'The project aims to boost growth in Europe through tourism architecture. The two tourism models, hotels and resorts, most implemented on the European coastline will be studied from innovation, integration and sustainability perspectives. A new architecture model based on customer and staff experience will develop more intelligent, competitive and sustainable opportunity elements.
Main project objectives:
1.Analysis, assessment and evolution of different types of tourism coastal architecture and transformation and repositioning processes for more competitive and sustainable tourism models.
2.Strategies for the creation and/or renovation of the tourism architecture based on an intelligent, sustainable and competitive European model.
3.Instruments for public institutions and SMEs to promote integrated governance towards more sustainable and intelligent tourism models, within the framework of European policies.
In order to achieve these objectives the following issues will be studied: a.Techniques and material design for green facades and comfort-improving technology services; b.Environment, public space and SMEs integration into change processes; c.Indicators and systems that reduce ecological footprint and environmental impact. For that, design analysis and architecture/urban simulation tools and technologies, geographical information systems, field operation techniques, qualitative and quantitative interviews will be used and statistical data will be produced.
The results will contribute to the transfer of methods and architecture techniques between outgoing and return institutions. The Research Associate position as offered by the institution will enable the researcher to extend his work with hospitality industry institutions and leaders in research projects.'
'GREAT will focus on the geotechnical and geological response to the global challenge of climate change. It aims to promote sharing of mitigation and adaptation strategies on a world-wide scale by involving 5 major European institutions and 6 ICPC institutions from three BRICS countries (China, India, and Brazil). The goal is to facilitate access of Europe to research and innovation carried out in emerging economies and, at the same time, to promote Europe as a pole of attraction for research and innovation on a global scale. GREAT will address four major research areas: i) climate resilient geo-infrastructure; ii) carbon-efficient geo-infrastructure; iii) carbon capture and energy extraction using conventional geo-infrastructure; and iv) geological carbon storage and deep geothermal extraction.
GREAT will stimulate long-term collaboration between European and BRICS institutions via the secondment of ~50 PhD/Post-doc researchers and ~50 senior members of staff. The seconded PhD/Post-doc researchers will develop mini-projects jointly supervised by senior staff at home and host institution to ensure an effective scientific exchange. These mini-projects are integrated into the overall PhD/Post-doc activities and are anticipated to lead to a substantial number of joint publications. On the other hand, secondment of senior staff members will allow preparing joint proposals to be submitted during the 4-year period of the project. The project will fully exploit the opportunities for collaborative research jointly funded by European and ICPC councils to foster long-term cooperation between European and ICPC institutions. The project will also put in place mechanisms for sustainable networking (i.e. beyond the duration of the project) based on six-monthly virtual workshops, a Facebook portal to facilitate day-to-day interaction in particular between ESRs, and a dedicated Youtube channel for making lectures delivered by senior staff available across the continents.'
'Exploiting the resources of near-Earth space has long been suggested as a means of lowering the costs of future space endeavours. Asteroids and comets, in particular, are generally agreed to be ideal resources, both in terms of their accessibility and their potential wealth. The intense survey efforts of the past decades have led to a growing catalogue of accessible near-Earth objects, but also to the realisation of the potential for exploitation and science of the myriad of objects that the Earth encounters along its orbit. This project aims to provide a comprehensive analysis of alternatives and opportunities for the future design of asteroid retrieval missions. This type of mission seeks to find the most accessible objects in the near Earth space, intercept with them and bring them back to Earth’s vicinity. Moving an entire object into an orbit in the vicinity of Earth entails an obvious engineering challenge, but may also allow a much more flexible mining phase in the Earth’s neighbourhood. Not to mention other advantages such as scientific return or possible future space tourism opportunities. Exploiting the dynamics of invariant manifolds, associated with periodic orbits near the Sun-Earth Lagrange points, may provide an excellent opportunity for low energy transport of asteroids. Thus, asteroid retrieval transfers will be sought from the continuum of low energy transfers enabled by invariant manifold dynamics, computed within the framework of the Circular Restricted Three Body Problem. The final outcome will be a series of robust methodologies and tools for the design of this particular type of mission, but also for other space applications that benefit from very low energy transfers. A catalogue of asteroid retrieval opportunities for known Near Earth Objects in the 2025\ time frame will be presented with defined energy transportation costs and preliminary design of the retriever spacecraft.'
