instance- of the impact left by the migratory phenomenon onto the spatial distribution. The same goes for the relation between the fragmented political geography of the Oaxaca State and the shape of the urban sprawl. The pattern is such that, thanks to the analysis carried out in this thesis, we can now not only understand the city itself, but also some general features of its population. Oaxaca city and its region show how hardly one single urban space can be isolated from the great economic and communication changes of the modern times, particularly the information era where we live. Therefore, the study of the political and social actors of the city was taken seriously into account in our research, so to be included as a fundamental part of the current shape of this urban region. In this thesis there are also several parts dedicated to the understanding of these important aspects, that in the end are reflected in the territory as urban spaces, which is the core of this study. But over all, our research is a deep, morphological analysis of a city that nowadays lives a contemporaneous global reality. Therefore we must understand from an urban perspective what is the condition of this city under new conditions. Finally, this work gives a first glance at a set of similar cities that also have faced deep changes resulting from the enormous transformations occurred in the past decades. We are sure that there are similarities with other urban areas that are just waiting to be discovered and studied as well. Such cities have probably witnessed the same urban processes that take place in the rest of the world, and fully understand the intense global urbanization that is now defining our times

  • Foreword

     Font Arellano, Antonio
    DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4614-4352-0
    Date of publication: 2012-08
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    Planejament territorial versus ordenació urbanística : el desplegament del PTMB 2010 a l'Àrea Metropolitana de Barcelona  Open access

     Font Arellano, Antonio
    Papers (Institut d'Estudis Regionals i Metropolitans de Barcelona)
    num. 55, p. 84-87
    Date of publication: 2012-07-01
    Journal article

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    En aquest article es reflexiona sobre el PDU de l¿Àrea Metropolitana, com a principal instrument de desplegament del PTMB, i s¿assenyala la possibilitat d¿instruments alternatius adequats a la naturalesa diferent dels territoris metropolitans inclosos en l¿àmbit del PDUAMB.

    En aquest article es reflexiona sobre el PDU de l’Àrea Metropolitana, com a principal instrument de desplegament del PTMB, i s’assenyala la possibilitat d’instruments alternatius adequats a la naturalesa diferent dels territoris metropolitans inclosos en l’àmbit del PDUAMB.

  • Urban patterns of economic activities : Barcelona Metropolitan Region

     Font Arellano, Antonio; Vecslir, Lorena; Maristany, Lorena; Mas Artigas, Sílvia
    Date of publication: 2012-05
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  • La Práctica del planeamiento urbanístico

     Font Arellano, Antonio
    Date of publication: 2011
    Book chapter

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  • Lo necesario desde una perspectiva urbanística actual

     Font Arellano, Antonio
    p. 30-31
    Date of publication: 2011
    Exhibition catalogue's chapter

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  • Metropolización del territorio y regiones urbanas intermedias: El caso del ámbito central del Camp de Tarragona 1977/2008  Open access

     MONTEJANO ESCAMILLA, JORGE ALBERTO
    Department of Urbanism and Regional Planning, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya
    Theses

