Pascual, J.; Pérez-Foguet, A.; Codony, J.; Raventós, E.; Candela, L. International journal of water resources development Vol. 30, num. 3, p. 572-587 DOI: 10.1080/07900627.2013.843410 Date of publication: 2014-09-01 Journal article
This article assesses the relation between water management, environmental degradation and poverty through a stakeholder analysis focused on the status and management of water resources. It draws from the situation observed in the Ethiopian Central Rift Valley, an endorheic basin south of Addis Ababa where human activities have resulted in the degradation of most freshwater ecosystems and where the vast majority of the population lives in poverty. It proposes a shift in water governance that focuses on improving economic and social welfare and enhancing environmental sustainability. This shift can help overcome some of the problems affecting the Central Rift Valley, namely: (1) the overexploitation of water resources; (2) poor water quality; and (3) the high dependency of the population on water resources to sustain their livelihoods.
Water and Sanitation programmes normally involve big amounts of information and several years of implementation; these are facts that justify the need of a proper monitoring. In this paper a Support Information System (SIS) for WatSan programmes monitoring is presented. SIS is based on a database system where relevant data of the programme can be easily stored and processed through user-friendly
interfaces. Graphical representation has been included, facilitating the analysis and allowing for a better response on real time while programme is being implemented. The Logical Framework has been used as the starting point to define the tool. Experience has shown that it is crucial to create it with a participatory approach together with professionals working directly on the project. After its application in two programmes in Tanzania it has been seen that the tool allows both for a day-to-day monitoring as well as for a long-term analysis, improving knowledge of the staff working on project implementation,
researchers and development planners.
A Support Information System (SIS) has been created in order to monitor water and
sanitation (WatSan) programs and improve their efficiency. SIS is based on a database
system where relevant data of the program can be easily stored and processed through user-friendly interfaces. Definition of the information to be introduced in the database shall be done according to the needs of the profesionals working directly on the project and to the data needed to observe the evolution of the program indicators, as those defining the Logical Framework. As long as the information is georeferenced,
information can be automatically displayed on a Geographical Information System (GIS), and therefore its spatial evolution can be easily analyzed. Graphical representation facilitates the analysis and allows for a better response on real time while the programme is being implemented. The use of SIS enables for hindsight research, helping to improve efficiency and, therefore program extension/replication.
Pascual, J.; Pérez-Foguet, A. World Congress on Computational Mechanis and European Congres on Computational Methods in Applied Sciences and Engineering p. 1-2 Presentation's date: 2008 Presentation of work at congresses