'A DC grid based on multi-terminal voltage-source converter is a newly emerging technology, which is particularly suitable for the connection of offshore wind farms. Multi-terminal DC grids will be the key technology for the European offshore SuperGrid.
In this proposal, DC power flow, DC relaying protection, steady state operation, dynamic stability, fault-ride through capability, and impacts of DC grids on the operation of AC grids and power market will be studied. Systematic comparison of DC grid topologies and stability control strategies will be carried out. DC grids for offshore wind power transmission and onshore AC grid interconnection will be investigated. Operation and control will be evaluated using various simulation platforms and experimental test rigs. The achievements from the project will greatly contribute to integrating offshore wind power into the onshore AC grids in European countries and for the European Super Grid.
The MEDOW consortium involves 11 partners (5 universities and 6 industrial organisations). Each institution in the consortium contributes various expertise on the manufacturing, design, operation, and control of multi-terminal DC grids. Three visiting scientists of outstanding international stature will be appointed to further strengthen the training capacity and quality of MEDOW.
This project will recruit 12 early-stage researchers (ESRs) and 5 experienced researchers (ERs). These researchers will receive interdisciplinary and intersectoral trainings in different countries to improve career opportunities. Research results will be disseminated through publications, intellectual properties, and direct application in the industries.
MEDOW offers a development path to researchers across Europe in the area of DC grids, in addition to fostering greater ties between industry and academia in this key development area.'
'NanoQuench project is about the development of alternative methods to coat indewelling medical devices to control microbial biofilms with relevance to clinical drug resistance. Biofilms are bacterial communities embedded in a self-produced polymeric matrix that commonly grow on indwelling medical devices, such as catheters. This mode of growing is believed to be regulated by a quorum-sensing (QS) system, a unique mechanism of communication that bacterial cells use through the secretion and uptake of small hormone-like molecules, called autoinducers. Due to their innate resistance to the immune system and low susceptibility to antibiotics, the microbial biofilms are difficult to treat and are a major factor in the morbidity and mortality of most infectious diseases. Methods by which the initial stages of bacterial attachment and biofilm formation can be restricted or prevented are therefore needed. Technologies that avoid catheter biofilm formation are based mainly on the application of conventional antimicrobial agents. However, the high resistance of bacteria within the biofilm makes any single therapeutic intervention unlikely to have sufficient effect.
This project focuses on the development of an integrated technological platform comprising quorum quenching enzymes and novel antibacterial agents (nanoantibiotics), able to counteract biofilm formation and at the same time avoid development of bacterial resistance to the therapy. These functional compounds will be coated onto catheters via layer-by-layer technique or a novel ultrasonic process.'
'This is a project for a partnership between leading Brazilian and European research groups in dynamical systems, a prominent subject in mathematics. An extensive consortium of European and Brazilian institutions will collaborate to provide world leading critical mass and support for research on the very forefront of the field. Work Packages reflect parallel priorities in the research. Transfer of knowledge is facilitated by two large conferences and five smaller workshops. The project has excellent strategic value in view of the development of closer ties in higher education and research between the European Research Area and Brazil.'
'The SHuMED project proposal is aimed to support and strengthen the different existing collaboration actions between Europe and Mediterranean Partner Countries (MCP) for research and research training in the field of the sustainable development and the relating monitoring initiatives, thanks to the staff exchange opportunities offered by IRSES. This multidisciplinary exchange programme aims at propose a corporate-view approach for measuring the level of human development in sustainability terms by considering the contribution of corporates and their networks.
The programme has 5 Work Packages. WP1 (‘management’) will define the management structure of the project. WP 2 (‘methodologies’), through the expected 4 Training Activities in the 4 target MCP Countries, will develop the Sustainable Human Development Index (SHDI). In this work package, starting from the SHDI macroeconomic model and thanks to the research and to the knowledge transfer coming from the training sessions in MCP, processes of joint learning and coevolution will be analysed. WP 3 (‘case studies on human development’), strictly connected with WP2, will analyse some case studies in Europe, thanks to the numerous visits foreseen in Italy and Spain. These case studies will support the analysis of processes that could affect research practices in the area of sustainable human development and corporate social responsibility. Associated partners that will support the project in EU Countries will be the target users of this SHDI (not only using but also contributing in enhancing the index). The WP4, with its reporting activities, will contribute to analyse the dynamic capabilities of SMEs within networks and clusters in order to develop a tool for enhancing and monitoring them. The final WP 5 (‘communication and dissemination’) will define the communication and dissemination strategy of the project.
