Graphic summary
  • Show / hide key
  • Information


Scientific and technological production
  •  

1 to 50 of 162 results
  • Historical evolution of process safety and major-accident hazards prevention in Spain. Contribution of the pioneer Joaquim Casal.

     Planas Cuchi, Eulalia; Arnaldos Viger, Josep; Darbra Roman, Rosa Maria; Muñoz Messineo, Miguel Angel; Pastor Ferrer, Elsa; Vílchez, Juan Antonio
    Journal of loss prevention in the process industries
    Date of publication: 2014-04-11
    Journal article

    Read the abstract Read the abstract View View Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

    This paper aims at presenting the evolution of process safety in Spain from various points of view. In first place, a study of the accidents occurred in this country in the process industry and in the transportation of chemical substances is presented. After this, the starting point of the process safety research in Spain and its evolution during the years are explained. The importance of this topic has also been reflected in the chemical engineering studies in some Spanish universities. Therefore, the current status of the studies on process safety in Spain is analyzed in this paper. A section has also been devoted to the process safety in the Spanish industry. An analysis of the related legislation and its implementation in the Spanish process industry is also presented in this paper. Finally, the professional career of Prof. Joaquim Casal, the pioneer in Spain in process safety and risk assessment, is summarized.

    This paper aims at presenting the evolution of process safety in Spain from various points of view. In first place, a study of the accidents occurred in this country in the process industry and in the transportation of chemical substances is presented. After this, the starting point of the process safety research in Spain and its evolution during the years are explained. The importance of this topic has also been reflected in the chemical engineering studies in some Spanish universities. Therefore, the current status of the studies on process safety in Spain is analyzed in this paper. A section has also been devoted to the process safety in the Spanish industry. An analysis of the related legislation and its implementation in the Spanish process industry is also presented in this paper. Finally, the professional career of Prof. Joaquim Casal, the pioneer in Spain in process safety and risk assessment, is summarized.

  • The significance of domino effect in chemical accidents

     Hemmatian, Behrouz; Abdolhamidzadeh, B; Darbra Roman, Rosa Maria; Casal Fabrega, Joaquim
    Journal of loss prevention in the process industries
    Date of publication: 2014-05-01
    Journal article

    Read the abstract Read the abstract View View Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

    A historical survey was performed on 330 accidents involving domino effect, occurred in process/storage plants and in the transportation of hazardous materials; only accidents occurred after 1st-January-1961 have been considered. The main features geographical location, type of accident, materials involved, origin and causes, consequences, domino sequences were analyzed, with special consideration to the situation in the developing countries and compared to those from other previous surveys. Among the involved substances, LPG was the most frequent one, followed by liquid hydrocarbons. Process plants (38.5% of cases) and storage areas (33%) were the most common settings; 10.6% of past domino accidents occurred in transfer operations. The ratio between "two-step" and "three-step" domino accidents was found to be 6. A specific analysis of the accidents (84) occurred in the 21st century was performed, comparing them with the total set of accidents. Finally, a set of specific recommendations inferred from the results is provided. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    A historical survey was performed on 330 accidents involving domino effect, occurred in process/storage plants and in the transportation of hazardous materials; only accidents occurred after 1st-January-1961 have been considered. The main features – geographical location, type of accident, materials involved, origin and causes, consequences, domino sequences – were analyzed, with special consideration to the situation in the developing countries and compared to those from other previous surveys. Among the involved substances, LPG was the most frequent one, followed by liquid hydrocarbons. Process plants (38.5% of cases) and storage areas (33%) were the most common settings; 10.6% of past domino accidents occurred in transfer operations. The ratio between “two-step” and “three-step” domino accidents was found to be 6. A specific analysis of the accidents (84) occurred in the 21st century was performed, comparing them with the total set of accidents. Finally, a set of specific recommendations inferred from the results is provided.

