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    Study of the robustness of the European air routes network  Open access

     Lordan Gonzalez, Oriol; Florido, Joel; Sallán Leyes, José María; Fernández Alarcón, Vicenç; Simo Guzman, Pep; Gonzalez Prieto, David
    Date: 2014-02-26
    Report

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    In this working paper we make analysis on flight flow network structure of Europe. The aim of this study is to analyze the robustness of the European civil European air transportation network from the perspective of the theory of complex networks. This study is based on analyzing the behavior of the network when its nodes (airports) are removed by random attacks and deliberate attacks. The selection of nodes on deliberate attacks is based on four criteria: degree, betweenness, pagerank and eigenvector. This study aims to contribute to the understanding of the logistics network of European commercial flights, analyzing their strengths and weaknesses. The calculation of network statistical indicators as degree and betweenness distribution reveals that the flight flow network has the small-world characteristics and scale-free property.

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    Relations between organizational commitment and focal and discretionary behaviours  Open access

     Simo Guzman, Pep; Enache, Mihaela; Sallán Leyes, José María; Fernández Alarcón, Vicenç
    The Service Industries Journal
    Date of publication: 2014-02-19
    Journal article

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    The purpose of this paper is to analyse the relations between organizational commitment (OC) dimensions and two focal and discretionary behaviours (intention to stay and organizational citizenship behaviour). Drawing on a sample of 310 Spanish employees of small services firms, this research reveals that in contrast to recent findings that detected a nonlinear (inverted U-shaped) relationship between continuance commitment and intention to stay, the form of the relationships between OC dimensions and the proposed outcomes is linear rather than nonlinear. Furthermore, when dividing continuance commitment into two subcomponents, the research results indicate that the dimension associated with commitment based on few existing employment alternatives is significantly, negatively and linearly related to intention to stay and organizational citizenship behaviour. This suggests that the three-component model of OC suffers from a conceptual inconsistency, which is further discussed.

    The purpose of this paper is to analyse the relations between organizational commitment (OC) dimensions and two focal and discretionary behaviours (intention to stay and organizational citizenship behaviour). Drawing on a sample of 310 Spanish employees of small services firms, this research reveals that in contrast to recent findings that detected a nonlinear (inverted U-shaped) relationship between continuance commitment and intention to stay, the form of the relationships between OC dimensions and the proposed outcomes is linear rather than nonlinear. Furthermore, when dividing continuance commitment into two subcomponents, the research results indicate that the dimension associated with commitment based on few existing employment alternatives is significantly, negatively and linearly related to intention to stay and organizational citizenship behaviour. This suggests that the three-component model of OC suffers from a conceptual inconsistency, which is further discussed.

    Postprint (author’s final draft)

  • Online discussion forums with embedded streamed videos on distance courses

     Fernández Alarcón, Vicenç; Simo Guzman, Pep; Castillo, David; Sallán Leyes, José María
    Journal of technology and science education
    Date of publication: 2014-03-25
    Journal article

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    Existing literature on education and technology has frequently highlighted the usefulness of online discussion forums for distance courses; however, the majority of such investigations have focused their attention only on text-based forums. The objective of this paper is to determine if the embedding of streamed videos in online discussion forums generates educational dialogue and consequently the feedback that students need in a Management Accounting Course. The findings suggest some interesting issues, such as: students prefer text answers except in complex questions, and videos never replace text commentaries and explanations, but rather complement them.

  • Study of the topology and robustness of airline route networks from the complex network approach: a survey and research agenda

     Lordan Gonzalez, Oriol; Sallán Leyes, José María; Simo Guzman, Pep
    Journal of transport geography
    Date of publication: 2014-05-15
    Journal article

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    Communication via air routes is an important issue in a world organized around a web city network. In this context, the robustness of network infrastructures, e.g. air transport networks, are a central issue in transport geography. Disruption of communication links by intentional causes (e.g., terrorist attack on an airport) or unintentional (e.g., weather inclemency) could be crucial for countries, regions and even the airlines affected themselves. Policymakers and the management of airlines and alliances should be able to reduce the effects of such interruptions in order to ensure good communication through air transport (i.e., maximize the robustness of their network at a reasonable cost). The literature review of the study of air transport route networks through an analysis of complex networks has highlighted a lack of contributions to the study of the topology and the robustness of such networks which contrasts, with advances undertaken for other transport networks or communication systems. This survey suggests areas in which research should be undertaken, based on the existing literature in other areas and from three different perspectives: global route networks, airline alliances, airlines and airports so as to help towards a better understanding of air traffic and, therefore, to be able to assess the potential damage of any airport being inoperative for a continent, country or airline.

    Communication via air routes is an important issue in a world organized around a web city network. In this context, the robustness of network infrastructures, e.g. air transport networks, are a central issue in transport geography. Disruption of communication links by intentional causes (e.g., terrorist attack on an airport) or unintentional (e.g., weather inclemency) could be crucial for countries, regions and even the airlines affected themselves. Policymakers and the management of airlines and alliances should be able to reduce the effects of such interruptions in order to ensure good communication through air transport (i.e., maximize the robustness of their network at a reasonable cost). The literature review of the study of air transport route networks through an analysis of complex networks has highlighted a lack of contributions to the study of the topology and the robustness of such networks which contrasts, with advances undertaken for other transport networks or communication systems. This survey suggests areas in which research should be undertaken, based on the existing literature in other areas and from three different perspectives: global route networks, airline alliances, airlines and airports so as to help towards a better understanding of air traffic and, therefore, to be able to assess the potential damage of any airport being inoperative for a continent, country or airline.

  • Airline route networks. A complex network approach  Open access

     Lordan Gonzalez, Oriol
    Defense's date: 2014-04-14
    Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya
    Theses

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    Comunicación a través de las rutas aéreas es una cuestión importante en un mundo organizado en torno a una red de ciudades en forma de banda . En este contexto, la solidez de las infraestructuras de red , por ejemplo, las redes de transporte de aire , son un tema central en la geografía del transporte. La interrupción de los enlaces de comunicación por causas intencionales (por ejemplo, ataque terrorista en un aeropuerto ) o involuntaria (por ejemplo , inclemencias del tiempo ) podría ser un serio inconveniente para los países, las regiones y las aerolíneas. Los formuladores de políticas y la gestión de aerolíneas y alianzas deben ser capaces de reducir los efectos de tales interrupciones a fin de garantizar una buena comunicación a través del transporte aéreo ( es decir , maximizar la solidez de su red a un costo razonable). La revisión de la literatura en el estudio de las redes de rutas de transporte aéreo a través de un análisis de redes complejas ha puesto de relieve la falta de contribuciones al estudio de la topología y la robustez de este tipo de redes , lo que contrasta con los avances realizados por otras redes de transporte o sistemas de comunicación . La encuesta literatura sugiere áreas en que deberá efectuarse la investigación , con base en la literatura existente en otras áreas y desde tres perspectivas diferentes : redes de rutas mundiales , alianzas de líneas aéreas y líneas aéreas . El objetivo de esta investigación es desarrollar una mejor comprensión del tráfico aéreo y , en particular , para ser capaz de evaluar el daño potencial de cualquier aeropuerto inoperante para un continente , país o compañía aérea.

    Communication via air routes is an important issue in a world organized around a web-like city network. In this context, the robustness of network infrastructures, e.g. air transport networks, are a central issue in transport geography. Disruption of communication links by intentional causes (e.g., terrorist attack on an airport) or unintentional (e.g., weather inclemency) could be a serious drawback for countries, regions and airlines. Policymakers and the management of airlines and alliances should be able to reduce the effects of such interruptions in order to ensure good communication through air transport (i.e., maximize the robustness of their network at a reasonable cost). The literature review of the study of air transport route networks through an analysis of complex networks has highlighted a lack of contributions to the study of the topology and the robustness of such networks, which contrasts with advances undertaken for other transport networks or communication systems. The literatura survey suggests areas in which research should be undertaken, based on the existing literature in other areas and from three different perspectives: global route networks, airline alliances and airlines. The aim of this research is to develop a better understanding of air traffic and, in particular, to be able to assess the potential damage of any airport being inoperative for a continent, country or airline.

