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1 to 50 of 406 results
  • Building stock¿s vulnerability to summer overheating and strategies for improving its resilience trough codes, standards and practices

     Gangolells Solanellas, Marta; Casals Casanova, Miquel; Forcada Matheu, Nuria; Macarulla Marti, Marcel
    European Conference on Product and Process Modelling
    p. 657-663
    Presentation's date: 2014-09-16
    Presentation of work at congresses

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    The main objective ofthis paper is to study the resilience of current Spanish residential building stock to climate change impacts. Results showed that 72% of current residential building stock in Spain is not performing properly according to current climate conditions. During the 1981 - 201 O period, mean annual degree days based at l 5ºC diminished in 74% of Spanish provincial capitals, with an average rate decrease of 10.1 % in relation to the 1950-1979 period. Significant accelerating positive trends in cooling degree days and important decreases in heating degree days were found in the twenty-first century. Strategies and measures to support climate change adaptation of existing and future built environments through building codes and standards have also been explored.

  • Construction Site Energy Consumption Assessment. Earthworks and concrete structures

     Benedetta Bossi
    Politecnico di Milano
    Theses

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    Currently, the European building sector is responsible for more than 40% of the energy consumed and many studies have demonstrated the relevance of its greenhouse gas emissions. According to several research authors, a limited attention has been directed towards the environmental impact of the construction phase, mainly because of the lack of data or because the analysis is complicated. Other researches reviewed the environmental implications of construction site energy use and electricity generation based on the analysis of energy costs at national level and concluded that the true significance on on-site construction energy consumption was higher than understood. This dissertation contributes to assess in advance the construction site energy consumption of those processes related to earthworks and concrete structure activities. After the literature review, this research investigates the construction site consumption agents and their classification parameters in terms of specific consumption, load factors, engine efficiency and emission factors. A database of the main construction site equipment is worked out to homogenize the technical information related to the machine operation parameters. Then, in order to calculate equipment¿s energy consumption, a predictive model is developed, analyzing electric and diesel consumption features. Load factors are further investigated in case of excavators and tower cranes because of their importance in terms of energy consumption. The further step of the methodology consists on the prediction of the construction activities energy consumption, analyzing equipment productivity and developing 12 case studies related to the earthworks and concrete structures activities. For each of the identified activities, energy consumption and related carbon dioxide emission of 1 m3 of element realized or of 1 m3 of excavated soil are calculated. Confirming some previous studies, the analysis underlines that earthworks and diaphragm walls are the construction activities that have the greatest impact in term of gasoline consumption and consequent carbon dioxide emission. This dissertation documents the verification and validation of the developed methodology in two real construction sites of new residential buildings. The on-site energy monitoring through meters allowed the collection of real data used to verify the developed methodology. The validation ensures that theories and assumptions underlying the conceptual methodology are correct and reasonable. The two case studies also illustrate the practical use of the developed methodology. At a design level, this research proposes several indicators that can be used in different typologically comparable projects. Indicators are useful for designers or clients that have to compare different 9 design alternatives of residential construction projects and determine which one is more ¿sustainable¿ from the point of view of its on-site energy consumption. Finally, this dissertation concludes by outlining the main contributions of this research. Further possible developments of this research, some of them already started, are commented on and proposed as future work.

  • Energy savings in underground metro stations through the implementation of an environmental aware control system

     Casals Casanova, Miquel; Gangolells Solanellas, Marta; Forcada Matheu, Nuria; Macarulla Marti, Marcel
    European Conference on Product and Process Modelling
    p. 431-436
    Presentation of work at congresses

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    This paper is aimed at describing an intelligent environmental aware energy management system for underground stations, developed under the auspices of the European project Sustainable Energy mAnageMent for Underground Stations (SEAM4US) and implemented in a pilot underground station. With an average consumption of 217.64kWh/m2·year, the breakdown revealed that the lighting system dominates the energy consumption of the station followed by illuminated advertising signs and ventilation. The SEAM4US energy management system has been designed to provide smart autonomous control ofthe ventilation, lighting and vertical transportation trough the core, monitoring and control subsystems. Several control policies were simulated and expected energy savings were found to range between 11 % and 20% ofthe total energy consumption.