  • Identification and selection of environmental performance indicators for sustainable port development

     Puig, Martí; Wooldridge, Chris; Darbra Roman, Rosa Maria
    Marine pollution bulletin
    Date of publication: 2014
    Journal article

    Read the abstract Read the abstract View View Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

    In this paper an identification and selection of Environmental Performance Indicators (EPIs) in port areas has been conducted. A comprehensive inventory of existing EPIs in use in the seaport sector has been identified for monitoring performance of operational (e.g. dust, noise, dredging, and waste), managerial (e.g. certification, compliance, and complaints) and environmental condition (e.g. air, water, sediment and ecosystems). These indicators have been filtered against specific criteria and have been assessed and evaluated by port stakeholders in order to obtain a final set of indicators suitable to be implemented at EU level. A user friendly tool has been developed specifically to assist port authorities in calculating and reporting the proposed indicators. This study has drawn on major research projects to blend academic research with input from marine professionals in order to identify, select, evaluate and validate EPIs that are acceptable and feasible to the sector, and practicable in their application and implementation.

    In this paper an identification and selection of Environmental Performance Indicators (EPIs) in port areas has been conducted. A comprehensive inventory of existing EPIs in use in the seaport sector has been identified for monitoring performance of operational (e.g. dust, noise, dredging, and waste), managerial (e.g. certification, compliance, and complaints) and environmental condition (e.g. air, water, sediment and ecosystems). These indicators have been filtered against specific criteria and have been assessed and evaluated by port stakeholders in order to obtain a final set of indicators suitable to be implemented at EU level. A user friendly tool has been developed specifically to assist port authorities in calculating and reporting the proposed indicators. This study has drawn on major research projects to blend academic research with input from marine professionals in order to identify, select, evaluate and validate EPIs that are acceptable and feasible to the sector, and practicable in their application and implementation.

  • Socio-economic impact of the maritime transport and ports in the Mediterranean and Black Seas

     Puig, Martí; Casal Fabrega, Joaquim; Darbra Roman, Rosa Maria
    PERSEUS Scientific Workshop
    Presentation's date: 2014-01
    Presentation of work at congresses

     Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Indicators for health, safety and environmental performance in european ports: the role of women in this sector

     Darbra Roman, Rosa Maria; Calderón, Marlene; Puig, Martí; Wooldridge, Chris; Michail, Antonis; Antao, Pedro
    Maritime Women: Global Leadership International Conference
    Presentation's date: 2014-04
    Presentation of work at congresses

    Read the abstract Read the abstract  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

    The requirements for occupational health, safety and environmental protection in ports and shipping operations have grown dramatically over the last decades, as the society demands for a greater account of risks and a continued commitment towards sustainable development. During the same period, ports have undergone profound changes due to the new technologies required to handle the increased size of container ships and the new demands of trade and transport of sophisticated cargoes. All this has not only highlighted the need for multi-skilled and better qualified labour, but also opened new opportunities for female workers in a traditionally overtly male-dominated sector. As both internal and external stakeholders, women have had and will have a substantial contribution to the evolution of port safety and environmental management. Although their role and recognition still remain in an early stage in the maritime sector, in this area positive steps have been made to both, the professional status of women and the development and implementation of more effective management systems. Some indicators that will allow tracking the representation of women within the associated port organizations and committees are presented in this paper. In addition, port professionals and academics opinion on achievements and perceived challenges of women working within ports will be presented.

  • Introduction of the human factor in the generic failures frequencies of accidents through fuzzy logic

     González Dan, Jose Roberto; Mellino, Marianna; Arnaldos Viger, Josep; Bubbico, Roberto; Darbra Roman, Rosa Maria
    SRA-Europe Conference
    Presentation's date: 2014-06-17
    Presentation of work at congresses

     Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Environmental management performance in the Mediterranean and black sea ports

     Puig, Martí; Casal Fabrega, Joaquim; Darbra Roman, Rosa Maria
    International Congress on Green Infrastructure and Sustainable Societies/Cities
    Presentation's date: 2014-05
    Presentation of work at congresses

    View View Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Environmental pressures caused by ports in the Mediterranean and Black Sea

     Puig, Martí; Casal Fabrega, Joaquim; Darbra Roman, Rosa Maria
    PERSEUS Scientific Workshop
    Presentation's date: 2014-01-29
    Presentation of work at congresses

     Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Occurrence of hydrophobic organic pollutants (BFRs and UV-filters) in sediments from South America

     Barón, Enrique; Gago Ferrero, Pablo; Gorga, Marina; Rudolph, Ignacio; Mendoza, Gonzalo; Zapata, Andres Mauricio; Díaz Cruz, Sílvia; Barra, Ricardo; Ocampo-Duque, William; Páez, Martha; Darbra Roman, Rosa Maria; Barceló Culleres, Damià; Eljarrat, Ethel
    Chemosphere
    Date of publication: 2013-07
    Journal article

    Read the abstract Read the abstract View View Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

    In the present study the occurrence of emerging hydrophobic organic pollutants in sediment samples from South America (Chile and Colombia) was investigated for the first time. Nineteen Chilean and thirteen Colombian sediment samples were analyzed in order to determine their content of brominated flame retardants (BFRs) (including PBDEs and emerging BFRs) as well as UV filters (UV-F). Samples were collected from neighboring aquatic ecosystems highly urbanized and industrialized in Colombia (Magdalena River area) and Chile (Biobio region). Different analytical procedures were applied depending on the selected analytes, based on chromatographic and mass spectrometric methodologies (GC-MS and LC-MS-MS)...

    In the present study the occurrence of emerging hydrophobic organic pollutants in sediment samples from South America (Chile and Colombia) was investigated for the first time. Nineteen Chilean and thirteen Colombian sediment samples were analyzed in order to determine their content of brominated flame retardants (BFRs) (including PBDEs and emerging BFRs) as well as UV filters (UV-F). Samples were collected from neighboring aquatic ecosystems highly urbanized and industrialized in Colombia (Magdalena River area) and Chile (Biobio region). Different analytical procedures were applied depending on the selected analytes, based on chromatographic and mass spectrometric methodologies (GC–MS and LC–MS–MS). In general, concentration levels of both BFRs (up to 2.43 and 143 ng g−1 dw of PBDEs in Chile and Colombia, respectively) and UV-F (nd–2.96 and nd–54.4 ng g−1 dw in Chile and Colombia, respectively) were in the low range of published data, and the contribution of BFRs was higher than that of UV-F for almost all the sampled sediments.

  • Fuzzy model for risk assessment of persistent organic pollutants in aquatic ecosystems

     Segui Julia, Xavier; Pujolasus, Edgar; Betró, S.; Àgueda Costafreda, Alba; Casal Fabrega, Joaquim; Ocampo Duque, W.; Rudolph, Ignacio; Barra, Ricardo; Páez, Martha; Baron, E.; Eljarrat, Ethel; Barceló Culleres, Damià; Darbra Roman, Rosa Maria
    Environmental pollution
    Date of publication: 2013
    Journal article

    Read the abstract Read the abstract View View Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

    We developed a model for evaluating the environmental risk of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) to aquatic organisms. The model is based on fuzzy theory and uses information provided by international experts through a questionnaire. It has been tested in two case studies for a particular type of POPs: brominated flame retardants (BFRs). The first case study is related to the EU-funded AQUATERRA project, with sampling campaigns carried out in two Ebro tributaries in Spain (the Cinca and Vero Rivers). The second one, named the BROMACUA project, assessed different aquatic ecosystems in Chile (San Vicente Bay) and Colombia (Santa Marta Marsh). In both projects, the BFRs under study were polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD). However, the model can be extrapolated to other POPs and to different aquatic ecosystems to provide useful results for decision-makers.

    We developed a model for evaluating the environmental risk of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) to aquatic organisms. The model is based on fuzzy theory and uses information provided by international experts through a questionnaire. It has been tested in two case studies for a particular type of POPs: brominated flame retardants (BFRs). The first case study is related to the EU-funded AQUATERRA project, with sampling campaigns carried out in two Ebro tributaries in Spain (the Cinca and Vero Rivers). The second one, named the BROMACUA project, assessed different aquatic ecosystems in Chile (San Vicente Bay) and Colombia (Santa Marta Marsh). In both projects, the BFRs under study were polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD). However, the model can be extrapolated to other POPs and to different aquatic ecosystems to provide useful results for decision-makers.