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    Contabilidad para todos: introducción al registro contable  Open access

     Rajadell Carreras, Manuel; Trullas Pardo, Oriol; Simo Guzman, Pep
    Date of publication: 2014-01-02
    Book

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    La razón de este libro, desde una perspectiva didáctica, es presentar un manual práctico para que pueda entenderse como funciona la contabilidad. Se trata de explicar de manera amena y sencilla los mecanismos propios de la contabilidad. En las estanterías de las librerías hay muchos manuales que tratan lo mismo que este¿, pero años de experiencia docente y de feedback con el alumnado nos ha impulsado a escribir este libro con la pretensión de ofrecer un contenido más ameno, digerible y práctico a la vez. El alumno encontrará una introducción a los conceptos claves de la normalización contable y los mecanismos aplicados. Entenderá como se construye un Balance de Situación y una Cuenta de Resultados, en base a sus partidas constitutivas más comunes para las PYMES españolas. Como parte central del libro, se presentan supuestos de asientos de todo tipo, dirigidos a estudiantes o interesados en la aplicación práctica de las técnicas contables.

    La razón de este libro, desde una perspectiva didáctica, es presentar un manual práctico para que pueda entenderse como funciona la contabilidad. Se trata de explicar de manera amena y sencilla los mecanismos propios de la contabilidad. En las estanterías de las librerías hay muchos manuales que tratan lo mismo que este…, pero años de experiencia docente y de feedback con el alumnado nos ha impulsado a escribir este libro con la pretensión de ofrecer un contenido más ameno, digerible y práctico a la vez. El alumno encontrará una introducción a los conceptos claves de la normalización contable y los mecanismos aplicados. Entenderá como se construye un Balance de Situación y una Cuenta de Resultados, en base a sus partidas constitutivas más comunes para las PYMES españolas. Como parte central del libro, se presentan supuestos de asientos de todo tipo, dirigidos a estudiantes o interesados en la aplicación práctica de las técnicas contables.

  • Factores valorados por los autores al enviar sus manuscritos a una revista científica

     Sallán Leyes, José María; Sunyer, Silvia; Simo Guzman, Pep; Trullas Casasayas, Irene
    Conferencia Internacional sobre Calidad de Revistas de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades
    Presentation's date: 2014-05-08
    Presentation of work at congresses

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  • Organizational commitment within a contemporary career context

     Enache, Mihaela; Sallán Leyes, José María; Simo Guzman, Pep; Fernández Alarcón, Vicenç
    International journal of manpower
    Date of publication: 2013-11
    Journal article

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    Purpose: This paper analyzes the relation between the underlying dimensions of protean (self direction and values driven) and boundaryless (boundaryless mindset and organizational mobility preference) career attitudes (Briscoe et al., 2006) and organizational commitment, within today¿s unstable and uncertain business scenario. Design/methodology/approach: Data was collected from 167 professionals attending graduate and post-graduate distance learning courses. The hypotheses were tested using hierarchical regression analysis. Findings: Research results suggest that protean career attitudes contribute significantly to individuals¿ emotional attachment to their employing organization. Furthermore, organizational mobility preference was found to be significant in predicting both affective and continuance commitment. Research limitations: First, cross-sectional correlational designs impede conclusive inferences regarding causal relationships among the variables. Second, the use of a sample of professionals attending distance learning business courses could limit the generalizability of the study findings, because the majority of the respondents were homogenous in terms of age and educational background. Practical implications: Fostering individuals¿ self-direction results in enhanced affective commitment to their employing organizations. Workshops oriented at clarifying and communicating organizational values, philosophy and principles can be all beneficial for strengthening employees¿ commitment to the organization. Originality/value: This is the first paper to test the relationship between boundaryless and protean career attitudes and organizational commitment on a European sample.

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    Transformational leadership as an antecedent of change-oriented organizational citizenship behavior  Open access

     Lopez Dominguez, Mercedes; Enache, Mihaela; Simo Guzman, Pep; Sallán Leyes, José María
    Journal of business research
    Date of publication: 2013
    Journal article

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    This study draws on a general framework of proactive motivation to propose and test a model that evaluates the influence of the individualized consideration dimension of transformational leadership and organizational climate on change-oriented organizational citizenship behavior. In this model, individuals' cognitive emotional states (role breadth self-efficacy and felt responsibility for constructive change) act as mediating variables. For the first time in the literature, this paper develops a model of leadership and organizational climate antecedents of organizational citizenship behavior. Using a sample of 602 Spanish employees with higher education, the structural equation modeling indicates that the proposed model fits reasonably well to the data. Research results show that all hypotheses are significant, thus confirming the results of previous research that finds mediated relations between transformational leadership and other dimensions of organizational citizenship behavior.

    This study draws on a general framework of proactive motivation to propose and test a model that evaluates the influence of the individualized consideration dimension of transformational leadership and organizational climate on change-oriented organizational citizenship behavior. In this model, individuals' cognitive emotional states (role breadth self-efficacy and felt responsibility for constructive change) act as mediating variables. For the first time in the literature, this paper develops a model of leadership and organizational climate antecedents of organizational citizenship behavior. Using a sample of 602 Spanish employees with higher education, the structural equation modeling indicates that the proposed model fits reasonably well to the data. Research results show that all hypotheses are significant, thus confirming the results of previous research that finds mediated relations between transformational leadership and other dimensions of organizational citizenship behavior

    Postprint (author’s final draft)

  • Effects of the addition of simple and double decoys on the purchasing process of airline tickets

     Gonzalez Prieto, David; Sallán Leyes, José María; Simo Guzman, Pep; Carrion Martí, Raimon
    Journal of air transport management
    Date of publication: 2013-06
    Journal article

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    Air ticket purchases can be considered to be based on sequential decision-making processes with a limited number of alternatives with clearly identified product attributes. With this scenario, decoy contextual effects could potentially be useful in increasing the profitability of each choice set through driving the attention of the users to a particular alternative by changing their perceptions, such as the perceived attractiveness of particular options, to benefit one specific alternative. This study validates the efficiency of the addition of decoy options in increasing the proportion of users who select the target option in a choice set and introduces, theoretically and empirically, the use of double decoys. Three distinct hypothetical choice sets are configured using two different types of decoy.

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    Evolution of online discussion forum richeness according to channel expansion theory: a longitudinal panel data analysis  Open access

     Fernández Alarcón, Vicenç; Simo Guzman, Pep; Sallán Leyes, José María; Enache, Mihaela
    Computers and education
    Date of publication: 2013-03
    Journal article

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    The selection and use of communication media has been the center of attention for a great number of researchers in the area of organizational communication. The channel expansion theory combines elements of the main theories in this area; however, these investigations have a static cross-sectional design rather than a longitudinal analysis. With the objective of filling this gap, we research how the perception of media richness varies over time with a longitudinal study. The results suggest that the perception of richness of a channel by different individuals is different but that those variations due to a change in acquired experiences, are influenced in a similar and significant way by all individuals over time.

    The selection and use of communication media has been the center of attention for a great number of researchers in the area of organizational communication. The channel expansion theory combines elements of the main theories in this area; however, these investigations have a static cross-sectional design rather than a longitudinal analysis. With the objective of filling this gap, we research how the perception of media richness varies over time with a longitudinal study. The results suggest that the perception of richness of a channel by different individuals is different but that those variations due to a change in acquired experiences, are influenced in a similar and significant way by all individuals over time.

