Fernandez Salas, Maria Elena
Total activity: 62
Research group
PAB - Architectural Pretexts. Barcelona
Department
Department of Architectural Design
School
Barcelona School of Architecture (ETSAB)
E-mail
elena.fernandez-salasupc.edu
Contact details
UPC directory Open in new window

Graphic summary
  • Show / hide key
  • Information


Scientific and technological production
  •  

1 to 50 of 62 results
  • La forma de formar

     Fernandez Salas, Maria Elena
    Date of publication: 2013-06-28
    Book chapter

    View View Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Sede del Colegio de Arquitectos: 1959

     Fernandez Salas, Maria Elena
    Date of publication: 2012-02-01
    Book chapter

     Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Farnsworth - Mies: binomios creadores necesarios para la reformulación del espacio doméstico

     Fernandez Salas, Maria Elena
    Palimpsesto
    Date of publication: 2012-03-01
    Journal article

     Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Austral 1938-1944. Lo individual y lo colectivo  Open access

     Fuzs, Gonzalo
    Defense's date: 2012-12-17
    Department of Architectural Design, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya
    Theses

    Read the abstract Read the abstract Access to the full text Access to the full text Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

    The Austral group was an architectural society founded in Buenos Aires towards the end of the year 1938. It originated as a result of a meeting that took place in París ayear earlier, in Le Corbusier's studio. On that occasion , three architects carne together: Antonio Sanet from Catalunya, and Juan Kurchan and Jorge Ferrari Hardoy from Argentina . Once the group was already establis hed in Argentina , sorne other members joined in. This work is not a monograph about Austral. It aims at delving ¡nto the architecture its members were interes ted in, the innovative ideas theyhad , the origin ofthose original ideas , and the wayin which these ideas were reflected in real objects or projects, especially in those related to collective housing. This work also intends to look into the conception of citythese architects had and how they inserted their architecture in the city; which ideas they had about the architectural object and how they inserted the city dweller in that object: and what resources they used to strike a balance between the individual and the collective needs. This piece ofwriting deals with Austral not only as a group but also as a society of architects who explored and shared ideas about design, the ideas that brought them together in a collective initiative known as the "Austral spirit". This work is composed offour parts. The first one focuses on the education and training of the members of Austral . Paris as the place where Austral originated. The second describes how the "Austral spirit" took shape. The third part deals with some ofthe works which show how the Australes experimented with their proposals on collective housing. These works present an analytic representation ofthe fundamental concepts used by Austral and conflrm the hypothesis they had formulated . In the fourth part, the conclus ion, appendixes and bibliographical references are detailed. The Australes received an academic education based on the "BeauxArts" and they received a "modern" training outside the academ icworld. With Le Corbusier theystarted a long path leading to an unknown horizon. Theysucceeded in bu ilding a theoretical framework to guide their work. Far form thinking about the discipline as a tool devoid of content, Iheydecided lo focus on the "philosophical problems ofarchitecture". However, the theory had boundaries that the Australes were determined to trespass . They decided to move forward with the aim of "doi ng work". Th us , they had to act somewhere in between the "Buenos Ares Radieuse" designed in the Rue de Sévres and the "real Buenos Ares" ofthe checkerboard grid and the consolidated fab rico They tried to transform the city from its micro-sca le, establishing new urban relations between the object and the city and causing the concept of corridor-street to tace a crisis even though they could no! make any real changes . They had a smarter incidence on the city than modern orthodox city planning did. Austral se! out from Le Corbusier and incorporated elements Ihal belong to other disciplines, such as collective psychology and abstrac! surrealism in order to propase solutions which depart from the cannons established bythe "international sty1e" and which cater for human beings ' material and spiritual needs. ln this sense, neither surrealism nor collective psychologywas used as a design 1001 to make objects with certain formal characteristics. Theywere used to create , through those objects , certain psychological and physical conditions in the inhabitant. For Austral, the function does notdetermine the form ; the form makes the function possible. In a word , this thesis Is founded on the hypothesis that Austral used a certain concept of space partition and of the grouping of unils which derived from their search to combine "the human individual and the collective socia l". Their projects are considered to be a quest to rework the relations of architecture with the city and of architecture with the city dweller.

