The transformation from n-ary relationships to a relational database
schema has never been really fully analyzed. This paper presents one of
the several ternary cases ignored by the ER-to-RM literature. The case
shows that the following common belief is wrong: Given a set of FDs over
a table resulting in a non-3NF situation, it is always possible to
obtain a fully equivalent set of 3NF tables, without adding other
restrictions than candidate keys and inclusion dependencies.
Camps, R. "From ternary relationship to relational tables: a case against common beliefs". 2002.