Saberkari, A.; Shirmohammadli, V.; Martinez, H.; Alarcon, E. International journal of circuit theory and applications Vol. 44, num. 5, p. 1156-1172 DOI: 10.1002/cta.2155 Data de publicació: 2016-05 Article en revista
This paper proposes the use of double-frequency (DF) buck converter architecture consisting of a merged structure of high and low frequency buck cells as a candidate topology for envelope elimination and restoration (EER) applications and integrated power supply of RF power amplifiers (RFPA) to obtain favorable tradeoffs in terms of efficiency, switching ripple, bandwidth, and tracking capability. It is shown that having two degrees of freedom in designing the DF buck helps to achieve high efficiency, low output ripples, and tracking capability with low ripples, simultaneously. A comparison analysis is done with regards to the mentioned performance indexes with the standard and three-level buck converters; in addition, the results are validated in HSPICE in BSIM3V3 0.35-µm CMOS process.
Saberkari, A.; Qaraqanabadi, F.; Shirmohammadli, V.; Martinez, H.; Alarcon, E. International journal of circuit theory and applications Vol. 44, num. 2, p. 460-475 DOI: 10.1002/cta.2087 Data de publicació: 2016-02 Article en revista
This article presents a low quiescent current output-capacitorless quasi-digital complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) low-dropout (LDO) voltage regulator with controlled pass transistors according to load demands. The pass transistor of the LDO is segmented into two smaller sizes based on a proposed segmentation criterion, which considers the maximum output voltage transient variations due to the load transient to different load current steps to find the suitable current boundary for segmentation. This criterion shows that low load conditions will cause more output variations and settling time if the pass transistor is used in its maximum size. Furthermore, this situation is the worst case for stability requirements of the LDO. Therefore, using one smaller transistor for low load currents and another one larger for higher currents, a proper trade-off between output variations, complexity, and power dissipation is achieved. The proposed LDO regulator has been designed and post-simulated in HSPICE in a 0.18¿µm CMOS process to supply a stable load current between 0 and 100¿mA with a 40¿pF on-chip output capacitor, while consuming 4.8¿µA quiescent current. The dropout voltage of the LDO is set to 200¿mV for 1.8¿V input voltage. The results reveal an improvement of approximately 53% and 25% on the output voltage variations and settling time, respectively.
Digital control in switching power converters has been proposed and researched in recent years. However, one of the problems which arise in these circuits is that of quantization-induced limit cycle oscillations, which are generally considered to be undesirable. In this work, we investigate the addition of new control terms in the feedback loop of the system, in order to actively prevent these limit cycles from occurring. Firstly, the addition of a sinusoidal signal is considered, and then a more complicated signal which focuses on interrupting how the system switches between duty cycle levels is presented. The methods are effective in removing the limit cycle oscillations which arise in the system. Copyright (c) 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Olm, Josep M.; Biel, D.; Spinetti, M. de J.; Fossas, E. International journal of circuit theory and applications Vol. 40, num. 8, p. 777-792 DOI: 10.1002/cta.755 Data de publicació: 2012-08 Article en revista
The achievement of step-up inversion with a boost DC/AC converter requires appropriate periodic references for inductor currents, which have to satisfy ordinary differential equations (ODE) of the Abel type. These are equations with highly unstable solutions for which the existence of periodic solutions remains unproved. Hence, the studies reported so far in this subject obtain periodic output voltages that approximately track the expected profile using different periodic current references that do not exactly satisfy the Abel ODE. However, neither an explanation of why are periodic output voltages still obtained, nor an assessment of the output voltage error is provided. This paper analyzes the effect of using periodic current references in a Lyapunov-based controlled boost DC/AC converter performing step-up inversion tasks. It is shown that, for sufficiently accurate current references, the system exhibits asymptotically stable periodic solutions with bounded error. Moreover, the paper propounds the use of Harmonic Balance (HB)-based techniques to obtain such current references. Simulation and experimental results confirm that this choice yields periodic output voltages with an error that may be lowered using higher HB approximations.
El Aroudi, A.; Rodriguez, E.; Orabi, M.; Alarcon, E. International journal of circuit theory and applications Vol. 39, num. 2, p. 175-193 DOI: 10.1002/cta.627 Data de publicació: 2011-02 Article en revista
In this paper, the dynamical behavior of a full bridge DC–AC buck inverter controlled by fixed frequency and PWM is studied. After showing that the system can undergo both period-doubling and Neimark–Sacker bifurcation at the fast scale (switching period) by using the exact switching model, an exact solution discrete-time model able to predict both instability phenomena is derived. The model is obtained without making the quasi-static approximation and it can be used to obtain the useful operation region in the multi-dimensional design parameter space from time domain simulations in a very fast and accurate manner. Based on the study of the system, some design guidelines are provided.
Miro, J.; Palà-Schönwälder, P.; Mas, Orestes International journal of circuit theory and applications Vol. 24, p. 511-517 DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1097-007X(199607/08)24:4<511::AID-CTA894>3.0.CO;2-S Data de publicació: 1996-07 Article en revista
Steady-state methods have been devised to compute periodic wave-forms without having to integrate the
autonomous circuit equations until the transients die out. Stability analysis of the computed solutions is the
next topic to be addressed by a steady state circuit simulator. Shooting methods based on Newton's iteration
are expensive in terms of computing time, because each iteration step requires integration of the variational
equation, but directly provide information on the stability of the final On the other hand, when
making use of harmonic balance methods, the stability of the computed solutions is typically investigated
from a continuation point of view.4 Recently a discrete time approach (DTA) was proposed for the analysis
and optimization of non-linear autonomous circuits.' This letter describes how the stability of the
computed periodic wave-forms may be easily determined (I posteriori with no modification to the DTA
In this paper a method for the steady state analysis and optimization of non-linear autonomous circuits is described. After discretizing the linear part of the circuit, a system of non-linear algebraic equations is obtained. the final formulation is written entirely in the discrete-time domain, making it unnecessary to repeatedly take direct and inverse DFTs during the solution process. Furthermore, it is shown that the resulting formulation may be viewed as a generalization of the harmonic balance equations. an analytic method for computing the exact partial derivatives of the resulting equations with respect to the samples of the variables, the oscillation period and the circuit element values is described, making the proposed approach efficient for both analysis and optimization. Different globally convergent techniques for solving the non-linear system of equations are described, with emphasis on an algorithm based on fast simulated diffusion. Selected application examples are provided to validate the proposed approach.