Escherichia coli (E. coli) strains are among the most frequently isolated microorganisms in urinary tract infections able to colonize the surface of urinary catheters and form biofilms. These biofilms are highly resistant to antibiotics and host immune system, resulting in increased morbidity and mortality rates. Strategies to prevent biofilm development, especially via restricting the initial stages of bacteria attachment are therefore urgently needed. Herein, a common urinary catheter material – polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) – was covalently functionalized with antibacterial aminocellulose nanospheres (ACNSs) using the epoxy/amine grafting chemistry. The PDMS surface was pre-activated with (3-glycidyloxypropyl)-triethoxysilane to introduce epoxy functionalities prior to immobilization of the intact ACNSs via its amino groups. The AC biopolymer was first sonochemically processed into NSs improving by up to 80% its potential to prevent the E. coli biofilm formation on a polystyrene surface. The silicone surface decorated with these NSs demonstrated efficient inhibition of E. coli biofilms, reducing the total biomass when compared with pristine silicone material. Therefore, the functionalization of silicone-based materials with ACNSs shows promise as potential platform for prevention of biofilm-associated infections caused by E. coli.
Macedo, M.M.; Rivera, D.; Tzanov, T.; Šližyte, R.; Mozuraityte, R.; Lantto, R.; Rommi, K. Process biochemistry Vol. 50, num. 11, p. 1843-1851 DOI: 10.1016/j.procbio.2015.08.001 Data de publicació: 2015-08-12 Article en revista
Salmon backbones, co-streams of salmon processing industry, were transformed into stable, odour-free ingredients for cosmetics. First, the backbones were hydrolysed using commercial proteases (Bromelain + Papain, Trypsin, Corolase® 7089 and Protamex®) in order to accomplish the release of fish protein hydrolysates (FPH), which showed antioxidant activity and aptitude to inhibit skin-degrading and inflammatory enzymes. However, due to the FPH instability in aqueous solution and propensity for microbial contamination, their bioactive properties were entirely lost only after 24 h. To overcome the low stability and prevent the effect loss, a sonochemical technology was then employed to transform the FPH into stable tea tree oil-filled bioactive peptide-shell nanospheres (NS). Such transformation boosted the FPH antioxidant potential, which was further reflected in protection of fibroblasts from UV damage. In the form of NSs, the FPH resisted microbial contamination for more than 6 months and presented antimicrobial activity against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. In addition, the fish odour was eliminated after the NSs processing, thus addressing this important challenge for using fish raw materials in cosmetics. This work suggests an alternative high value use of the fishery co-streams and expands their application potential beyond their current use as fish or animal feed