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  • Victor Balaguer, Montserrat i la construcció de Catalunya i Espanya : sobre el caràcter i la dimensió universal del pensament balaguerià

     Garcia Fuentes, Josep Maria
    Butlletí de la Biblioteca Museu Balaguer
    Date of publication: 2013
    Journal article

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    A través de la lectura de diversos escrits de Víctor Balaguer, de precisar la seva importància en la definició cultural i simbòlica de la Catalunya i l¿Espanya contemporànies, i de la revisió de la seva implicació en el procés de construcció del Montserrat modern, es planteja la necessitat ¿més enllà d¿aquesta breu aproximació¿ de resituar tant Balaguer com la seva obra en un context nacional, europeu i internacional, amb l¿objectiu de valorar-ne justament l¿originalitat i la importància.

  • Ecos y resonancias : Juan Navarro Baldeweg

     Garcia Fuentes, Josep Maria
    Arquitectura viva
    Date of publication: 2013-04
    Journal article

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  • ALEIX CLAPÉS (1846-1920) Y MANUEL SAYRACH (1886-1937) EN LOS MÁRGENES DEL MODERNISMO  Open access

     Lupercio Cruz, Carlos Alejandro
    Defense's date: 2013-07-03
    Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya
    Theses

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    The thesis shows the first monographs of Aleix Clapés and Manuel Sayrach, two important individuals of Catalonian culture, whose works were developed between 1880 and 1937; a long period which saw many importan historical events take place which were reflected in their work. These works on their merit alone, deserve a level of careful attention which they have never before received . This is the principal jusfitication of this thesis and the core reason why both bodies of work have been united within the scope of a single study. But there are other important parallels between them : Originality, anachronism, stylish ambiguity and extravagance; common characteristichs that allow us to understand a priori the problems faced by historians when trying to classify and interpret these works : They are such outsiders of the traditional catalogue of modern style that they are paid little attention. Nevertheless, there is another important connection between them : Antoni Gaudi. Competitor, close friend and colleague in important projects for Clapés; while for Sayrach, a mythical and inspirational figure , against whom he contrasted his works and architectural theories.lf we consider the difficulty with which the extraordinarily creative output of Gaudi was taken on board by the traditionally conservative local historiography, then the works of Clapés and Sayrach, being so close both formally and ideologically to those of Gaudi come up against a similar, but even greater, problem in that is not easy to place into the historiography of Catalonian art works that, while eccentric, are also "inferior" to those of Gaudi. For this reason , our theory distances its elf from the conventions of the traditional discourse of modernism with the ¡ntention of getting closer to the historical truth. This new perspective allows the works and their authors to be truly considered artistic productions of great value and worthy of protection. The abundance of mentions and commentaries about Clapés' work in the contemporary press demonstrates that our initial hypotesis was correct: Clapés' place in history is merely a pale shadow of the real individual in his time and in his world . On the other hand , ¡nterest is awakened more and more in "casa Sayrach", the main work of Sayrach which highlights the disconnect between the role given to him by history and the authentic dimension of the individual. Aleix Clapés (1846-1920) and Manuel Sayrach (1886-1937) were born and died in the province of Barcelona. They followed different reative, literary and cultural activities . Aleix Clapés with his pictures , advanced the local syrnbolism and he can be considered expressionist avant la lettre. The preflerence that Eusebi Güell and Pere Mila gave to his pictorial work, expresses de high esteem in which he was held by the Catalonian bourgeois. Clapés also designed the furniture for the entrance and living room for the Ibarz family (1902), the most powerful and beautiful of Catalonian syrnbolism, and in addition , bought and ran the influential magazine publication "Hispania" in its second period (1903). Manuel Sayrach, received the title of architect in 1917, when he had already reformed the family retreat known as "La Torre dels dimonis" (Sant Feliu de Llobregat, Barcelona , 1909-1913) and when he was finishing building the "casa Sayrach" (Barcelona, 1914-1918). Some years later, Sayrach built the "casa Montserrat" (Barcelona , 1926). He also conceived a dramatic project: "Els drames de la llum", from this project Sayrach published "Abelard i Eloïsa" (1919) and "Reigzel" (1920). He entered the field of political ideology with his work "República i Constitució" (1931).

