The paper presents winter lightning maps on specific regions in the northern hemisphere. Four different degrees of winter lightning activity are defined based on information derived from Japanese case. Based on this reference case it is possible to determine regions where winter lightning can be a threat to specific structures. Guidance on risk assessment to tall structures and wind turbines are described as well.
March, V., Montaña, J., Fabro, F., Van Der Velde, O., Romero, D., Sola, G., Freijo, M., Pineda, N. Winter lightning activity in specific global regions and implications to wind turbines and tall structures. A: International Conference on Lightning Protection. "International Conference on Lightning Protection 2016: [Estoril, Portugal, 25-30 September 2016: proceedings]". Estoril: Zakon Group, 2016.