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Mechanochemical preparation of catalysts for energy applications: methane activation and hydrogen generation

Type of activity
Competitive project
Acronym
MECATEN
Funding entity
AGENCIA ESTATAL DE INVESTIGACION
Funding entity code
RTI2018-093996-B-C31
Amount
248.050,00 €
Start date
2019-01-01
End date
2021-12-31
Keywords
activación de metano, catálisis heterogénea, ciencia de superficies, fotocatálisis, heterogeneous catalysis, hydrogen technology, methane activation, photocatalysis, surface science, tecnología del hidrógeno
Abstract
In this subproject catalysts based on metals supported on inorganic oxides will be prepared with mechanochemical methods and their
capacity to transform the methane molecule (natural gas) and for the photocatalytic production of hydrogen as an energy vector will be
studied. We will study the preparation of Pd-CeO2 catalysts in detail as well as Pd-M-CeO2 bimetallic systems to achieve robust catalysts
in the transformation of natural gas, and catalysts with transition metals supported on TiO2 for the photocatalytic production of hydrogen.
Among other variables to be considered, supports with different morphology will be used to study the effect of the crystallographic planes
exposed on the mechanochemical synthesis and on the catalytic behaviour of the resulting materials, as well as preformed metal
nanoparticles with well-known properties. The main objectives pursued in the transformation of the methane molecule is twofold, on one
hand it is interesting to develop effective catalysts to achieve complete combustion in the control of atmospheric emissions from
combustion engines and gas boilers, while on the other hand the development of effective catalysts in the conversion of natural gas into
compounds of energetic interest, such as methanol, is intended. As we have demonstrated recently, mechanochemical methods offer the
possibility of creating catalysts with new active sites that show unique properties and behaviours, which are inaccessible with conventional
preparation methods. This project will also study the active sites prepared using the mechanochemical technique with microscopic and insitu
spectroscopic methods, such as infrared spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. It is intended to
understand the catalytic phenomenon that takes place with these innovative catalysts and, with this information, improve the design of
more efficient and robust catalysts for energy applications.
Scope
Adm. Estat
Plan
Plan Estatal de Investigación Científica y Técnica y de Innovación 2017-2020
Call year
2019
Funcding program
Programa Estatal de I+D+i Orientada a los Retos de la Sociedad
Funding call
Retos de Investigación: Proyectos de I+D+i
Grant institution
Agencia Estatal De Investigacion

Participants