This project has the aim of progressing in the energy efficiency of mediterranean cities by identifying parameters of building morphology that allow to characterize the irregularities and exceptions of different urban tissues and their influence regarding the energetic demand. Therefore, the main objective is to contribute with knowledge and tools for decisions making in planning and management of consolidated mediterranean cities. Cities are complex systems in which many parameters converge. The large number of these parameters greatly hinders not only an accurate analysis of all of them, but also the assessment of the phenomena that occur in the city and its impact on the environment. Nevertheless, the displacement of global population towards urban areas in growing proportions and the impossibility of continuing solving the dwelling problem through an extension of occupied territory, forces us to find alternatives that consider the consolidated city as a possible option. To optimize the existing urban planning is fundamental to have a doctrine body in environmental and social issues that consider both the aspects of energetic and resources consumption together with confort and personal well-being aspects. Accordingly, the specific objective of challenge 5 of ACTION ABOUT THE CLIMATIC CHANGE AND EFFICIENCY OF RESOURCES AND PRIMARY MATTER USE is in line with the nowadays mentioned problematics that this investigation aims to develop. On the previous granted project BIA2013-45597, the incidence of urban morphology as a factor in the modification of local climate conditions was studied with the aim of evaluationg the characteristics attributable to mediterranean cities, as compact city models. The results of these studies made clear new elements that open the work field in the folowing terms: On one side, the importance of IRREGULARITIES AND EXCEPTIONS of urban tissues to improve the energetic response depending on the scale of the irregularities (building, neighbourhood, urban tissue). On the other side, the need of analyzing the incidence of the physical parameters that influence in the energetic fluxes (thermal, luminic and acustic) with the different dwelling typologies being characterized. Finally, the focus in the urban scale rehabilitation as a silting system of existing cities versus the territorial expansion. Consequently, having obtained the systematic characterization parameters of the mediterranean compact city, the objective is to delve into the irregularity of building and urban tissue as a determining factor. Once the aspects of this city model as environmental behaviour are analyzed, constructive and energetic parameters that affect the living conditions of their inhabitats should be defined with the aim of building sound foundations to establish suitable intervention criteria.
Plan Estatal de Investigación Científica y Técnica y de Innovación 2013-2016
Programa Estatal de I+D+i Orientada a los Retos de la Sociedad
Retos de Investigación: Proyectos de I+D+i
Gobierno De España. Ministerio De Economía Y Competitividad, Mineco