'The SHuMED project proposal is aimed to support and strengthen the different existing collaboration actions between Europe and Mediterranean Partner Countries (MCP) for research and research training in the field of the sustainable development and the relating monitoring initiatives, thanks to the staff exchange opportunities offered by IRSES. This multidisciplinary exchange programme aims at propose a corporate-view approach for measuring the level of human development in sustainability terms by considering the contribution of corporates and their networks.
The programme has 5 Work Packages. WP1 (‘management’) will define the management structure of the project. WP 2 (‘methodologies’), through the expected 4 Training Activities in the 4 target MCP Countries, will develop the Sustainable Human Development Index (SHDI). In this work package, starting from the SHDI macroeconomic model and thanks to the research and to the knowledge transfer coming from the training sessions in MCP, processes of joint learning and coevolution will be analysed. WP 3 (‘case studies on human development’), strictly connected with WP2, will analyse some case studies in Europe, thanks to the numerous visits foreseen in Italy and Spain. These case studies will support the analysis of processes that could affect research practices in the area of sustainable human development and corporate social responsibility. Associated partners that will support the project in EU Countries will be the target users of this SHDI (not only using but also contributing in enhancing the index). The WP4, with its reporting activities, will contribute to analyse the dynamic capabilities of SMEs within networks and clusters in order to develop a tool for enhancing and monitoring them. The final WP 5 (‘communication and dissemination’) will define the communication and dissemination strategy of the project.
The project duration is 36 months.'
'The passage of electric current through interfaces between media with different electrochemical properties is accompanied by changes in the solution composition close to the interfaces (concentration polarization). Another phenomenon occurring at solid-liquid interfaces is the charge separation and formation of (equilibrium and non-equilibrium) double electric layers. Subject to external and/or spontaneously arising electric fields and ion-composition gradients, the space charges give rise to volume-transfer phenomena. Their intensity is strongly dependent on the ion composition of the liquid phase, which can change considerably close to current-polarized interfaces. This is one of the mechanisms of coupling between the ion- and volume-transfer phenomena in heterogeneous systems. At the same time, the space-charge-related volume transfer can strongly modify the solution composition close to polarized interfaces via convective transfer of solutes. This is another mechanism of coupling between the phenomena of interest. The interplay of these two mechanisms gives rise to a number of non-linear, non-1D and non-stationary phenomena. Their modeling is difficult but important for the optimization of applications in clean energy, advanced water treatment, micro-analysis, and so on. Because of complexity of the objects involved, such a model cannot be formulated from first principles and has to use input parameters determined experimentally. Therefore, fundamental experimentation is an indispensable constituent part of the modeling effort.
Important elements of this model and/or corresponding fundamental experimentation have been developed in the previous studies of the Proposers. The purpose of this project is to facilitate the knowledge transfer between them to make possible further development and integration of these elements into a self-consistent and comprehensive model. Its utility will be validated via optimization of several practically-relevant systems/processes.'