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    Compromiso organizativo y empresa familiar: estado del arte  Open access

     Simo Guzman, Pep; Sallán Leyes, José María; Rajadell Carreras, Manuel
    Date of publication: 2013-04-08
    Book chapter

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  • Preliminary study of the full-service and low-cost carriers network configuration

     Lordan Gonzalez, Oriol; Bigorra, Jordi; Gonzalez Prieto, David; Sallán Leyes, José María; Simo Guzman, Pep
    Air Transport Research Society Annual Conference
    Presentation's date: 2013-06-27
    Presentation of work at congresses

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    Network strategies used by airline carriers have been a recurring theme in research into air transport. The aim of this paper is to investigate the interrelationship between the different operational characteristics of the airline and its route network configuration. For this purpose, it will analyzed the two main airline carrier typologies - Full-Service and Low-Cost carriers - using empirical models developed on the complex network research and relate them to their business model. It has been developed a preliminary study with multiple airline case studies around the world and been found that, just in Europe, one can differentiate between Full-Service and Low- Cost Carriers by complex network analyses. In this process, it has been also found that new concept of Low-Cost Carriers, as Vueling, have networks properties more similar to Full-Service Carriers. The analysis carried out in this research can help to assess the evolution of the strategies of airline carriers, and has also operational implications, since the configuration of an airline route network can determine its resilience to attacks and errors.

  • Robustness of an airline route network

     Lordan Gonzalez, Oriol; Escorihuela, Nuria; Gonzalez Prieto, David; Sallán Leyes, José María; Simo Guzman, Pep
    Air Transport Research Society Annual Conference
    Presentation's date: 2013-06-26
    Presentation of work at congresses

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    Network strategies used by airline carriers have been a recurring theme in air transport research. Disruption of communication via air routes by intended causes (e.g., terrorist attack on an airport) or unintended (e.g., weather) could be crucial for the operations of airlines affected. Airlines should be able to reduce the effects of such interruptions in order to ensure good communication through air transport (i.e., maximize the robustness of their network at a reasonable cost). To do this, a complex network approach provides us with the network robustness analysis. The literature review of the study of air transport route networks through an analysis of complex networks has highlighted a lack of contributions to the study of the dynamic behavior of such networks which is, however, being analyzed for other transport networks or communication systems. Since the airline carriers have different network strategies - especially considering the use of hub airports where traffic intensifies and therefore exists greater risk to an attack on the hub - it can be seen how the airline carriers respond to intended and unintended airport closures depending on their network configurations.

  • Liderazgo y clima organizativo como antecedentes distales de los comportamientos de ciudadanía organizativa orientados al cambio. El papel mediador de los estados cognitivo-motivacionales.  Open access

     Lopez Dominguez, Mercedes
    Defense's date: 2013-05-24
    Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya
    Theses

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    El constructo Comportamiento de Ciudadanía Organizativa (CCO) ha recibido una gran atención en las tres últimas décadas(Podsakoff, Mackenzie, Paine y Bachrach, 2000). En la actualidad la ciudadanía organizativa está conceptualizada como unconstructo multidimensional que abarca diferentes facetas de los comportamientos discrecionales en las organizaciones.Investigaciones existentes sobre los CCO se han centrado principalmente en las dimensiones afiliativas del constructo(Bettencourt, 2004). A pesar de su potencial, hasta la fecha, las dimensiones dirigidas al cambio de los CCO, como motores decambio en la organización, han recibido poca atención por los investigadores (Choi, 2007).En este sentido, y teniendo en cuenta que pocos autores han establecido algunos de los posibles antecedentes de los CCOorientados al cambio (e.j.: Choi, 2007; Bettencourt, 2004), esta investigación tiene por objeto examinar las conductas proactivasen el ámbito de los comportamientos de ciudadanía organizativa. Concretamente, este documento se basa en un marco generalde motivación proactiva para proponer y validar un modelo que evalúa la influencia de la dimensión consideraciónindividualizada del liderazgo transformacional y el clima organizativo innovador como antecedentes distales de loscomportamientos de ciudadanía organizativa orientados al cambio, a través de su impacto directo sobre los estadoscognitivo-emocionales de los individuos (autoeficacia en el cumplimiento del rol y autorresponsabilidad por el cambioconstructivo). Este modelo se basa en el propuesto por Parker, Bindl y Strauss (2010) sobre la motivación proactiva, y lainvestigación que reconoce la importancia del liderazgo transformacional y el clima organizativo innovador sobre este tipo decomportamiento (ej.: Betencourt, 2004 ; Choi, 2007).El modelo propuesto analiza dos dimensiones de la consideración individualizada (el liderazgo de apoyo y el liderazgodesarrollador), y del clima organizativo innovador (clima de soporte y de recursos) como antecedentes distales de los CCOorientados al cambio. La relación entre los CCO orientados al cambio y sus antecedentes distales aparece mediada por laautorresponsabilidad por el cambio constructivo y la autoeficacia en el cumplimiento del rol. Las hipótesis propuestas indicanque las relaciones entre el liderazgo desarrollador, el clima organizativo innovador de soporte y los CCO orientados al cambio,están mediadas por la autoeficacia en el cumplimiento del rol. Así mismo la relación entre un clima de innovación condisponibilidad de recursos, el liderazgo de apoyo y los CCO orientados al cambio, viene mediada por la autorresponsabilidad porel cambio constructivo, que a su vez está mediada por la autoeficacia en el cumplimiento del rol.Estos resultados son consistentes con hallazgos de investigaciones previas que han confirmado la mediación de las relacionesentre el liderazgo y los comportamientos de ciudadanía organizacional (e. g. Wang, Law, Hackett, Wang y Chen, 1995). Asímismo, manifiesta el hecho de que dos facetas de un mismo constructo (la consideración individualizada) presentan relacionesdiferentes hacia los comportamientos de ciudadanía organizativa orientados al cambio. Esto demuestra que son dossubdimensiones bien definidas de liderazgo, confirmando así las previsiones de Rafferty y Griffin (2006). Finalmente cabeenfatizar la ampliación del estudio realizado por Choi (2007) en cuanto a la diferenciación de las subcomponentes del climaorganizativo innovador y la contribución del liderazgo de apoyo.