The project duration is 36 months.'
'Biofunctionalization of materials for application in regenerative medicine constitutes a constantly expanding field that will introduce revolutionary changes in classical healthcare and drastically improve the quality of life of patients. In recent years, extensive research has focused on the development of new biomaterials with the ability to restore damaged parts of the body and enhance tissue regeneration. However, much of this challenging area of research remains to be explored. This is the case of orthopedic and dental implants, where a poor biointegration of implant materials is associated with limited long-term medical outcomes and implant failure. To overcome this issue, strong and stable biochemical and mechanical interaction between the implant surface and the surrounding bone tissue are required after the implant surgery.
This research project aims to design, develop and investigate novel biofunctionalized metallic materials (low elastic modulus Ti alloys) for their application as biomedical devices for bone osseointegration and regeneration. Functional biomolecules with defined bioactive motifs to selectively enhance cell adhesion and improve biointegration, as well as with antibacterial properties, will be immobilized covalently on the metal surface by using organosilanes as crosslinker molecules. Biofunctionalized surfaces will be fully characterized for physical properties, chemical composition and biological activity. In vitro biological studies will include adhesion, proliferation and differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells. The biomaterials displaying the best biological profiles will be implanted in minipigs to investigate their osseointegration properties in vivo and their potential to be used in the clinics.
This research project proposes a highly multidisciplinary approach combining high quality and excellence in the fields of Chemistry, Biochemistry and Material Science to overcome a major challenge in Medicine currently not addressed.'
'Machine Translation (MT) is a highly interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary field since it is approached from the point of view of engineering, computer science, informatics, statistics and linguists. Unfortunately, the cooperation and interaction among these fields in relation to MT technologies is still very low. The goal of this research project is to approach the different profiles in the MT community by providing a new integrated MT paradigm which mainly includes linguistic technologies and statistical algorithms.
Basically, our research will be focused on the problem of dynamically integrating the two most popular MT paradigms: the rule-based and the statistical-based. We will use linguistic technologies developed either for the rule-based MT systems or other natural language processing tasks into statistical MT systems. Linguistic technologies include: bilingual dictionaries, transfer rules, statistical parsing, word sense disambiguation, morphological and syntactic analysis. The new paradigm will provide solutions to current MT challenges such as unknown words, reordering and semantic ambiguities.
The project will focus on the three most spoken languages in the world: Chinese, Spanish and English; and all translation combinations among them. These language pairs do not only involve many economical and cultural interests, but they also include some of the most relevant MT challenges such as morphological, syntactic and semantic variations.'
'The retina of vertebrates contains two kinds of photoreceptor cells, the abundant rod cells, containing the rhodopsin pigment, and the much scarcer cone cells, with the blue, green and red cone pigments. Upon photoactivation, they interact and activate a specific heterotrimeric G protein, transducin, initiating the visual signalling phototransduction cascade. To date, little information about the interaction cone pigment-transducin is known.
The main goal of this project is to provide an overall picture that integrates in a coherent scheme the molecular basis of the interaction cone pigment-cone transducin following two approaches. In a first approach, Dr Ramon proposes to unravel the effect of cone degeneration associated mutations found in cone pigments, and transducin ? subunit genes. To do that, these mutant proteins will be expressed (using eukaryotic or prokaryotic systems) and characterized by means of immunocytochemic and spectroscopic techniques.
On a second approach, Dr Ramon will study the interaction cone pigment-cone transducin by means of Surface Plasmon Resonance spectroscopy, providing the kinetic features of the biomolecular interactions and NMR spectrosocopy, by determining the conformation of cone transducin upon cone pigment binding
The collaboration of different groups with the host institution -which will allow short stays of the applicant in these laboratories- and their involvement in the development of this project will help to disseminate the results not only Europe, but worldwide.
Cone pigments have not been widely studied due to the scarcer amount in nature as compared with the rod pigment rhodopsin. most of the information available on cone pigment phototransduction is inferred or extrapolated from the rod system due to its similarities with rhodopsin, the prototypical representative of G protein coupled receptors. For this reason, the project herein proposed will represent an important advance in the visual diseases arena.'