  • Using fuzzy logic to introduce the human factor in the failure frequency Estimation of Storage Vessels in Chemical Plants

     González Dan, Jose Roberto; Arnaldos Viger, Josep; Darbra Roman, Rosa Maria
    Chemical engineering transactions
    Date of publication: 2013
    Journal article

    View View Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Conclusions

     Bilitewski, Bernd; Zhem, A; Grundmann, Veit; Darbra Roman, Rosa Maria; Barceló Culleres, Damià
    Date of publication: 2013
    Book chapter

    View View Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • A revision of current models for evironmental and human health impact and risk assessment for application to emerging chemicals

     Rovira Solano, Joaquim; Nadal, Martí; Domingo Roig, José Luis; Tanaku, T; Suciu, Nicoleta; Trevisan, Marco; Capri, Ettore; Segui Julia, Xavier; Darbra Roman, Rosa Maria; Schuhmacher, Marta
    Date of publication: 2013
    Book chapter

    View View Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Tracking global flows of e-waste additives by using substance flow analysis, with a case study in China

     Tien, Henning; Heise, Susanne; Segui Julia, Xavier; Casal Fabrega, Joaquim; Darbra Roman, Rosa Maria; Suciu, Nicoleta; Capri, Ettore; Trevisan, Marco; Schuhmacher, Marta; Nadal, Martí; Rovira Solano, Joaquim
    Date of publication: 2013
    Book chapter

    View View Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Human and environmental impact produced by e-waste releases at Guiyu region (China)

     Suciu, Nicoleta; Capri, Ettore; Trevisan, Marco; Tanaka, Taku; Tien, Henning; Heise, Susanne; Schuhmacher, Marta; Nadal, Martí; Rovira Solano, Joaquim; Segui Julia, Xavier; Casal Fabrega, Joaquim; Darbra Roman, Rosa Maria
    Date of publication: 2013
    Book chapter

    View View Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Environmental fate models

     Suciu, Nicoleta; Tanaka, Taku; Trevisan, Marco; Schuhmacher, Marta; Nadal, Martí; Rovira Solano, Joaquim; Segui Julia, Xavier; Casal Fabrega, Joaquim; Darbra Roman, Rosa Maria; Capri, Ettore
    Date of publication: 2013
    Book chapter

    View View Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Introduction

     Barceló Culleres, Damià; Darbra Roman, Rosa Maria; Bilitewski, B; Grundamann, V; Zehm, A
    Date of publication: 2013
    Book chapter

    View View Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Characterization of envirnomental exposure: measuring versus modeling

     Guillén, Daniel; Ginebreda Marti, Antoni; Darbra Roman, Rosa Maria; Gros, Meritxell; Petrovic, Mira; Barceló Culleres, Damià
    Date of publication: 2013
    Book chapter

    View View Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Analysis of past accidents and relevant case-histories

     Casal Fabrega, Joaquim; Darbra Roman, Rosa Maria
    Date of publication: 2013
    Book chapter

    Read the abstract Read the abstract View View Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

    The diverse historical surveys on accidents involving domino effect have been analyzed to identify their significance and their most important features. From these data, the importance of domino effect among all accidents in the process industry and in the transportation of hazardous materials has been highlighted. The characteristics of this type of accidents have been studied with a statistical approach: origin and causes of domino effect, materials most frequently involved and effects and consequences of accidents. The significance of the diverse domino sequences have been assessed by using the relative probability event tree. Finally, four relevant cases have been discussed, corresponding to the following initiating events: two vapor cloud explosions (Buncefield, 2005 and Naples, 1985), one jet fire (Valero, 2007) and one accident associated with dust explosion.