    El constructo Comportamiento de Ciudadanía Organizativa (CCO) ha recibido una gran atención en las tres últimas décadas (Podsakoff, Mackenzie, Paine y Bachrach, 2000). En la actualidad la ciudadanía organizativa está conceptualizada como un constructo multidimensional que abarca diferentes facetas de los comportamientos discrecionales en las organizaciones. Estas dimensiones pueden clasificarse en dos grandes grupos: las dimensiones afiliativas, que incluyen comportamientos orientados a mantener las relaciones de trabajo , y los CCO orientados al cambio, que abarcan "actos voluntarios de creatividad e innovación destinados a mejorar las tareas o el desempeño de la organización” (Podsakoff et al., 2000, p. 524) En base a la definición de voz de Lepine y Van Dyne (2001, p. 326), conceptualizada como "comunicaciones orientadas al cambio destinadas a mejorar la situación", y la definición de asunción de responsabilidad de Morrison y Phelps (1999, p.403), como “esfuerzos voluntarios y constructivos que implican el cambio organizativo funcional", Choi (2007) reformula la definición ofrecida por Bettencourt (2004) y define los CCO orientados al cambio como los "esfuerzos constructivos realizados por los individuos para identificar y aplicar cambios con respecto a los métodos de trabajo, políticas y procedimientos para mejorar la situación y el desempeño de la organización" (Choi, 2007, p. 469). Investigaciones existentes sobre los CCO se han centrado principalmente en las dimensiones afiliativas del constructo (Bettencourt, 2004). A pesar de su potencial, hasta la fecha, las dimensiones dirigidas al cambio de los CCO, como motores de cambio en la organización, han recibido poca atención por los investigadores (Choi, 2007). En este sentido, y teniendo en cuenta que pocos autores han establecido algunos de los posibles antecedentes de los CCO orientados al cambio (e.j.: Choi, 2007; Bettencourt, 2004), esta investigación tiene por objeto examinar las conductas proactivas en el ámbito de los comportamientos de ciudadanía organizativa. Concretamente, este documento se basa en un marco general de motivación proactiva para proponer y validar un modelo que evalúa la influencia de la dimensión consideración individualizada del liderazgo transformacional y el clima organizativo innovador como antecedentes distales de los comportamientos de ciudadanía organizativa orientados al cambio, a Liderazgo y clima organizativo como antecedentes distales de los comportamientos de ciudadanía organizativa orientados al cambio. Este modelo se basa en el propuesto por Parker, Bindl y Strauss (2010) sobre la motivación proactiva, y la investigación que reconoce la importancia del liderazgo transformacional y el clima organizativo innovador sobre este tipo de comportamiento (ej.: Betencourt, 2004 ; Choi, 2007). Las medidas utilizadas en este estudio se basan en las escalas que han sido empíricamente validadas por la literatura existente. Concretamente, el comportamiento de ciudadanía organizativa orientado al cambio se midió utilizando la escala desarrollada por Choi (2007), la autorresponsabilidad por el cambio constructivo mediante la escala propuesta por Morrison y Phelps (1999), la autoeficacia en el cumplimiento del rol mediante elementos de la escala desarrollada por Parker (1998), las subdimensiones de la consideración individualizada utilizando la escala desarrollada por Rafferty y Griffin (2006), y las componentes del clima organizativo innovador mediante la escala de Scott y Bruce (1994). El modelo, que incluye todas las relaciones hipotéticas, fue probado utilizando modelos de ecuaciones estructurales mediante el software AMOS. El modelo se probó en una muestra de 602 empleados españoles con educación superior. El modelo propuesto analiza dos dimensiones de la consideración individualizada (el liderazgo de apoyo y el liderazgo desarrollador), y del clima organizativo innovador (clima de soporte y de recursos) como antecedentes distales de los CCO orientados al cambio. La relación entre los CCO orientados al cambio y sus antecedentes distales aparece mediada por la autorresponsabilidad por el cambio constructivo y la autoeficacia en el cumplimiento del rol. Las hipótesis propuestas indican que las relaciones entre el liderazgo desarrollador, el clima organizativo innovador de soporte y los CCO orientados al cambio, están mediadas por la autoeficacia en el cumplimiento del rol. Así mismo la relación entre un clima de innovación con disponibilidad de recursos, el liderazgo de apoyo y los CCO orientados al cambio, viene mediada por la autorresponsabilidad por el cambio constructivo, que a su vez está mediada por la autoeficacia en el cumplimiento del rol. Estos resultados son consistentes con hallazgos de investigaciones previas que han confirmado la mediación de las relaciones entre el liderazgo y los comportamientos de ciudadanía organizacional (e. g. Wang, Law, Hackett, Wang y Chen, 1995). Así mismo, manifiesta el hecho de que dos facetas de un mismo constructo (la consideración individualizada) presentan relaciones diferentes hacia los comportamientos de ciudadanía organizativa orientados al cambio. Esto demuestra que son dos subdimensiones bien definidas de liderazgo, confirmando así las previsiones de Rafferty y Griffin (2006). Finalmente cabe enfatizar la ampliación del estudio realizado por Choi (2007) en cuanto a la diferenciación de las subcomponentes del clima organizativo innovador y la contribución del liderazgo de apoyo. Respecto este último aspecto, destaca el hecho que la investigación de Choi (2007) no proporciona soporte a la hipótesis planteada para el liderazgo de apoyo y los CCO-OC, en cuanto a la mediación de la autorresponsabilidad por el cambio constructivo (FRCC). En este estudio se ha podido observar que esta relación sí es plausible si existe por parte del individuo un sentimiento de autoeficacia en el rol (RBSE). No basta con tener motivos para hacer, también es necesario sentirse capaz.

    The concept of organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) has received a great amount of attention during the last three decades (Podsakoff, Mackenzie, Paine & Bachrach, 2000). Nowadays, OCB is conceptualized as a multidimensional construct, covering different facets of discretionary behaviour Extant research on OCB has been focused mainly on the affiliative dimensions of the construct (Bettencourt, 2004). In spite of their potential as triggers of organizational change, the challenging dimensions of OCB have received little attention by researchers to date (Choi, 2007). In this regard, and noting that few authors have established possible antecedents of change-oriented OCB (e.g. Choi, 2007; Bettencourt, 2004), this research aims at examining proactive behaviors in the field of organizational citizenship behaviors. More specifically, this paper draws on a general framework of proactive motivation to propose and test a model that evaluates the influence of individualized consideration dimension of transformational leadership and innovative organizational climate as distal antecedents of change-oriented organizational citizenship behavior, through their direct impact upon individuals¿ cognitive-emotional states (role breadth self-efficacy and felt responsibility for constructive change). This model draws upon Parker, Bindl and Strauss (2010)¿s model of proactive motivation and the research that recognizes the importance of transformational leadership and innovative organizational climate upon this type of behavior (e.g., Betencourt, 2004; Choi, 2007). The proposed model analyzes two dimensions of individualized consideration (supportive leadership and developmental leadership) and innovative organizational climate (climate of support and resources), as distal antecedents of change-oriented OCB. The relation between change-oriented OCB and its distal antecedents is mediated by role breadth self-efficacy and felt responsibility for constructive change. The hypotheses suggest that the relationship between developmental leadership, support innovative organizational climate and change-oriented OCB is mediated by role breadth self-efficacy. Likewise, the relationship between innovative climate associated with resources availability, supportive leadership and change-oriented OCB, is mediated by felt responsibility for constructive change, which in turn is mediated by role breadth self-efficacy. These results are consistent with previous research findings that confirmed mediating relations between leadership and organizational citizenship behaviors (e. g., Wang, Law, Hackett, Wang, & Chen, 1995). Likewise, it shows the fact those two facets of the same construct (individualized consideration) present different relations towards change-oriented organizational citizenship behaviors. This shows that there are two well-defined leadership subdimensions, confirming this way the forecasts of Rafferty and Griffin (2006). Finally it should be emphasized the expansion of Choi¿s (2007) study with regard to the differentiation of the subcomponents of the organizational climate and the contribution of supportive leadership.

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    Casos de ingeniería de organización  Open access

     Suñe Torrents, Albert; Figueras Jove, Jaume; Guasch Petit, Antonio; Garcia Parra, Mercedes; Fernández Alarcón, Vicenç; Navarro Antúnez, Ramon; Arcusa Postils, Ignasi; Sallán Leyes, José María; Solans Filella, Ana; Gil Vilda, Francisco; Lordan Gonzalez, Oriol; Simo Guzman, Pep
    Date of publication: 2013-07-31
    Book

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    Esta obra presenta una colección de 18 casos que han sido creados como resultado del proyecto de innovación docente ¿Transversalidad en el diseño curricular del Máster Universitario en Ingeniería de Organización¿. El proyecto de innovación docente contó con el apoyo del Instituto de Ciencias de la Educación de la Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya y tuvo como finalidad aumentar la interconexión de los contenidos impartidos en el citado Máster. La colección de casos incluidos en esta obra se utiliza como material docente transversal. Hemos indicado en cada caso las asignaturas para las que fueron creados. Para información complementaria sobre las propuestas de resolución de los casos o sus notas de enseñanza, encontrará los datos de contacto de los autores al final del libro.

    Esta obra presenta una colección de 18 casos que han sido creados como resultado del proyecto de innovación docente “Transversalidad en el diseño curricular del Máster Universitario en Ingeniería de Organización”. El proyecto de innovación docente contó con el apoyo del Instituto de Ciencias de la Educación de la Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya y tuvo como finalidad aumentar la interconexión de los contenidos impartidos en el citado Máster. La colección de casos incluidos en esta obra se utiliza como material docente transversal. Hemos indicado en cada caso las asignaturas para las que fueron creados. Para información complementaria sobre las propuestas de resolución de los casos o sus notas de enseñanza, encontrará los datos de contacto de los autores al final del libro.

