We present some developments in the Particle Finite Element Method (PFEM) for the solution of complex coupled problems in coastal engineering involving fluid-soil-structure interaction (FSSI) such as the stability of breakwaters and harbor constructions under sea waves, the sinking of ships and the collision of ships with ice blocks.
Oñate, E.; Celigueta, M.A.; Idelsohn, S.R. The Particle Finite Element Method (PFEM): an effective numerical technique for solving coastal engineering problems. A: International Conference on Discrete Element Methods and Related Techniques. "DEM 6: 6th International Conference on Discrete Element Methods and Related Techniques, August 5-6, 2013". Golden, Colorado: 2013, p. 273-278.