  • Using fuzzy logic to introduce the human factor in the failure frequency estimation of storage vessels in chemical plants

     González, José Roberto; Darbra Roman, Rosa Maria; Arnaldos Viger, Josep
    International Conference on Chemical and Process Engineering
    Presentation's date: 2013-06
    Presentation of work at congresses

    Read the abstract Read the abstract  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

    The frequency of an accident scenario is most commonly assessed by a generic failure frequency approach; the accuracy of the calculations is based on the quality of the data used. There exist different sources of generic failure frequencies such as the Reference Manual Bevi Risk Assessments (2009), the Failure Rate and Event Data for use within Risk Assessments of the HSE (2012), and the Handbook of Failure Frequencies of the Flemish Government (2009). The differences between them rely on the factors considered for their calculation and on the way the failures have been classified. Each one of the aforementioned sources takes into account different variables, but aspects such as the mechanical failures or the human factor are not explicitly detailed. Although the mechanical failures may have been considered indirectly, the human factor is difficult to quantify. The latter is a major cause of undesired events in process industries. Due to the complexity of quantifying human error and the causes that lead to it, this factor is not often considered in most of the generic failure frequencies databases. Through the use of fuzzy logic, the human factor is going to be introduced in the failure frequency estimation of storage vessels in chemical plants. This theory allows including qualitative variables not considered by traditional methods and deal with the uncertainty involved. In this way, the failure frequency estimation for storage vessels will be more realistic and accurate. To design the model the expert's opinion is going to be taken into account through a questionnaire.

  • Access to the full text
    Environmental reporting and communication ¿ ¿Show me the evidence¿!  Open access

     Puig, Martí; Wooldridge, Chris; Casal Fabrega, Joaquim; Darbra Roman, Rosa Maria
    GreenPort Congress
    Presentation's date: 2013-10-10
    Presentation of work at congresses

    Access to the full text Access to the full text Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Reduction of the uncertainty in the frequency calculation in port accidents through fuzzy logic

     González Dan, Jose Roberto; Darbra Roman, Rosa Maria
    International Conference on Environmnetal Management, engineering, Planning and Economics and SECOTOX Conference
    Presentation's date: 2013
    Presentation of work at congresses

    Read the abstract Read the abstract View View Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

    Safety in the chemical industry is a very complex subject; all the factors that may affect the safety in a chemical plant, process or even an equipment are numerous. To establish how safe a chemical plant or process is a parameter called risk is used. The risk can be quantified by the frequency of an accident and the consequences of this one. There are several methodologies which allow to assess the risk in order to then manage it and make decisions to decrease it. One of the most used in the chemical industry is the QRA (Quantitative Risk Analysis). This methodology allows, through a sequence of steps, to reach the value of the risk. However, during this process there exists uncertainty, which is associated to many variables involved in the process. One of the best ways to deal this uncertainty is through a methodology called fuzzy logic. Therefore in the first part of this report, the QRA methodology is going to be explained; all the steps in the sequence of this methodology will be introduced highlighting the importance of each one of them. Then, the second methodology called fuzzy logic is going to be presented, describing how this theory functions and how can be related with the safety of a chemical plant in a risk assessment process, especially in a QRA. The principal scope of this research is to combine these two methodologies in order to obtain better and more reliable results. The QRA methodology relies on many variables that can have uncertainty associated. The application of fuzzy logic in the safety of chemical plants through QRA is a new topic that will try to reduce uncertainty in this field and gives place to a future PhD thesis. The first attempt to combine these two methodologies will be done in a case study in ports, in which fuzzy logic is going to be applied in one of the most important steps of the QRA, the quantification of frequency. Using a modifier of the frequency through fuzzy logic, the uncertainty associated will be reduced in order to obtain more reliable results.

  • PORTS OBSERVATORY FOR PERFORMANCE INDICATOR ANALYSIS

     Darbra Roman, Rosa Maria
    Participation in a competitive project

     Share

  • Fuzzy logic based risk assessment of effluents from waste-water treatment plants

     Cabanillas, Julián; Ginebreda Marti, Antoni; Guillén, Daniel; Martínez, Elena; Barceló Culleres, Damià; Moragas, Lucas; Robusté, Jordi; Darbra Roman, Rosa Maria
    Science of the total environment
    Date of publication: 2012
    Journal article

    Read the abstract Read the abstract View View Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