  • Effects of self-regulatory focus and the dimensions of social influence on the perceived media richness

     Armengol, Xavier; Fernández Alarcón, Vicenç; Sallán Leyes, José María; Simo Guzman, Pep
    International Conference on Logistics, Informatics and Service Science
    Presentation's date: 2013-08-21
    Presentation of work at congresses

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    There are a large number of theories that explain the process of choosing a communication medium in organizations. The theory of the expansion channels suggests that the perceived richness of a communication medium is contingent upon the knowledge-based experiences of organization members. Likewise, the regulatory focus theory also suggests that individuals behave differently when experiencing different self-regulated states. This research aims to analyze how the kind of self-regulatory strategy (promotion and prevention) and the dimensions of social influence affect the perceived richness of a communication medium.

    There are a large number of theories that explain the process of choosing a communication medium in organizations. The theory of the expansion channels suggests that the perceived richness of a communication medium is contingent upon the knowledge-based experiences of organization members. Likewise, the regulatory focus theory also suggests that individuals behave differently when experiencing different self-regulated states. This research aims to analyze how the kind of selfregulatory strategy (promotion and prevention) and the dimensions of social influence affect the perceived richness of a communication medium

  • State of the art. Discussion and future lines of research on effective individualized feedback in online environments

     Plana Erta, Dolors; Moya Gutierrez, Soledad; Simo Guzman, Pep
    UOC International Research Symposium
    Presentation's date: 2013-12
    Presentation of work at congresses

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    Background. The European Higher Education Area requires to go one step further in the implementation of the new model for higher education. This implies profound changes in the universitary system based on paying attention to the student¿s learning process rather than, as usual, to focus on the teaching process. The student becomes essential for the development and consolidation of his/her learning process and the formative assessment plays a decisive role. Objectives. The aim of this paper is to analyze the state the art of effective individualized feedback as a necessary and indispensable tool of the formative assessment process. Our analysis focuses on the environment of online higher education. Methods. Methodology consisted on a systematic and extensive literature search focusing on formative feedback within higher education context and during the last two decades. Online databases were searched including: the Education Resources Information Center (ERIC), ISI, Scopus and Google Scholar Results and conclusions. If we want higher education moving forward and having students committed to learning and capable of long-life learning, we need the learning assessment of the education system not only as a tool to certify level reached by the student in a particular course or subject, but also as a tool to improve students¿ learning process. If the results of the assessment should be at the students¿ service, we have to train teachers and to provide them with the means to accomplish it. Yet academic institutions have to signal society, students and teachers of the importance of formative assessment for learning process.

  • Contingent workforce, organizational commitment and job satisfaction: the case of UOC associated teachers

     Llobet Dalmases, Joan; Fitó Bertran, Àngels; Simo Guzman, Pep
    UOC International Research Symposium
    Presentation's date: 2013-12
    Presentation of work at congresses

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    Background For over two decades, the part-time employment has become increasingly important. However, this group has been relatively forgotten for many years by researches, regaining its importance in the late twentieth century, mainly due to contingent contracts in Canada, USA, Europe and some parts of Asia. An important part of these part-time employees have two jobs. This is very common in the case of part-time lecturers. Although there are several studies that have analyzed the differences in attitude between employees with part-time and full-time jobs, there is very little literature that has specifically analyzed the group of workers that hold two jobs simultaneously. Objectives This research studies the relationship between organizational commitment, job satisfaction and intention to stay, in a sample of employees that hold two jobs concurrently for the specific case of UOC associate teachers. To know the determinants of their commitment, job satisfaction and intention to stay can be relevant for the design of human resources policies. Methods Under the classic model of Organizational Commitment of Meyer and Allen (three dimensions: affective, continuance and normative commitment), we have conducted a survey to analyze the relationship between the primary and secondary job. In July 2013. We mailed the survey to to 1.635 UOC associate teachers. The response rate was 30%. The data relational analysis will be run using the structural equation method (SEM). Results Expected results would show, for the case of UOC associated teachers, the existence of the relationships with organizational commitment, job satisfaction and intention to leave predicted in the literature, and significant differences in job satisfaction and organizational commitment between part-time and full time jobs.

  • A panel data model of passenger air transport demand

     Lordan Gonzalez, Oriol; Setien, Marta; Gonzalez Prieto, David; Sallán Leyes, José María; Simo Guzman, Pep
    Air Transport Research Society Annual Conference
    Presentation's date: 2013-06-27
    Presentation of work at congresses

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    Considering the low contribution margins for commercial aviation, it is vital for airline carriers to make a good forecast of changes in demand for a particular region. For this purpose, it has been analyzed the causal relations established between both demographic and regional economic characteristics related to commercial passenger air traffic in Europe. It has been constructed a panel data model considering three main groups of variables: demographic, economic and tourist attractiveness. Preliminary results showed that Eastern andWestern European countries respond to different models. Although the significant explanatory variables are the same in both regions, the coefficients are significantly lower in Eastern European countries. For this reason it has been conduct two parallel models for Eastern and Western European countries that fit with the actual passenger demand in each country with significant results. The proposed models could help airlines to more accurately predict passenger demand in a particular region as well as to decide where to expand or open new routes.

  • QCAsoft: a new software for qualitative comparative analysis

     Fernández Alarcón, Vicenç; Sallán Leyes, José María; Simo Guzman, Pep
    Global Innovation and Knowledge Academy Annual Conference
    Presentation's date: 2013-07-08
    Presentation of work at congresses

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    A new software suite, called QCAsoft, has been developed for qualitative comparative analysis. In contrast to the rest of programs, QCAsoft allows to analyze the necessary conditions and sufficient conditions through three different methods: graphically, by degrees of consistency and coverage, and statistically. Moreover, QCAsoft is running under a virtual machine of JAVA, which allows executing in different operations Systems: MS WINDOWS, MAC OSX, and Linux. QCAsoft contains some unique features in terms of a user friendly graphical environment. In order to present this software, the paper presents the theoretical background of qualitative comparative analysis, and introduces an example. Finally, we compare the results of analyzing this example using qualitative comparative analysis and the results of the same example using a linear regression model.

  • Key factors of personal formative feedback workload: a case study in an accounting online environment

     Plana Erta, Dolors; Moya Gutierrez, Soledad; Simo Guzman, Pep
    BAFA Accounting Education SIG Annual Conference
    Presentation's date: 2013-05
    Presentation of work at congresses

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  • Estat de l'art, discussió i línies futures del feedback educatiu efectiu individualitzat en entorns online

     Plana Erta, Dolors; Moya Gutierrez, Soledad; Simo Guzman, Pep
    Workshop en e-learning en l'Economia i l'Empresa
    Presentation's date: 2013-10-25
    Presentation of work at congresses

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    Partint de l¿actual demanda de la societat en focalitzar els estudis universitaris orientant-los a posicionar l¿aprenentatge i l¿estudiant en un lloc central, l¿objectiu d¿aquest article és analitzar en profunditat l¿estat de l¿art del feedback efectiu individualitzat com una eina clau en entorns online. L¿article analitza recent literatura científica entorn al feedback educatiu des d¿una perspectiva crítica, discutint els actuals gaps que haurien d¿orientar les futures línies de recerca, així com les implicacions pràctiques que se¿n deriven dels estudis actuals.

  • JIEM's fourth year - Present status and future avenues  Open access

     Fernández Alarcón, Vicenç; Albareda Sambola, Maria; Simo Guzman, Pep; Sallán Leyes, José María; Enache, Mihaela; Mula, Josefa; De la Fuente, Victoria
    Journal of industrial engineering and management (JIEM)
    Date of publication: 2012
    Journal article

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    This editorial reflects some relevant information about the evolution of JIEM during 2011, together with novel features that have been implemented so far or which are planned to be realized.