  • Pabellón Alemania en Bruselas

     Fernandez Salas, Maria Elena
    Date of publication: 2011-02
    Book chapter

    View View Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • La forma de formar

     Fernandez Salas, Maria Elena
    Date of publication: 2011
    Book chapter

    View View Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Habitar la flexibilidad

     Fernandez Salas, Maria Elena
    Palimpsesto
    Date of publication: 2011-12-15
    Journal article

    View View Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Access to the full text
    Pallars, Treball, Cristobal de Moura, Agricultura  Open access

     Piera Trius, Antoni; Fernandez Salas, Maria Elena; Gres Pons, Miquel; Vergés Roger, Cuca
    Date of publication: 2011-06-09
    Book chapter

    Access to the full text Access to the full text Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Pabellon de Alemania en la Exposición de Bruselas 1958

     Fernandez Salas, Maria Elena
    Date of publication: 2011-02-01
    Book chapter

    View View Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • X Premi d¿Arquitectura de Sant Cugat del Vallès

     Fernandez Salas, Maria Elena; Reig Tomás, Pere
    Award or recognition

    View View Open in new window  Share

  • Luces que proceden de aquellos que arden

     Fernandez Salas, Maria Elena
    Visions de l'Escola Tècnica Superior d'Arquitectura de Barcelona
    Date of publication: 2010-11-01
    Journal article

    View View Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Il Palazzo del Lavoro

     Fernandez Salas, Maria Elena
    Date of publication: 2010-10-01
    Book chapter

    View View Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Habitar em portugal nos anos 1960: ruptura e antecedentes. Un caminho pelo interior do discurso  Open access

     Santos Pedrosa, Patricia
    Defense's date: 2010-10-26
    Department of Architectural Design, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya
    Theses

    Read the abstract Read the abstract Access to the full text Access to the full text Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

    El objetivo de la presente investigación es entender, a través del análisis de los discursos sobre el habitar, el pasar del tiempo en el interior de la arquitectura doméstica portuguesa, durante la década de 1960. Después de numerosas convulsiones políticas en las primeras décadas del siglo XX, Portugal empieza en 1928 un periodo que originará el Estado Novo y que implicará más de cuatro décadas de un régimen en el que el dictador, António de Oliveira Salazar, ha tenido un rol principal. En este contexto, los papeles de la familia, de la mujer y de la vivienda van sufriendo cambios a los que los arquitectos no son indiferentes y con los cuales se relacionan de modo heterogéneo.En la primera parte del trabajo son analizados dos momentos precedentes esenciales para la comprensión de los años 1960. El primero se inicia en la transición del siglo XIX al XX y se organiza alrededor de la figura del arquitecto Raul Lino y de la discusión de la "casa portuguesa". Además del análisis efectuado sobre el concepto de habitar, subyacente a los distintos trabajos publicados por este arquitecto, se cruzan sus propuestas con las de otros autores menos relevantes. Se trabajó igualmente los proyectos de vivienda colectiva de Lino, intentado reconocer en ellos sus intenciones predefinidas con respecto al habitar. En relación con este periodo se identifican, además de otras cuestiones, la de la transición del paradigma unifamiliar a la vivienda colectiva, así como las intuiciones, presentes o no dependiendo de los autores, cercanas a una perspectiva antropológica del habitar. Como segundo conjunto de producciones anteriores, surgen los textos de Francisco Keil do Amaral, Fernando Távora y Manuel Vicente Moreira, así como las propuestas presentadas al 1.º Congresso da Arquitectura Portuguesa (1948), en el grupo dedicado al tema de la vivienda.En la segunda parte de esta investigación se construye un entendimiento sobre la ruptura que la década de 1960 representa para la reflexión sobre la arquitectura doméstica portuguesa, a través de los distintos textos producidos por arquitectos y otros técnicos directamente implicados en estas preocupaciones. La madurez y el rigor implicados en la generalidad de los trabajos producidos surgen asociados a una profunda atención a la realidad. Es reconocible, en una línea con raíces anteriores, el deseo de mejorar en la acción del proyecto para que sea posible producir un habitar digno y valorizador del vivir doméstico. Ya en los primeros años del siglo, la arquitectura como producción deseablemente antropocentrada se podía encontrar el las propuestas de Raul Lino; pero, en los años 1960, la preocupación es objetivamente la vivienda colectiva. Así, la familia anónima que es necesario mapear se va a caracterizar, principalmente, a través de la cuantificación. Las distintas acciones de la teoría, de la crítica y, más tardíamente, de la historia, empiezan a hacerse con creciente complicidad con el proyecto. La búsqueda de la cientificidad, de la transdisciplinariedad y la idea de la Arquitectura como conocimiento encuentran eco en los múltiples discursos en los que los arquitectos pasan a ser parte activa.

