Coastal bays are vulnerable and productive systems that are experiencing an acceleration in pressures due to climate, socio-economic activities and the dynamic evolution of the limiting spit that threaten their sustainability even under present conditions. In ECOSISTEMABC we suggest an alternative management of these coastal areas based on controlled discharges (form the outfalls into the bay) making use of favourable meteo-oceanographic conditions to enhance water renovation within the domain. This means high-resolution and accurate predictions of local meteorological drivers and oceanographic parameters at the bay-mouth (velocity and pressure) and at the sea-side beach (waves and sea-level). Such a management approach will lead to increased levels of dissolved oxygen in the water column and an improved ecosystem functioning under present conditions but also under future climates with higher water temperatures. The conceptual framework to be developed within the project will allow focusing on the hydro-morpho-ecological interactions, that damage present aquaculture activities in micro-tidal environments like the Mediterranean. The vulnerability will increase under future scenarios of global warming and deltaic morphological evolution, which will aggravate the renovation / concentration problem. The project will use as initial case study the Fangar Bay in the Ebro Delta but will be linked to the southern (Alfacs) bay together with several similar systems in Valencia/Murcia and the Rhone and Po deltas. We shall prepare a framework to predict (with an operational sequence of models) the hydro-morphodynamic and ecologic evolution of these coastal environments using intensive field campaigns and a high resolution suite of coupled models. Based on codes with which the proposing team has a well-recognized expertise we shall process and aggregate the resulting simulations into a) an Atlas of common patterns and b) an operational system that will be tested within the project. We shall transfer these results to local communities and administrations (users and stakeholders) that have already signed a commitment letter to participate and follow ECOSISTEMA-BC. The control discharge test that we intend to carry out, will be the basis to validate the sequence of models. From here we shall prepare, following the ECOSISTEMA-BC framework, a set of indicators and an alarm system to support the present and future management of the bay.
Plan Estatal de Investigación Científica y Técnica y de Innovación 2013-2016
Programa Estatal de I+D+i Orientada a los Retos de la Sociedad
F-Pedrera Balsells, M.; Mestres, M.; Fernández, M.; Cerralbo, P.; Espino, M.; Grifoll, M.; Sanchez-arcilla, A. Journal of coastal research Vol. Special Issue, num. 95, p. 1083-1087 DOI: 10.2112/SI95-211.1 Date of publication: 2020-05-26 Journal article
Cerralbo, P.; F-Pedrera Balsells, M.; Mestres, M.; Fernández, M.; Espino, M.; Grifoll, M.; Sanchez-arcilla, A. Ocean science Vol. 15, num. 3, p. 215-226 DOI: 10.5194/os-15-215-2019 Date of publication: 2019-03 Journal article
F-Pedrera Balsells, M.; Cerralbo, P.; Espino, M.; Mestres, M.; Sanchez-arcilla, A.; González-Marco, D. Encuentro de la Oceanografía Física Española p. 54-55 Presentation's date: 2018-06-21 Presentation of work at congresses