INRISCO. INcident monitoRing In Smart COmmunities .QoS and Privacy.
Total activity: 1
Type of activity
MIN DE ECONOMIA Y COMPETITIVIDAD
Funding entity code
Major advances in ICTs allow to consider citizens as sensors in motion. Carrying their mobile devices, moving in their connected vehicles and actively participating in social networks, citizens provide a wealth of information that, after processing, can support numerous applications for the benefit of the community. In the context of smart communities, INRISCO intends (i) the early detection of abnormal situations in cities (incidents), (ii) the analysis of whether, according to their impact, those incidents are really adverse for the community; and (iii) the automatic actuation by dissemination of appropriate information to citizens and authorities. Thus, INRISCO will identify and report on incidents in traffic (jam, accident) or public infrastructure (works, street cut); the occurrence of specific events that affect other citizens life (demonstrations, concerts); or environmental problems (pollution, bad weather). It is of particular interest to this proposal the identification of incidents with a social and economic impact which affects the quality of life of citizens. INRISCO does not intended to replace the current emergency management services (e.g. 112), but rather to improve the warning systems and complement them to manage adverse situations whose impact does not reach the level of an emergency. In this regard, INRISCO aims to effectively address two key issues: early detection and dissemination of information. In the current technological context, it is feasible to obtain objective and subjective information from the new "citizen sensor": objective, thanks to physical sensors in their devices and in the smart city, and subjective, thanks to opinions/comments posted on online social networks. The analysis of this massive amount of data (so-called Big Data) from structured and unstructured sources enables early detection of abnormal situations as well as the estimation of their impact in the community. Going further, actuation is also possible by disseminating alert messages and suggested actions: globally, through online social networks, and locally, through ad-hoc or opportunistic networks dynamically built up in the community. To ensure the citizens participation, reliability, security, flexibility and privacy must be covered as requirements about which citizens are especially concerned. Firstly, it is crucial to ensure the accuracy of the information collected. Secondly, it is essential to ensure an adequate level of privacy to citizens, so that sensitive information (such as location, preferences, or other personal information) does not flow through social networks or is collected by third parties without their explicit consent. Lastly, the proposal also cannot ignore the volume, velocity and variety of data provided by the citizens, as well as the critical nature of the detected situations and services involved. For the integration of the main results of the project, INRISCO proposes a demonstrator for the early detection of adverse events and the efficient and effective dissemination of warnings. That demonstrator will be deployed over a dataset which integrate real sensor data from a city, and a real data collected from a public online social network.
Plan Estatal de Investigación Científica y Técnica y de Innovación 2013-2016
Programa Estatal de I+D+i Orientada a los Retos de la Sociedad
Retos de Investigación: Proyectos de I+D+i
Gobierno De España. Ministerio De Economía Y Competitividad, Mineco
Urquiza, L.; Tripp, C.; Romero, A. ACM International Symposium on Performance Evaluation of Wireless Ad Hoc, Sensor, and Ubiquitous Networks p. 1-8 DOI: 10.1145/2810379.2810387 Presentation's date: 2015-11-05 Presentation of work at congresses