'The Fixed point Open Ocean Observatory network (FixO3) seeks to integrate European open ocean fixed point observatories and to improve access to these key installations for the broader community. These will provide multidisciplinary observations in all parts of the oceans from the air-sea interface to the deep seafloor. Coordinated by the National Oceanography Centre, UK, FixO3 will build on the significant advances achieved through the FP7 programmes EuroSITES, ESONET and CARBOOCEAN. With a budget of 7.00 Million Euros over 4 years (starting September 2013) the proposal has 29 partners drawn from academia, research institutions and SME’s. In addition 14 international experts from a wide range of disciplines comprise an Advisory Board.
The programme will be achieved through:
1. Coordination activities to integrate and harmonise the current procedures and processes. Strong links will be fostered with the wider community across academia, industry, policy and the general public through outreach, knowledge exchange and training.
2. Support actions to offer a) access to observatory infrastructures to those who do not have such access, and b) free and open data services and products.
3. Joint research activities to innovate and enhance the current capability for multidisciplinary in situ ocean observation.
Open ocean observation is currently a high priority for European marine and maritime activities. FixO3 will provide important data on environmental products and services to address the Marine Strategy Framework Directive and in support of the EU Integrated Maritime Policy. The FixO3 network will provide free and open access to in situ fixed point data of the highest quality. It will provide a strong integrated framework of open ocean facilities in the Atlantic from the Arctic to the Antarctic and throughout the Mediterranean, enabling an integrated, regional and multidisciplinary approach to understand natural and anthropogenic change in the ocean.'
'The RICE-GUARD monitoring system is a tool designed to assist rice-growers in their rice blast management decisions. Rice blast is the most serious disease of cultivated rice. It is caused by the fungus Magnaporthe grisea (Pyricularia oryzae Cav.), which in favourable conditions can produce yield losses of up to 100 %. The fungus affects all the rice-growing regions of the world, including all rice-producing countries in the EU, and it is estimated to cause yearly losses of up to 30 % of the global rice harvest, which would be enough to feed 60 million people.
The intensity of rice blast (incidence and severity of disease) is highly variable and depends on cropping system and climate. All the phases of the disease cycle are driven by the site-specific weather and environmental conditions. Currently, when rice growers see menacing environmental conditions, they spray their fields with fungicide. However, there are not many fungicides that are effective in combating rice blast. As a result, rice is the second largest crop consumer of fungicides in the world, some of them being highly noxious.
This project will develop a wireless sensor network comprised of low-cost measurement nodes that will be capable of transmitting readings of the relevant in-field site-specific environmental variables in real-time to a central server. The systems’ software will combine these data with other relevant cultivation parameters in order to supply up-to-date information to rice growers. The RICE-GUARD monitoring system will enable cultivators to effectively protect their paddy fields and greatly reduce fungicide consumption, reducing environmental impact, increasing food security and crop yields.'
The goals of FLAMINGO are (a) to strongly integrate the research of leading European research groups in the area of network and service management, (b) to strengthen the European and worldwide research in this area, and (c) to bridge the gap between scientific research and industrial application. To achieve these goals, FLAMINGO performs a broad range of activities, such as to develop open source software, establish joint labs, exchange researchers, jointly supervise Ph.D. students, develop educational and training material, interact with academia and industry, organize event, and strongly contribute to (IETF and IRTF) standardization.\n\n\nFLAMINGO develops a joint program of research activities to contribute to the development of network management and operation frameworks for the Future Internet (FI). Three major and federating challenges will be investigated:\n1. Network and service monitoring, based on flow-based techniques, enabling scalable monitoring systems to share collected data and feed the knowledge plane and decision algorithms of the FI.\n2. Automated configuration and repair, based on self-* features and frameworks, enabling billions of devices and managed objects to manage themselves in a fully distributed and autonomic way.\n3. Economic, legal, and regulative constraints, which do border management systems and operational solutions of the FI.\n\n\nFLAMINGO provides a unique consortium of leading researchers, with complementary knowledge and strong ties to industry, and covering the entire spectrum of network management core functions and application domains, which are necessary to build, integrate, and disseminate the knowledge of the management plane for the FI.\n\n\nFLAMINGO will strongly impact the European development of network management technologies, the development of standards and open-source software in this area, the organization of interoperability and testing labs, and the training of current and the education of future researchers in this area.
