Let Gamma be a distance-regular graph with diameter d and Kneser graph K = Gamma(d), the distance-d graph of Gamma. We say that Gamma is partially antipodal when K has fewer distinct eigenvalues than Gamma. In particular, this is the case of antipodal distance-regular graphs (K with only two distinct eigenvalues) and the so-called half-antipodal distance-regular graphs (K with only one negative eigenvalue). We provide a characterization of partially antipodal distance-regular graphs (among regular graphs with d + 1 distinct eigenvalues) in terms of the spectrum and the mean number of vertices at maximal distance d from every vertex. This can be seen as a more general version of the so-called spectral excess theorem, which allows us to characterize those distance-regular graphs which are half-antipodal, antipodal, bipartite, or with Kneser graph being strongly regular.
The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10801-015-0654-6
The goal of this article is to obtain bounds on the coefficients of modular and integral flow and tension polynomials of graphs. To this end we use the fact that these polynomials can be realized as Ehrhart polynomials of inside-out polytopes.
Inside-out polytopes come with an associated relative polytopal complex and, for a wide class of inside-out polytopes, we show that this complex has a convex ear decomposition. This leads to the desired bounds on the coefficients of these polynomials.