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Intelligent, Ubiquitous and Energy-Efficient Computing Systems

Total activity: 7
Type of activity
Competitive project
Funding entity
MIN DE ECONOMIA Y COMPETITIVIDAD
Acronym
ASCI
Funding entity code
TIN2016-75344-R
Amount
155.364,00 €
Start date
2016-12-30
End date
2020-12-29
Keywords
arquitectura de computadores, arquitectura de la memoria, cognitive computers, computadores cognitivos, computer architecture, dispositivos móviles, eficiencia energética, energy efficiency, graphics processors, memory architecture, microarchitecture, microarquitectura, mobile devices, procesadores gráficos
Abstract
Computers were primarily designed for number crunching and after several decades of evolution they have become extremely good at
these tasks. Computing systems are nowadays centerpieces of many of our routine activities. These systems are mainly composed of data
centers, desktops, notebooks, tablets and smartphones. However, there is a fast growing interest in expanding the use of computing
systems to a large variety of environments such as worn devices, body sensors, home robots, health care devices, energy management
devices, smart consumer electronics and car driving assists.
In most of these new environments, a new type of services/applications is getting an increasing interest of the end-user. These new type of
applications will make a pervasive use of functions related to computational intelligence and cognitive computing. Examples of them are
speech recognition, natural language processing, computer vision, personal assistants, and decision making just to name a few. We will
refer to the systems providing these capabilities as intelligent systems, since they will be extremely good at tasks that resemble human-like
intelligence.
We envision a revolution in computing in the forthcoming future that will be driven by having many of these intelligent devices around us in
all kind of environments (work, entertainment, health care, etc.) backed up by intelligent servers in the cloud. These interconnected and
interoperable devices will provide new user experiences by delivering new services or improving the operational efficiency of existing
services, and altogether will enrich our lives and our economy.
Conventional general-purpose architectures are not a good fit for this type of systems since they keep the same basic structure that was
designed long time ago for number crunching. In theory, any problem can be mapped to a numerical computing form, but in most cases a
lot of efficiency is lost in this process. On the other hand, process technology evolution (a.k.a. Moores Law) is slowing down, which will put
more pressure on contributions from other areas such as architecture.
The revolution in computing outlined above will require important innovations to make it happen. Among them, it stands out the need for
tremendous improvements in energy efficiency and performance.
This project will take a disruptive direction by investigating unconventional architectures that can offer orders of magnitude better efficiency
in terms of performance per energy, and at the same time important improvements in raw performance. These platforms will use various
types of units specialized for different application domains. Special focus will be paid to graphics processors and brain-inspired
architectures (e.g. hardware neural networks) due to their potential to exploit high degrees of parallelism and their energy efficiency for this
type of applications. Extensions to existing architectures combined with novel accelerators will be explored. We will also investigate the
use of resilient architectures that can allow computing systems to operate at very low supply voltage levels in order to optimize their energy
consumption while not compromising their reliability by providing adequate fault tolerance solutions. The ultimate goal of this project is to
devise novel platforms that provide rich user experiences in the areas of cognitive computing and computational intelligence in mobile
devices such as smartphones or wearable devices.
Scope
Adm. Estat
Plan
Plan Estatal de Investigación Científica y Técnica y de Innovación 2013-2016
Call year
2016
Funcding program
Programa Estatal de I+D+i Orientada a los Retos de la Sociedad
Funding call
Retos de Investigación: Proyectos de I+D+i
Grant institution
Gobierno De España. Ministerio De Economía Y Competitividad, Mineco

Participants

Scientific and technological production

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