Currently, decisions on the maintenance and repair of infrastructural assets, structures in particular, are mostly based on the results of inspections and the resulting condition index, neglecting system robustness and therefore not making optimal use of the limited funds available. This paper presents a definition and a measure of structural robustness in the context of deteriorating structures which are compatible with asset management systems for optimal maintenance and repair planning. The proposed index is used to define the robustness of existing reinforced concrete (RC) structures to rebar corrosion. Structural performance and the corresponding reliability index are assessed using combined advanced reliability and structural analysis techniques. Structural analysis explicitly includes deterioration mechanisms resulting from corrosion, such as reinforcement area reduction, concrete cracking, and bond deterioration. The first-order reliability method, combined with a response surface algorithm, is used to compute the reliability index for a wide range of different corrosion levels, resulting in a fragility curve. Finally, structural robustness is computed and discussed based on the results obtained. A robustness comparison of different structures can then be used to determine structural types more tolerant to corrosion and these results used for planning maintenance and repairs.
This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: [Cavaco ES, Neves LAC and Casas JR. Reliability-based approach to the robustness of corroded reinforced concrete structures. Structural Concrete. 2017;18:316–325. https://doi.org/10.1002/suco.201600084], which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/suco.201600084/abstract. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
This paper shows the design, development and experimental checking of a modified type of structural joint with limited length between concrete segments cast “in-situ”. The design concept is based on the development length of an anchorage hook stiffened by transverse reinforcement bars and is particularly suited for the case of in-situ construction of staged box girder bridges, seeking to the possibility of using lighter scaffolding. The studies focusing on the strength, stiffness and serviceability of the proposed joint are presented. The research work comprises the bending behaviour of reinforced concrete slabs with loop joints with regard to the diameter of loop bar, loop joint width and ultimate and fatigue load. The results are compared to the behaviour of reinforced concrete slabs without joints. A total of 16 slabs were tested by static and fatigue loading tests. The present paper evaluates the flexural behaviour under static loading test. The results of fatigue tests have also shown an excellent performance. In the static tests, crack width and crack pattern were observed at service load levels, and the ultimate behaviour was evaluated by means of up to failure tests. From the test results, the service performance of the loop joints was confirmed similar to slabs without joints. The static loading tests confirm the good performance and effectiveness of this loop joint type under static loads. Details of loop joints design criteria are also suggested.
A simplified mechanical model is presented for the shear strength prediction of reinforced and prestressed concrete members with and without transverse reinforcement, with I, T or rectangular cross-section. The model, derived with further simplifications from a previous one developed by the authors, incorporates the contributions of the concrete compression chord, the cracked web, the dowel action and the shear reinforcement in a compact formulation. The mechanical character of the model provides valuable information about the physics of the problem and incorporates the most relevant parameters governing the shear strength of structural concrete members. The predictions of the model fit very well the experimental results collected in the ACI-DAfStb databases of shear tests on slender reinforced and prestressed concrete beams with and without stirrups. Due to this fact and the simplicity of the derived equations it may become a very useful tool for structural design and assessment in engineering practice.
This is the accepted version of the following article: [Cladera, A., Marí, A., Bairán, J. M., Ribas, C., Oller, E. and Duarte, N. (2016), The compression chord capacity model for the shear design and assessment of reinforced and prestressed concrete beams. Structural Concrete, 17: 1017–1032. doi:10.1002/suco.201500214], which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/suco.201500214/full