Recently, the integration of management systems has become an increasingly important mechanism adopted by organisations, as it represents an alternative to operating with multiple parallel management systems. Building on existing research, the objective of the paper is to scrutinise and empirically characterise the integration levels of integrated management systems adopted by businesses. We also show the usefulness of our taxonomic proposal for managers by exploring the relationship between the integration level achieved and subsequent corporate benefits. For the empirical application we use a unique dataset of Spanish certified firms (ISO 9001, ISO 14001 and OHSAS 18001). On a worldwide scale, Spanish firms report high rates of adoption of management systems, which further increases the attractiveness for analysing this context. The results corroborate the existence of three levels of integration. Furthermore, the findings confirm that higher levels of integration lead to superior internal benefits related to organisational and operational areas. The conclusions of the study give support to the argument that organisations aiming at integrating their management systems should take into consideration their strategic orientation in order to decide the right level of integration according to the benefits being sought. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
It is often predicted that the industrialization of building activities will lead to a reduction of accident rates in the construction sector, particularly as a result of switching activities from building sites to factories. However, to date no scientific research has provided objective quantitative results to back up this claim. The aim of this paper is to evaluate how industrialization affects the accident rate in different industrialized building systems in Spain. Our results revealed that the industrialized steel modular system presents the lowest accident rate, while the highest accident rate was recorded in the construction method with cast-in-place concrete. The lightweight construction system also presents a high accident rate. Accordingly, industrialized building systems cannot claim to be safer than traditional ones. The different types of “on-site work” seem to be the main variable which would explain the accident rates recorded in industrialized construction systems.
In this paper we examine the connection between the adoption of the OHSAS 18001 standard and performance from a comprehensive perspective. We first examine the adoption of the OHSAS 18001 as a function of objective safety metrics related to work accidents. Second, we evaluate the effect of this safety standard on safety performance and labour productivity, paying special attention to the returns to certified safety experience. For the empirical application we use a unique dataset of 149 Spanish firms for the period 2006–2009. The results reveal that objective safety variables explain the probability to adopt the OHSAS 18001; and that performance improvements follow the adoption of this safety system. In addition, the empirical findings tend to give ammunition to the argument that safety systems are worthwhile investments with strategic implications, as the experience on safety management may become a critical tool that can significantly improve safety and operating performance.
Un reciente estudio empírico realizado por los autores de este artículo sobre la exepreiencia de 150 organizaciones muestra que, entre los principales beneficios de la certificación OHSAS 18001, se encuentra que facilita la gestión de la prevención y reduce la tada de siniestralidad.
Un reciente estudio empírico realizado por los autores de este artículo sobre la experiencia de 150 organizaciones muestra que, entre los principales beneficios de la certificación OHSAS 18001, se encuentra que facilita la gestión y reduce la tasa de siniestralidad.
La industrialización en el sector de edificación siempre ha sido escasa. No obstante, en los últimos tiempos se están incorporando técnicas, procedentes principalmente de la obra civil, que aportan mayor rapidez y calidad en las diferentes etapas del proceso constructivo. Una de estas técnicas es el postesado en losas planas para forjados, cuya aplicación agiliza dicho proceso a la vez que mejora las características de la estructura del edificio. Ante esta nueva situación los razonamientos en clave de seguridad que veníamos aplicando en el uso del clásico hormigón armado ya no son totalmente válidos para el postesado. Este trabajo desarrolla las principales consecuencias en el ámbito de la seguridad que se derivan de la aplicación de esta nueva tecnología, detallando los riesgos que aparecen en sus diferentes etapas de implantación en obra.
From the proposed conceptualization of the construct ¿integration of management systems¿ like a ¿semantic diffused universe¿, based on the multidisciplinary confluence in its field of study, this thesis deal with three key aspects in its theoretical framework: the scope of integrated management systems, the definitions of construct and the methodological approaches used for its consecution. Together with this, it is carried out a bibliographic meta-analysis about consequences as a result of an integration process.
Based on this theoretical framework it was formulated three objectives: the first one is to know the characteristics of integrated systems (semantic consideration) including Quality, Environment and Occupational Health and Safety systems based on international standards (scope consideration), and the methodological aspects which determine its structure (methodological consideration).
The second objective focus on the advantages, disadvantages and difficulties appeared after a process of integration of management systems; observing its level of appearance and identifying the contingent aspects which influence in his performance.
Finally, we analyze the impact of the integration process on one technical function involved, Occupational Health and Safety, evaluating how is the impact on their performance results, as well as on the management mechanisms that it uses.
The research methodology used to contrast the hypotheses derived from these objectives is basically exploratory, with application of quantitative techniques: for the first objective we have used the ¿principal component analysis¿ multivariate technique, complemented with descriptive statistics. For the other two objectives were combined techniques of statistical inference and descriptive statistics.
The results have shown the appearance of three levels of integration between the organizations in the sample, which can be characterized by two variables: the integration of the documentary structure of the new system and the level of integration of the map of processes. It has also verified that the integration of management systems provides multiple benefits to organizations, so generally is perceived as positive for them. There is also a positive relationship between level of integration and level of acquisition of such benefits. Finally, we have found that the occupational health and safety management system integration with other systems has a positive impact on the management and operation of the preventive processes and its performance. Likewise it can even be a contributing factor to the reduction of the accident rates of the company.
Abad Puente, Jesus; Rodriguez Mondelo, Pedro Manuel; Sánchez-Toledo Ledesma, Agustín International Conference on Occupational Risk Prevention p. 1-13 Presentation's date: 2010-05 Presentation of work at congresses
Llimona Bonfill, Josep; Abad Puente, Jesus; Rodriguez Mondelo, Pedro Manuel International Conference on Occupational Risk Prevention p. 1-11 Presentation's date: 2004 Presentation of work at congresses
Abad Puente, Jesus; Rodriguez Mondelo, Pedro Manuel; Llimona Bonfill, Josep International journal of occupational safety and ergonomics Vol. 8, num. 3, p. 309-319 Date of publication: 2002-09 Journal article