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    Reducing energy consumption in public buildings through user awareness  Open access

     Macarulla Marti, Marcel; Casals Casanova, Miquel; Gangolells Solanellas, Marta; Forcada Matheu, Nuria
    European Conference on Product and Process Modelling
    p. 637-642
    Presentation of work at congresses

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    Building sector is contributing to the 36% of the C02 emissions in Europe, and consurning the 40% of final energy consurnption. In this context this paper presents a new approach developed under the ENCOURAGE project to carry out the user awareness. The proposed user awareness is based on a set of KPls, and done at two levels: energy mangers and university campus users. The KPfs are displayed to the energy managers using a web-platform. With that information energy managers are able to identify actions and control algorithms to reduce the energy consun1ption. In the other hand, the university campus users awareness it is done sending messages to the user through the Twitter platform. A set of messages are defined, andan algorithm decides which messages have to be published in each moment. The aim is to promote good practices in the use ofpublic buildings.

  • Contributions to rework prevention in construction projects.  Open access

     Macarulla Marti, Marcel
    Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya
    Theses

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    La literatura sosté que les empreses del sector de la construcció poden reduir els costos derivats dels ¿rework¿ implementant sistemes de gestió de qualitat. Els reptes i obstacles més comuns als que s¿enfronten les empreses del sector de la construcció durant la implementació i operació dels sistemes de gestió de la qualitat estan relacionats amb ¿com¿ la informació pot ser enregistrada d¿una manera eficaç, i ¿què¿ es pot fer amb aquesta informació enregistrada. La tesi té com a objectiu millorar el procés d¿enregistrament de defectes en les empreses del sector de la construcció, i proposar mètodes i eines per utilitzar els defectes enregistrats en obra per tal de prevenir i reduir els ¿rework¿ en les empreses del sector de la construcció. La tesi s¿inicia amb el desenvolupament d¿un mètode conceptual per caracteritzar defectes. El model proposat està basat en models preexistents, però tenint en compte el context del sector residencial espanyol. El model es basa en l¿enumeració d¿una sèrie de paràmetres que permeten caracteritzar els defectes. El model final inclou 6 paràmetres, cada un d¿ells inclou un llistat de paraules estandarditzades amb les corresponents definicions.Els llistat de paraules estandarditzades estan basats en estudis previs, però adaptant-los al context espanyol. Cal destacar però que en termes de defectes, no existeixen llistes estandarditzades. Per aquesta raó, aquesta tesi inclou el desenvolupament d¿una taxonomia de defectes pel sector de la construcció espanyol. Aquesta taxonomia consta de 15 categories principals i 19 subcategories. La tesi continua amb el desenvolupament d¿una metodologia per capturar defectes en el sector de la construcció. La metodologia es implementada en una eina informàtica, anomenada MoBuild. El sistema es basa en la captura d¿imatges i en l¿etiquetatge d¿aquestes. D¿aquesta manera la informació es captura de manera estructurada, fet que possibilita el posterior anàlisi estadístic de la informació capturada. La nova estratègia implementada en l¿aplicació MoBuild permet als professionals reduir el temps del procés d¿enregistrament, facilitant la implementació de sistemes de gestió de la qualitat, tals com la ISO 9000 en empreses del sector industrial. La recerca proposa també una metodologia quantitativa per identificar els riscos de qualitat derivats de la construcció d¿edificis residencials durant les etapes de pre-construcció. El punt fort d¿aquesta metodologia rau en el fet que ajuda als dissenyadors a considerar explícitament la qualitat del projecte constructiu durant el procés de disseny. Els dissenyadors poden comparar diferents alternatives de disseny, i quantificar els riscos de qualitat d¿un projecte de construcció sense que les seves aptituds creatives es vegin restringides. La metodologia és especialment valuosa per als dissenyadors amb menys experiència, als quals els hi manquen les habilitats requerides i el coneixement per a reconèixer els riscos de qualitat derivats de la construcció dels seus dissenys. La metodologia també serveix com a eina d¿assessorament per a empreses constructores. Aquestes poden utilitzar la metodologia per a determinar i quantificar els riscos de qualitat derivats dels projectes constructius que aquests duguin a terme. D¿aquestes manera les empreses constructores poden preparar i planificar els seus projectes constructius i optimitzar els seus recursos i activitats.Finalment, aquesta tesi analitza la qualitat percebuda pels usuaris finals dels edificis residencials un cop aquests en comencen a fer ús. La tesi utilitza diferents mètodes estadístics per mostrar la utilitat de les dades de qualitat enregistrades per les empreses del sector de la construcció. L¿objectiu és ressaltar el rol essencial que tenen les dades enregistrades en les activitats d¿una empresa, en particular donant evidències de quins beneficis poden aportar els sistemes de la gestió de la qualitat.