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    El eje central de la investigación de tesis doctoral son las transformaciones espaciales, funcionales y estructurales, ocurridas dentro del ámbito central del Camp de Tarragona, en un período de tiempo específico (1977 - 2008) y con especial énfasis en los cambios de localización de las piezas de producción, distribución y consumo, y su impacto sobre el territorio. Para introducir el concepto de la metropolización del territorio, a la investigación de caso le antecede un apartado teórico que revisa sus diferentes modalidades y sus causas estructurales, distinguiéndose entre los ámbitos norteamericano y europeo.El interés principal de esta investigación es observar los cambios ocurridos en un lapso de tiempo determinado en regiones urbanas con presencia de ciudades intermedias que contengan fenómenos de dispersión, aglomeración y polarización, semejantes a los fenómenos ocurridos en regiones metropolitanas de primer orden. Se busca con ello, demostrar la tendencia actual de las ciudades intermedias a seguir aunque con caracteres específicos , procesos similares de metropolización territorial que han seguido las regiones urbanas mayores.Además de identificar las transformaciones en las relaciones jerárquicas y resaltar las nuevas estructuras territoriales generadas por las lógicas de localización de las piezas productivas, de distribución y de consumo (polaridades, clusters, dispersiones, redes), se verifica la noción general de una tendencia a la "terciarización" del espacio metropolitano y se detectan hechos innovadores (fenómenos que por su carácter de novedad, tienen una influencia enorme sobre su entorno) que tienden a la consolidación de un territorio sectorizado y en el que se ha observado una transformación en la escala de las operaciones urbanísticas (de la manzana al sector).El objetivo principal de la investigación es aumentar el conocimiento, ante la escasez de estudios urbanos apoyados en análisis espaciales de análisis gráficos, sobre la metropolización de ciudades intermedias y su relación con sistemas metropolitanos mayores.Se plantea a priori, que es un proceso en curso la terciarización del espacio en regiones metropolitanas intermedias como el Camp de Tarragona; que la localización de las grandes piezas de producción y consumo obedecen más a una lógica regional de integración / servicio a una red metropolitana mayor que a una lógica de ordenación local y que, la metropolización del territorio del ámbito central del Camp de Tarragona, por la celeridad de sus trasformaciones y la escala del territorio, podría convertirlo en una conurbación de tamaño considerable.Dichos planteamientos han sido verificados mediante la elaboración y análisis de mapas temáticos que consignan las transformaciones territoriales en un período temporal específico y que permiten, mediante la elaboración de un pequeño sistema de información territorial y su comparación, un análisis cualitativo (del espacio transformado) y cuantitativo (la medición de las transformaciones urbanizadoras). Los mapas elaborados son la expresión de las tendencias, corredores específicos, polarizaciones o cambios de uso de suelo principales que se han producido.

    The main axis of this PhD thesis are the spatial, functional and structural transformations, occurred within the central area of the Camp of Tarragona, between 1977 - 2008, with special emphasis on locational changes of production, distribution and consumption and its impact on the built environment. To introduce the concept of territorial metropolisation, the investigation is preceded by a theoretical section which reviews its different ways structural causes, comparing both cases: the North American and the European one. The main goal of this research is to observe and compare changes in clusters of intermediate cities that shows dispersion, agglomeration and polarization, in a similar way bigger metropolitan areas had revealed through time. The aim is thus to show the current trend of intermediate cities to follow similar processes of metropolisation although with specific characteristics that have been developed before by larger urban areas. Aside of identifying the changes in the hierarchical relationships and highlighting the new territorial structures generated by the postindustrial logic of localization of production, distribution and consumption (polarities, clusters, dispersions, networks), we verify the hypothesis that states there is a general tendency of metropolitan areas to shift their land use into services, by detecting innovative events, such as the transformation of big portions of land into service oriented spaces. The main goal of this research is to increase awareness about the shortage of urban studies of the metropolisation process that has been happening in intermediate cities, phenomena widely studied for larger metropolitan areas. The investigation seeks to demonstrate how these intermediate cities tend to follow a different way of metropolisation, mainly because they are subdued to what happens in larger metropolitan areas, and they follow a regional logic in an attempt to be part of a major regional network, rather than been (the metropolisation) a local urban initiative. Also, we had foreseen that The central area of the Camp of Tarragona due to the rapidness of the changes observed , could be in a years from now a new form of conurbation, yet still hosting metropolization processes. These approaches have been verified by developing and analyzing thematic maps, which records territorial changes in a specific time range and that allow us, through the development of a small GIS, a qualitative analysis (what and in what had the space been transformed) and a quantitative one (how many). The produced maps have answered questions regarding trends, specific corridors, polarizations, or changes in land use at large scale.

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    Àrea residencial estratègica del Pou Boronat (Tarragona)  Open access

     Font Arellano, Antonio
    Date of publication: 2010-11
    Book chapter

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  • Towards a new urban rearrangment of Barcelona's Metropolitan region

     Font Arellano, Antonio
    p. 176-180
    Date of publication: 2010
    Exhibition catalogue's chapter

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    Nuovi spazi della produzione, commercio e consumo: a la RMB  Open access

     Font Arellano, Antonio; Vecslir, Lorena
    Urbanistica
    num. 141, p. 19-25
    Date of publication: 2010
    Journal article

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    Reproduït amb l'autorització de: Associato all'Unione stampa periodica italiana

  • Reforma de la Diagonal de Barcelona: espacio público + transporte colectivo

     Castiñeira Palou, Maria Isabel; Magrinya Torner, Francesc; Mayorga Cardenas, Miguel Yury
    Date of publication: 2010-05
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  • Pla territorial metropolità de Barcelona

     Font Arellano, Antonio
    Others' publications about work

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  • GRUP DE RECERCA D'URBANISME

