The La0.67Mg0.33Ni2.5Co0.5 hydrogen storage alloy was prepared by the vacuum intermediate frequency induction furnace followed by annealing treatment. The pulverization degree of both the as-cast and annealed alloy powders after gaseous hydriding and dehydriding cycle was investigated and the discovery was that annealing treatment could hardly ameliorate their anti-pulverization ability. The element content of La, Mg, Ni and Co existing in electrolyte before and after the electrochemical cycles by using ICP-AES technology was also analyzed and it showed that a large amount of La and Mg were dissolved in the electrolyte, but the amount of dissolution for La and Mg significantly declined when the alloy was annealed. The XRD analysis revealed that all the alloys consisted of two main phases AB(3) and AB(2) and a residual phase AB(5) while annealing treatment made the AB(2) phase decrease slightly. Furthermore, the anti-corrosion abilities of various elements in different phases of the as-cast and annealed alloy samples were studied by analyzing the element (La, Mg, Ni, Co) change with the corrosion time in phases AB(3) and AB(2) by means of EDS. It turned out that the element of La was mainly corroded out from the phase AB(2) while not easily from the phase AB(3). However, the element of Mg was both easily corroded out from the phases AB(2) and AB(3), but the corrosion was more obvious in the phase AB(3). Therefore, annealing improved the anti-corrosion performances of La and Mg in the phase AB(2).
Vicario, M.; Llorca, J.; Boaro, M.; Leitenburg, C. de; Trovarelli, A. Journal of rare earths Vol. 27, num. 2, p. 196-203 DOI: 10.1016/S1002-0721(08)60219-7 Data de publicació: 2009-04 Article en revista