    Literature usually suggests that construction organization can reduce the costs derived from rework implementing quality management systems. Most common challenges and obstacles that construction organizations face during the implementation process and use of quality management systems are related to "how" the information can be recorded in an effective way, and "what" can be done with the recorded information. The aim of this dissertation is to focus on improving the defects recording process in the construction industry, and to propose methods and tools to use defects recorded on-site to prevent and reduce rework in the construction industry. The dissertation starts with the development of a conceptual model used to characterize defects. The current model is based on previously existing models and their adaptation to the context of the Spanish residential building sector. The model is based on the enumeration of the parameters that allow characterizing defects. The final model includes 6 parameters, with a list of standardized words and their definitions. The pre-established vocabulary lists are based on existing classification systems proposed by recognised organisations, authors and research reports, but then adapted to the Spanish context. However, in terms of defects, no standardised list exists. For this reason a taxonomy of defects is further developed for the Spanish construction sector. The aforementioned taxonomy consists of 15 main categories and 19 subcategories. The dissertation continues with the development of a methodology to track defects in the construction industry and its implementation in an IT tool called MoBuild. The obtained tracking system is based on images and tags. The strengths the abovementioned tracking system is to record information in a structured way and enable further statistical analysis of the recorded information. The new approach implemented in the MoBuild application allows practitioners to reduce the time of the recording process, facilitating the implementation of quality management systems, such as ISO 9000 in construction organizations. Furthermore, research proposes a quantitative methodology for dealing with potential adverse quality risks during the pre-construction stages of residential buildings and other similar types of constructions. The strength of this methodology lies in the fact that it helps designers to explicitly consider on-site quality during the design process. Designers can compare several design alternatives during the design phase, and determine the corresponding overall quality risk levels of a construction project without their creative talents being restricted. The methodology is especially worthwhile for those less-experienced designers who lack the required skills and knowledge to recognize quality risks in developing optimal designs. The methodology also serves as an assessment tool for construction companies. It can be used to measure the potential quality risks of construction projects and its subsequent construction activities. The suggested methodology also allows construction companies to optimize their on-site performance in the quality domain during the planning and preparation stages. Finally, this dissertation analyses the quality perceived by the end users during the post-handover stage. Different statistical methods are used to demonstrate the usefulness of the recorded data for the construction organizations. The aim is to highlight the essential role that records play in the operation of a quality company, in particular by providing essential evidence of the operation of quality systems. The aforementioned statistical analysis determines the type of defects detected; the elements affected by defects; the areas where defects are detected; which subcontractors produce defects; the source of the detected defects; the origin of the detected defects and; the influence of the building type and its characteristics in the number of defects detected.

  • Qüestionari de satisfacció MoBuild

     Forcada Matheu, Nuria; Macarulla Marti, Marcel; Casals Casanova, Miquel; Gangolells Solanellas, Marta
    Date: 2013-10
    Report

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  • Process failures¿ taxonomy validation for Mobuild

     Forcada Matheu, Nuria; Macarulla Marti, Marcel; Casals Casanova, Miquel; Gangolells Solanellas, Marta
    Date: 2012-07
    Report

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  • Tracking construction defects based on images

     Macarulla Marti, Marcel; Forcada Matheu, Nuria; Casals Casanova, Miquel; Kubicki, Sylvain
    European Conference on Product and Process Modelling
    p. 723-729
    Presentation's date: 2012-07-25
    Presentation of work at congresses

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  • Non-conformities management survey for construction companies

     Forcada Matheu, Nuria; Macarulla Marti, Marcel; Casals Casanova, Miquel; Gangolells Solanellas, Marta
    Date: 2012-06
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  • Validation protocol of the ¿process failure¿ classification for Mobuild

     Forcada Matheu, Nuria; Macarulla Marti, Marcel; Gangolells Solanellas, Marta; Casals Casanova, Miquel
    Date: 2012-06
    Report

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  • Premi Extraordinari de Doctorat en l'àmbit d'Enginyeria Civil

     Gangolells Solanellas, Marta; Casals Casanova, Miquel
    Award or recognition

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  • Defects¿ taxonomy for Mobuild