The FedSM project aims at formalising IT Service Management (ITSM) and introducing industry-standards-based ITSM processes in Federated e-Infrastructures. In the last decade, Federated e-Infrastructures have evolved from a set of ad-hoc academic services to a European scale resource for the science and technology sector.\n\nITSM approaches (like ITIL or ISO/IEC 20000) provide sets of processes and good practices, widely used in the commercial sector, that are used to build business and service provisioning models, structure business and management activities, and define, agree and operate services based on binding, well-understood agreements (service level agreements, SLAs) or contracts.\n\nFedSM will act in a way analogous to commercial ITSM consultancy, engaging with three 'client organisations': two National Grid Infrastructures and the European Grid Initiative, which are all part of the project consortium and committing to adopting an ITSM approach. FedSM will analyse their specific situations, provide new models for their processes and support them in assessing and implementing this new ITSM approach. To this end, FedSM will focus on (1) supporting the definition and implementation of business models, services, processes and a proto standard for Federated Infrastructure ITSM, (2) building up ITSM knowledge in the 'client organisations' through professional training and internationally recognised certification, and (3) consulting the 'client organisations' in defining their specific requirements for automated solutions and selecting adequate tools.\n\nFedSM will not be limited to supporting the involved 'client organisations' in implementing ITSM. Based on the client-specific ITSM programs and the lessons learned, a generic conceptual framework for implementing ITSM in Federated e-Infrastructures based on different business models in the areas of Grids and federated clouds will be developed.
'While access to anonymised official microdata for researchers is still uneven both at national and at European level, access to highly detailed and sensitive microdata is now increasingly on the agenda. Different member states have substantially different outcomes for research access to Official data, and the issue is not just efficiency, but real harm to the contribution of the social sciences to democracy in an information society. Therefore the primary impact of this application is to prepare the essential relationships and build trust, common view and agreements on standards between the European Statistical System led by Eurostat, other stakeholders as the Central banks, the Data Archives European network (CESSDA) and the researchers who are the final users; from access as a postcode lottery, to an integrated model where the best solutions for access are available irrespective of national boundaries and are flexible enough to fit national arrangements. It aims at a) discussing frameworks and proposing pilots for a European accreditation and a distributed remote access for confidential microdata to be expanded later to other partners, both for national and European datasets; b) fostering discussions and promoting improvements and solutions for the entire communities through annual/bi-annual European data Forum, regional workshops, users conferences, training sessions, staff visits c) preparing an easy and single point of access (What data are available? How can I access them?) for the researchers, to be linked to the CESSDA portal where NSIs metadata could be harvested when not available through the CESSDA archives still providing access to official microdata; d) immediately enhancing access to official data making European datasets more useable (metadata, routines) and supporting foreign researchers transnational access both on site and through remote access system to countries official microdata. Close coordination with the European Statistical System discussions and initiatives as well as with on-going and future related projects is developed to ensure maximum synergy and incorporation of outputs.'
'Climate change is for a large part governed by atmospheric processes, in particular the interaction between radiation and atmospheric components (e.g. aerosols, clouds, greenhouse and trace gases). Some of these components are also those with adverse health effects influencing air quality. Strengthening the ground-based component of the Earth Observing System for these key atmospheric variables has unambiguously been asserted in the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report and Thematic Strategy on air pollution of the EU. However, a coordinated research infrastructure for these observations is presently lacking. ACTRIS (Aerosols, Clouds and Trace gases Research InfraStructure Network) aims to fill this observational gap through the coordination of European ground-based network of stations equipped with advanced atmospheric probing instrumentation for aerosols, clouds and short-lived trace gases.
ACTRIS is a coordinated network that contributes to: providing long-term observational data relevant to climate and air quality research produced with standardized or comparable procedures; supporting transnational access to large infrastructures strengthening collaboration in and outside the EU and access to high quality information and services to the user communities; developing new integration tools to fully exploit the use of atmospheric techniques at ground-based stations, in particular for the calibration/validation/integration of satellite sensors and for the improvement of global and regional-scale climate and air quality models. ACTRIS supports training of new users in particular young scientists in the field of atmospheric observations and promotes the development of new technologies for atmospheric observation of aerosols, clouds and trace gases through close partnership with SMEs.
ACTRIS will have the essential role to support integrated research actions in Europe for building the scientific knowledge required to support policy issues on air quality and climate change.'