'This proposal brings together a group of universities, research organisations and high-tech companies from different disciplines (meteorology, geosciences, physics, electrical engineering, mathematics) with the aim to foster training and further development in the area of remote sensing of the atmosphere. The last years have brought a rapid development in instrumental techniques, i.e. lidar, radar, radiometry, that have great potential to monitor atmospheric composition and dynamics in unprecedented detail. Such instrumentation is urgently needed to address important topics related to climate change, numerical weather forecasting, and atmospheric pollution. Most prominently aerosol-cloud interaction as the single largest uncertainty in current climate projections requires the exploitation of emerging observational techniques to improve the parameterisation of aerosol and cloud processes in atmospheric models. Because today’s curricula do not reflect these issues, ITARS (Initial Training for Atmospheric Remote Sensing) aims
• to impart an in-depth understanding of instrumentation and algorithms needed to retrieve geophysical quantities and atmospheric applications,
• to foster the synergy of different sensors by bringing together experts from the individual techniques,
• to develop and implement pan-European courses on atmospheric remote sensing by exploiting new web-based techniques, and
• to close the gap between the specialized development of single instruments and atmospheric applications by training a new generation of scientists in academia and the private sector.'
'There is a general consensus that ceramic based materials should play a very important role in the development of new therapies to treat and substitute damaged or diseased bone. Due to their resistance to wear and corrosion, bioinert technical ceramics are the ideal candidates to replace metallic alloys in a new generation of small, durable and safe orthopaedic implants. On the other hand, osteoconductive and bioactive ceramics such as calcium phosphates and bioactive glasses are the most promising materials to fabricate strong scaffolds to support the engineering of new bone. Ceramic implants and scaffolds are already being introduced in the market and its application is growing. However, for ceramics to fulfil their promise it will be necessary to address several key scientific issues such as the development of toughness and resistance to fatigue in the physiological media, the need to achieve strength in porous tissue engineering scaffolds or the control bioresorption and the interactions at the cell/material interface. To solve these issues a new generation of professionals is needed with a solid multidisciplinary background that will incorporate fields as diverse as materials science and engineering, orthopaedics, tissue engineering, biology, chemistry and biomedical engineering. The final objective of this network is to train young researchers to fill this demand in the strategic area of bioceramics for bone repair. BIOBONE will achieve this by combining hands-on training in state of the art research projects related to key fundamental issues that determine the future bioceramics with academic training and industrial experience. The goal is to form professionals that will play a pivotal role in pushing forward this growing, highly competitive, knowledge-intense field for the coming decades benefiting the European economy, bringing state-of-the-art technology to the bedside and improving the quality of life and current standards of care'
'The project focuses on the theoretical and applied study of freezing soils in the context of the use of Artificial Ground Freezing (AGF) in excavations and underground construction. The ever-increasing density of urban environments poses new challenges to tunnelling for transit projects. This implies the necessity to carry out open excavations and bored tunnels in the urban environment, often in difficult ground and almost always in the close vicinity of existing buildings and structures. As a test case, the project examines the geotechnical aspects of excavation of Line 1 of Napoli Underground. The work was performed in the urban environment of one of the most densely populated cities in Europe. Monitoring included an extensive set of in-situ data (e.g. buildings displacements, temperature in the ground).
The main objectives of the project are: a deeper understanding of the AGF process and of the effects of thawing frozen ground; development of a novel constitutive model and coupled thermo-hydro-mechanical (THM) formulation to provide an accurate description of the engineering behaviour of frozen/unfrozen soils; comparison between laboratory and field tests to calibrate the thermal properties of the ground, collection and back analysis of an extensive set of in-situ monitored data from a real urban tunnelling project. The most innovative aspect of the project is the way in which theoretical developments, constitutive modelling, laboratory tests, in situ monitoring and coupled analysis will be integrated in a single consistent framework firmly grounded on basic physical principles. The generality of the formulation and of the developed analysis tool allows the enhancement of the field of applications from AGF to the wider range of engineering and environmental problems involving frozen soils such as the analysis of frost heave, the study of the effect of freezing-thawing cycles in cold regions or the prediction of the permafrost fate in a climate change scenario.'
'This proposal aims to bring together the complementary expertise of world leading groups carrying out research on the engineering assessment, prevention and mitigation of geohazards, the main ones being floods, landslides, and earthquakes considering also the effect of climate change and human activity on soil degradation.
