Pujades, L.G.; Ugalde, A.; Canas, J.; Navarro Bernal, Manuel; Badal, J.; Corchete, V.
Geophysical journal international
Vol. 129, num. 1, p. 281-291
DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.1997.tb01581.x
Data de publicació: 1997-01
Article en revista
The anelastic attenuation in the Almeria Basin (southeastern Iberian Peninsula) is investigated by using seismic data collected during the summer of 1991. A multiple-lapse time-window analysis is applied to high-frequency seismograms corresponding to 20 shallow seismic events with low magnitudes (m= 2.5) and distances less than 71 km, recorded at six short-period seismographic stations. We have constructed corrected geometrical spreading and normalized energy-distance curves for the region over the frequency bands 1-2, 2-4, 4-8, 8-14 and 14-20 Hz. A theoretical model for body-wave energy propagation in a randomly heterogeneous medium has been employed to interpret the observations. Two parameters describe the medium in this model: the scattering attenuation coefficient ¿S= kQ-1S and the intrinsic attenuation coefficient ¿1= kQ-11, where k is the wavenumber and Q-11 and Q–1S are the intrinsic and scattering attenuation respectively. This model assumes that scattering is isotropic, including all orders of multiple scattering, and predicting the spatial and temporal energy distribution of seismic energy. A least-squares fitting procedure has been used to find the best estimates of the model parameters. The analysis of the spectral amplitude decay of coda waves has provided coda Q–1C values at the same frequency bands. The results obtained show that Q–11, Q–1S and Q–1C decrease with increasing frequency; for frequencies lower than 3 Hz scattering attenuation is stronger than intrinsic absorption and coda Q–1C takes values between intrinsic and total attenuation, being very close to Q–1T. Q–1S is more frequency-dependent than Q–1I; for frequencies greater than 3 Hz intrinsic absorption is the dominant attenuation effect and Q–11 and Q–1S have significant frequency dependence. In order to correlate the results obtained with the major geological and tectonic features of the region, a geotectonic framework for the area is provided and the predominant frequency decay in coda waves is analysed in order to obtain the coda Q frequency dependence following a power law QC= Q0(f/f0)¿, where f0 is a reference frequency. In this way we have obtained regionalized values of coda Q at 1 Hz (Q0). Finally, a first-order approach has allowed us to obtain intrinsic and scattering quality factors from the obtained Q0 and ¿ values, leading us to obtain tentative distributions of QI. QS and Q0 at 1 Hz for the area. The derived intrinsic and scattering quality-factor distributions are in good agreement with the tectonic history and the main geological features of the region. Large scattering and intrinsic attenuation (QS~ 80, QI~ 100) are found in the sedimentary Neogene and Quaternary basin, while scattering is the dominant effect in the old Palaeozoic rocks of the mountains (QS~ 200, QI~ 1000). Intrinsic Q shows a higher sensitivity to the geological characteristics than scattering Q.