    The following research entails both an effort to single out any significant changes in Portuguese residential architecture during the 1960's and the ensuing discourses that took place along with it. From 1928 on and in the aftermath of the many political convolutions of the first two decades, Portugal enters a period in its history called Estado Novo, a period in which dictator Oliveira Salazar plays a major role for more than forty years. During this time, the role bestowed to the family, to women and the housing unit itself will suffer changes that were eventually addressed by architects in many different ways.The first part of this study will engage an analysis of two previous key moments, required for any understanding of the 1960's. The very first of these starts at the turn of the century and revolves both around the figure of architect Raul Lino and the concept of "casa portuguesa". In addition to Raul Lino's inquiries on the subject of the single-family home, manifest in the various of his published works, there will be a chance to engage less known authors as well. At this point, Lino's several apartment building projects will be contrasted with his thoughts on the subject of residential architecture. Among other issues, the observable change of focus from the single-family home to the apartment complex will be taken into account. It will also be questioned whether or not any of the authors engaged in the debate were anything close to holding an anthropological inkling when dealing with this subject. A second cluster of documents addressed in this research comprises several texts from Francisco Keil do Amaral, Fernando Távora and Manuel Vicente Moreira, all forerunner to our period of focus. There will be yet time to introduce the concluding remarks of the working group dedicated to the housing issue at the 1st Congress of Portuguese Architecture (1948).The second part of this research attempts a thorough insight of the significant changes brought by the 1960's into the subject of residential architecture in Portugal, accomplished in part with the help of a number of texts from architects and other professionals engaged in this issue at the time. The majority of the documents produced in this period show a degree of complexity and thoroughness by no means unrelated with an increased awareness of the problems themselves. Rooted in previous events somehow, it is easily recognized a genuine wish to improve the project stage in order to accommodate the proper articulation of a dignified habitat that can value domestic life. If a concept of anthropocentric architecture can be found in Raul Lino already at the dawn of the century, the apartment block is the prevailing issue by the 1960's. Consequently, the anonymous family is now subjected to quantification. The various distinct fields of theory or criticism and history later on, are now complicit with the project itself. The search for a scientific bearing, as well as more transdiciplinarity, the very idea of Architecture as knowledge, reverberate in a multitude of discourses fashioned perhaps for the first time by architects themselves.