To mitigate these disasters it is necessary to improve our understanding of the failures taking place in flood defence embankments, to have better models for a more rational risk assessment of areas prone to flooding, to investigate the geomechanical conditions leading to the onset of landslides more in depth, to model debris flows and mudflows to estimate run-out distances and destructive power of the landslide materials, etc. In other words, prevention, preparedness and mitigation of geohazards rely on sound geo-engineering which requires competences in geomechanics, numerical modelling, constitutive models for soils, hazard zonation and risk assessment.
The goals of this proposal are: i) to investigate the key aspects of major geohazards (floodings, landslides, earthquakes) to bridge the current gaps in knowledge to improve significantly the current capabilities of prevention, preparedness and mitigation by bringing together specialists engaged in cutting edge research; ii) to enable knowledge exchange among experts in complementary research fields; iii) to train several Early Stage Researches (ESRs) to expand their knowledge during their stay at the host institution; iv) to improve the current normative standards and codes ruling geohazard prevention; v) to generate new approaches to the problems dealt with through exposure to different methodologies.'
'WSN4QoL aims at bringing together experts, from industry and academia, with the long-term goal of designing and developing a more efficient pervasive healthcare system in the interest of the society. WSN4QoL wishes to achieve this objective by enhancing and promoting the industry-academia cooperation, as well as by creating a long-term cooperation program among industrial and academic partners in the area of advanced Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) technologies for pervasive healthcare applications. WSN4QoL aims at providing new cooperative protocols, Network Coding (NC) for multi-hop/cooperative diversity, and distributed localization algorithms are developed to meet the specific requirements of WSNs-enabled healthcare applications, and to overcome the limitations of existing services and products. The proposed solutions are developed by taking into account the specific requirements of pervasive healthcare e.g. energy-efficiency, low-latency, data reliability, context-awareness, and security. Furthermore, WSN4QoL aims at providing a proof-of-concept of the proposed solutions through the realization of experiments with real healthcare devices. WSN4QoL achieves these objectives via the fruitful collaboration of three partners, one from academia, i.e., UPC, one SME, i.e., VIDAVO, and a Spin-Off of the University of L’Aquila(Italy), i.e., WEST. As a whole, the partners have consolidated and complementary expertise in the analysis, design, and experimentation of WSNs and their application to pervasive healthcare. Finally, we mention that this is the re-submission of a project submitted in 2009. This new proposal has been significantly re-shaped and updated by taking into account the suggestions of the evaluators. We have significantly improved its organization, with main emphasis on ToK, secondments, and implementation activities. On the scientific side, new research topics have been added to update the project with current state-of-the-art needs for pervasive healthcare.'
'Improving our understanding of the Earth’s climate phenomena, such as El Niño, has a huge economic and social impact for present and future generations, and can underpin advances in areas as diverse as energy, environment, agricultural, etc. There is a great shortage of qualified workforce to perform this task and a major challenge is the training of qualified researchers that can approach climate phenomena from a complex systems point of view.
The ITN proposed here, ‘Learning about Interacting Networks in Climate’ (LINC) aims to address these issues by training 12 ESRs and 3 ERs in the complete set of skills required to undertake a career in physics and geosciences with expertise in climatology, networks and complex systems. We will combine recent advances in network methodologies with state-of-the-art climate understanding.
The consortium, comprising of 6 academic partners, 3 SMEs and one associate partner (also an SME) is in an excellent position to impart these skills, with expertise ranging from complex systems (network construction, nonlinear time series analysis), and environment and geosciences (nonlinear processes in the oceans and atmosphere) up to commercial applications (climate risk analysis, using climate networks to predict extreme events). The skills to be imparted in each of the 5 WPs (Network Construction and Analysis, Interacting Networks, Natural Climate Variability, Future Climate Change, and Tipping Points in the Climate System) can be applied across a wide range of interdisciplinary fields.
In LINC the training of researchers will be aided by secondments at the commercial partners’ premises, a series of workshops, schools and a conference. The strong commitment towards training and research of the partners will guarantee graduates with full interdisciplinary capabilities, that will allow them to significantly advance the present knowledge of climate phenomena, and which will provide them a wide-range of career opportunities.'
'In this project we aim at addressing mathematical and numerical methods based on virtual controls for the coupling of heterogeneous problems described by partial differential equations.
