Erencia, M.; Cano, F.; Tornero, J.; Macedo, M.M.; Tzanov, T.; Macanás, J.; Carrillo, F. Journal of applied polymer science Vol. 132, num. 25, p. 42115 (1/11)-42115 (11(11) DOI: 10.1002/app.42115 Data de publicació: 2015-03-13 Article en revista
Gelatin fibers were prepared by electrospinning of gelatin/acetic acid/water ternary mixtures with the aim of studying the feasibility of fabricating gelatin nanofiber mats at room temperature using an alternative benign solvent by significantly reducing the acetic acid concentration. The results showed that gelatin nanofibers can be optimally electrospun with low acetic acid concentration (25% v/v) combined with gelatin concentrations higher than 300 mg/ml. Both gelatin solutions and electrospun gelatin mats (prepared with different acetic acid aqueous solutions) were analyzed by FTIR and DSC techniques in order to determine the chemical and structure changes
of the polymer. The electrospun gelatin mats fabricated from solutions with low acetic acid content showed some advantages as the maintenance of the decomposition temperature of the pure gelatin (~230ºC) and the reduction of the acid content on electrospun mats, which allowed to reach a cell viability upper than 90% (analyzed by
cell viability test using human dermal fibroblast and embryonic kidney cells). This study has also analyzed the influence of gelatin and acetic acid concentration both on the solution viscosity and the electrospun fiber diameter, obtaining a clear relationship between these parameters
Francesko, A.; Torrent, J.; Torrent-Burgués, J.; Carrion-Fite, F.J.; Macedo, M.M.; Tzanov, T.; Heinze, T. Biomacromolecules Vol. 15, num. 4, p. 1365-1374 DOI: 10.1021/bm4018947 Data de publicació: 2014-03-08 Article en revista
Bacterial-mediated diseases are a major healthcare concern worldwide due to the rapid spread of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. One strategy to manage the bacterial infections while avoiding the emergence of resistant strains implies specific targeting and disruption of bacteria membranes. This work evaluates the potential of nanostructured biopolymer derivatives, nanocapsules (NCs), to disrupt the bacteria cell walls and effectively kill planktonic microorganisms. Two biopolymers, chitosan and cellulose, were chemically modified to synthesize derivatives with improved cationic character (thiolated chitosan and aminocellulose) prior to their processing into nanocapsules via a one-step sonochemical process. The interactions of NCs, displaying an average size of around 250 nm, with bacteria membrane were evaluated using two membrane models: Langmuir monolayers and liposome bilayers composed of a l-a-phosphatidylglycerol phospholipid extracted from Escherichia coli. NCs possessed improved membrane disturbing capacity in comparison to the nonprocessed biopolymer derivatives, by drastically increasing the monolayer fluidity and inducing more than 50% leakage of a dye inserted in the bilayered liposomes. In addition, membrane disturbance was directly proportional to the NCs cationic charge. Whereas evidence showed that thiolated chitosan and aminocellulose interacted with the bacteria membrane through a “carpet model”, the NCs were found to induce larger surface defects and high local perturbance through a “detergent model”. Importantly, the degree of disruption caused by the biopolymer derivatives and NCs correlated well with the antimicrobial capacity against Escherichia coli, selectively killing bacteria cells without imparting toxicity to human fibroblasts.
Electronic version of an article published as "Enzyme and microbial technology", 08 Desembre 2009, p. 1-5
Wool fibres have been modified with nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA) to improve their performance at use. This water insoluble bi-functional phenolic compound has been grafted on wool through a laccase enzyme catalyzed reaction in an aqueous-ethanol mixture. The capacity of laccase to oxidise NDGA in this aqueous-organic medium has been studied electrochemicaly. The increase of CH2, CH3 and aromatic groups signal in the DRIFT spectra, together with SEM images of the enzymatically-modified fabrics confirmed the covalent grafting of NDGA on wool. This one step enzymatic process for grafting of NDGA improved the physical and mechanical properties of wool fabrics such as shrink resistance, crease recovery and tensile strength. Furthermore, the NDGA imparted to the textile material strong antioxidant activity and UV-protection.
A bioprocess for machine washable wool, combining the advantages of both protease and transglutaminase in a simultaneous enzymatic treatment has been developed. This process reduced the felting tendency of woven wool fabrics by 9% at the expense of only 2% weight and tensile strength loss. In contrast to previously described protease-based processes for shrink resistant wool, the anti-felting properties achieved in the simultaneous enzymatic treatment produced insignificant fibre damage, confirmed also by scanning electron images of the fabrics.