Current National Research and Education Networks (NRENs) in Europe provide connectivity services to their customers: the research and education community. Traditionally these services have been delivered on a manual basis, although some efforts towards automating the service setup and operation have been initiated. At the same time, more focus is being put in the ability of the community to control some characteristics of these connectivity services, so that users can change some of the service characteristics without having to renegotiate with the service provider.\nThe MANTYCHORE project wants to consolidate this trend and allow the NRENs to provide a complete, flexible IP network service that allows research communities to create an IP network under their control, where they can configure: i) layer 1 -optical- ii) layer 2 - Ethernet and MPLS- and iii) layer 3 -IP addressing, internal routing, peering, firewalls- . To achieve its goals, MANTYCHORE FP7 will integrate and improve the tools developed by the past, privately funded MANTICORE projects and related initiatives (IaaS Framework efforts), and produce a robust and extensible software to operate and use the IP network service.\nMANTYCHORE will carry out pre-operational deployments of the IP network service at two NRENS: HEAnet and NORDUnet. Initially three communities of researchers will benefit from this service: the Nordic Health Data Network, the British Advance High Quality Media Services and the Irish Grid effort. Part of the project effort will be dedicated to consolidate and enhance the community of providers (NRENs but also commercial) and users of the IP network service. Finally, the JRAs will research two important topics to improve the IP network service: i) an infrastructure resource marketplace, to further automate the negotiation of the resources that comprise the IP network; and ii) the use of renewable energy sources to power e-Infrastructures, so that they can become carbon neutral.
'The co-ordinated and integrated approach of HYDRALAB aims at structuring the access to unique and costly hydraulic and ice engineering research infrastructures in the European Research Area. The network of HYDRALAB is unique in the hydraulic research community and has large experience in co-operating since its start in 1997. It began by informing and co-ordinating the activities of the partners in HYDRALAB I and II, and via strong collaboration in HYDRALAB III we will now realize further integration of our research services in Europe in HYDRALAB IV. Over the course of 10 years our network has grown from 8 participants in 1997 to a total of 30 participants from 15 countries today.
Research in our infrastructures deals with complex questions regarding the interaction of water with environmental elements, sediment, structures and ice and goes beyond just hydraulic research: hence we have adopted the theme More than water. Questions that we need to answer deal with e.g. the development of adaptive strategies to climate change and sustainable measures against natural hazards, like floods.
A fully integrated and balanced ensemble of Networking Activities (5), Joint Research Activities (4) and Transnational Access Activities (10) enhances the operation of our infrastructures and their instrumentation facilities beyond the present state-of-the-art and identifies potential future developments. By means of the common User Selection Procedure optimal access is guaranteed. With our dissemination events we foster a culture of co-operation between the participants and the wider user community.
Further objectives of HYDRALAB IV are to improve access to experimental data, by providing researchers with a database on results of experiments, and bring young researchers and first time users from across Europe to the cutting edge of experimental research.
As compared to the first proposal for HYDRALAB IV this proposal is improved with the recommendations made by the review panel.'
Service Level Management (SLM) is considered a vital discipline in the management of today's information technology infrastructures. The widespread and commonly approved international standard for IT Service Management, ISO/IEC 20000, describes the objective of Service Level Management as follows: To define, agree, record and manage levels of service. All of these aspects are crucial when bringing the new e-Infrastructure technologies, processes and services to new user communities. Only by having a framework for establishing a common understanding of these four aspects of the services provided and used, can the e-Infrastructure maintain a sufficient 'customer satisfaction' on sustainable level.\n\nHowever, SLM has not been successfully implemented and deployed in any of the next generation IT infrastructures (e-infrastuctures). To remedy this situation, grid environments are seen as a very promising starting point. By establishing grid-wide service catalogs and service agreements between customers and a virtual grid provider, grid services can be delivered in a more deterministic fashion. As the cross-organisational collaboration models are evolving rapidly in the Grid domain through the EGI initiative, gSLM project can act as a crucial enabler for the application of grid technology and the grid concept in general also in environments where predictable service utility and warranty are seen as significant requirements.\n\nThe goal of the proposed gSLM project is to bring together European experts from the grid and service management community and promote the development of SLM solutions that are well tailored to the requirements of and operational conditions in the e-infrastructure service provision today and in the future.