These problems arise in many practical applications. For example, whenever different phenomena have to be taken into account in two or more subregions of the computational domain, or when, for the description and simulation of complex physical phenomena, combinations of hierarchical mathematical models are set up with the aim of reducing the computational complexity.
In both cases, we have to study a multiphysics problem, i.e. a system of heterogeneous problems, where different kind of differential problems are defined in different subregions (either disjoint or overlapping) of the original computational domain.
Virtual control is a powerful technique based on the optimal control theory that has been introduced in domain decomposition method with overlapping subdomains to treat homogeneous problems, either elliptic and parabolic.
The basic idea of this approach consists in introducing suitable functions called ``virtual' controls which play the role of unknown boundary data on the interfaces of the decomposition and in minimizing in a suitable norm the difference between the solutions of the subproblems on the overlap.
In this project we aim at extending the virtual control method for a class of heterogeneous problems considering both analytical and computational aspects. In particular, we will characterize suitable functionals to be minimized on the overlapping regions in order to ensure both the well-posedness of the problem and a correct description of the physical phenomena of interest. Moreover, we will focus on the development of effective numerical methods and preconditioning techniques for the solution of the optimality systems arising from this approach.
Finally, we will consider several problems of practical interest to validate the methodology that we propose.'
'A digital terrain model is a representation of a real-world terrain in a computer. Terrain models play an important role in geographic information systems, where they are used for numerous purposes, like path planning, visualization, and terrain analysis. One of the main ways to represent a terrain is by a triangulation: some points are sampled from the real terrain, and they are connected by triangles that cover the whole terrain area. This results in a subdivision into triangles. There are many ways to triangulate the points, and choosing the right one is essential to obtain terrain models that represent the real terrain faithfully. In particular, the shape of the triangles is very important: long and skinny triangles should be avoided. However, that is not enough. The current approach to triangulating terrains does not take the elevation of the points into account. This can create artifacts---like spurious pits, interrupted valley lines and artificial dams---, a serious obstacle for performing terrain analysis tasks, especially for hydrology or erosion simulations. This research will study combinatorial and geometric properties of triangulations, in order to design new automated methods to find triangulations with well-shaped triangles and---at the same time---as few artifacts as possible.'
'The passage of electric current through interfaces between media with different electrochemical properties is accompanied by changes in the solution composition close to the interfaces (concentration polarization). Another phenomenon occurring at solid-liquid interfaces is the charge separation and formation of (equilibrium and non-equilibrium) double electric layers. Subject to external and/or spontaneously arising electric fields and ion-composition gradients, the space charges give rise to volume-transfer phenomena. Their intensity is strongly dependent on the ion composition of the liquid phase, which can change considerably close to current-polarized interfaces. This is one of the mechanisms of coupling between the ion- and volume-transfer phenomena in heterogeneous systems. At the same time, the space-charge-related volume transfer can strongly modify the solution composition close to polarized interfaces via convective transfer of solutes. This is another mechanism of coupling between the phenomena of interest. The interplay of these two mechanisms gives rise to a number of non-linear, non-1D and non-stationary phenomena. Their modeling is difficult but important for the optimization of applications in clean energy, advanced water treatment, micro-analysis, and so on. Because of complexity of the objects involved, such a model cannot be formulated from first principles and has to use input parameters determined experimentally. Therefore, fundamental experimentation is an indispensable constituent part of the modeling effort.
Important elements of this model and/or corresponding fundamental experimentation have been developed in the previous studies of the Proposers. The purpose of this project is to facilitate the knowledge transfer between them to make possible further development and integration of these elements into a self-consistent and comprehensive model. Its utility will be validated via optimization of several practically-relevant systems/processes.'
'This project continues and advances the research lines of my past scientific activity, in the context of a reintegration to my home scientific community and the starting of a stable academic activity with a tenure track and a subsequent permanent position.
The scientific part of the proposal is the investigation of the geometry of actions of Lie groups in several dynamical and geometrical contexts, with emphasis in their singularities, and is articulated in the following two sections:
A. Reduction Theory. Following previous research by me and other groups, I will study the reduction theory for Dirac and generalized complex geometry from both the global and local point of view. This study is a natural continuation of previous research efforts about the reduction theory of symplectic and Poisson manifolds. The main novelty is that we will focus on reduction in the case when the group action presents singularities (fixed points) in Dirac and generalized complex geometry, which is a topic yet to be explored.