  • LOS MERCADOS ALIMENTARIOS DE BARCELONA. EL MERCADO DEL BORN Y LA RENOVACIO DE LOS

     Usandizaga Calparsoro, Miguel M.; Oyon Bañales, Jose Luis; Rosell Colomina, Jaume; Graus Rovira, Ramon; Garcia Fuentes, Josep Maria; Font Comas, Joan; Avila Casademont, Genis; Fava, Nadia; Di Giovine, Michael; Guardia Bassols, Manuel
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  • Valuable Resiential Exhausted Settlements:the Identity of Deprived Environments

     Garcia Fuentes, Josep Maria
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    Un dels secrets de l'arquitectura  Open access

     Garcia Fuentes, Josep Maria
    Date of publication: 2012-04
    Book chapter

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  • The modern architectural, cultural and symbolic construction of the Catalan-Spanish monasteries : from the national project to the World Heritage designation

     Garcia Fuentes, Josep Maria
    Tourism, Roads and Cultural Itineraries: Meaning, Memory and Development
    Presentation's date: 2012-06-14
    Presentation of work at congresses

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  • The shaping of modern Montserrat : science, spirituality and nationalist construction during the nineteenth century in Catalonia and Spain

     Garcia Fuentes, Josep Maria
    Annual Conference of the Nineteenth Century Studies Association
    Presentation's date: 2012-03-23
    Presentation of work at congresses

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  • Arquitectura y política en las exposiciones de Barcelona, 1888 - 1929

     Garcia Fuentes, Josep Maria; Garriga Bosch, Sergi
    International Seminar on World Events and Urban Change
    Presentation's date: 2012-11-26
    Presentation of work at congresses

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  • Building memory and history in modern times : postcards, guidebooks and panoramas On the case-study of Montserrat during the 19th and 20th centuries

     Garcia Fuentes, Josep Maria
    Memory Conference
    Presentation's date: 2012-05-27
    Presentation of work at congresses

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  • "El milagro de Cataluña"  Open access

     Garcia Fuentes, Josep Maria
    DC (Barcelona)
    Date of publication: 2012-12
    Journal article

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  • La construcció del Montserrat modern  Open access

     Garcia Fuentes, Josep Maria
    Defense's date: 2012-01-09
    Department of History and Theory of Architecture, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya
    Theses

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    L’antic monestir de Montserrat, fundat al segle IX, va ser saquejat i destruït completament durant la Guerra del Francès; quan els seus edificis van ser dinamitats entre l’estiu de 1811 i el de 1812. Malgrat els primers intents per reconstruir-lo, la desamortització de Mendizábal de 1836 va fer desaparèixer la vida monàstica, i amb ella, tota esperança d’una possible reconstrucció. Fins que l’any 1844 es va aconseguir reobrir precàriament el santuari i es va iniciar la tasca de reconstruir Montserrat en tots els sentits. D’aquesta manera, i malgrat els problemes arquitectònics i les circumstàncies polítiques i socials adverses -de les que ens ocuparem en profunditat al llarg de la tesi- es va aconseguir iniciar el procés de construcció que ha acabat definint el Montserrat modern que avui coneixem. Un procés dilatat en temps, de més d’un segle de durada, en el que Montserrat –tant el santuari-monestir com la muntanya- s’ha anat definint progressivament i de manera canviant, com un dels principals referents simbòlics de Catalunya –i també d’Espanya, encara que en menor grau. Aquesta tesi, doncs, estudia el procés de construcció arquitectònica moderna del santuarimonestir posterior a la destrucció napoleònica; i ho fa en paral·lel a l’anàlisi de la definició del simbolisme modern de Montserrat -tant del santuari-monestir com de la muntanya. Abordant així el procés de construcció del Montserrat modern en tota la seva complexitat i fent èmfasi especialment en l’estreta relació existent entre la construcció simbòlica i cultural del monestir i de la muntanya, i la seva construcció arquitectònica al llarg dels segles XIX i XX. Entenent així que Montserrat, com a cas d’estudi, no és un objecte finit, aïllat, retallat, singular, tal i com es pot presentar a la mirada convencional; sinó un exemple paradigmàtic del patrimoni entès com a procés obert, sempre canviant, sempre inacabat. I, d’aquesta manera, la tesi no només demostra que tant l’arquitectura com la història de l’arquitectura són un registre del passat, sinó que el passat també pot ser construït d’una manera literal a través de l’arquitectura. Perquè, en efecte, el passat, de la mateixa manera que la identitat –nacional, política o religiosa; o fins i tot, de la mateixa manera que la identitat individual és quelcom construït en, i també a través de l’entorn construït. (Van Eck, 2009:51) Una afirmació especialment reveladora de l’essència del procés de construcció del Montserrat modern, que té un dels seus moments culminants en la identificació entre Catalunya i Montserrat, en el “Miracle de Catalunya”, tal i com el va anomenar Joan Maragall. De manera que, en aquest moment, construir Montserrat era equivalent a construir Catalunya; i, alhora, també a construir la seva història

