Graphic summary
  • Show / hide key
  • Information


Scientific and technological production
  •  

1 to 50 of 233 results
  • Access to the full text
  • Access to the full text
  • Access to the full text
  • Access to the full text
    Beyond 2015 - Governance  Open access

     Xercavins Valls, Josep
    Date: 2013-02
    Report

    Access to the full text Access to the full text Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Propuesta metodológica para el análisis de la sostenibilidad regional  Open access

     Antequera Baiget, Jose
    Institute for Research on Science and Technology for Sustainability, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya
    Theses

    Read the abstract Read the abstract Access to the full text Access to the full text Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

    En esta tesis hemos elaborado una propuesta metodológica de análisis de la sostenibilidad regional utilizando la visión sistémica para su conceptualización, el paradigma de la sostenibilidad para su análisis, la metodología de indicadores por un lado, la de stocks y flujos provenientes de la Dinámica de Sistemas por otro lado y el concepto de “síndrome” introducido por el German Advisory Council (GAC) y desarrollado por la Comisión Económica para América Latina (CEPAL) en 2004, para su concreción. Conjuntando estas tres concepciones: la visión sistémica regional, el paradigma de la sostenibilidad y las metodologías de indicadores, modelos y síndromes, desarrollamos un propuesta metodológica de análisis regional basado en 4 stocks principales (Territorio, población, PIB y stock institucional) y el metabolismo entre ellos como flujo, los indicadores asociados a dichos stocks y flujos, y los síndromes que nos proporcionan una visión profunda de la sostenibilidad de la región. Este sistema se ha aplicado al análisis de dos regiones, una en un país europeo desarrollado como son las Comarcas de Girona en Catalunya-España y la otra Santo Domingo de los Colorados en Ecuador y un análisis comparativo de las dos regiones.

    In this thesis we have developed a methodology for regional sustainability analysis using the system approach to his conceptualization, the paradigm of sustainability for analysis, the methodology of indicators on the one hand, the stocks and flow from the System Dynamics on the other side and the concept of "syndrome" by the German Advisory Council (GAC) and developed by Economic Commission for Latin America (CEPAL) in 2004, to its completion. Bringing together these three concepts: the regional systems view, the paradigm of sustainability, indicators, models and syndromes methodologies, we developed a methodological approach to regional analysis based on 4 mains stocks (territory, population, GDP and corporate stock) and metabolism flow between them and the indicators associated with these stocks and flows, and syndromes that give us insight in to the sustainability of the Region. This system has been applied to the analysis of two regions, one in a developed European country such as the Counties of Girona in Catalonia, Spain and other Santo Domingo de los Colorados in Ecuador and a comparative analysis of the two regions.

  • Access to the full text
    Sobre ¿Los límites del crecimiento¿: 40 años de debate  Open access

     Xercavins Valls, Josep
    Date: 2012-09-18
    Report

    Read the abstract Read the abstract Access to the full text Access to the full text Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

    Article publicat a "Other news" 18/09/2012

  • Afrontant el canvi climàtic

     Xercavins Valls, Josep
    Date: 2012-05-06
    Report

    View View Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Access to the full text
  • Access to the full text
  • Access to the full text
    Contributions from the apGDM-WDGpa (World Democratic Governance project association)  Open access

     Xercavins Valls, Josep
    United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development
    Presentation's date: 2011-10
    Presentation of work at congresses

    Access to the full text Access to the full text Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Access to the full text
    Assessment of freshwater scarcity using a model based on supply and demand law  Open access

     Escribano Rodriguez de Robles, Beatriz; Sellarès González, Jordi; Xercavins Valls, Josep
    Date: 2011-09-08
    Report

    Read the abstract Read the abstract Access to the full text Access to the full text Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

    The main goal of this work is to provide an analysis methodology for assessment of water scarcity problems based on supply and demand. To this end, we must first determine what can be considered as supply and demand in the water scarcity problem. Although some variables involved are physical, economical or demographical, in our approach social factors are also included. This leads us to objectify water demand standards in relation to acceptable welfare levels. Within this approach, water scarcity will appear when demand reaches a higher value than supply. Two supply levels are defined based on other works. Demand is calculated within several scenarios. These scenarios represent the outcome of political or management decisions taken to reach a welfare standard. A special scenario will represent, simply, the continuation of the current state of affairs. The variables needed to calculate demand are obtained through a multilevel model where the lowest level is formed by disciplinary models and the highest level takes into account social and political factors. The methodology is applied to the countries of the gulf of Guinea. Its application to Côte d’Ivoire is described in detail and results are given for the other eight countries of the area. To summarize the results, two indexes are suggested. With this methodology, it is possible to divide the region of the gulf of Guinea in three areas of different freshwater capacity, giving new insight with regards previous studies that did not state differences between the countries of the region.

