'The CHANDA project main objective is to address the challenges in the field of nuclear data for nuclear applications and its acronym stands for solving CHAllenges in Nuclear DAta
The project will prepare a proposal for an organization that will coordinate the nuclear data research program, and the infrastructures and capabilities of the EU Member States in a stable structure, well integrated with R&D coordination tools (EERA, HORIZON 2020) , and with priorities aligned with the SET Plan and the SRAs of the EURATOM Technological Platforms, including the following general objectives:
- to provide the nuclear data required for the safe and sustainable operation, and development, of existing and new reactors and nuclear fuel cycle facilities,
- to prepare solutions for the challenges risen by the nuclear data measurements needed by nuclear systems, like the data for highly radioactive, short lived or rare materials,
- to prepare tools that solve the challenges of quantifying and certifying the accuracy of the results of simulations based on available nuclear data and models (uncertainties),
- to identify and promote synergies with other nuclear data applications.
Using these tools will allow EU to upgrade the nuclear data up to the level needed by simulation codes to fulfill present requirements. In particular, the simulations should be able to: reduce the number of expensive experimental validations, to support the new tendencies in safety assessments to use best estimate codes to understand the limits of the plat safety towards extreme operational conditions, to optimize safety and performance of present and future reactors and other radioactive facilities. Other applications will benefit from this accuracy in nuclear data, notably in medical applications to optimize performance and minimize dose of radiation for diagnose and treatment.'
'Medical exposures for radiological examinations represent the highest and fastest growing contribution to manmade radiation exposure in the EU underlying the need for medical physics experts (MPEs), regulators and scientists in industry to bring in new research results and expertise and to deploy resources in addressing this important issue. The EC recognized the urgency and the EU tender ‘European guidelines for the Medical Physics Expert (MPE)’ (TREN/H4/167?2009) was issued to develop and update the role of MPEs in Europe. The final report has been approved by the EC and includes an agreed mission statement and key activities for MPEs. The new qualification framework defines the MPE as an MP who, through planned advanced training and CPD, achieves the highest level possible (i.e., European Qualifications Level 8) in her/his specialty.
However, it is recognized that few Member States have the expertise and facilities to provide the necessary training. A preliminary survey among National Organisations of MP and medical device companies showed that a dedicated training scheme has become a necessity. Three end-users were identified: the hospital MPE, the scientist in industry and regulators assessing exposures in Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology.
The EUTEMPE-RX consortium will develop, put into practice and evaluate a new pilot EFTS for the MPE in Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, which includes both face-to-face and on-line teaching. The aim is to ensure that candidates become knowledgeable about all current issues in radiation safety culture in hospitals and to make the MPE a radiation protection advocate for patients. The course will address the themes identified in the MELODI strategic research agenda, DoreMi and EMAN projects. A business plan will be developed for the sustainability of the network, which would provide a template for the development of similar programmes in the other specialties of medical physics.'
'The EURATOM FP7 Collaborative Project “Fast / Instant Release of Safety Relevant Radionuclides from Spent Nuclear Fuel (CP FIRST-Nuclides)” is established with the overall objective to provide for improved understanding of the fast / instantly released radionuclides from disposed high burn-up UO2 spent nuclear fuel. This issue is given a high priority in the SRA of the IGD-TP. The outcome of the project is relevant for all types of host rocks in Europe.
European experimental facilities with specialised equipment for work with highly radioactive materials collaborate for improving the knowledge relevant for the period after loss of the disposed canister integrity.
The project provides for experiments combined with modelling studies on integration of the different results as well as for up-scaling from experimental conditions to entire LWR fuel rods. Spent fuel materials are selected and characterized that have known initial enrichment, burn-up and irradiation histories. Experiments and modelling studies access the correlation between the fast release of fission gases and non-gaseous fission products. They also cover the chemical speciation of relevant fission/activation products and the retention of radionuclides in the rim and grain boundaries of the fuel. Complementary, existing data from previous investigations are evaluated.
The 3 years project is implemented by a consortium with 10 Beneficiaries consisting of large Research Institutions and SME’s from 7 EURATOM Signatory States, and the EC Institute for Transuranium Elements. National Waste Management Organizations contribute to the project by participation in the End-User Group, by co-funding to Beneficiaries, and provide for knowledge and information.'
'The project covers the structuring, organisation, coordination and implementation of training schemes in cooperation with local, national and international training organisations, to provide training to professionals active in nuclear organisations or their contractors and subcontractors. The training schemes provide a portfolio of courses, training sessions, seminars and workshops for continuous learning, for upgrading knowledge and developing skills. The training schemes allow the individual to acquire qualifications and skills, as required by specific positions in the nuclear sector, which will be documented in a training passport. The essence of such passport is to be recognised within the EU by the whole nuclear sector, which provides mobility to the individual looking for employment and an EU wide recruitment field for the nuclear employers. The recognition is subject to qualification and validation of the training courses according to a set of commonly agreed criteria, which can be ratified by law or established on a consensus basis within a network. The training schemes cover profiles for each of the following: - the basic training in selected nuclear topics of non nuclear engineers and personnel of nuclear facilities contractors and subcontractors; - the technical training for the design and construction challenges of GEN III plants, and the design of GEN IV plants. The training schemes consists of three distinct phases: - Courses, seminars, learning, scientific and technical visits, case studies; - Participation to selected activities within the scope of the training in different organisations; - Autonomous conduction of activities within the scope of the training under supervision of a mentor in one or in different organisations The first phase can be provided by universities and training centers, the second and third phases can be provided by industries, research centers and future employers.'