    The old monastery of Montserrat, founded in the 9th century, was completely sacked and destroyed during the Peninsular War, when the complex of buildings was dynamited between the summers of 1811 and 1812. Despite early attempts to rebuild it, Mendizábal’s disendowment or seizure of church property in 1836 put an end to monastic life and with it any hope of a possible reconstruction. Eventually, in 1844, the sanctuary was precariously reopened and the task of reconstructing Montserrat in every sense was initiated upon. In this way, despite all the architectural problems and adverse political and social circumstances —which I will go further into in the course of this thesis—, it was possible to initiate the process of construction that in the end defines the modern Montserrat that we know today. A process stretching over time, lasting more than a century, where Montserrat —both the sanctuary-monastery and the mountain— became defined, in a gradual and ever changing manner, as one of the main symbolic landmarks of Catalonia and, to a lesser extent, Spain. This thesis, therefore, studies the modern process of the architectural construction of the sanctuary-monastery subsequent to its Napoleonic destruction; and does so in parallel to analysing the definition of Montserrat’s modern symbolism —both with regards to the sanctuary-monastery and the mountain itself. Thereby considering the construction process of the modern Montserrat in all its complexity and particularly concentrating on the narrow ever-present relationship between the symbolic and cultural construction of the monastery and of the mountain, and its architectural construction over the 19th and 20th centuries. Here we understand that Montserrat, as a case study, is not a finite, isolated, removed, unique object as it may appear to the casual eye; but rather a paradigmatic example of heritage understood as an open, ever-changing, ever-unfinished process. So the thesis does not only demonstrate that both architecture and the history of architecture are records of the past, but that the past can also be constructed in a literal way through architecture. Because, in fact, the past, as with identity —whether national, political or religious, or, if it comes to it, individual identity—, is something constructed amongst, as well as by, the built architectural environment. (Van Eck, 2009:51) A particularly revelatory statement on the essence of modern Montserrat’s construction process is to be found in Joan Maragall’s “Miracle de Catalunya”, which in one of its culminating moments clearly identifies Montserrat with Catalonia. In those days the construction of Montserrat was comparable to the construction of Catalonia, as well its history.

  • Forging the modern Montserrat : architecture, ritual, nation and reproductions

     Garcia Fuentes, Josep Maria
    Annual Association for the Study of Ethnicity and Nationalism (ASEN) Conference
    Presentation's date: 2011-04-05
    Presentation of work at congresses

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  • Reshaping Barcelona : politics, urbanism, and a bourgeois architecture

     Garcia Fuentes, Josep Maria; Guardia Bassols, Manuel
    Annual Meeting Society of Architectural Historians
    Presentation's date: 2011-04-14
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  • On the advantages of designing markets for learning architecture

     Garcia Fuentes, Josep Maria; Usandizaga Calparsoro, Miguel M.
    Date of publication: 2011-06
    Book chapter

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    Montjuïc: escenari de la memòria  Open access

     Garcia Fuentes, Josep Maria; Guardia Bassols, Manuel
    Quaderns d'arquitectura i urbanisme
    Date of publication: 2011
    Journal article

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  • "Neue Deutsche Baukunst / Nueva arquitectura alemana" en Lisboa, Madrid y Barcelona, 1941-1942. Sobre la exposición, sus resonancias, y el viaje de Albert Speer a España

     Garcia Fuentes, Josep Maria
    Congreso Internacional Historia de la Arquitectura Moderna Española
    Presentation's date: 2010-05-07
    Presentation of work at congresses

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  • Recycling heritage: on a Catalan-Spanish process

     Garcia Fuentes, Josep Maria
    International Conference on Heritage and Sustainable Development
    Presentation's date: 2010-06-23
    Presentation of work at congresses

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    Drawing on the definition of heritage as a process (Ashworth 1997, 2008) and on the understanding of heritage as the result of a Bourdieuian field of heritage production (Di Giovine, 2009) this paper proposes to review heritage-making processes according to Bourdieu’s model of the field of cultural production with the purpose of improving our knowledge of the processes involved in making, transforming and recycling heritage. Then, using this model an analysis will be made of the case-study of the Catalan-Spanish monasteries in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. This paper questions whether if in order to recycle and achieve a sustainable model of heritage it is necessary to substitute the preservation paradigm currently imposed for a creative paradigm in which heritage should be constantly reinvented according to the changing needs of the present.