     Galindo González, Julian; Sagarra Trias, Ferran; Sotoca Garcia, Adolfo; Pie Ninot, Ricardo; Martin Ramos, Angel Francisco; Vidal Pla, Miguel; Corominas Ayala, Miquel; Font Arellano, Antonio; Peremiquel Lluch, Francisco; Llop Torné, Carles Joan; Roca Blanch, Estanislao; Vilanova Claret, Josep Maria; Marti Casanovas, Miquel; Sabate Bel, Joaquin
    Competitive project

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  • Cerdà i la Barcelona del Futur. Realitat versus projecte

     Corominas Ayala, Miquel; Busquets Grau, Juan; Moreno Sanz, Joan; Castiñeira Palou, Maria Isabel; Font Arellano, Antonio; Franquesa Sanchez, Jordi; Galindo González, Julian; Garcia Almirall, Maria Pilar; Martin Ramos, Angel Francisco; Parcerisa Bundo, Josep; Peremiquel Lluch, Francisco; Rubert de Ventos, Maria; Sabate Bel, Joaquin; Mas Artigas, Sílvia
    Collaboration in exhibitions

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  • Configuració física i estructuració social a la regió urbana de Barcelona : algunes conseqüències

     Font Arellano, Antonio
    VI Seminari Monogràfic.Universitat Internacional de la Pau. "Pensament per la Pau: Urbanisme, convivència i pau".
    Presentation's date: 2009-02-28
    Presentation of work at congresses

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  • CREPUMED Nº 1G-MED08-69

     Carrasco Bonet, Marta; Font Arellano, Antonio; Kourkoutas, Konstantinos; Mas Artigas, Sílvia; Llop Torné, Carles Joan
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  • Instrumentos de ordenación y actuación urbana en dos sectores de ciudad de México

     Hofmann Aguirre, Víctor Hugo
    Department of Urbanism and Regional Planning, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya
    Theses

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  • La Urbanística y su enseñanza

     Font Arellano, Antonio
    Date of publication: 2009-11
    Book chapter

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  • Cap a una reordenació urbanística de la Regió Metropolitana de Barcelona

     Font Arellano, Antonio
    p. 174-178
    Date of publication: 2009-01-01
    Exhibition catalogue's chapter

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  • Letture interpretative degli spazi della produzione e del consumo della regione urbana di Barcellona

     Vecslir, Lorena; Font Arellano, Antonio
    Territorio (Milano)
    num. 48, p. 28-34
    Date of publication: 2009-05
    Journal article

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    The article discusses the findings of in-depth research into the reorganisation of settlements in the urban region of Barcelona following the construction of new transport infrastructures. The study, which combines geographical readings with a detailed functional and morphological analysis of several `fragments¿ of the area, focuses mostly on the system for locating shopping centres and industrial estates, both of which have played key innovative roles in the recent local transformations. In the case of the shopping centres one is dealing with new forms of organised distribution, while as regards industrial estates it is the development of cutting-edge technology that holds sway. The construction of these large-scale complexes is inseparable from the formation of new centres, some of which are characterised by functional specialisation, others by the synergy between compatible activities that exploit their spatial proximity in terms of capacity to attract and rational use of common services.

    The article discusses the findings of in-depth research into the reorganisation of settlements in the urban region of Barcelona following the construction of new transport infrastructures. The study, which combines geographical readings with a detailed functional and morphological analysis of several ‘fragments’ of the area, focuses mostly on the system for locating shopping centres and industrial estates, both of which have played key innovative roles in the recent local transformations. In the case of the shopping centres one is dealing with new forms of organised distribution, while as regards industrial estates it is the development of cutting-edge technology that holds sway. The construction of these large-scale complexes is inseparable from the formation of new centres, some of which are characterised by functional specialisation, others by the synergy between compatible activities that exploit their spatial proximity in terms of capacity to attract and rational use of common services.

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    Nuevas geografías de la producción y el consumo en la región metropolitana de Barcelona  Open access

     Font Arellano, Antonio; Vecslir, Lorena
    Scripta nova
    Vol. XII, num. 270(107)
    Date of publication: 2008-08
    Journal article

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    Los nuevos espacios de la producción y el consumo en la Región Metropolitana de Barcelona muestran un cambio en sus ¿geografías localizativas¿ y la emergencia de una configuración reticular organizada según principios de complementariedad y de sinergia. Las modalidades de localización en relación al sistema urbano o a la infraestructura existente, los tipos de utilización, así como los patrones morfotipológicos con que se presentan, constituyen los contenidos principales de este artículo. El análisis asume un enfoque proyectual, en la búsqueda de posibles estrategias para la ordenación de la región metropolitana, respecto a la localización y el modelo infraestructural y ambiental, y en relación a las modalidades de los propios espacios de la producción y el consumo.