     Forcada Matheu, Nuria; Macarulla Marti, Marcel; Gangolells Solanellas, Marta; Casals Casanova, Miquel
    Date: 2012-03
    Report

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  • Exploring the possibility of promoting energy conservation behaviors in public buildings within the ENCOURAGE project

     Gangolells Solanellas, Marta; Casals Casanova, Miquel; Fuertes Casals, Alba
    European Conference on Product and Process Modelling
    p. 171-178
    Presentation's date: 2012
    Presentation of work at congresses

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  • A computerized model for managing environmental impacts in residential construction projects

     Gangolells Solanellas, Marta; Casals Casanova, Miquel
    European Conference on Product and Process Modelling
    p. 201-209
    Presentation's date: 2012
    Presentation of work at congresses

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  • Overcoming challenges for energy management in underground railway stations. The SEAM4US project

     Fuertes Casals, Alba; Casals Casanova, Miquel; Gangolells Solanellas, Marta; Puigdollers, O.
    European Conference on Product and Process Modelling
    p. 123-129
    Presentation's date: 2012
    Presentation of work at congresses

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  • Contributions to the measurement, monitoring and evaluation of environmental performance in construction sites

     Fuertes Casals, Alba
    Department of Construction Engineering, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya
    Theses

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  • Supporting collaborative learning in the architectural domain

     Wolpers, Martin; Memmel, Martin; Giretti, Alberto; Casals Casanova, Miquel; Niemann, Katja; Specht, Marcus
    DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-0300-4
    Date of publication: 2012
    Book chapter

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  • Sustainable Energy mAnageMent for Underground Stations

     Forcada Matheu, Nuria; Gangolells Solanellas, Marta; Casals Casanova, Miquel
    Competitive project

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  • Coordinació d'assignatures per a la introducció de la competència genèrica tercera llengua als nous estudis de grau de l'escola tècnica superior d'enginyeries industrial i aeronàutica de Terrassa (ETSEIAT)

     Garcia Almiñana, Daniel; Rodríguez-Donaire, Silvia; Domenech Mas, Jose M.; Gassó Domingo, Santiago; Amante García, Beatriz; Gonçalves Ageitos, Maria; Lopez Grimau, Victor; Morera Escude, Maria Teresa; Nejjari Akhi-elarab, Fatiha; Fernández Alarcón, Vicenç; Salán Ballesteros, Mª Núria; Sureda Anfres, Miquel; Del Campo Sud, David; Del Campo Gatell, Vanessa; Forcada Matheu, Nuria; Gangolells Solanellas, Marta; Garcia Espinosa, Antonio; Arencón Osuna, David; Casals Casanova, Miquel
    Competitive project

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    Guía de actividades docentes para la formación en integración e igualdad de oportunidades por razón de discapacidad en las enseñanzas técnicas: accesibilidad universal y diseño para todos  Open access

     Guasch Murillo, Daniel; Dotras Ruscalleda, Pilar; Llinares Fité, Montserrat; Aguado Roca, Maria Teresa; Bestraten Castells, Sandra Cinta; Bordas Eddy, Marta; Casals Casanova, Miquel; Catala Roig, Neus; Corbalán Fuertes, Montserrat; Esquerra Llucià, Ignasi; Ferran Gozalvez, Carlos; Gangolells Solanellas, Marta; Hormias Laperal, Emilio; Jaen Fernandez, Carlos; Lamich Arocas, Manuel; Roca Ramon, Xavier; Roman Jimenez, Jose Antonio; Ruiz Vela, Inmaculada; Salán Ballesteros, Mª Núria; Simo Mezquita, Ester; Usandizaga Calparsoro, Miguel M.
    Date of publication: 2010-11-12
    Book

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    Estudio financiado por el MEC, Programa Estudio y Análisis

  • Knowledge management and e-learning for underground construction projects

     Fuertes Casals, Alba; Forcada Matheu, Nuria; Casals Casanova, Miquel; Gangolells Solanellas, Marta; Roca Ramon, Xavier; Ballester, Francisco; Diego, Ruben; De la Horra, Jose Manuel
    ISPE International Conference on Concurrent Engineering
    p. 231-238
    Presentation's date: 2010-09-07
    Presentation of work at congresses

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  • Identifying potential health and safety risks at the pre-construction stage

     Gangolells Solanellas, Marta; Casals Casanova, Miquel; Forcada Matheu, Nuria; Roca Ramon, Xavier; Fuertes Casals, Alba; Macarulla Marti, Marcel; Vilella, Quirze
    CIB World Building Congress
    p. 1-15
    Presentation's date: 2010-05-10
    Presentation of work at congresses