  • Las organizaciones internacionales de los gobiernos sub nacionales y los ¿estatus¿ ante las NNUU

     Xercavins Valls, Josep
    Date: 2011-07
    Report

    Read the abstract Read the abstract View View Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

    Informe per a la xarxa internacional de regions ngr4SD (la presidència de la qual és actualment el Govern de Catalunya)

  • Access to the full text
    Informe sobre el PrepCom2 de la UNCSD2012-Rio+20  Open access

     Xercavins Valls, Josep
    Date: 2011-03
    Report

    Read the abstract Read the abstract Access to the full text Access to the full text Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

    Informe per a la Generalitat de Catalunya sobre la 2a Reunió del Comitè Preparatori de la UNCSD2012-Rio+20

  • Access to the full text
    GSP Civil Society Consultation questions - inputs by Josep Xercavins  Open access

     Xercavins Valls, Josep
    United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development
    Presentation's date: 2011-03
    Presentation of work at congresses

    Access to the full text Access to the full text Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Access to the full text
    The global crisis, the United Nations and global democratic governance  Open access

     Xercavins Valls, Josep
    Date of publication: 2010-12
    Book

    Read the abstract Read the abstract Access to the full text Access to the full text Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

    La crisi financera i econòmica mundial que viu el món globalitzat des de l’estiu de 2007 planteja la qüestió de si estem davant de la fi d’un cicle o de la fi d’un model, i posa en evidència la necessitat d’un profund debat d’idees. A banda de les causes immediates de la crisi, s’observen causes profundes que són, principalment, resultat d’un període de globalització econòmica neoliberal. Si l’efecte de la crisi als països del Nord és evident i palpable, el seu impacte als països menys desenvolupats és devastador, la revisió del Consens de Monterrey, encaminada a concretar el finançament per a l’assoliment dels Objectius de Desenvolupament del Mil·lenni, va quedar frustrada pel naixement del G20. L’abordatge polític de la crisi posa en qüestió els lideratges mundials. Si bé el G20 va voler monopolitzar el debat, finalment les Nacions Unides, de la mà del president de l’Assemblea General, el pare d’Escoto, va poder convocar la Conferència sobre la Crisi Financera i Econòmica i els seus Efectes Sobre el Desenvolupament (juny de 2009). Malgrat que els seus resultats són molt menors, i no s’hi van acordar moltes de les recomanacions del mateix president i de la Comissió Stiglitz, les conclusions de tot plegat apunten a una imprescindible reforma del sistema i de la governança de l’economia financera mundial. El “G192”, es va posar, doncs, sobre la taula un model de governança democràtica mundial per abordar un crisi global d’impacte sobre la ciutadania mundial. The financial and economic crisis that has been rocking the globalised world since the summer of 2007 raises the question of whether we are looking at the end of a cycle or the end of a model and highlights the need for a thorough debate of ideas. In addition to the immediate causes of the crisis (such as the bursting of the housing bubble and the toxicity of the financial markets), several deep-rooted causes can be found, most resulting from a period of neo-liberal economic globalisation. Whilst the crisis has had a clear and tangible impact on the countries of the North, it has been calamitous for less developed countries. The damage is compounded by the fact that the review of the Monterrey Consensus, intended to find the necessary financing to achieve the Millennium Development Goals, was thwarted by the emergence of the G20. The political hijacking of the crisis casts doubt on global leadership. Although the G20 monopolised the debate, in the end, the United Nations (UN), under the leadership of the president of the General Assembly, Father Miguel d’Escoto, managed to convene the Conference on the World Financial and Economic Crisis and Its Impact on Development (June 2009). Despite the conference’s modest results and the fact that no agreement was reached on many of the recommendations made by the president or the ‘Stiglitz Commission’, the conclusions as a whole point towards a crucial need to reform the system and governance bodies of the global financial economy. To this end, within the context of the UN, or ‘G192’, a model of global democratic governance was tabled to address a global crisis with an impact on global citizens