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    The frequency of the dyadic influence tactics according to communication media  Open access

     Fernández Alarcón, Vicenç; Simo Guzman, Pep; Enache, Mihaela; Sallán Leyes, José María
    Behaviour & information technology
    Date of publication: 2012
    Journal article

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    One of the most important determinants of managerial effectiveness in achieving organisational objectives is the success in influencing subordinates, lateral peers and supervisors through influence tactics. However, little attention has been paid to the use of a communication medium in the context of influence tactics. Our objective is to study the frequency of these dyadic influence tactics on diverse communication media. The study involves a questionnaire-based survey conducted on Spanish post-graduate students who had been working in medium-sized or large companies during the last 2 years or more. The results suggest that the richness of the medium explains most similarities and differences in the frequency of influence tactics for different communication media. Furthermore, in the study of hard influence tactics in communication media with similar richness, it is necessary to introduce social aspects and the level of surveillance in order to explain it fully. This study helps managers to understand the relationships between influence tactics and the use of communication media in order to improve their communication effectiveness.

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    Análisis de modelos de ecuaciones estructurales mediante el paquete Lavaan  Open access

     Sallán Leyes, José María; Fernández Alarcón, Vicenç; Simo Guzman, Pep; Lordan Gonzalez, Oriol; Gonzalez Prieto, David
    International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Industrial Management
    Presentation's date: 2012-07
    Presentation of work at congresses

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    El análisis de ecuaciones estructurales es una técnica para evaluar modelos con relaciones complejas entre variables (path analysis), así co-mo modelos con variables latentes. Un caso especialmente interesante de aplica-ción es el análisis factorial confirmatorio, que permite evaluar la validez de cons-tructo de escalas de medida. En este artículo se presenta el paquete de R lavaan, que permite evaluar con facilidad modelos de ecuaciones estructurales. Se reporta información sobre la sintaxis del modelo, así como de las posibilidades del paque-te. Structural equation modeling is a technique to asses models with complex relationships between variables (path analysis), and models with la-tent variables. An especially interesting case is confirmatory factor analysis, a technique that allows assessing the construct validity of measurement scales. In this paper the lavaan package of R is presented, which easily allows testing struc-tural equation models. Information about the model syntax is reported, and of the possibilites of the package.

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    Organizational forgetting/unlearning: the dark side of the absorptive capacity  Open access

     Fernández Alarcón, Vicenç; Simo Guzman, Pep; Sallán Leyes, José María; Enache, Mihaela
    Date of publication: 2012-03
    Book chapter

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  • Determinantes del proceso de selección de una revista científica para presentar los resultados de investigación

     Sunyer, Silvia; Sallán Leyes, José María; Simo Guzman, Pep
    International Conference on Business Servitization
    Presentation's date: 2012-11-16
    Presentation of work at congresses

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    Estudio de la red accionarial de las empresas del IBEX-35  Open access

     Sicilia Espín, Carlos; Simo Guzman, Pep; Sallán Leyes, José María; Lordan Gonzalez, Oriol; Fernández Alarcón, Vicenç; Gonzalez Prieto, David
    International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Industrial Management
    Presentation's date: 2012-07
    Presentation of work at congresses

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    La adquisición de participaciones accionariales de otra empresa puede tener influencia sobre la gestión de ésta. Por otro lado, la ubicación de la sede de las grandes empresas en una comunidad autónoma o, empresas con influencia en éstas, puede ser relevante para la comunidad autónoma. En este con-texto, analizaremos mediante técnicas de redes sociales las propiedades estructura-les de la red de participaciones accionariales de las empresas pertenecientes al IBEX-35 y analizaremos su distribución sectorial por comunidades autónomas. El estudio muestra una gran concentración de participaciones accionariales entre las empresas más importantes del IBEX-35 y Madrid aparece como sede central de España, seguida por Catalunya y el País Vasco. The restructuring process in Spain is concentrating banking financial institutions through mergers and takeovers. In this context, interlocking directorates between entities in the process of restructuring may be functioning as a coordinating mechanism of the processes of mergers or takeovers. We analyse the longitudinal network of interlocking directorates from 2006 to 2010 of Spanish banks and saving banks. The results show that, in many cases, mergers and takeo-vers are preceded by direct interlocking directorates among the entities involved.

  • Escala de medida de la percepción de discriminación de género en las organizaciones

     Tura Solvas, Marta; Martinez Costa, M. Carmen; Fernández Alarcón, Vicenç; Simo Guzman, Pep
    International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Industrial Management
    Presentation's date: 2012
    Presentation of work at congresses

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    Consideraciones para el análisis del poder corporativo en Europa: un estudio preliminar  Open access

     Sicilia Espín, Carlos; Simo Guzman, Pep; Lordan Gonzalez, Oriol; Sallán Leyes, José María; Fernández Alarcón, Vicenç
    International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Industrial Management
    Presentation's date: 2012
    Presentation of work at congresses

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    Esta comunicación trata la cuestión del poder en Europa en el campo de la economía y, específicamente, en el área de las redes corporati-vas. En este estudio preliminar de la red corporativa europea observada a través de las consejerías cruzadas, obtenemos pistas sobre lo que se debe analizar en estu-dios de mayor extensión. Hemos hallado indicios de que las compañías asegurado-ras están reemplazando a los bancos en el centro de la red y que las compañías francesas y alemanas copan los lugares de privilegio de la red. This communication deals with the question of power in Eu-rope in the field of economics and, specifically, in the corporate network arena. In this preliminary study of the European corporate network observed through inter-locking directorates, we get some clues about what to look at when developing further investigations. We’ve found indications that insurance companies are re-placing bancs in the core of the network and that French and German corporations take privileged places.

  • A preliminary panel data study about the progress of media richness

     Fernández Alarcón, Vicenç; Simo Guzman, Pep; Sallán Leyes, José María; Trullas Casasayas, Irene
    International Conference on Logistics, Informatics and Service Science
    Presentation's date: 2012-07-13
    Presentation of work at congresses

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    The selection and use of communication media has been the center of attention for a great number of scholars in the area of organizational communication for its importance in the attainment of organizational objectives. This paper presents the results of a preliminary research in order to establish a framework where to analyse the progress of communication media richness. With this aim, the paper presents an experimental study on several online discussion forums with data panels. The results suggest time factor is essential to understand the evolution of media richness.

    The selection and use of communication media has been the center of attention for a great number of scholars in the area of organizational communication for its importance in the attainment of organizational objectives. This paper presents the results of a preliminary research in order to establish a framework where to analyse the progress of communication media richness. With this aim, the paper presents an experimental study on several online discussion forums with data panels. The results suggest time factor is essential to understand the evolution of media richness.

    Postprint (author’s final draft)

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    Estudio del actual proceso de reestructuración bancario en España mediante el uso de las consejerías cruzadas  Open access

     Simo Guzman, Pep; Sicilia Espín, Carlos; Lordan Gonzalez, Oriol; Fernández Alarcón, Vicenç; Gonzalez Prieto, David; Sallán Leyes, José María
    International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Industrial Management
    Presentation's date: 2012
    Presentation of work at congresses

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    El actual proceso de reestructuración bancario en España está concentrando las entidades financieras mediante fusiones y absorciones. En este contexto, las consejerías cruzadas entre las distintas entidades en proceso de reestructuración pueden estar funcionando como mecanismo de coordinación de los procesos de fusión y absorción. Por esta razón, analizamos la red longitudinal de consejerías cruzadas desde 2006 a 2010 de bancos y cajas de ahorros españoles. Los resultados muestran que, en múltiples casos, las fusiones y absorciones vienen precedidas de la compartición directa de consejeros entre las distintas entidades involucradas. The restructuring process in Spain is concentrating banking financial institutions through mergers and takeovers. In this context, interlocking directorates between entities in the process of restructuring may be functioning as a coordinating mechanism of the processes of mergers or takeovers. We analyse the longitudinal network of interlocking directorates from 2006 to 2010 of Spanish banks and saving banks. The results show that, in many cases, mergers and takeo-vers are preceded by direct interlocking directorates among the entities involved.

  • Cambios de modelo en el sector editorial científico: ¿Evolucionamos hacia un modelo de acceso abierto?

