'A DC grid based on multi-terminal voltage-source converter is a newly emerging technology, which is particularly suitable for the connection of offshore wind farms. Multi-terminal DC grids will be the key technology for the European offshore SuperGrid.
In this proposal, DC power flow, DC relaying protection, steady state operation, dynamic stability, fault-ride through capability, and impacts of DC grids on the operation of AC grids and power market will be studied. Systematic comparison of DC grid topologies and stability control strategies will be carried out. DC grids for offshore wind power transmission and onshore AC grid interconnection will be investigated. Operation and control will be evaluated using various simulation platforms and experimental test rigs. The achievements from the project will greatly contribute to integrating offshore wind power into the onshore AC grids in European countries and for the European Super Grid.
The MEDOW consortium involves 11 partners (5 universities and 6 industrial organisations). Each institution in the consortium contributes various expertise on the manufacturing, design, operation, and control of multi-terminal DC grids. Three visiting scientists of outstanding international stature will be appointed to further strengthen the training capacity and quality of MEDOW.
This project will recruit 12 early-stage researchers (ESRs) and 5 experienced researchers (ERs). These researchers will receive interdisciplinary and intersectoral trainings in different countries to improve career opportunities. Research results will be disseminated through publications, intellectual properties, and direct application in the industries.
MEDOW offers a development path to researchers across Europe in the area of DC grids, in addition to fostering greater ties between industry and academia in this key development area.'
'This proposal brings together a group of universities, research organisations and high-tech companies from different disciplines (meteorology, geosciences, physics, electrical engineering, mathematics) with the aim to foster training and further development in the area of remote sensing of the atmosphere. The last years have brought a rapid development in instrumental techniques, i.e. lidar, radar, radiometry, that have great potential to monitor atmospheric composition and dynamics in unprecedented detail. Such instrumentation is urgently needed to address important topics related to climate change, numerical weather forecasting, and atmospheric pollution. Most prominently aerosol-cloud interaction as the single largest uncertainty in current climate projections requires the exploitation of emerging observational techniques to improve the parameterisation of aerosol and cloud processes in atmospheric models. Because today’s curricula do not reflect these issues, ITARS (Initial Training for Atmospheric Remote Sensing) aims
• to impart an in-depth understanding of instrumentation and algorithms needed to retrieve geophysical quantities and atmospheric applications,
• to foster the synergy of different sensors by bringing together experts from the individual techniques,
• to develop and implement pan-European courses on atmospheric remote sensing by exploiting new web-based techniques, and
• to close the gap between the specialized development of single instruments and atmospheric applications by training a new generation of scientists in academia and the private sector.'
'Improving our understanding of the Earth’s climate phenomena, such as El Niño, has a huge economic and social impact for present and future generations, and can underpin advances in areas as diverse as energy, environment, agricultural, etc. There is a great shortage of qualified workforce to perform this task and a major challenge is the training of qualified researchers that can approach climate phenomena from a complex systems point of view.
The ITN proposed here, ‘Learning about Interacting Networks in Climate’ (LINC) aims to address these issues by training 12 ESRs and 3 ERs in the complete set of skills required to undertake a career in physics and geosciences with expertise in climatology, networks and complex systems. We will combine recent advances in network methodologies with state-of-the-art climate understanding.
The consortium, comprising of 6 academic partners, 3 SMEs and one associate partner (also an SME) is in an excellent position to impart these skills, with expertise ranging from complex systems (network construction, nonlinear time series analysis), and environment and geosciences (nonlinear processes in the oceans and atmosphere) up to commercial applications (climate risk analysis, using climate networks to predict extreme events). The skills to be imparted in each of the 5 WPs (Network Construction and Analysis, Interacting Networks, Natural Climate Variability, Future Climate Change, and Tipping Points in the Climate System) can be applied across a wide range of interdisciplinary fields.
In LINC the training of researchers will be aided by secondments at the commercial partners’ premises, a series of workshops, schools and a conference. The strong commitment towards training and research of the partners will guarantee graduates with full interdisciplinary capabilities, that will allow them to significantly advance the present knowledge of climate phenomena, and which will provide them a wide-range of career opportunities.'
'Current 4G vision envisages higher data rates and multi standard radio interfaces to provide all users with a continuous seamless connection. The large number of foreseen devices coupled with the surge in power requirements for future emerging handsets raises significant challenges in terms of: i) reducing the energy consumption; and ii) reducing the amount of electromagnetic radiations.
GREENET targets the following main objectives:
1. Recruitment of ESRs with the clear and long-term objective to conduct top-notch research and to pursue research excellence at the national, European, and international levels.
2. Develop training and career plans that are personalized as possible to meet the needs and desires of each ESR.
3. To allow the ESRs to understand and address key research challenges on energy efficient GREENET communications, that form pivotal societal and economic concerns for Europe within the mid-to-long term.
4. Offer to each ESR top-level training and research programs with the twofold objective to reinforce and corroborate their own background, as well as to complement this with active participation in a multi-disciplinary network of research scientists.
5. Complement the typical competences of “applied research” with aspects related to project management, intellectual property rights, writing of patents, presentation and communication skills, writing of technical papers, exploitation of technical results and creation of start-up companies, etc.
6. Guide and help the ESRs to build the bridge from academia to a remarkable and untactful professional career in either the private or public sectors.'
'As the range of phenomena that need to be simulated in engineering practice broadens, the limitations of conventional computational methods, such as finite elements (FE), finite volumes or finite difference methods, have become apparent. There are many problems of industrial and academic interest which cannot be easily treated with these classical methods. To overcome the limitations of classical methods, several advanced discretization techniques (mesh-free methods, extended/generalized FE or Dicontinuous Galerkin methods) have recently become very popular in the research community. However, despite their high potential and the important effort devoted to them in the last decade, advanced techniques require still very much attention to reach the popularity of conventional techniques for industrial applications. In fact, engineers are usually not trained in these techniques. The purpose of the ITN research project is to advance in the development and analysis of advanced techniques, with special attention to particular industrial applications of interests in the framework of computational mechanics. However, the introduction of new techniques in industry is only possible if industrial researchers have a deep knowledge and confidence on these techniques and are aware of their advantages. The ITN training program is addressed to researchers that, in the future, may be incorporated in industry. It is based on training-through-research with individual research projects, active participation in network activities and a wide offer of specific courses. In present, the network partners have a wide offer of training courses (joint Erasmus Mundus Master of Science in Computational Mechanics, etc). No experienced researchers or visiting professors are considered in this proposal. The dimension of the academic network teams and the scientific production of all of them clearly demonstrate that they are able to carry out the planned training program.'