We have named generalized Jacobi matrices to those that are practically tridiagonal, except for the two final entries and the two first entries of its first andits last row respectively. This class of matrices encompasses both standard Jacobiand periodic Jacobi matrices that appear in many contexts in pure and appliedmathematics. Therefore, the study of the inverse of these matrices becomes ofspecific interest. However, explicit formulas for inverses are known only in a fewcases, in p...
We have named generalized Jacobi matrices to those that are practically tridiagonal, except for the two final entries and the two first entries of its first andits last row respectively. This class of matrices encompasses both standard Jacobiand periodic Jacobi matrices that appear in many contexts in pure and appliedmathematics. Therefore, the study of the inverse of these matrices becomes ofspecific interest. However, explicit formulas for inverses are known only in a fewcases, in particular when the coefficients of the diagonal entries are subjected tosome restrictions.We will show that the inverse of generalized Jacobi matrices can be raisedin terms of the resolution of a boundary value problem associated with a secondorder linear difference equation. In fact, recent advances in the study of lineardifference equations, allow us to compute the solution of this kind of boundaryvalue problems. So, the conditions that ensure the uniqueness of the solution ofthe boundary value problem leads to the invertibility conditions for the matrix,whereas that solutions for suitable problems provide explicitly the entries of theinverse matrix.
Citation
Encinas, A.; Jiménez, M.J. Boundary value problems for second order linear difference equations: application to the computation of the inverse of generalized Jacobi matrices. "Revista de la Real Academia de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales. Serie A, Matemáticas", 22 Juliol 2019, vol. 113, núm. 4, p. 3795-3828.