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Intelligent electronic skin

Total activity: 19
Type of activity
Competitive project
Acronym
i,e-SKIN
Funding entity
MIN DE ECONOMIA Y COMPETITIVIDAD
Funding entity code
MAT2015-69367-R
Amount
242.000,00 €
Start date
2016-01-01
End date
2019-06-30
Keywords
Actuadores, actuators, bioactive platforms, conducting polymers, conjugated systems, detectores, detectors, hybrid materials, materiales híbridos, plataformas bioactivas, polimeros conductores, sensores, sensors, sistemas conjugados
Abstract
In the last decade our group has been involved in the design and development of different advanced applications based on conducting polymers (CPs). In many cases, the electrochemical, electronic and/or electric properties of CPs have been combined with the
characteristics and functionalities of other materials, as for example, insulating thermoplastics, rubbers, metallic nanoparticles, clays and
biomolecules. Such combinations have been used to prepare blends, hybrid materials and PC-biomolecule conjugates, which have
enabled the fabrication of devices to detect neurotransmitters, promote cellular adhesion and proliferation, control drug-delivery processes,
detect organic vapours, separate metallic ions selectively, detect different concentrations of ions in solution, and to harvest and store
energy.
The main aim of this project is the integration of individual devices in intelligent and electronic multifunctional platforms, which we have
denoted artificial skin because of their similarity with such organ. The artificial skin, which must respond towards stimuli related with
detection, tissue engineering and/or actuation, should bear some specific properties such as, for example, flexibility, deformability,
biocompatibility, in some cases biodegradability and, in addition, be self-supported from an energetic point of view. For this purpose, we
will créate, onto a suitable substrate, an integrated network of sensors (physical, chemical and/or biological), stimuli-responsive actuators
(devices to stimulate cell adhesion and proliferation, deliver drugs and transform electrochemical energy into mechanical energy) and
energy harvesting and energy storage devices (organic dye-sensitized solar cells, batteries and/or supercapacitors) based on 2D (films)
and 3D (fibers and hydrogels) architectures.
In order to fulfil the requirements necessary to reach satisfactorily the objectives, we must look for favourable synergies among the
different materials used for the fabrication of the integrated devices and, also, we have to look for suitable substrates able not only to
facilitate such positive synergies but also to provide precise mechanical properties. The success of the project is based on the experience
of the research team, the combination of different experimental strategies, and the use of computer simulation methodologies to optimize
the synergies among the materials and the devices.
The project involves, in addition to Master and graduation students, 19 researchers (12 Doctors), which allow to present ambitious specific
objectives. Thus, we propose the fabrication of two intelligent platforms: i) artificial skin oriented towards biomedical applications; and ii)
artificial skin oriented towards application in robotics and textile engineering. One of the immediate applications of i, e-SKIN, in which we
are particularly interested due to our own experience, is the fabrication of smart bed sheets to take care of patients with mobility problems.
These sheets will integrate artificial skin areas in a conventional tissue, so as to permit monitoring the movement (changes in pressure)
and temperature of the patients.
Scope
Adm. Estat
Plan
Plan Estatal de Investigación Científica y Técnica y de Innovación 2013-2016
Call year
2016
Funcding program
Programa Estatal de I+D+i Orientada a los Retos de la Sociedad
Funding call
Retos de Investigación: Proyectos de I+D+i
Grant institution
Gobierno De España. Ministerio De Economía Y Competitividad, Mineco

Participants

Scientific and technological production

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