    Los nuevos espacios de la producción y el consumo en la Región Metropolitana de Barcelona muestran un cambio en sus “geografías localizativas” y la emergencia de una configuración reticular organizada según principios de complementariedad y de sinergia. Las modalidades de localización en relación al sistema urbano o a la infraestructura existente, los tipos de utilización, así como los patrones morfotipológicos con que se presentan, constituyen los contenidos principales de este artículo. El análisis asume un enfoque proyectual, en la búsqueda de posibles estrategias para la ordenación de la región metropolitana, respecto a la localización y el modelo infraestructural y ambiental, y en relación a las modalidades de los propios espacios de la producción y el consumo.

  • Els Llindars de lo públic : l'equipament bàsic per a les diferents escales urbanístiques a Catalunya i Alemanya  Open access

     Marsal Llacuna, Maria Lluisa
    Department of Urbanism and Regional Planning, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya
    Theses

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    Public surrenders of land in Spain must receive strong legislative support due to the existence of an eminently private town planning initiative. Thus, the quantities of facilities, green spaces and areas for road use will be regulated in the different town planning laws of autonomous regions, this being a far cry from what could initially seem political will or decisions at the whim of the town councils.The aim was to study the surrenders of facilities in Catalonia within the framework of the other Autonomous Regions of Spain, the context required for the correct comprehension of the prevailing situation. Based on a hypothesis of common town planning parameters, the Town Planning Act of each Autonomous Region has been applied. The heterogeneity of surrenders between Autonomous Regions and the range of options for the provision of collective assets deriving from this endangers the Spanish public facility provision model in general. It is difficult to understand how under a minimum common denominator of power and a theoretically fair system of funding Autonomous Regions there is such a broad margin of regulation and results of surrender.Whilst the different town planning laws allow public land to be obtained through surrenders by private developers in favour of the local government, a second legislative package regulates the services to be provided in the facility plots previously obtained.The different municipal and local laws drafted by the Autonomous Regions within the framework of basic Spanish law require a series of services from the municipal government according to the population of the municipality.With laws of such diverse origin and mandate, it is inevitable that doubt will be cast over the obliged convergence. will sufficient land be obtained from town planning laws to accommodate the facilities deriving from the application of municipal laws? And further, is a state Act valid as a response to the broad Spanish municipal idiosyncrasy? With this, residential growth seems to be the most important way to obtain public land, what, then, should be the "minimum urban expression" to guarantee a sufficient contribution of surrendered land? All urban services or activities appear under a "minimum threshold", which at the same time defines the "minimum unit". A certain level of population is required for the existence of commerce, a service, etc.; the area moves up a rung when the population volume reaches the next threshold. Facilities also participate in this "jump process", as do all other urban activities. What should this minimum facility provision be?The most basic and universal services, which should be guaranteed for everyone, are education, healthcare and social services. In order to guarantee these as the most basic facilities, they must be appropriately legislated. As they are directly linked to the end user they can be standardized.On the contrary, it is not considered convenient to provide standards for all facilities, as many of them would correspond to a second type known as "circumstantial", more linked to the characteristics of the urban centre, which will lend them their purpose and meaning in terms of use. In Catalonia, "the label of use" for land allocated to facilities is proposed in the plan after consultation with the competent body of the Autonomous Government of Catalonia. Thus, the municipalities receive insufficiently a percentage of the general state budgets, from which -among other expenses- they must fund the provision of minimum services that far exceed those stipulated in municipal law, and which when all is said and done are programmed and planned by government of the Autonomous Region. This chaos of power and funding makes difficult to apply the policies of the Autonomous Government. The different departments draft plans and programmes with contents and objectives taken basically from the experience of whoever writes them. A few departments are the exception to this. Different bodies in the European Union produce reference values for the areas of healthcare, education, sport and culture. The departments that have these use them either for programming or for evaluation purposes. By producing indicators in this way, the EU is demonstrating a growing concern for the quality of social infrastructures, allowing dissemination of levels of service provision.There can be no quality without controlling quantity. In the increasingly more homogenous European space, where member states exchange and share information, it has become necessary to establish some qualitative and quantitative minimums for the basic and universal provision of facilities, which should materialize in European standards of social infrastructures.

