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INRISCO. INcident monitoRing In Smart COmmunities .QoS and Privacy.

Total activity: 3
Type of activity
Competitive project
Acronym
INRISCO
Funding entity
MIN DE ECONOMIA Y COMPETITIVIDAD
Funding entity code
TEC2014-54335-C4-1-R
Amount
62.920,00 €
Start date
2015-01-01
End date
2019-06-30
Abstract
Major advances in ICTs allow to consider citizens as sensors in motion. Carrying their mobile devices, moving in their connected vehicles
and actively participating in social networks, citizens provide a wealth of information that, after processing, can support numerous
applications for the benefit of the community. In the context of smart communities, INRISCO intends (i) the early detection of abnormal
situations in cities (incidents), (ii) the analysis of whether, according to their impact, those incidents are really adverse for the community;
and (iii) the automatic actuation by dissemination of appropriate information to citizens and authorities. Thus, INRISCO will identify and
report on incidents in traffic (jam, accident) or public infrastructure (works, street cut); the occurrence of specific events that affect other
citizens life (demonstrations, concerts); or environmental problems (pollution, bad weather). It is of particular interest to this proposal the
identification of incidents with a social and economic impact which affects the quality of life of citizens.
INRISCO does not intended to replace the current emergency management services (e.g. 112), but rather to improve the warning systems
and complement them to manage adverse situations whose impact does not reach the level of an emergency. In this regard, INRISCO
aims to effectively address two key issues: early detection and dissemination of information. In the current technological context, it is
feasible to obtain objective and subjective information from the new "citizen sensor": objective, thanks to physical sensors in their devices
and in the smart city, and subjective, thanks to opinions/comments posted on online social networks. The analysis of this massive amount
of data (so-called Big Data) from structured and unstructured sources enables early detection of abnormal situations as well as the
estimation of their impact in the community. Going further, actuation is also possible by disseminating alert messages and suggested
actions: globally, through online social networks, and locally, through ad-hoc or opportunistic networks dynamically built up in the
community.
To ensure the citizens participation, reliability, security, flexibility and privacy must be covered as requirements about which citizens are
especially concerned. Firstly, it is crucial to ensure the accuracy of the information collected. Secondly, it is essential to ensure an
adequate level of privacy to citizens, so that sensitive information (such as location, preferences, or other personal information) does not
flow through social networks or is collected by third parties without their explicit consent. Lastly, the proposal also cannot ignore the
volume, velocity and variety of data provided by the citizens, as well as the critical nature of the detected situations and services involved.
For the integration of the main results of the project, INRISCO proposes a demonstrator for the early detection of adverse events and the
efficient and effective dissemination of warnings. That demonstrator will be deployed over a dataset which integrate real sensor data from
a city, and a real data collected from a public online social network.
Scope
Adm. Estat
Plan
Plan Estatal de Investigación Científica y Técnica y de Innovación 2013-2016
Call year
2015
Funcding program
Programa Estatal de I+D+i Orientada a los Retos de la Sociedad
Funding call
Retos de Investigación: Proyectos de I+D+i
Grant institution
Gobierno De España. Ministerio De Economía Y Competitividad, Mineco

Participants

Scientific and technological production

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