     Simo Guzman, Pep; Trullas Casasayas, Irene; Sallán Leyes, José María; Fernández Alarcón, Vicenç; Lordan Gonzalez, Oriol
    International Conference on Business Servitization
    Presentation's date: 2012-11-16
    Presentation of work at congresses

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  • Mejor ponencia III Workshop de la Sección de Estrategia Empresarial de ACEDE

     Fernández Alarcón, Vicenç; Simo Guzman, Pep; Bravo Ibarra, Edna Rocio; Amante García, Beatriz; Enache, Mihaela
    Award or recognition

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  • JIEM's third year: Present status and future avenues  Open access

     Enache, Mihaela; Fernández Alarcón, Vicenç; Albareda Sambola, Maria; Simo Guzman, Pep; Sallán Leyes, José María
    Journal of industrial engineering and management (JIEM)
    Date of publication: 2011-07-15
    Journal article

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    This editorial builds upon the guidelines developed by the Journal of Industrial Engineering and Management (JIEM) since its inception (Sallan et al., 2010; Simo et al., 2009; Fernandez et al., 2008) and reflects some relevant information about the evolution of JIEM during 2010, together with novel features that have been implemented so far or which are planned to be realized.

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    Journal of Airline and Airport Management: taking off on an exciting journey into air transport research  Open access

     Gonzalez Prieto, David; Lordan Gonzalez, Oriol; Sallán Leyes, José María; Simo Guzman, Pep; Enache, Mihaela; Fernández Alarcón, Vicenç
    Journal of Airline and Airport Management
    Date of publication: 2011-11
    Journal article

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    We are pleased to introduce this first and inaugural issue of the first volume of the Journal of Airline and Airport Management (JAIRM). JAIRM is an international journal that proposes and fosters discussion on the theory and application in all areas of air transport, including (but not limited to) air transport and globalization, airline and airport management. We are interested in issues related to production, logistics, operations, marketing, policy and regulation, information systems, project management, quality, as well as regional development, economics, organizational behaviour, finance and accounting in air transport research

  • Examining the impact of protean and boundaryless career attitudes upon subjective career success

     Enache, Mihaela; Sallán Leyes, José María; Simo Guzman, Pep; Fernández Alarcón, Vicenç
    Journal of management and organization
    Date of publication: 2011-02-28
    Journal article

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  • `Low-cost educational videos¿ for engineering students: a new concept based on video streaming and YouTube channels

     Fernández Alarcón, Vicenç; Simo Guzman, Pep; Algaba Joaquín, Inés Mª; Albareda Sambola, Maria; Salán Ballesteros, Mª Núria; Amante García, Beatriz; Enache, Mihaela; Bravo Ibarra, Edna Rocio; Suñe Torrents, Albert; Garcia Almiñana, Daniel; Rajadell Carreras, Manuel; Garriga Garzon, Federico
    International journal of engineering education
    Date of publication: 2011
    Journal article

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    There are many papers that present the problems of educational videos: need of a high number of resources to create them, excess of information in the majority of videos, gaps of information between videos and the rest of materials of the courses, etc. This paper introduces the concept ‘low-cost educational video’, which attempts to solve to a large extent the problems that have been identified in the educational videos. To this end, an empirical research is conducted with 487 students and various lecturers and professors in three undergraduate degrees: Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Engineering and Management (in face-to-face as well as semi-distance modalities), and Aeronautical Engineering at the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (Spain). In order to achieve this goal, we introduce the process and the required resources for the creation and the diffusion of these low-cost educational videos. The results are analysed taking a literature-based questionnaire as a starting point and within the principles of good practice in higher education framework. The main research findings revealed an improved student motivation and an increase of the perceived efficiency in the learning and teaching processes, without substantially raising costs.

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    Career attitudes and subjective career success: tackling gender differences  Open access

     Enache, Mihaela; Sallán Leyes, José María; Simo Guzman, Pep; Fernández Alarcón, Vicenç
    Gender in Management: An International Journal
    Date of publication: 2011-05-12
    Journal article

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    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to analyze the effect of gender upon the relation between protean and boundaryless career attitudes and subjective career success, in today’s dynamic and changing organizational context. Design/methodology/approach – Data were collected using a questionnaire conducted on 150 graduate and post-graduate distance learning students. The data were analyzed using structural equation modeling. Findings – The analysis indicates that women’s career success is positively related with self-direction and negatively related with their reliance on their own values. Furthermore, the authors found a negative relation between organizational mobility preference and men’s subjective career success. Research limitations/implications – A potential limitation of this study is that all participants were distance-learning students, thus limiting the generalizability of the findings to other populations. Furthermore, cross-sectional designs do not permit drawing conclusions regarding the causal direction. Practical implications – Organizations should transform work structures and human resources policies and provide career models that allow women flexibility and more control over their work. Research results show that values-driven predisposition may lead to low levels of perceived career success. This indirectly suggests that individuals experience intrinsic career success when their values are consistent with organizational values, and therefore they should seek work opportunities in organizations whose aim, scope, and philosophy is consistent with their ideals. Originality/value – This is the first paper to shed light on gender’s impact upon the relationship between protean and boundaryless career attitudes and subjective career success, in a context in which there have been calls in literature for more career research taking into account gender differences.

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    Estudio exploratorio de los determinantes de la salud y el estrés laboral del personal docente e investigador universitario laboral en España  Open access

     Saura Agel, Maria Jose; Simo Guzman, Pep; Enache, Mihaela; Fernández Alarcón, Vicenç
    Education policy analysis archives
    Date of publication: 2011-02-10
    Journal article

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    Los cambios legislativos en los perfiles de contratación del profesorado en las universidades públicas españolas han comportado un cambio significativo en los procesos de contratación, estabilización y promoción de este colectivo de trabajadores. El objetivo de la investigación es identificar los antecedentes del estrés y de la salud laboral de este nuevo colectivo que tradicionalmente se ha caracterizado por unos niveles relativamente bajos. La investigación empírica consiste en un estudio exploratorio a partir de la combinación de datos cuantitativos (encuestas) y cualitativos (entrevistas cognitivas) en 26 casos repartidos en tres colectivos diferentes (ayudantes, ayudantes doctores y colaboradores permanentes). Finalmente, la investigación propone un modelo con cinco antecedentes del estrés y la salud laboral: justicia, compromiso de continuidad, tiempo restante del contrato, demandas de la acreditación y recursos para alcanzarla. Acorde con los resultados, los dos últimos antecedentes (demandas y recursos) son mediados a través del constructo inseguridad. Este modelo permite la comparación de los modelos clásicos de estrés laboral con la nueva realidad universitaria española, y un primer paso hacia la generación de políticas de recursos humanos más eficientes en las universidades.

    The legal changes in the hiring profiles of universities in Spain implied significant changes in the processes of employment, stabilization and promotion of their academic staff. The aim of this research is to identify the antecedents of health and job stress of this staff, which traditionally experimented low levels of these indicators. The empirical research was based on an exploratory study that combined quantitative (questionnaires) and qualitative (cognitive interviews) data gathered from 26 cases representing three different academic positions: teaching assistants, post-dissertation teaching assistants and tenured PhD lecturers. This paper proposes a health and job stress model with five dynamics: justice, permanence commitment, time, and demands and resources related with the teaching and research staff assessment process. The findings indicate that the last two dynamics (demands and resources) are mediated by the insecurity construct. This model allows comparing the classical models of job stress with the new scenario of the Spanish universities and represents a first step for the development of more efficient human resource practices in universities.