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    Previous researches have demonstrated that decisions made during the pre-construction stage have a big influence on the construction worker safety. This paper introduces a systematic approach for dealing with health and safety risks during the pre-construction stage. The developed methodology helps designers to calculate the safety-related performance of their residential construction designs, providing a consistent basis for comparisons between them. In order to avoid a typical shortcoming in the evaluation of health and safety risks, indicators are based on quantitative data available in the project documents. Significance limits are statistically obtained with the analysis of 25 new-start construction projects

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    Estimación del consumo de energía primaria y de las emisiones de CO2 de los edificios de viviendas de una ciudad de tamaño medio  Open access

     Hernandez Sanchez, Juan Manuel; Roca Ramon, Xavier; Domenech Mas, Jose M.; Garcia Almiñana, Daniel; Casals Casanova, Miquel; Vilella, Quirze; Gangolells Solanellas, Marta; Forcada Matheu, Nuria; Fuertes Casals, Alba
    Sustainable Building Conference
    Presentation's date: 2010-04-29
    Presentation of work at congresses

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  • Knowledge management and e-learning from research projects in the field of underground construction

     Casals Casanova, Miquel; Fuertes Casals, Alba; Forcada Matheu, Nuria; Ballester, Francisco; Diego, Ruben; De la Horra, Jose Manuel
    International Conference on Web Information Systems and Technologies
    Presentation's date: 2010
    Presentation of work at congresses

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  • Developing a knowledge map for underground construction research projects

     Forcada Matheu, Nuria; Fuertes Casals, Alba; Casals Casanova, Miquel; Gangolells Solanellas, Marta; Roca Ramon, Xavier
    European Conference on Product and Process Modelling
    p. 25-32
    Presentation's date: 2010
    Presentation of work at congresses

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  • Contributions to the implementation of integrated environmental and health and safety management systems in construction companies  Open access  awarded activity

     Gangolells Solanellas, Marta
    Department of Construction Engineering, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya
    Theses

