In this paper, we propose a simple and scalable optimization model for the deployment of road site units (RSUs). The model takes advantage of the inherent stochasticity provided by the vehicles’ movements by using mobility traces to determine which are the best positions to place RSUs to maximize connectivity in a multi-hop VANET scenario and keep the number of RSU as low as possible. Our simulations results validate that the solutions offered by our model are accurate.
Urquiza, L., Tripp, C., Aguilar, M. A stochastic optimization model for the placement of road site units. A: EAI International Conference on Safety and Security in Internet of Things. "Internet of Things IoT Infrastructures: Second International Summit, IoT 360° 2015: Rome, Italy, October 27-29, 2015: revised selected papers, part I". Roma: Springer, 2015, p. 263-269.