  • Metodología de análisis en el tiempo para evaluar la escasez de agua dulce en función de la oferta y de la demanda. Caso de estudio: Los países de la región del golfo de Guinea  Open access

     Escribano Rodriguez de Robles, Beatriz
    Department of Fluid Mechanics, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya
    Theses

    Read the abstract Read the abstract Access to the full text Access to the full text Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

    El objetivo de esta tesis es dotarse de una metodología de análisis dinámica en el tiempo que permite revalorar permanentemente la problemática de la escasez de agua dulce en función de la oferta y la demanda. Para ello, hemos tenido en cuenta las variaciones de sus factores conductores, y entre ellos sobre todo el de las necesidades en el desarrollo humano. La metodología es de manejo operativo, en la que se puedan introducir de manera rápida y sencilla los cambios en las variables que van a determinar la oferta y la demanda dinámica de agua dulce.La propuesta metodológica se caracteriza por varios puntos clave. En primer lugar, desarrollamos una discusión terminológica y conceptual en la que, a partir del estado del arte actual llegamos a definir los conceptos de la oferta y la demanda dinámica de agua dulce renovable como primer paso fundamental de nuestra metodología, elaborando un glosario terminológico y conceptual propio para este trabajo.A partir de la caracterización de la oferta y la demanda dinámica se analiza el escenario business as usual constatándose y valorándose la gravedad de la situación de los nueve países que forman la región del golfo de Guinea, debida fundamentalmente a la no existencia o a la no implementación de gestión de extracción, distribución y abastecimiento de agua dulce por falta de recursos económicos o voluntades políticas. Nuestro segundo paso metodológico permite corroborar la calificación usual de la situación de estos países como de escasez económica. Para poder cubrir esta etapa de la propuesta metodológica ha sido necesario resolver, también metodológicamente, la muy importante escasez de datos para la mayoría de países en desarrollo.Nuestra propuesta metodológica parte por supuesto de trabajar con la realidad, detectando inconvenientes y limitaciones al aplicarla al caso de estudio de los países de nuestra región. Una de estas limitaciones es claramente la falta de datos necesarios para elaborar nuestros escenarios o para determinar los estándares o confeccionar el nuevo índice; en la medida que se han ido presentando estas circunstancias, hemos recurrido a soluciones metodológicas que nos han permitido estimar nuevos datos a partir de correlaciones y/o extrapolaciones de los datos existentes.El siguiente punto clave y una de las aportaciones principales de este trabajo de propuesta metodológica es a partir de unas determinadas objetivizaciones de estándares de demanda de agua dulce ligados a unos niveles aceptables de bienestar y calidad de vida, reanalizar mediante la construcción y análisis de los escenarios de futuro correspondientes, las posibilidades y debilidades reales de estos países en relación con la escasez de agua dulce.El último punto clave es la elaboración de una propuesta de un índice que nos permite evaluar de forma sintética y rápida la situación de un país o región según el nivel de capacidad para satisfacer demandas de agua dulce correspondientes a un estándar de demanda establecido de forma clara y explícita. Dicho índice nos permite detectar de forma temprana posibles alertas que más allá de una escasez física o económica nos sean útiles (al igual que en el caso de la representación y el análisis de los resultados de los distintos escenarios de futuro) para la toma decisiones, en función de los objetivos pretendidos.La herramienta de apoyo para elaborar las representaciones de los escenarios es, en sí misma, otro elemento instrumental que además de tener una buena resolución de diseño gráfico, debe facilitar los cálculos necesarios para el análisis de los escenarios, así como almacenar la información de forma cómoda y en la que se puedan introducir cambios fácilmente.La metodología es una herramienta objetiva y útil dirigida a responsables políticos y técnicos, estudiosos e investigadores que dé soporte a la toma de decisiones y/o a la visualización de la valoración de la escasez de agua dulce en el marco de un pretendido desarrollo humano sostenible.