B. The theory of Hamiltonian relative equilibria. In this section I intend to perform a complete reorganization of the theory of Hamiltonian relative equilibria, as well as to advance it. We will competely redesign the existing theory in a way specifically adapted to the various distinguishing features of symmetric Hamiltonian systems This is a big project started during my previous stage at the University of Manchester. We have substantially advanced this problem during that period, and we expect to have results with significant impact within the duration of this Reintegration Grant.'
'Current 4G vision envisages higher data rates and multi standard radio interfaces to provide all users with a continuous seamless connection. The large number of foreseen devices coupled with the surge in power requirements for future emerging handsets raises significant challenges in terms of: i) reducing the energy consumption; and ii) reducing the amount of electromagnetic radiations.
GREENET targets the following main objectives:
1. Recruitment of ESRs with the clear and long-term objective to conduct top-notch research and to pursue research excellence at the national, European, and international levels.
2. Develop training and career plans that are personalized as possible to meet the needs and desires of each ESR.
3. To allow the ESRs to understand and address key research challenges on energy efficient GREENET communications, that form pivotal societal and economic concerns for Europe within the mid-to-long term.
4. Offer to each ESR top-level training and research programs with the twofold objective to reinforce and corroborate their own background, as well as to complement this with active participation in a multi-disciplinary network of research scientists.
5. Complement the typical competences of “applied research” with aspects related to project management, intellectual property rights, writing of patents, presentation and communication skills, writing of technical papers, exploitation of technical results and creation of start-up companies, etc.
6. Guide and help the ESRs to build the bridge from academia to a remarkable and untactful professional career in either the private or public sectors.'
'Landslides constitute a major threat in mountainous areas. In recent years the risk assessment for landslides has shifted from qualitative to quantitative. The components of the risk are the hazard and the vulnerability of the exposed elements. Although for the quantification of the hazard there is considerable ongoing research, the work for the structural and societal vulnerability is limited and the evaluations are mostly judgmental or empirical, resulting in high subjectivity.
The objective of this proposal is the development of analytical methodologies to be applied for the quantification of the vulnerability of buildings and people that are threatened by rockfalls and slides. Two load-bearing systems will be considered: reinforced-concrete, RC, and masonry structures. Additionally, the societal vulnerability will be calculated based on the potential extent of the building damage. The methodologies will be applied to selected case-studies.
For the evaluation of the structural response of the buildings, structural analysis methods will be used. For RC structures the response of the load-bearing system will be simulated using models for high stain-rate impacts and/or the finite-element, FE, method. The latter will also be used for masonries, as well as failure criteria that are compatible with the FE analysis output. Where applicable, the potential for progressive collapse following local failure will be investigated through FE analysis, too. The vulnerability of the structures to landslides will be quantified using probabilistic vulnerability indices or thought probabilistic fragility curve diagrams. For the quantification of societal vulnerability a step-by-step methodology for the construction of frequency-fatalities (F-N) curves will be developed for each landslide type, using event trees and considering its dependence on structural vulnerability.'
'As the range of phenomena that need to be simulated in engineering practice broadens, the limitations of conventional computational methods, such as finite elements (FE), finite volumes or finite difference methods, have become apparent. There are many problems of industrial and academic interest which cannot be easily treated with these classical methods. To overcome the limitations of classical methods, several advanced discretization techniques (mesh-free methods, extended/generalized FE or Dicontinuous Galerkin methods) have recently become very popular in the research community. However, despite their high potential and the important effort devoted to them in the last decade, advanced techniques require still very much attention to reach the popularity of conventional techniques for industrial applications. In fact, engineers are usually not trained in these techniques. The purpose of the ITN research project is to advance in the development and analysis of advanced techniques, with special attention to particular industrial applications of interests in the framework of computational mechanics. However, the introduction of new techniques in industry is only possible if industrial researchers have a deep knowledge and confidence on these techniques and are aware of their advantages. The ITN training program is addressed to researchers that, in the future, may be incorporated in industry. It is based on training-through-research with individual research projects, active participation in network activities and a wide offer of specific courses. In present, the network partners have a wide offer of training courses (joint Erasmus Mundus Master of Science in Computational Mechanics, etc). No experienced researchers or visiting professors are considered in this proposal. The dimension of the academic network teams and the scientific production of all of them clearly demonstrate that they are able to carry out the planned training program.'