    O objectivo da presente investigação consiste em entender, através da análise dos discursos sobre o habitar, o passar do tempo no interior da arquitectura doméstica portuguesa, até ao final da década de 1960. Depois de diversas convulsões políticas nas primeiras décadas do século XX, Portugal inicia em 1928 um período que dará origem ao Estado Novo e que implicará mais de quatro décadas de um regime no qual o ditador, António de Oliveira Salazar, desempenhou o papel fulcral. Neste contexto, os papéis da família, da mulher e da casa vão sofrendo alterações às quais os arquitectos não ficam indiferentes e com as quais se relacionaram de modo diverso.Na primeira parte do estudo, são identificados dois momentos antecessores essenciais para a compreensão dos anos 1960. O primeiro inicia se na passagem do século XIX para o XX e organiza-se em torno da figura do arquitecto Raul Lino e da discussão da "casa portuguesa". Para além da análise realizada sobre o conceito de habitar, subjacente aos diversos trabalhos publicados por este arquitecto, cruzam-se as suas propostas com as de outros autores menos relevantes. Foram igualmente comentados os projectos de habitação colectiva de Lino, tentando reconhecer neles reflexos do habitar reclamado. Relativamente a este período levantam-se, entre outras questões, a da passagem do paradigma unifamiliar para o da habitação colectiva e as intuições, presentes ou não consoante os autores, próximas de uma perspectiva antropológica do habitar. Como segundo grupo de produções antecessoras, são trabalhados textos de Francisco Keil do Amaral, Fernando Távora e Manuel Vicente Moreira, assim como as propostas apresentadas ao 1.º Congresso da Arquitectura Portuguesa (1948), no grupo de trabalho dedicado ao tema da habitação. Na segunda parte do presente estudo, propõe-se construir um entendimento sobre a ruptura que a década de 1960 representa para a reflexão sobre a arquitectura doméstica portuguesa, através das múltiplas escritas, produzidas por arquitectos e por outros técnicos directamente implicados nestas preocupações. O amadurecimento e a rigor colocados na generalidade dos trabalhos produzidos acontecem associados a uma profunda atenção à realidade. É reconhecível, numa linha com raízes anteriores, o desejo de melhorarem a acção projectual para que seja possível produzir um habitar digno e valorizador do viver doméstico. Já no início do século, a arquitectura como produção desejavelmente antropocentrada podia ser encontrada nas propostas de Raul Lino; desta vez, porém, a preocupação é objectivamente a da habitação colectiva. Assim, a família anónima a mapear passa a ser caracterizada através, principalmente, da quantificação. As acções distintas da teoria, da crítica e, mais tardiamente, da história, começam a acontecer em crescente cumplicidade com o projecto. A procura da cientificidade, da transdisciplinariedade e a ideia da Arquitectura como conhecimento encontram eco nos múltiplos discursos de que os arquitectos passam a ser parte activa.

  • LA OBRA ARQUITECTÓNICA DE FRANCESC MITJANS MIRO

     Fernandez Salas, Maria Elena; Solaguren-beascoa De Corral, Felix
    Participation in a competitive project

     Share

  • DK : volvemos a Dinamarca

     Solaguren-beascoa De Corral, Felix; Pla, Josep
    Date of publication: 2010
    Book

    View View Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Arquitesis

     Fernandez Salas, Maria Elena
    Award or recognition

     Share

  • Mies maquetes

     Fernandez Salas, Maria Elena
    Conferències dins l'Assignatura Optativa: Espacio: unidad y privacidad
    Presentation's date: 2009-03-31
    Presentation of work at congresses

     Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Mecenas de la Modernidad. El encargo arquitectónico como condicionante de la experimentación proyectual.

     Fernandez Salas, Maria Elena
    Defense's date: 2008-12-05
    Department of Architectural Design, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya
    Theses

     Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Barcelona, transformació : plans i projectes - Illes Torras : ordenació

     Fernandez Salas, Maria Elena
    Others' publications about work

     Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Bloc de 250 habitatges a Sant Carles de la Ràpita, Tarragona

     Fernandez Salas, Maria Elena; Reig Tomás, Pere
    Architectural competition

     Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Habitatges de protecció oficial a Torre Baró, Barcelona

     Fernandez Salas, Maria Elena
    Architectural competition

     Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Centre Cívic 'Villa Florida' al districte Sarrià-Sant Gervasi, Barcelona

     Fernandez Salas, Maria Elena; Zazurca Codola, Merce; Reig Tomás, Pere
    Architectural competition

     Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Edifici habitatges de Protecció Oficial a l'àrea 22@, Barcelona

     Fernandez Salas, Maria Elena; Canovas Mendez, Elena; Sanmartin Gabas, Antonio Francisco; Reig Tomás, Pere
    Architectural competition

     Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Informe sobre los proyectos Fin de Carrera en la ETSAB

     Piñon Pallares, Heliodoro; Fernandez Salas, Maria Elena
    Visions de l'Escola Tècnica Superior d'Arquitectura de Barcelona
    Date of publication: 2003-01
    Journal article

     Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Projecte per 70 habitatges socials al 22@ amb locals i aparcaments.

