We extend results of Bonet, Buss and Pitassi on Bondy's Theorem and of Nozaki, Arai and Arai on Bollobas' Theorem by proving that Frankl's Theorem on the trace of sets has quasipolynomial size Frege proofs. For constant values of the parameter t, we prove that Frankl's Theorem has polynomial size AC(0)-Frege proofs from instances of the pigeonhole principle.
The relativized weak pigeonhole principle states that if at least 2n out of n(2) pigeons fly into n holes, then some hole must be doubly occupied. We prove that every DNF-refutation of the CNF encoding of this principle requires size 2((log n)3/2-is an element of) for every is an element of > 0 and every sufficiently large n. By reducing it to the standard weak pigeonhole principle with 2n pigeons and n holes, we also show that this lower bound is essentially tight in that there exist DNF-refutations of size 2((log n)O(1)) even in R(log). For the lower bound proof we need to discuss the existence of unbalanced low-degree bipartite expanders satisfying a certain robustness condition.