  • Utilización de videos de bajo coste como una herramienta docente para incrementar la motivación de los estudiantes  awarded activity

     Bravo Ibarra, Edna Rocio; Amante García, Beatriz; Simo Guzman, Pep; Enache, Mihaela; Fernández Alarcón, Vicenç
    Date of publication: 2011
    Book chapter

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    El objetivo principal de esta investigación es explorar los resultados de la utilización de los vídeos como herramienta docente para incrementar la motivación de los estudiantes en cualquier disciplina. El estudio se basa en diferentes vídeos en streaming creados por los profesores que participan en la experiencia como material de apoyo para el aprendizaje. En el estudio han participado 12 profesores y 487 estudiantes en tres titulaciones universitarias diferentes del área de ingeniería (Mecánica, Organización Industrial, y Aeronáutica) en la Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenierías Industrial y Aeronáutica de Terrassa (ETSEIAT). El documento describe las diferentes formas en que esta nueva herramienta de aprendizaje ha sido utilizada y enfatiza las habilidades desarrolladas en cada caso. Por último, se presentan los resultados del impacto de la utilización de videos en la motivación de los estudiantes

    Millor ponència presentada al "III Workshop de la Sección de Estrategia Empresarial de ACEDE", que atorga l'Asociación Cientifica de Economía y Dirección de la Empresa (ACEDE)

  • Influencia de la globalización en la transformación de la estructura corporativa española a través del análisis de consejerías cruzadas

     Sicilia Espín, Carlos
    Defense's date: 2011-12-12
    Department of Business Administration, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya
    Theses

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  • Riqueza de los medios de comunicación en las organizaciones: Nuevas aportaciones siguiendo la teoría del foco autoregulatorio

     Armengol Vila, Xavier
    Defense's date: 2011-06-17
    Department of Business Administration, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya
    Theses

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    Video as a new teaching tool to increase student motivation  Open access

     Bravo Ibarra, Edna Rocio; Amante García, Beatriz; Simo Guzman, Pep; Enache, Mihaela; Fernández Alarcón, Vicenç
    IEEE Education Engineering
    Presentation's date: 2011-04-04
    Presentation of work at congresses

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    The main objective of this research is to explore the results of the use of videos as an educational tool which helps increasing students’ motivation in any discipline. The study is based on several streaming videos created as a support material for learning and used by 12 lecturers with 487 students in three different degrees of engineering (Mechanical, Industrial and Management, and Aeronautical) at the School of Industrial and Aeronautical Engineering of Terrassa (ETSEIAT). The paper describes the different areas and ways in which this innovative learning tool has been used and emphasizes the skills developed in each application. Finally, it presents the results of the impact of the use of videos upon students’ motivation.

    Postprint (author’s final draft)

  • Modelo de estructuras de red en rutas de transporte aéreo por análisis de redes

     Lozares, Ivan; Sallán Leyes, José María; Simo Guzman, Pep; Fernández Alarcón, Vicenç
    Congreso de la Red Iberoamericana de Investigación en Transporte Aéreo
    Presentation's date: 2011-10
    Presentation of work at congresses

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    La red de tráfico aéreo es determinante en el estudio del transporte aéreo. Sobre dicha red intervienen factores socioeconómicos de las ciudades o regiones, infraestructuras aeroportuarias, etc. Se trata de un estudio comparado entre las redes de 16 aeropuertos europeos. Cada red socio métrica se constituye a partir de los vínculos de origen y destino entre los aeropuertos que tienen conexión directa con cada uno de los 16 aeropuertos elegidos. Las variables-indicadores considerados son estándares en la teoría de redes: nO de conexiones, densidad, centralidades, geodésica, cohesiones. A partir de este análisis comparativo el objetivo consiste en identificar y validar una clasificación de aeropuertos según tres modelos generales de estructuras de rutas: hub&spoke, point to point y un modelo combinación de los precedentes denominado emergente

  • Utilización de vídeos de bajo coste como una herramienta docente para incrementar la motivación de los estudiantes  awarded activity

     Bravo Ibarra, Edna Rocio; Amante García, Beatriz; Simo Guzman, Pep; Enache, Mihaela; Fernández Alarcón, Vicenç
    Worksop de la Sección de Estrategia Empresarial de ACEDE
    Presentation's date: 2011-02-10
    Presentation of work at congresses

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    El objetivo principal de esta investigación es explorar los resultados de la utilización de los vídeos como herramienta docente para incrementar la motivación de los estudiantes en cualquier disciplina. El estudio se basa en diferentes vídeos en streaming creados por los profesores que participan en la experiencia como material de apoyo para el aprendizaje. En el estudio han participado 12 profesores y 487 estudiantes en tres titulaciones universitarias diferentes del área de ingeniería (Mecánica, Organización Industrial, y Aeronáutica) en la Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenierías Industrial y Aeronáutica de Terrassa (ETSEIAT). El documento describe las diferentes formas en que esta nueva herramienta de aprendizaje ha sido utilizada y enfatiza las habilidades desarrolladas en cada caso. Por último, se presentan los resultados del impacto de la utilización de videos en la motivación de los estudiantes

    Millor ponència presentada al "III Workshop de la Sección de Estrategia Empresarial de ACEDE", que atorga l'Asociación Cientifica de Economía y Dirección de la Empresa (ACEDE)

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    Los efectos decoy y marca en las estrategias de venta de las aerolíneas comerciales  Open access

     Gonzalez Prieto, David; Sallán Leyes, José María; Simo Guzman, Pep; Lordan Gonzalez, Oriol; Fernández Alarcón, Vicenç
    International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Industrial Management. Congreso de Ingeniería de Organización
    Presentation's date: 2011-09
    Presentation of work at congresses

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    Esta investigación es una contribución a la evolución de la teoría mediante la aportación de dos elementos significativos. El primero es la comprobación de la existencia de posiciones de decoy inferiores que no producen efecto alguno sobre la opción target reforzando la idea de que los procesos que gobiernan los efectos contextuales, value shift y value added, se producen de manera simultánea y se compensan el uno al otro anulando el efecto del decoy. Además, en el presente estudio se propone una solución para la aplicación de estrategias de venta que incorporan decoys en la venta de billetes de avión. Del mismo modo, se evalúa la interacción que presenta un diseño concreto de decoy con el efecto marca. Es decir, si la introducción de la variable marca dentro de los distintos conjuntos opciones originales-decoy tiene implicaciones significativas.

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    La identificación de los estudiantes con la universidad: análisis empírico de las diferencias entre la modalidad presencial y semipresencial en Ingeniería de Organización  Open access

     Trullas Casasayas, Irene; Simo Guzman, Pep; Enache, Mihaela; Sallán Leyes, José María; Mas Machuca, Marta
    International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Industrial Management. Congreso de Ingeniería de Organización
    Presentation's date: 2011-09
    Presentation of work at congresses

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    El objetivo de este artículo es estudiar de qué variables, controlables desde el punto de vista de dirección de marketing universitario, depende el sentimiento de identificación alumnouniversidad, así como las posibles diferencias en función de la modalidad presencial o semipresencial de los estudiantes. Entendiendo que la universidad tiene una oferta formativa y que el alumno es el consumidor de dicha oferta, se plantea realizar un estudio centrado en modelos de marketing relacional y comportamiento del consumidor.

  • Los efectos decoy y marca en la estrategia de venta de una aerolínea comercial low cost

     Gonzalez Prieto, David; Sallán Leyes, José María; Simo Guzman, Pep; Lordan Gonzalez, Oriol
    Congreso de la Red Iberoamericana de Investigación en Transporte Aéreo
    Presentation's date: 2011-10
    Presentation of work at congresses

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    La situación actual del transporte aéreo y de la aviación comercial en concreto, dónde las compañías deben adquirir un fuerte posicionamiento, asegurando un segmento concreto de mercado; ha conducido a un aumento de la necesidad de obtener datos sobre la viabilidad de la implementación de técnicas de marketing que incorporen opciones Decoy. La finalidad es obtener rendimiento de la tendencia que actualmente presenta el mercado: la personalización del billete, "el billete a medida". Esta investigación es una contribución al desarrollo de estrategias de pricing que aprovechen la presencia de múltiples opciones en el conjunto de alternativas disponibles. Además, se comprueba la existencia de posiciones decoy inferiores que no producen efecto alguno sobre la opción target reforzando la idea de que los procesos que gobiernan los efectos contextuales, value shift y value added, se producen de manera simultánea y se compensan el uno al otro anulando el efecto del decoy. Además, en el presente estudio se propone una solución para la aplicación de estrategias de venta que incorporan dos tipos de opciones decoy en la venta de billetes de avión.