Galati, A.; Siggia, D.; Crescimanno, M.; Martín, E.; Sauri, S.; Morales, P. British food journal Vol. 118, num. 8, p. 1894-1929 DOI: 10.1108/BFJ-05-2016-0193 Data de publicació: 2016-08 Article en revista
Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to analyse the economic benefits of short sea shipping (SSS) in the shape of Motorways of the Sea (MoS) compared to road transport. The study cover a gap in agro-food economics and analyses the economic benefits of sea transport mode compared to road transport in the food trade between Spain and Italy for a specific product: olive oils.
Design/methodology/approach - Three different transportation scenarios are considered (road only, road combined with accompanied SSS and road combined with unaccompanied SSS) linking the main olive oil production and consumption areas in Spain and Italy. In each scenario the cost per unit shipped have been calculated.
Findings - The results show the road option is about 30 and 34 per cent more costly than the best SSS option available for the exportations from Jaen and Southern Catalonia, respectively.
Research limitations/implications - The need of further research is identified, mainly focused in two directions: first, the need for inclusion of new variables to the model (e.g. value of time, seasonality, complexity of the transport chain, potential demand, etc.) to better assess the competitiveness of the sea connection and, second, a study of the environmental impact and socio-economic benefits of SSS implementation for the agri-food sector.
Originality/value - The research enriches the current literature on this field and provides a basis for future studies. In particular, it corroborates the strategic decisions taken in the framework of European transport policy demonstrating a greater economic sustainability of SSS, and more specifically MoS, compared to the road transport.
Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to focus on technology capability and develops a model for measuring it applied agrifood industry companies.
Design/methodology/approach - Using a combination of literature review, observation research (expert interviews), AHP multicriteria analysis method and case study research, the paper develops an index model. The proposed model was applied to the case of dairy agribusiness complex in Brazil (180 rural units, five fluid milk processing companies and six cheese factories).
Findings - The index model developed includes five macroindexes: resources; technology upgrading; processes and routines; learning mechanisms; and coordination and accessibility. Results show that the model was able to identify the different technology capabilities of the companies studied and generated important information to identify bottlenecks and improvement opportunities for these companies.
Originality/value - The study contributes to understanding of a technological capability in the agribusiness system companies and how it can measure this capability in an integrated and synthetic model. Literature shows any models but no record of an integrated measurement system composed of a multi-attribute applied to assess the agribusiness system companies
Purpose – Focussing on Latin American immigrants in Barcelona, the objective of this paper is twofold: to measure their degree of ethnical identity; and to analyse the relationship between food habits and their ethnical identity.
Design/methodology/approach – Face-to-face interviews with a representative sample of Latin American immigrants in the Metropolitan area of Barcelona are undertaken. Ethnic identity is measured using the MEIM scale, which combines aspects from the social identity and personal development theories. Finally, a Multinomial Logit Model is used to identify the relationship between food habits and ethnical identity.
Findings – Results indicate that the higher the level of ethnic identity and feeling of belonging of immigrants in Catalonia, the greater the persistence of dietary habits from the country of origin. Contrasting with results from other studies, no correlation is found between the persistence of dietary habits and either the length of time spent in Spain or the level of integration into the Catalan culture (measured through use of the Catalan language).
Research limitations/implications – Findings should logically be interpreted within the context of the population and sample studied. Further research should be addressed to analyze other immigrant groups such as Muslims, Asians and Eastern Europeans.
Originality/value – This study explores the strength of traditional food habits of immigrants living in a foreign cultural environment and the role of ethnic identity in contributing to this strength. While past literature focussing on this topic is based on atheoretical and partial indicators to measure ethnic identity, this study provides evidence on the usefulness of using a theory-based and multidimensional measure. The behaviour of Latin American immigrants in Spain is used as a case study.