    This paper presents a new methodology to assess the risk of water effluents from waste-water treatment plants (WWTPs) based on fuzzy logic, a well-known theory to deal with uncertainty, especially in the environmental field where data are often lacking. The method has been tested using the effluent's pollution data coming from 22 waste-water treatment plants (WWTPs) located in Catalonia (NE Spain). Thirty-eight pollutants were analyzed along three campaigns performed yearly from 2008 to 2010. Whereas 9 compounds have been detected in more than 70% of the samples analyzed, 7 compounds have been found at levels equal or higher than the river Environmental Quality Standards set by the Water Framework Directive. Upon combination of both criteria (presence and concentration), compounds of greatest environmental concern in the WWTP studied are nickel, the herbicide diuron, and the endocrine disruptors nonyl and octylphenol. It is remarkable the low variability of the pollutant concentration just differing for the case of nickel and zinc. These low values of exposure together with other pollutants' characteristics provide a medium or low risk assessment for all the WWTPs. The results of this new method have been compared with COMMPS procedure, a solid method developed in the context of the Water Framework Directive, and they show that the fuzzy model is more conservative than COMMPS. This is due to different reasons: the fuzzy model takes into account the persistence of chemical compounds whereas COMMPS does not; the fuzzy model includes the weights provided by an expert group inquired in previous works and also considers the uncertainty of the environmental data, avoiding the crisp values and offering a range of overlapping between the different fuzzy sets. However, the results even if being more conservative with fuzzy logic, are in good agreement with a solid methodology such as the COMMPS procedure.

  • Prioritization of chemicals in the aquatic environment based on risk assessment: Analytical, modeling and regulatory perspective

     Guillén, Daniel; Ginebreda Marti, Antoni; Farre, M.; Darbra Roman, Rosa Maria; Petrovic, Mira; Gross, Markus; Barceló Culleres, Damià
    Science of the total environment
    Date of publication: 2012-12-01
    Journal article

    View View Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Risk analysis active learning through the investigation of real cases

     Darbra Roman, Rosa Maria; Casal Fabrega, Joaquim; Pastor Ferrer, Elsa; Vílchez, Juan Antoni; Arnaldos Viger, Josep; Planas Cuchi, Eulalia
    Process safety and environmental protection
    Date of publication: 2012
    Journal article

    Read the abstract Read the abstract View View Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

    Risk analysis is a topic of high relevance in chemical engineering. Courses on this topic are being introduced increasingly into the university curricula. The investigation of real cases is an interesting opportunity to consolidate the concepts taught in such courses and to get a better engagement of students through a creative work. The exercise proposed in this paper has to be performed by a group of students to whom a set of information has been provided. In the exercise, the students play the role of an expert team: they have to deliver a final report including diverse sections such as the description of the accident, the explanation of why and how it occurred, different calculations and finally, some conclusions. From the pedagogical point of view, the results obtained from this type of exercise are very positive and promote the students active and cooperative learning.

  • Thermal radiation from vertical jet fires

     Palacios, Adriana; Muñoz, Miguel; Darbra Roman, Rosa Maria; Casal Fabrega, Joaquim
    Fire safety journal
    Date of publication: 2012
    Journal article

    Read the abstract Read the abstract View View Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

    Geometric and thermal data, obtained from a series of large outdoor jet fire experiments, were used to estimate the thermal radiation intensity from the flames towards targets located at diverse distances. Vertical turbulent sonic and subsonic exit velocity propane jet fires, up to 10.3 m in length released in still air, were studied. The temperatures of the flame surface and the surface emissive power of the flame were also analysed by processing infrared images. Thermal radiation intensity was estimated by applying the solid flame model in both one-zone and multiple-zone configurations (taking into account the variation of surface emissive power), considering the flame as a cylinder defined by the 800 K isotherm. Experimental and predicted thermal radiation intensity values were compared.

