Climate change is now an undisputed fact, existing evidence of increasing air and ocean temperatures, melting of icecaps and glaciers, as well as sea level rise, originating from anthropogenic actions (IPCC, 2007). In turn, a broad consensus seem to exist on the role of cities regarding climate change, occupying the urban heat island (Oke, 1973) an especially relevant role, with a significant impact on the citizens quality of life. This scientific and technical consensus, however, does not seem to have influenced urban and regional planning practice, which still ignores, as a general rule, the effects of urban development on global climate change, in addition to city life. The measurement and analysis of the heat island and other elements that determine the urban climate in metropolitan environments with complex geography and urban structure, is today a fundamental element for the proper understanding of the primary factors of the contribution of cities to climate change. The development of explanatory models of the structure and behavior of climate in said metropolitan environments should enable the adoption of measures to mitigate the adverse effects of climate changes resulting from our urban way of life. In this sense, research proposed here aims to build a set of physical and statistical models of urban heat island in order to integrate them into a platform for multiscale simulation of the climate system of the Metropolitan Region Barcelona (RMB). The measure of this heat island, studying the effects that it has on the health and quality of life of citizens, as well as knowledge of the factors that explain it building physical and statistical models, must allow an understanding of the contribution of the metropolitan Barcelona to climate change. At the same time, the development at different scales of these models serve to distinguish the effects of city size, urban structure (monocentric/polycentric), the development model (compact/dispersed), as well as the morphology and materials in the urban climate of the RMB. Multiscale models of climate simulation that encompass the complexity of the metropolis: the whole system as a unit, the level of urban subsystem, as well as city and district level. All this is aimed at assisting in taking actions that serves, at the level of regional and urban planning, to mitigate the effects of climate change and to increase resilience. For the purposes outlined above, the proposed research integrates different disciplinary areas. The research team consists of physicists and climatologists, geographers, remote sensing and geographic information systems experts, as well as architects and urban planners.
Plan Estatal de Investigación Científica y Técnica y de Innovación 2013-2016
Programa Estatal de I+D+i Orientada a los Retos de la Sociedad
Retos de Investigación: Proyectos de I+D+i
Gobierno De España. Ministerio De Economía Y Competitividad, Mineco
Martinez, M.D.; Lana, F.J.; Serra, C.; Roca, J.; Arellano, Blanca; Biere, R.M.; Moix, M. International Conference Virtual City and Territory p. 369-380 Presentation's date: 2018-09-06 Presentation of work at congresses
Serra, C.; Lana, F.J.; Martinez, M.D.; Roca, J.; Moix, M.; Arellano, Blanca; Biere, R.M.; Burgueño, A. European Geosciences Union General Assembly p. 6744 Presentation's date: 2018-04-11 Presentation of work at congresses