    This thesis describes a methodology for dynamic analysis over time that makes it possible to continually re-assess fresh-water scarcity as a function of supply and demand. The methodology takes into account variations in the driving factors, including, most importantly, human-development needs. The methodology can be controlled operationally. Changes in the variables that determine the dynamic fresh-water supply and demand can be entered quickly and easily.Our methodological proposal contains several key points. We begin with a discussion of terminology and concepts. Taking the current state of the art as our starting point, as a fundamental first step in our methodology we define the concepts of dynamic renewable fresh-water supply and demand. We then present a glossary of the terms and concepts used in this thesis.Following the characterisation of dynamic supply and demand, we analyse the "business-as-usual" scenario. We point out the seriousness of the situation in the nine Gulf of Guinea countries. The fundamental reason for this situation is the non-existence or non-implementation of policies aimed at extracting, distributing and supplying fresh water, due to a lack of economic resources or political will. The second step in our methodology is to corroborate the usual description of the situation in these countries, particularly in terms of the economic scarcity that characterises them. To properly complete this stage of the methodology, it has been necessary to find a solution to the inadequacy of the data available in most developing countries.Our proposal works with reality, which involves detecting disadvantages and limitations when applying the methodology in the countries of this particular region. One such limitation, clearly, is the lack of the necessary data for constructing the scenarios, determining the standards and creating the new index; as these circumstances have arisen, we have implemented methodological solutions that have enabled us to estimate new data on the basis of correlations and/or extrapolations of existing data.The next key point is also one of the main contributions of this methodological proposal. We set the goal of achieving certain standards of fresh-water demand based on acceptable levels of welfare and quality of life. Then, by constructing and analysing the corresponding future scenarios, we re-examine the real possibilities and weaknesses of each country as relates to the scarcity of fresh water.The last key point of our proposal is the generation of an index that enables us to evaluate, quickly and synthetically, the situation of a particular country or region on the basis of its capacity to satisfy fresh-water demand in a way that meets a clearly and specifically defined standard. This index enables the early detection of possible problems that go beyond physical or economic scarcity. Like the representation and analysis of the results of the various future scenarios, this early-warning system will enable decisions to be made in accordance with the established goals.The support tool used to generate the representations of the scenarios must have good graphic-design resolution, be able to make the calculations necessary for analysing the scenarios, and store the information in a practical way that allows changes to be entered easily.This methodology is meant to be used by politicians, engineers, scholars and researchers as a useful and objective support tool for decision-making and/or visualising levels of fresh-water scarcity as part of larger efforts to achieve the goal of sustainable human development.

  • Access to the full text
    We the people of earth: toward global democracy  Open access

     Raskin, Paul; Kriegman, Orion; Xercavins Valls, Josep
    Date: 2010-05-01
    Report

    Read the abstract Read the abstract Access to the full text Access to the full text Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

    We Confront Daunting Twenty-First Century Challenges hobbled by twentieth century institutions. In a world ever more interdependent, deepening global-scale risks – climate change, financial instability, terrorism, to name a few – threaten the planetary commonweal, even the continuity of civilization. Yet coherent and timely responses lie beyond the grasp of our myopic and disputatious state-centric political order. Closing this perilous gap between obsolete geo-politics and emerging geo-realities delineates an urgent political endeavor: constructing a legitimate and effective system of world governance. Key steps on that path involve reforming the United Nations and nurturing new venues for the meaningful exercise of global citizenship

  • Informe final Comissió Persones Expertes del Pla Director de Cooperació al Desenvolupament 2011-2014

     Grasa, Rafael; Xercavins Valls, Josep
    Date: 2010-03
    Report

    Read the abstract Read the abstract View View Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

    Informe elaborat per a la Direcció General de Cooperació per al Desenvolupament de la Generalitat de Catalunya

  • Access to the full text
    Declaración de Luarca sobre el Derecho Humano a la Paz  Open access

     Chueca Sancho, Angel; Faleh Pérez, Carmelo; Faúndez Ledesma, Héctor; Fernández Menéndez, Mercedes; Fernández Sánchez, Pablo Antonio; García Fernández, Román; Gómez Isa, Felipe; Hidalgo Tuñón, Alberto; Leret O'Neill, Carlota; Mancisidor, Mikel; Rueda Castañón, Carmen Rosa; Salado Osuna, Ana; Vega López, Jesús E.; Villán Durán, Carlos; Xercavins Valls, Josep
    Date of publication: 2010-03
    Book chapter