  • Additives and other hazardous compounds in electronic products and their waste

     Westerdahl, Jenny; Belhaj, Mohammed; Rydberg, Tomas; Munthe, John; Darbra Roman, Rosa Maria; Àgueda Costafreda, Alba; Heise, Susanne; Ziyang, Lou
    Date of publication: 2012-01-31
    Book chapter

    View View Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Additives in the textile industry

     Darbra Roman, Rosa Maria; González Dan, Jose Roberto; Casal Fabrega, Joaquim; Àgueda Costafreda, Alba; Capri, Ettore; Fait, G; Schumacher, Marta; Nadal, Martí; Rovira Solano, Joaquim; Grundmann, Veit; Barceló, D; Ginebreda Marti, Antoni; Guillén, Daniel
    Date of publication: 2012-01-31
    Book chapter

    View View Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Introduction

     Bilitewski, Bernd; Darbra Roman, Rosa Maria; Barceló Culleres, Damià
    Date of publication: 2012-01-31
    Book chapter

    View View Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Additives in the leather industry

     Guillén, Daniel; Ginebreda Marti, Antoni; Petrovic, Mira; Barceló Culleres, Damià; Darbra Roman, Rosa Maria; Rydin, Stefan
    Date of publication: 2012-01-31
    Book chapter

    View View Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Additives in the paper industry

     Ginebreda Marti, Antoni; Guillén, Daniel; Barceló Culleres, Damià; Darbra Roman, Rosa Maria
    Date of publication: 2012-01-31
    Book chapter

    View View Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Conclusions

     Barceló Culleres, Damià; Darbra Roman, Rosa Maria; Bilitewski, Bernd
    Date of publication: 2012-01-31
    Book chapter

    View View Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Access to the full text
    Environmental management tools for ports  Open access

     Darbra Roman, Rosa Maria; Journée, H; Wooldridge, C.F.
    Present and Future of Port Water Quality Management in the EU Atlantic Area Workshop
    Presentation's date: 2012-02
    Presentation of work at congresses

    Read the abstract Read the abstract Access to the full text Access to the full text Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

    Ports are very complex systems from the point of view of environment. In fact, the very existence of the port, as well as any expansion of its installations, implies a certain loss of habitat. Furthermore, the normal activities carried out in ports can be associated, one way or another, with environmental impacts: waste water discharges, air pollution, noise, soil contamination, dredging, waste production, accidental releases into water or air, etc. (Trozzi and Vaccaro, 2000).

    Ports are very complex systems from the point of view of environment. In fact, the very existence of the port, as well as any expansion of its installations, implies a certain loss of habitat. Furthermore, the normal activities carried out in ports can be associated, one way or another, with environmental impacts: waste water discharges, air pollution, noise, soil contamination, dredging, waste production, accidental releases into water or air, etc. (Trozzi and Vaccaro, 2000).

  • Access to the full text
    Fuzzy approach for risk assessment of brominated flame retardants in aquatic ecosystems  Open access

     Pujolasus, Edgar; Betró, S; Segui Julia, Xavier; Àgueda Costafreda, Alba; Casal Fabrega, Joaquim; Ocampo-Duque, W; Rudolph, I; Barra, R; Páez, M; Barón, E; Santín, G; Eljarrat, Ethel; Barceló, D; Darbra Roman, Rosa Maria
    SETAC Europe Annual Meeting
    Presentation's date: 2012
    Presentation of work at congresses

    Read the abstract Read the abstract Access to the full text Access to the full text Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

    Brominated flame retardants (BFR) are pollutants that represent a threat to both human health and environment due to their industrial use, their persistence and their ability to bioaccumulate and biomagnify in food chains, especially in the aquatic one. For the last ten years contamination levels for this type of compounds have been reported for European, North American and Asian human tissue, sediments and biota samples [1-3]. However, monitoring efforts into the assessment of BFRs contamination levels in Latin America are scarce. In this study, a model for the evaluation of the environmental risk of BFRs in the aquatic ecosystems has been developed. It has been based on a technical application of the Fuzzy Theory [4]. In particular, three interconnected Fuzzy Inference Systems (FIS) have been created through the use of the Fuzzy Toolbox in Matlab. In order to improve and make the model scientifically robust, several international experts have been questioned about different information required to build the fuzzy system. Information from 38 questionnaires have been collected and statistically treated.