  • Rethinking pilgrimage through the theories of architectural character and the Picturesque

     Garcia Fuentes, Josep Maria
    Tourism and Seductions of Difference
    Presentation's date: 2010-09-09
    Presentation of work at congresses

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    The construction of the Eixample in the transformation of contemporary Barcelona : revision through two admitted misconceptions  Open access

     Guardia Bassols, Manuel; Garcia Fuentes, Josep Maria; Fava, Nadia
    International Planning History Society
    Presentation's date: 2010-07-14
    Presentation of work at congresses

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  • About the Spanish "Dressing-Room", the panorama, and the picturesque

     Garcia Fuentes, Josep Maria
    Date of publication: 2010
    Book chapter

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  • Recycling heritage: on a Catalan-Spanish process

     Garcia Fuentes, Josep Maria
    Date of publication: 2010-06
    Book chapter

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    Drawing on the definition of heritage as a process (Ashworth 1997, 2008) and on the understanding of heritage as the result of a Bourdieuian field of heritage production (Di Giovine, 2009) this paper proposes to review heritage-making processes according to Bourdieu’s model of the field of cultural production with the purpose of improving our knowledge of the processes involved in making, transforming and recycling heritage. Then, using this model an analysis will be made of the case-study of the Catalan-Spanish monasteries in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. This paper questions whether if in order to recycle and achieve a sustainable model of heritage it is necessary to substitute the preservation paradigm currently imposed for a creative paradigm in which heritage should be constantly reinvented according to the changing needs of the present.

  • LOS MERCADOS EUROPEOS COMO CREADORES DE CIUDAD.EL SISTEMA DE MERCADOS DE BARCELONA COMO CASO DE ESTUDIO.

     Usandizaga Calparsoro, Miguel M.; Fava, Nadia; Serra Permanyer, Marta; Bordas Eddy, Marta; Garcia Fuentes, Josep Maria; Oyon Bañales, Jose Luis; Rosell Colomina, Jaume; Graus Rovira, Ramon; Guardia Bassols, Manuel
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  • Movement and passion at the modern Montserrat

     Garcia Fuentes, Josep Maria
    Emotion in Motion: The Passion of Tourism, Travel and Movement
    Presentation's date: 2009-07-06
    Presentation of work at congresses

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  • La estructura de un croissant : ejercicio de equilibrio  Open access

     Garcia Fuentes, Josep Maria
    DC: revista de crítica arquitectònica
    Date of publication: 2009-02
    Journal article

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  • La construcció de l'Eixample

     Guardia Bassols, Manuel; Garcia Fuentes, Josep Maria
    Date of publication: 2009
    Book chapter

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  • Dissecting Montserrat. On the cultural, religious, touristic and identity-related construction of the modern Montserrat.

     Garcia Fuentes, Josep Maria
    Date of publication: 2009
    Book chapter

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    This paper is a critical study of the monastery of Montserrat (Barcelona Province, Spain) and its cultural, social and touristic constructions n modern times, which runs parallel to the process of defining the identity of the modern Catalonia. The old monastery of Montserrat, founded in the 9th century, became a major pilgrimage centre, which was visited by pilgrims and travelers from its beginnings. During the Peninsular War (1808-1814), however, it was completely destroyed by Napoleonic troops. After some unsuccessful attempts to rebuild it during the “Renaixença”, that is to say the Catalan Rebirth, a romantic movement addressed to recovering the national identity of Catalonia in the 19th century, Montserrat became the foremost element of the symbolic universe that was being build because it was capable of generating different readings thus allowing its identification with a broad range of social and generational groups, including those with opposing ideologies. The “Renaxiença” marked the invention, that is to say, the construction of the modern Montserrat in a complex process that comprised a mixture of culture, religion and tourism involving a broad variety of diverse groups. This process highlighted the importanc of generating the new shrine’s reading in order to assure its future success.

  • El ensanche: génesis y construcción

     Figueras Borrull, Lourdes; Guardia Bassols, Manuel; Garcia Fuentes, Josep Maria; Graus Rovira, Ramon; Rosell Colomina, Jaume; Paricio Casademunt, Antoni; Rosselló Nicolau, Maribel; Llimargas, Marc
    Date of publication: 2009
    Book

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  • Els Piranesi de Montserrat

     Garcia Fuentes, Josep Maria
    El propileu
    Date of publication: 2008-01
    Journal article

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  • L'arquitectura del Museu

     Garcia Fuentes, Josep Maria
    El propileu
    Date of publication: 2008-03
    Journal article

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  • El Guggenheim i el MoMA de Nova York, dos museus, dues arquitectures, dues filosofies

     Garcia Fuentes, Josep Maria
    Serra d'or
    Date of publication: 2007-03
    Journal article

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  • L'encís de la dona. Ramon Casas al Lliceu i a Montserrat.

     Garcia Fuentes, Josep Maria
    Collaboration in exhibitions

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  • Primer Premio Nacional Fin de Estudios Universitarios 2005

     Garcia Fuentes, Josep Maria
    Award or recognition

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