    Access to the full text Access to the full text Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Access to the full text
    El canvi climàtic, la Conferència de Nacions Unides a Copenhaguen i la gobernabilitat democràtica mundial  Open access

     Xercavins Valls, Josep
    Date: 2010-02-22
    Report

    Read the abstract Read the abstract Access to the full text Access to the full text Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

    Informe sobre les “Conferències COP 15 i CMP 5 de les Nacions Unides”; Copenhaguen 7-18 i 19 de desembre de 2009

    Editat per l’autor amb la col·laboració de: Comissionat per al Desenvolupament Sostenible de la Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, UPC

  • Access to the full text
  • Access to the full text
    La crisi global, les Nacions Unides i la governabilitat democràtica mundial  Open access

     Xercavins Valls, Josep
    Date: 2009-07-31
    Report

    Read the abstract Read the abstract Access to the full text Access to the full text Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

    Informe d'en Josep Xercavins i Valls, per al CCD (Centre de Cooperació per al Desenvolupament) de la UPC i pel Centro UNESCO de Catalunya, sobre la

  • Reforming international institutions

     Xercavins Valls, Josep; Garrich, Marta
    Date of publication: 2009-06-30
    Book

     Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Access to the full text
  • To achieve the MDGs: CTT (Currency Transaction Tax) for FfD (Financing for Development)

     Xercavins Valls, Josep
    High-level Meeting on the Millennium Development Goals
    Presentation's date: 2008-09-24
    Presentation of work at congresses

     Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Access to the full text
    CTT (Currency Transaction Tax) for FfD (Financing for Development) Campaign  Open access

     Xercavins Valls, Josep
    Date: 2008-07
    Report

    Read the abstract Read the abstract Access to the full text Access to the full text Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

    Doc 1 (Draft) of The Doha Review Conference and the "Proposal for an international political agreement to implement a currency transaction tax (CTT)"

  • "Mobilizing international resources for development: foreign direct investment and other private flows"

     Xercavins Valls, Josep
    Hearings of civil society on financing for development
    Presentation's date: 2008-06-18
    Presentation of work at congresses

     Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Currency Transaction Tax

     Xercavins Valls, Josep
    Date of publication: 2008-06-30
    Book chapter

     Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Round Table A: New initiatives on financing for development

     Xercavins Valls, Josep
    Special High-level Meeting of the Economic and Social Council with the Bretton Woods Institutions, the World Trade Organization and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
    Presentation's date: 2008-04-14
    Presentation of work at congresses

     Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Access to the full text
  • Access to the full text
    Proposal for an International Political Agreement to implement a Currency Transaction Tax (CTT)  Open access

     Xercavins Valls, Josep
    Date: 2008-04
    Report

    Read the abstract Read the abstract Access to the full text Access to the full text Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

    This document was produced by the Secretariat of the World Forum of Civil Society Networks – UBUNTU and the World Campaign for in-depth Reform of the System of International Institutions in the context of the "NGO Working Group on CTT for FfD”.

  • Chair Workshop: Higuer Education and citizenship, participation and democracy

     Xercavins Valls, Josep
    IV International Barcelona Conference on Higher Education Higher Education: New Challenges and Emerging Roles for Human and Social Development
    Presentation's date: 2008-04-01
    Presentation of work at congresses

     Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Access to the full text
    La ES y las IES ante una crisis paradigmático-civilizatoria: reflexiones, análisis y elementos propositivos 'desde' un foro de organizaciones internacionales de la sociedad civil  Open access

     Xercavins Valls, Josep
    Date of publication: 2008-03-31
    Book chapter

    Read the abstract Read the abstract Access to the full text Access to the full text Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

    Como profesor universitario, tuve la oportunidad, hace unos años y desde distintas perspectivas, de trabajar en la reflexión sobre temas, objetos de este informe, de la educación superior (ES) y de las instituciones de educación superior (IES), –por ejemplo, en la Conferencia de la UNESCO del 1998 (Xercavins, 1999). Sin embargo, he decidido escribir estas líneas sin recuperar aquel contexto ni aquellas reflexiones y recurrir a mi nueva experiencia. Desde el año 2000 desarrollo mi actividad y, por lo tanto, mi pensamiento personal en el seno del Foro Mundial de Redes de la Sociedad Civil (www.ubuntu.upc.edu) –mayoritariamente ONG internacionales– que viene pregonando y proponiendo: «Para hacer posible otro mundo: reformemos las instituciones internacionales» (www.reformcampaign. net). Pues bien, mi contribución quiere ser lo más fiel posible a todo aquello que, en relación con los objetos y objetivos de este informe, me suscita esta actividad, dejando ir mi mente más allá del día a día, dejando aflorar las preocupaciones más de fondo que me conlleva.