    Brominated flame retardants (BFR) are pollutants that represent a threat to both human health and environment due to their industrial use, their persistence and their ability to bioaccumulate and biomagnify in food chains, especially in the aquatic one. For the last ten years contamination levels for this type of compounds have been reported for European, North American and Asian human tissue, sediments and biota samples [1-3]. However, monitoring efforts into the assessment of BFRs contamination levels in Latin America are scarce. In this study, a model for the evaluation of the environmental risk of BFRs in the aquatic ecosystems has been developed. It has been based on a technical application of the Fuzzy Theory [4]. In particular, three interconnected Fuzzy Inference Systems (FIS) have been created through the use of the Fuzzy Toolbox in Matlab. In order to improve and make the model scientifically robust, several international experts have been questioned about different information required to build the fuzzy system. Information from 38 questionnaires have been collected and statistically treated.

  • Global E-waste trade impact on China

     Tien, Henning; Heise, Susanne; Segui Julia, Xavier; Casal Fabrega, Joaquim; Darbra Roman, Rosa Maria; Suciu, Nicoleta; Capri, Ettore; Trevisan, Marco; Schuhmacher, Marta; Nadal, Martí; Rovira Solano, Joaquim
    Risk-based Management of Chemicals and Products in a Circular Economy at a Global Scale
    Presentation's date: 2012-05
    Presentation of work at congresses

    View View Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Environmental and human risk assessment of e-waste releases in China through USEtoxTM

     Segui Julia, Xavier; Casal Fabrega, Joaquim; Darbra Roman, Rosa Maria; Schuhmacher, Marta; Nadal, Martí; Rovira Solano, Joaquim; Tien, Henning; Heise, Susanne; Suciu, Nicoleta; Capri, Ettore; Trevisan, Marco
    Risk-based Management of Chemicals and Products in a Circular Economy at a Global Scale
    Presentation's date: 2012-05
    Presentation of work at congresses

    View View Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Application of the multimedia environmental model QWASI for asessing the aquatic risk in an area of informal e-waste recycling

     Heise, Susanne; Tien, Henning; Darbra Roman, Rosa Maria; Segui Julia, Xavier; Casal Fabrega, Joaquim; Schuhmacher, Marta; Nadal, Martí; Rovira Solano, Joaquim; Suciu, Nicoleta; Trevisan, Marco; Capri, Ettore
    Risk-based Management of Chemicals and Products in a Circular Economy at a Global Scale
    Presentation's date: 2012-05
    Presentation of work at congresses

    View View Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Use of a multimedia exposure model for health risk assessment of lead released during e-waste recycling processes in South of China

     Suciu, Nicoleta; Trevisan, Marco; Capri, Ettore; Tanaka, Taku; Darbra Roman, Rosa Maria; Segui Julia, Xavier; Casal Fabrega, Joaquim; Tien, Henning; Heise, Susanne; Schuhmacher, Marta; Nadal, Martí; Rovira Solano, Joaquim
    Risk-based Management of Chemicals and Products in a Circular Economy at a Global Scale
    Presentation's date: 2012-05
    Presentation of work at congresses

    View View Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Human and environmental impact produced by the e-waste releases at Guiyu Region (China)

     Suciu, Nicoleta; Capri, Ettore; Trevisan, Marco; Tien, Henning; Heise, Susanne; Schuhmacher, Marta; Nadal, Martí; Rovira Solano, Joaquim; Segui Julia, Xavier; Casal Fabrega, Joaquim; Darbra Roman, Rosa Maria
    Risk-based Management of Chemicals and Products in a Circular Economy at a Global Scale
    Presentation's date: 2012-05
    Presentation of work at congresses

    View View Open in new window  Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window

  • Combination of SFA and multi-media fate modeling to assess the consequences of global trade and informal recycling of WEEE in China

     Tien, Henning; Heise, Susanne; Suciu, Nicoleta; Capri, Ettore; Trevisan, Marco; Schuhmacher, Marta; Nadal, Martí; Rovira Solano, Joaquim; Segui Julia, Xavier; Casal Fabrega, Joaquim; Darbra Roman, Rosa Maria
    SETAC Europe Annual Meeting
    Presentation's date: 2012
    Presentation of work at congresses

     Share Reference managers Reference managers Open in new window