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    Resum de la tesi (màxim 4000 caràcters. Si se supera aquest límit, el resum es tallarà automàticament al caràcter 4000) Molts dels problemes i obstacles que més freqüentment han d’encarar les empreses constructores durant el procés d’implementació i ús de sistemes integrats de gestió mediambiental i de seguretat i salut estan relacionats amb les peculiaritats pròpies del sector de la construcció. D’acord amb investigacions prèvies realitzades per diferents autors, una de les qüestions que tradicionalment comporta un major grau d’incertesa és la integració dels instruments de planificació i control, on s’inclouen els elements per a la identificació i l’avaluació dels impactes ambientals i dels riscos de seguretat i salut i l’aplicació de les subseqüents mesures de control. Aquesta tesi doctoral contribueix a la implementació i ús de sistemes integrats de gestió mediambiental i de seguretat i salut en empreses constructores amb un enfocament orientat al procés i emprant el risc com a factor d’integració. A nivell de projecte constructiu, aquesta recerca proposa una metodologia quantitativa per tal d’identificar i avaluar aquells riscos de salut i seguretat i impactes ambientals potencialment adversos que poden originar-se en obres residencials o d’altres tipologies similars durant les etapes pre-constructives. La metodologia desenvolupada facilita als dissenyadors la consideració de forma explícita dels impactes ambientals i la seguretat dels treballadors a l’obra durant el procés de disseny d’edificis residencials. Els dissenyadors poden comparar diferents alternatives de disseny i determinar, per a cada una de les solucions, el corresponent nivell d'impacte ambiental global així com el nivell de risc de seguretat i salut global, sense limitar el seu talent creatiu. La metodologia és especialment útil per a aquells dissenyadors menys experimentats que presenten una manca d’habilitats i coneixements per al reconeixement d’aspectes mediambientals i de riscos de seguretat i salut, ajudant-los a desenvolupar dissenys més òptims des d’aquestes perspectives. La metodologia també serveix com a eina d'avaluació per a que les empreses constructores puguin mesurar el comportament mediambiental i en termes de salut i de seguretat dels projectes constructius que duran a terme i les subseqüents activitats constructives, proporcionant una base consistent per a realitzar comparacions i per a l’establiment de futures etiquetes en termes mediambientals i de seguretat i salut entre diferents projectes de construcció i empreses constructores. La metodologia proposada també permet a les empreses constructores la optimització del seu comportament a l’obra en termes mediambientals i de salut i seguretat durant les etapes de planificació i preparació. La metodologia desenvolupada no només proporciona als dissenyadors un forma d’avaluar el comportament mediambiental i en termes de seguretat i salut dels seus dissenys residencials sinó que també ajuda a les empreses constructores a millorar el seu comportament mediambiental i en termes de seguretat i salut a l’obra. Una vegada s’ha assolit el disseny final, la metodologia subratlla aquells impactes ambientals i riscos de seguretat i salut que encara són significatius. Una millor identificació d'impactes ambientals i de riscos de seguretat i salut porta indubtablement a una gestió mediambiental i de seguretat in situ més exitosa. D’aquesta manera, es poden implementar a l’obra un conjunt d’instruccions de treball orientades a eliminar o reduir fins a un nivell acceptable els impactes ambientals i els riscos de seguretat i salut restants. Per tal de promoure el control operacional integrat a l’obra dels impactes ambientals i riscos de salut i seguretat, aquesta tesi doctoral proposa una aproximació basada en les ontologies. Entendre les relacions existents entre impactes ambientals, riscos de salut i seguretat, processos constructius i instruccions de treball proporciona una aproximació integrada que pot ajudar als contractistes a gestionar i controlar els impactes ambientals i els riscos de seguretat i salut relacionats amb el procés constructiu. Amb l’objectiu d’incrementar l'ús d'aquesta recerca, la metodologia desenvolupada s'ha implementat en un sistema web de gestió del coneixement i la informació. Per una banda, aquesta aplicació permet significativament reduir el temps dedicat a l'avaluació de cada projecte de construcció. D'altra banda, la formalització i visualització de l’aproximació basada en ontologies que s’ha desenvolupat durant la tesi confereix una guia per als contractistes en la gestió de moltes de les incidències mediambientals i de seguretat i salut que poden tenir lloc a les obres de construcció. Finalment, aquesta tesi doctoral documenta la verificació i la validació de la metodologia desenvolupada i de la corresponent eina d’implementació. La tesi doctoral conclou subratllant les principals contribucions d'aquesta investigació. Aquells temes que sobrepassen l’abast d’aquesta tesi són comentats i proposats com a futurs treballs.

    Most common challenges and obstacles encountered by construction organizations during the implementation process and use of integrated environmental and health and safety management systems are related to the inherent peculiarities of the construction sector. According to several research authors, one of the issues involving a higher level of uncertainty is the integration of planning and control instruments, including elements for identifying and assessing environmental impacts and health and safety risks and implementing subsequent necessary control measures. This dissertation contributes to the implementation of environmental and health and safety management systems in construction companies by proposing a process-oriented approach and using risk as an integrating factor. At a project level, this research proposes a quantitative methodology for dealing with potential adverse environmental impacts and health and safety risks during the pre-construction stages of residential buildings and other similar typologies. The strength of this methodology lies in the fact that it helps designers to explicitly consider on-site environmental impacts and construction worker safety during the design process. Designers can compare several design alternatives during the design phase and determine corresponding overall environmental impact level and overall safety risk level of a construction project without their creative talents being restricted. The methodology is especially worthwhile for those less-experienced designers who lack the skills and knowledge required to recognize environmental aspects and safety hazards, developing optimal designs. The methodology also serves as an assessment tool for construction companies to measure the environmental and health and safety performance of construction projects and its subsequent construction activities, providing a consistent basis for comparisons, future labelling and environmental and safety benchmarking among construction projects and construction companies. The suggested methodology also allows construction companies to optimize its on-site performance in the environmental and the health and safety domains during the planning and preparation stages. The developed methodology not only provides designers with a risk-analysis-based way of evaluating the environmental and safety-related performance of their residential construction designs, but also helps construction companies improve their on-site environmental and safety performance. Once a final design is reached, the methodology highlights the significant remaining environmental impacts and health and safety risks. Improved levels of environmental impacts and safety risks identification undoubtedly lead to successful on-site environmental and safety management. A range of measures can then be implemented at the construction site to eliminate the remaining impacts and risks or reduce them to an acceptable level. In order to promote the integrated operational control of on-site environmental impacts and health and safety risks, this research proposes an ontology-based approach. Understanding relationships between environmental impacts, health and safety risks, construction processes and work instructions provides an integrated approach to help contractors managing and controlling environmental impacts and health and safety risks related to the construction process. In order to increase the usability of this research, the developed methodology has been implemented in a web-based information-and knowledge-management system. On one hand, this application allows significantly reducing the time devoted to the assessment of each construction project. On the other hand, formalizing and visualizing the developed ontology-based approach offers guidance to contractors on the integrated management of many of the environmental and health and safety incidences at the construction site. Finally, this dissertation documents the verification and validation of the developed methodology and corresponding web-based implementation tool. The dissertation concludes by outlining the main contributions of this research. Those subjects that exceed this dissertation scope are commented and proposed as future work.