  • Bloc d¿assignatures optatives de sostenibilitat per a enginyeria

     Sabater Pruna, Maria Assumpta; Escribano Rodriguez de Robles, Beatriz; Martinez Magaña, Juan; Xercavins Valls, Josep
    International Conference on Ehtics and Human Values in Engineering.
    p. 231-240
    Presentation of work at congresses

     Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Proposta metodològica per a l'anàlisi de la sostenibilitat, utilitzant indicadors i índexs, implementats i analitzats amb una eina de suport al raonament. Cas d'estudi: municipi de Terrassa  Open access

     Sureda Carbonell, Bàrbara
    Department of Fluid Mechanics, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya
    Theses

    Read the abstract Read the abstract Access to the full text Access to the full text Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

    Les ciutats d'avui en dia es caracteritzen per un progressiu creixement de la població dins un territori físic limitat. Aquest creixement comporta problemes diversos, com ara la falta d'autocontenció de la ciutat; la segregació espacial de segments de població heterogenis, ja sigui per raons econòmiques o bé per raons socials o culturals; el col·lapse de les infraestructures de transport, o la manca de zones verdes, entre molts altres que podríem destacar. La present tesi doctoral pretén facilitar l'anàlisi de la sostenibilitat d'un sistema, en concret d'un sistema urbà, proposant una metodologia d'anàlisi de la sostenibilitat de sistemes urbans, aplicable a municipis mitjans europeus. La metodologia que proposem es basa en un marc conceptual format per tres components. Un primer component és determinat per la definició de desenvolupament sostenible, la qual solament es pot aplicar si es té una visió sistèmica, transversal i multidisciplinària dels sistemes.Un segon component és determinat per la consideració del sistema com a sistema complex, format per múltiples interrelacions entre els elements que el constitueixen, i entre aquests elements i el seu entorn, cosa que determina una de les principals característiques dels sistemes que cal considerar, la complexitat, la qual planteja greus reptes del sistema a tots els nivells, que fins i tot poden arribar a provocar ne el col·lapse. Un tercer component que cal tenir en compte en parlar de sistemes complexos és la incertesa que els caracteritza. Amb el suport d'aquest marc conceptual i fruit de l'estudi i l'anàlisi de les eines de mesura i modelització de la sostenibilitat existents, la metodologia proposada conforma un procés a partir d'un conjunt d'eines (models, correlacions entre variables, indicadors, índexs i escenaris de futur) que possibiliten analitzar un sistema urbà, caracteritzat per una sèrie de problemàtiques concretes, amb la finalitat de poder definir estratègies o polítiques per aconseguir un desenvolupament sostenible del sistema objecte d'estudi. La metodologia desenvolupada s'ha aplicat en un cas d'estudi concret, el municipi de Terrassa.El desenvolupament de la proposta metodològica aplicada al cas d'estudi ha permès la identificació de les problemàtiques que poden produir impactes significatius en el desenvolupament sostenible de la ciutat, cosa que ens ha permès definir estratègies adequades per aconseguir-ne la contenció.

    Modern cities are characterised by progressive population growth in limited physical spaces.This growth gives rise to many problems, including lack of self-containment of cities, spatial segregation of heterogeneous population sectors (whether for economic, social or cultural reasons), the collapse of transport infrastructures, and the lack of green areas.The aim of this doctoral thesis is to facilitate the analysis of a system's sustainability. It examines a particular urban system and puts forward a methodology for analysing the sustainability of urban systems that can be applied to medium-size European towns.The methodology proposed is based on a three part conceptual framework. Firstly, sustainable development can only be applied through a systematic, transversal and multidisciplinary approach. Secondly urban systems must be considered as being inherently complex, as they are made up of multiple interrelationships between their component parts, which in turn interact with their surroundings. This complexity means that the systems are faced with enormous challenges at all levels, and may even face collapse. Thirdly, one of the features that must be taken into account in dealing with complex systems is their high level of uncertainty.The proposed methodology is based on this conceptual framework and a review of existing tools for measuring and modelling sustainability. The result is a process based on a set of tools (models, correlations between variables, indicators, indices and future scenarios) that can be used to analyse urban systems characterised by specific problems and to define strategies and policies for achieving sustainable development in these systems.Through the application of the methodology to a specific case study, the municipality of Terrassa, it was possible to identify problems that may have a significant impact on the town's sustainable development and to define suitable strategies for achieving urban containment.