  • Nuove geografie della produzione e del consumo nell'area metropolitana di Barcellona

     Font Arellano, Antonio
    Funzioni sovracomunali: ruolo territoriale e geografie metropolitane
    Presentation's date: 2008-03-14
    Presentation of work at congresses

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  • La Explosión de la ciudad : morfologías y proyectos en las regiones metropolitanas de sur de Europa

     Font Arellano, Antonio
    El paisatge dels ciutadans. Habitar i construir territoris complexos
    Presentation's date: 2008-01-24
    Presentation of work at congresses

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  • L'Esperienza spagnola : progetti urbani e trasformazioni territoriali : Barcellone e l'area metropolitana

     Font Arellano, Antonio
    Seminario Internazionale "Confini liquidi. Pensare e governare la metropolizzazione"
    Presentation's date: 2008-10-30
    Presentation of work at congresses

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  • Noves geografies de la producció i el consum a la Regió Metropolitana de Barcelona

     Font Arellano, Antonio
    Una revisió crítica dels espais de la producció i el consum a la regió metropolitana de Barcelona
    Presentation's date: 2008-07-16
    Presentation of work at congresses

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  • Territorios metropolitanos en la Europa meridional : transformaciones urbanizadoras y criterios para el proyecto territorial

     Font Arellano, Antonio
    NOVEDADES LEGISLATIVAS Y SITUACIÓN ACTUAL DEL URBANISMO VALENCIANO
    Presentation's date: 2008-11-18
    Presentation of work at congresses

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  • Model d'anàlisi de la qualitat de l'ensenyament, des de la perspectiva dels estudiants a titulacions de quatre universitats catalanes

     Rué Domingo, Joan; Alejandra, Bosco; Jordi, Giné; Xavier, Rambla; Miquel, Amador; Font Arellano, Antonio; Armengol Cebrian, Jesús; Franquet, Maria Teresa
    Congrés Internacional de Docència Universitària i Innovació
    Presentation of work at congresses

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    Nuevas geografías de la producción y el consumo en la Región Metropolitana de Barcelona  Open access

     Font Arellano, Antonio; Vecslir, Lorena
    X COLOQUIO INTERNACIONAL DE GEOCRÍTICA. Diez años de cambios en el mundo, en la geografía y en las ciencias sociales, 1999-2008
    Presentation's date: 2008-05-29
    Presentation of work at congresses

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    Los nuevos espacios de la producción y el consumo en la Región Metropolitana de Barcelona muestran un cambio en sus ¿geografías localizativas¿ y la emergencia de una configuración reticular organizada según principios de complementariedad y de sinergia. Las modalidades de localización en relación al sistema urbano o a la infraestructura existente, los tipos de utilización, así como los patrones morfotipológicos con que se presentan, constituyen los contenidos principales de este artículo. El análisis asume un enfoque proyectual, en la búsqueda de posibles estrategias para la ordenación de la región metropolitana, respecto a la localización y el modelo infraestructural y ambiental, y en relación a las modalidades de los propios espacios de la producción y el consumo.

    Los nuevos espacios de la producción y el consumo en la Región Metropolitana de Barcelona muestran un cambio en sus “geografías localizativas” y la emergencia de una configuración reticular organizada según principios de complementariedad y de sinergia. Las modalidades de localización en relación al sistema urbano o a la infraestructura existente, los tipos de utilización, así como los patrones morfotipológicos con que se presentan, constituyen los contenidos principales de este artículo. El análisis asume un enfoque proyectual, en la búsqueda de posibles estrategias para la ordenación de la región metropolitana, respecto a la localización y el modelo infraestructural y ambiental, y en relación a las modalidades de los propios espacios de la producción y el consumo.