  • Creating new ways of learning in architecture and building: the MACE project

     Fuertes Casals, Alba; Casals Casanova, Miquel; Forcada Matheu, Nuria; Gangolells Solanellas, Marta; Roca Ramon, Xavier
    International Conference on IT in Construction & International Conference on Managing Construction for Tomorrow
    p. 267-273
    Presentation's date: 2009-10-02
    Presentation of work at congresses

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  • A Web-based system for quality inspection and defect management of industrial building construction

     Forcada Matheu, Nuria; Margalida, Elisabet; Fuertes Casals, Alba; Casals Casanova, Miquel; Gangolells Solanellas, Marta; Roca Ramon, Xavier; Macarulla Marti, Marcel
    International Conference on IT in Construction & International Conference on Managing Construction for Tomorrow
    p. 203-209
    Presentation's date: 2009-10-02
    Presentation of work at congresses

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  • Identifying potential environmental impacts at the pre-construction stage

     Gangolells Solanellas, Marta; Casals Casanova, Miquel; Gassó Domingo, Santiago; Forcada Matheu, Nuria; Roca Ramon, Xavier; Fuertes Casals, Alba
    CIB International Conference on Smart and Sustainable Built Environments
    Presentation's date: 2009-06-16
    Presentation of work at congresses

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  • A methodology for predicting the severity of environmental impacts related to the construction process of residential buildings

     Casals Casanova, Miquel
    CIB International Conference on Smart and Sustainable Built Environments
    Presentation's date: 2009-06-15
    Presentation of work at congresses

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  • Guía de actividades docentes para la formación en integración e igualdad de oportunidades por razón de discapacidad en las enseñanzas técnicas: los principios de accesibilidad universal y diseño para todos

     Aguado Roca, Maria Teresa; Guasch Murillo, Daniel; Bestraten Castells, Sandra Cinta; Bordas Eddy, Marta; Casals Casanova, Miquel; Catala Roig, Neus; Corbalán Fuertes, Montserrat; Esquerra Llucià, Ignasi; Ferran Gozalvez, Carlos; Gangolells Solanellas, Marta; Hormias Laperal, Emilio; Jaen Fernandez, Carlos; Lamich Arocas, Manuel; Roca Ramon, Xavier; Roman Jimenez, Jose Antonio; Ruiz Vela, Inmaculada; Salán Ballesteros, Mª Núria; Simo Mezquita, Ester; Usandizaga Calparsoro, Miguel M.; Àlvarez Suau, Maria Hortènsia; Sala Bars, Ingrid; Llinares, Montserrat; Dotras Ruscalleda, Pilar
    Competitive project

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  • Informe de justificación de la anualidad 2007 correspondiente al proyecto "La Ciudad Multidimensional".

     Casals Casanova, Miquel; Forcada Matheu, Nuria; Fuertes Casals, Alba
    Date: 2008-07
    Report

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  • Diseño de Complejos Industriales. Fundamentos

     Forcada Matheu, Nuria; Casals Casanova, Miquel; Roca, X
    Date of publication: 2008-06
    Book

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  • Accidentabilitat laboral en el sector de la construcció a l'Estat Espanyol.

     Casals Casanova, Miquel; Roca Ramon, Xavier; Gangolells Solanellas, Marta
    Date: 2008-06
    Report

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  • Estudi i anàlisi dels costos de no qualitat vinculats a l'edificació residencial.

     Casals Casanova, Miquel; Gangolells Solanellas, Marta
    Date: 2008-06
    Report

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  • Disseny d'un sistema de gestió integrada de la construcció d'un complex residencial.

     Casals Casanova, Miquel; Roca Ramon, Xavier; Fuertes Casals, Alba
    Date: 2008-06
    Report

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