  • Access to the full text
    A civil society response to the UN High Level Panel on System-Wide Coherence  Open access

     Xercavins Valls, Josep
    Date: 2007-04
    Report

    Read the abstract Read the abstract Access to the full text Access to the full text Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

    Abordamos el Informe del Grupo de Alto Nivel sobre la Coherencia en todo el Sistema de las Naciones Unidas («Informe del Grupo») y el proceso de reforma de las Naciones Unidas del que forma parte como grupos de la sociedad civil que tienen una larga experiencia por lo que se refiere a propugnar reformas del sistema de las Naciones Unidas.

  • Del compromiso local al compromiso global

     Xercavins Valls, Josep
    Date of publication: 2006-11-30
    Book chapter

     Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Access to the full text
  • Desarrollo sostenible

     Xercavins Valls, Josep; Cayuela Marin, Diana; Cervantes Torre-Marín, Gemma; Sabater Pruna, Maria Assumpta
    Date of publication: 2005-09-30
    Book

     Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Access to the full text
    Position Document on the UN Secretary General's Report In Larger Freedom  Open access

     Xercavins Valls, Josep
    Date: 2005-06
    Report

    Read the abstract Read the abstract Access to the full text Access to the full text Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

    Aquest document és el resultat de contrastar el “know-how” dels nostres projectes relacionats amb els temes tractats pel Secretari General de l’ONU, Kofi Annan.

  • Metodología para estimar la sostenibilidad regional: Escenarios de futuro de Veracruz

     MANUEL WELSH RODRÍGUEZ, CARLOS
    Department of Fluid Mechanics, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya
    Theses

     Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Un exemple de Campagne Mondiale pour la réforme des Nations Unies

     Xercavins Valls, Josep
    Date of publication: 2005-01-31
    Book chapter

     Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Posibles escenarios futuros mundiales de emisiones y absorciones de CO2 y cumplimiento de los acuerdos de Kyoto  Open access

     Felipe Blanch, Jose Juan de
    Department of Fluid Mechanics, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya
    Theses

    Read the abstract Read the abstract Access to the full text Access to the full text Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

