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Atmospheric remote sensing with cooperative lidar, radar and passive sensors: applications over land and sea for weather observation and for off-shore for wind-energy

Type of activity
Competitive project
Acronym
ARS
Funding entity
AGENCIA ESTATAL DE INVESTIGACION
Funding entity code
PGC2018-094132-B-I00
Amount
101.035,00 €
Start date
2019-01-01
End date
2021-12-31
Keywords
atmospheric probing, lidar, meteorology, meteorología, observación atmoshérica, off-shore wind energy, procesado de la señal, radar, radiometry, radiometría, remote sensing, signal processing, teledetección
Abstract
The ARS project begins to address Earth-atmosphere observation in both over-land and over-sea dimensions from a multi-sensor,
multidisciplinary perspective thanks to background acquired in the EU ITARS (land-atmosphere) and EU NEPTUNE (sea-atmosphere)
projects as well as the long-term established collaboration with the Microwave Remote Sensing Lab. of the Univ. of Massachusetts
(UMASS, http://mirsl.ecs.umass.edu/ ), now extended to Purdue University (https://www.eaps.purdue.edu ) and the NOAA-NSSL
(https://www.nssl.noaa.gov/about/ ).
The project is a strategic objective within CommSensLab Maria-de-Maeztu Excellence Unit of the UPC towards expanding present lidar
(laser radar) knowledge within the Unit to a multi-sensor, data-fusion approach exploiting emerging technologies, signal processing and
end-user applications. Previous National projects since 1993 (e.g., REN2003-09753-C02-C02, TEC2006-07850, TEC2009-09106,
TEC2012-34575, TEC2015-63832-P) have mainly focused on atmospheric observation by means lidar-only techniques and enabled
positioning of CommSensLab in FP5-to-H2020 EU programmes such as ACTRIS (Aerosol, Cloud, and Trace Gases Research
Infrastructure). ACTRIS is to end by 2020 without further continuity due to its planned successful integration into a permanent European
Research Infrastructure, which motivates the proposed project ARS.
In the over-land dimension of ARS project, examples of such technologies are the Doppler wind lidar (DWL), microwave Doppler and
polarimetric radar (1-to-10-cm wavelengths), and passive microwave/optical sensing. Combined lidar, radar, microwave radiometer and
Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer observations from mobile remote-sensing systems offer insights into atmospheric
phenomena that operational networks cannot. Such measurements have already been carried out during long-lasting Intensive
Observation Periods (IOP) in the context of different EU- and US-based measurement campaigns. Ancillary measurement records from
the VORTEX-SE project provides a unique platform to derive structural atmospheric properties, namely, atmospheric boundary layer
height and precipitation typing with focus on: (i) highly-dense statistical characterization and (ii) quality-assured methods.
The over-sea dimension of the ARS project tackles study of the DWL as key enabling technology to the assessment of off-shore windenergy
resource by using a lidar buoy and a cooperative meteo-drone. In 2015 the Carbon Trust published the roadmap for commercial
acceptance of lidar technology in the wind industry, in 2018 the IEA Wind Task 32 published recommended practices to mitigate barriers to
its adoption. The ARS project focuses on: (a) the effect of floating-lidar motion on wind measurements, and (b) wind-shear and near-shore
sea boundary-layer observations, which is according to state-of-the-art research in the field (e.g., Denmark Technical Univ., Cornell,
UMASS). DWLs have been used during off-shore IOP periods in Barcelona and the Netherlands as part of the commissioning phase of the
EolosTM lidar buoy, a spin-off from NEPTUNE. The ARS project proposes to take advantage of these IOP ancillary records as well as
accessing MARHIS Scientific-Technical Singular Infrastructure (Laboratory of Maritime Engineering) to further advance these topics.
The project is also to provide mobility opportunities to predoctoral students to collaborating Institutions above and endorsing private
companies.
Scope
Adm. Estat
Plan
Plan Estatal de Investigación Científica y Técnica y de Innovación 2017-2020
Call year
2019
Funcding program
Programa Estatal de Generación de Conocimiento y Fortalecimiento Científico y Tecnológico del Sistema de I+D+i
Funding subprogram
Subprograma Estatal de Generación de Conocimiento
Funding call
Proyectos de I+D de generación de conocimiento (antigues EXC)
Grant institution
Agencia Estatal De Investigacion

Participants