  • La Enseñanza de la urbanística

     Font Arellano, Antonio
    La docencia del urbanismo en las escuelas de arquitectura y su aportación a la construcción del territorio y de la ciudad
    Presentation's date: 2008-05-08
    Presentation of work at congresses

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  • De la cité industrielle au ville territoire : mutations spatiales dans le territoire post-fordiste du sud de l'Europe

     Font Arellano, Antonio
    Colloque International Tony Garnier: la Cité industrielle et l'Europe
    Presentation's date: 2008-11-28
    Presentation of work at congresses

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  • Els Llindars de lo públic  Open access

     Marsal Llacuna, Maria Lluisa
    Barcelona School of Architecture (ETSAB)
    Theses

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    Public surrenders of land in Spain must receive strong legislative support due to the existence of an eminently private town planning initiative. Thus, the quantities of facilities, green spaces and areas for road use will be regulated in the different town planning laws of autonomous regions, this being a far cry from what could initially seem political will or decisions at the whim of the town councils.The aim was to study the surrenders of facilities in Catalonia within the framework of the other Autonomous Regions of Spain, the context required for the correct comprehension of the prevailing situation. Based on a hypothesis of common town planning parameters, the Town Planning Act of each Autonomous Region has been applied. The heterogeneity of surrenders between Autonomous Regions and the range of options for the provision of collective assets deriving from this endangers the Spanish public facility provision model in general. It is difficult to understand how under a minimum common denominator of power and a theoretically fair system of funding Autonomous Regions there is such a broad margin of regulation and results of surrender.Whilst the different town planning laws allow public land to be obtained through surrenders by private developers in favour of the local government, a second legislative package regulates the services to be provided in the facility plots previously obtained.The different municipal and local laws drafted by the Autonomous Regions within the framework of basic Spanish law require a series of services from the municipal government according to the population of the municipality.With laws of such diverse origin and mandate, it is inevitable that doubt will be cast over the obliged convergence. will sufficient land be obtained from town planning laws to accommodate the facilities deriving from the application of municipal laws? And further, is a state Act valid as a response to the broad Spanish municipal idiosyncrasy? With this, residential growth seems to be the most important way to obtain public land, what, then, should be the "minimum urban expression" to guarantee a sufficient contribution of surrendered land? All urban services or activities appear under a "minimum threshold", which at the same time defines the "minimum unit". A certain level of population is required for the existence of commerce, a service, etc.; the area moves up a rung when the population volume reaches the next threshold. Facilities also participate in this "jump process", as do all other urban activities. What should this minimum facility provision be?The most basic and universal services, which should be guaranteed for everyone, are education, healthcare and social services. In order to guarantee these as the most basic facilities, they must be appropriately legislated. As they are directly linked to the end user they can be standardized.On the contrary, it is not considered convenient to provide standards for all facilities, as many of them would correspond to a second type known as "circumstantial", more linked to the characteristics of the urban centre, which will lend them their purpose and meaning in terms of use. In Catalonia, "the label of use" for land allocated to facilities is proposed in the plan after consultation with the competent body of the Autonomous Government of Catalonia. Thus, the municipalities receive insufficiently a percentage of the general state budgets, from which -among other expenses- they must fund the provision of minimum services that far exceed those stipulated in municipal law, and which when all is said and done are programmed and planned by government of the Autonomous Region. This chaos of power and funding makes difficult to apply the policies of the Autonomous Government. The different departments draft plans and programmes with contents and objectives taken basically from the experience of whoever writes them. A few departments are the exception to this. Different bodies in the European Union produce reference values for the areas of healthcare, education, sport and culture. The departments that have these use them either for programming or for evaluation purposes. By producing indicators in this way, the EU is demonstrating a growing concern for the quality of social infrastructures, allowing dissemination of levels of service provision.There can be no quality without controlling quantity. In the increasingly more homogenous European space, where member states exchange and share information, it has become necessary to establish some qualitative and quantitative minimums for the basic and universal provision of facilities, which should materialize in European standards of social infrastructures.

  • El Proyecto de nuevos patrones residenciales : algunas consideraciones docentes

     Font Arellano, Antonio
    Date of publication: 2008-07-31
    Book chapter

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  • Presentaçao (Portada i contraportada)

     Font Arellano, Antonio
    Date of publication: 2008-12-31
    Book chapter

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    Nouvelles géographies de la production et la consommation dans le domaine de la région métropolitaine de Barcelone  Open access

     Font Arellano, Antonio; Vecslir, Lorena; Mas Artigas, Sílvia; Maristany Jackson, Lorena
    Date of publication: 2007
    Book chapter

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  • La explosión de la ciudad. Transformaciones territoriales en las regiones urbanas de la Europa meridional

     Font Arellano, Antonio
    Date of publication: 2007-02
    Collaboration in exhibition catalogues

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