    El problema de las emisiones y su efecto directo, el cambio Climático que sufre el planeta, es de ámbito mundial, global, y en él interviene de manera directa el ser humano, como individuo y como sociedad. Esta Tesis, intenta analizar diferentes posibles caminos hacia el futuro a corto plazo, de esta problemática ambiental, teniendo muy presente tanto los factores físicos como las interrelaciones políticas - sociales (retroalimentaciones) que involucran estas emisiones, que repercuten y repercutirán de manera tan directa en la vida del hombre, y en general, en la vida de nuestro planeta.Por ello y tal como especifica el título de la tesis, el objetivo de ésta es realizar un estudio de las implicaciones políticas, económicas, tecnológicas y medio ambientales en las emisiones de CO2, que nos permita hacer diversas prospecciones de dichas emisiones en un futuro cercano (con una visión a 12 años vista), y que a la vez nos ayuden, realmente, a definir el conjunto de acciones políticas más adecuadas, para acercarnos lo más posible a las metas de los acuerdos del Protocolo de Kyoto, bajo el punto de vista de la sostenibilidad del desarrollo.Para este fin, realizaremos un estudio minucioso de la evolución de las emisiones hasta el presente, así como sus relaciones con las tecnologías, la economía y la política, a fin de poder conocer con el mayor detalle posible, sus interrelaciones, para posteriormente poder parametrizarlas, y realizar un modelo multinivel, jerárquico, que nos permita realizar diferentes prospecciones de futuro según diferentes hipótesis (lo más realistas posibles).El segundo paso pues, será realizar un modelo matemático de segundo nivel o nivel medio, que nos relacione las diferentes variables, tanto económicas, como tecnológicas y políticas, así como medio ambientales, que nos permita predecir las diferentes posibles evoluciones de las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero en el planeta en el futuro (del dióxido de carbono, exclusivamente), imbricadas por un modelo de primer nivel o nivel superior, nos permitirá tener en cuenta las posibles implicaciones políticas que puedan ocurrir, dependiendo de las diferentes evoluciones de las variables de entrada calculadas con el modelo jerárquico inferior.Estos modelos, seguirán las pautas marcadas por la Cumbre de Kyoto, así como las marcadas por las siguientes Convenciones sobre dicha materia, teniendo en cuenta las absorciones, y el posible mercado de emisiones, y otros mecanismos de flexibilidad previstos por dichos tratados internacionales.Estos modelos se desarrollarán centrándose en las relaciones dinámicas principales que existen entre la economía, la tecnología y las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero, así como las políticas y su interrelación a través del tiempo.Por otra parte, utilizaremos los datos disponibles públicamente en los diferentes bancos de datos (IEA, ONU, FAO y diversos organismos internacionales), así como resultados de modelos complejos integrados, para parametrizar las variables de los modelos y aplicarlo a todas las regiones del mundo.Para el cálculo de las emisiones de CO2 utilizaremos los criterios seguidos por el I.P.C.C. (International Pannel Climate Change).

    The present Doctoral Thesis has been carried out within the framework of Chair UNESCO in "Tecnologia, Sustainable Desenvolupament, Desequilibris i Global Canvi "(Technology, Sustainable Development, Imbalances and Global Change) of the U.P.C. (Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya); within the program of doctorate "Sostenibilitat, Tecnologia i Humanisme "(Sustainability, Tecnologi'a and Humanismo).The problem of the emissions and its direct influence, the Climatic change that undergoes the planet, it is of world-wide scope, global, and in him the human being takes part of direct way, like individual and society. This Thesis, it tries to raise different possible ways towards the future in the short term, of this problematic environmental one, remembering very as much the physical factors as the political interrelations - social (feedbacks) that involves these emissions, that they repel and they will repel of so direct way in the life of the man, and in general, in the life of our planet.For that reason and as it specifies the title of the thesis, the objective subject of this one is to make a study of the political implications, economic, technological and average environmental in the CO2 emissions, that it allows us to make diverse prospections of these emissions in a near future (with a vision to 12 Vista years), and that simultaneously defines the set to us of more suitable political actions, that they approach us most possible the agreements of the Protocol of Kyoto, under the point of view of the sustainability of the development.For this aim, we will make a meticulous study of the evolution of the emissions until the present, as well as its relations with the technologies, the economy and the policy, in order to be able to know with the greater possible detail, its interrelations, later to be able to parametrizar them, and to make a model multilevel, hierarchic, that it allows us to make different prospections from future according to different hypotheses (most realistic possible).The second step, it is to make a mathematical model of second level or mean level, that it relates the different variables to us, economic as as much technological, as well as average environmental, that it allows to predict different the possible evolutions us fromthe gas discharges effect conservatory in the planet in the future, overlapped by a model of first level or superior level, in where we will consider the possible political implications that they can happen, depending on the different evolutions from these variables (inputs).This model, it will follow the standards set by the Summit of Kyoto, as well as the marked ones by the following Conventions on this matter, considering the absorptions, and the possible market of emissions, and other mechanisms of flexibility anticipated by these international treaties.This model will be developed being centered in main the dynamic relations that exist between the economy, the technology and the gas discharges of effect conservatory, as well as the policies and their interrelation through the time (transitory nonlinear system); we will publicly use the data available in the different data banks (IEA, The UN, The FAO and diverse international organisms), as well as results of integrated complex models, in order to parametrizar the variables of the models and to apply it to all the regions of the world.For the calculation of the CO2 emissions we will use the criteria followed by the I.P.C.C. (International Pannel Climate Change).

  • Construir un món sense violència

     Xercavins Valls, Josep
    Governabilitat mundial i seguretat humana
    Presentation's date: 2004-06-27
    Presentation of work at congresses

     Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window