     Sanmartin Gabas, Antonio Francisco; Canovas Mendez, Elena; Fernandez Salas, Maria Elena; Reig Tomás, Pere
    Architectural competition

     Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Edifici d'habitatges de protecció oficial a l'area 22@ Barcelona

     Fernandez Salas, Maria Elena; Canovas Mendez, Elena; Sanmartin Gabas, Antonio Francisco; Reig Tomás, Pere
    Award or recognition

     Share

  • Bloc de 45 habitatges HDP a Cerdanyola del Vallès, Barcelona

     Fernandez Salas, Maria Elena; Reig Tomás, Pere
    Architectural competition

     Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Hotel de 150 habitacions al Club de Golf de la PGA a Caldas de Malavella

     Fernandez Salas, Maria Elena; Reig Tomás, Pere
    Architectural competition

     Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Edificio de viviendas en Barcelona

     Fernandez Salas, Maria Elena; Piera Trius, Antoni
    On diseño
    Date of publication: 2001
    Journal article

    View View Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Premis FAD ARQUITECTURA

     Fernandez Salas, Maria Elena; Piera Trius, Antoni
    Award or recognition

     Share

  • Revisión Premios FAD 1958-2001. Catalogación y análisis de los Premios FAD de Arquitectura

     Fernandez Salas, Maria Elena; Montero Madriaga, Jon
    Participation in a competitive project

     Share

  • 64 habitatges tipologia de bloc a Sant Pere de Ribes

     Fernandez Salas, Maria Elena; Reig Tomás, Pere
    Architectural competition

     Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Torre de Telecomunicacions al Turó de la Rovira

     Canovas Mendez, Elena; Sanmartin Gabas, Antonio Francisco; Fernandez Salas, Maria Elena; Reig Tomás, Pere
    Architectural competition

     Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Taller de arquitectura urbana (Proyecto)

     Fernandez Salas, Maria Elena; Reig, P
    Diseño interior
    Date of publication: 2000-03
    Journal article

     Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Taller de arquitectura urbana (Proyecto)

     Fernandez Salas, Maria Elena; Reig, P
    DAU - Debats d'Arquitectura i Urbanisme
    Date of publication: 2000-03
    Journal article

     Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Bloque de 24 viviendas en Sarrià

     Fernandez Salas, Maria Elena; Piera, A
    Date of publication: 2000-11
    Book chapter

     Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Concurs de 35 habitatges per a l'IMPSOL i Escola de Música a Sant Adrià del Besós

     Fernandez Salas, Maria Elena; Reig Tomás, Pere
    Architectural competition

     Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • 35 Viviedas y Escuela de Música en Sant Adriá del Besós.

     Fernandez Salas, Maria Elena
    Award or recognition

     Share

  • Edificio Sede del Colegio Odontólogos de Catalunya

     Fernandez Salas, Maria Elena; Reig Tomás, Pere
    Award or recognition

     Share

  • Viviendas sociales Llull-Taulat. Àrea Forum 2004

     Sanmartin Gabas, Antonio Francisco; Canovas Mendez, Elena; Fernandez Salas, Maria Elena; Reig Tomás, Pere
    Award or recognition

     Share

  • Premis FAD INTERIORISME

     Fernandez Salas, Maria Elena
    Award or recognition

     Share

  • Premis FAD ARQUITECTURA

     Fernandez Salas, Maria Elena
    Award or recognition

     Share

  • Nova Seu del Col·legi d'Odontòlegs i Estomatòlegs de Catalunya

     Fernandez Salas, Maria Elena; Reig Tomás, Pere
    Architectural competition

     Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Habitatges i urbanització al Carrer Llull-Taulat

     Sanmartin Gabas, Antonio Francisco; Canovas Mendez, Elena; Fernandez Salas, Maria Elena; Reig Tomás, Pere
    Architectural competition

     Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Sala Triple Polivalent a Calonge

     Fernandez Salas, Maria Elena; Reig Tomás, Pere
    Architectural competition

     Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Polideportivo en San Antonio de Calonge

     Fernandez Salas, Maria Elena; Reig Tomás, Pere
    Architectural competition

     Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Concurs per Joves Arquitectes

     Fernandez Salas, Maria Elena; Reig Tomás, Pere
    Date of publication: 1996
    Book chapter

    View View Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window