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Advanced Si/thin film chalcogenide hybrid technologies for sustainable, low cost and very high efficiency photovoltaics

Total activity: 1
Type of activity
Competitive project
Acronym
IGNITE
Funding entity
AGENCIA ESTATAL DE INVESTIGACION
Funding entity code
ENE2017-87671-C3-2-R
Amount
189.244,00 €
Start date
2018-01-01
End date
2020-12-31
Keywords
Ciencia de materiales, Células solares, Materials Science, Solar Cells
Abstract
Our research group in Micro and Nanotechnologies focuses its activity on the manufacture of solar cells totally finished. In recent years, the group has specialized in crystalline silicon cells, with front and back electrodes, manufactured using standard emitter
technology (using doping atoms diffused at high temperature, or using doped amorphous silicon layers deposited by PECVD, or using
dopants introduced by laser through dielectric layers). A more recent activity is the manufacture of crystalline silicon cells with IBCs
(Interdigitated Back Contact Solar cells) structure, with contacts located at the back side, leaving the front side free. With IBCs solar cells
the group obtained an efficiency of 22%. Moreover, over a period of time the group was engaged in the manufacture of organic solar cells
from the p-i-n structure using organic semiconductors.
The principle of operation of organic solar cells are based on assuming the presence of an absorber semiconductor intercalated between
two selective contacts, one allowing electron transport and blocking holes (Electron Transport Layer ETL) and another allowing hole
transport and blocking electrons (Hole Transport layer HTL). The scientific experience gained in organic devices research allowed the
group to design a new type of crystalline silicon solar cells. This type of solar cell combines crystalline silicon, as the absorber
semiconductor, with ETL and HTL layers commonly used in organic cells. The group pioneered the use of transition metal oxide layers (in
particular vanadium oxide) as HTL in crystalline silicon. The results were excellent (resulting in highly cited articles). Subsequently, the
group started the fabrication of IBCs using HTLs as a hole selective layer and standard materials (such as n-type hydrogenated
amorphous silicon) as electron collectors.
This project deals with the manufacture of IBCs using hole and electron transport layers deposited at low temperature (less than 250 C).
The layers to be used as HTLs will be Transition Metal Oxides, in particular V2O5 and MoO3 (deposited by thermal evaporation and
Atomic Layer Deposition ALD) and TiO2 (ALD) as ETLs. Achieving high-efficiency crystalline silicon solar cells at temperatures below
250C is by itself an important technological goal. In this project we want to go a step further. We want to manufacture tandem solar cells.
These tandem solar cells will combine silicon cells manufactured at low temperature with Kesterite solar cells, opening up the possibility of
making cells (in tandem configuration) with efficiencies higher than 25%.
Scope
Adm. Estat
Plan
Plan Estatal de Investigación Científica y Técnica y de Innovación 2013-2016
Call year
2018
Funcding program
Programa Estatal de I+D+i Orientada a los Retos de la Sociedad
Funding call
Retos de Investigación: Proyectos de I+D+i
Grant institution
Agencia Estatal De Investigacion

Participants

Scientific and technological production

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