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Arctic climate change, economy and society

Type of activity
Competitive project
Acronym
ACCESS
Funding entity
Commission of European Communities
Funding entity code
FP7-ENV-OCEAN-2010-265863-ACCESS
Amount
374.886,34 €
Start date
2011-03-01
End date
2015-02-28
URL
http://cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/98430_en.html Open in new window
http://cordis.europa.eu/projects/265863 Open in new window
Abstract
The Arctic is engaged in a deep climatic evolution. This evolution is quite predictable at short (year) and longer scales (several decades), but it is the decadal intermediate scale that is the most difficult to predict. This is because the natural variability of the system is large and dominant at this scale, and the system is highly non linear due to positive and negative feedback between sea ice, the ocean and atmosphere.

Already today, due to the increase of the GHG concentration in the atmosphere and the amplification of global warming in the Arctic, the impacts of climate change in the region are apparent, e.g. in the reduction in sea ice, in changes in weather patterns and cyclones or in the melting of glaciers and permafrost. It is therefore not surprising that models clearly predict that Artic sea ice will disappear in summer within 20 or 30 years, yielding new opportunities and risks for human activities in the Arctic.

This climatic evolution is going to have strong impacts on both marine ecosystems and human activities in the Arctic. This in turn has large socio-economic implications for Europe. ACCESS will evaluate climatic impacts in the Arctic on marine transportation (including tourism), fisheries, marine mammals and the extraction of hydrocarbons for the next 20 years; with particular attention to environmental sensitivities and sustainability. These meso-economic issues will be extended to the macro-economic scale in order to highlight trans-sectoral implications and provide an integrated assessment of the socio-economic impact of climate change. An important aspect of ACCESS, given the geostrategic implication of Arctic state changes, will be the consideration of Arctic governance issues, including the framework UNCLOS (United Nations Convention for the Law of the Sea). ACCESS dedicates a full work package to integrate Arctic climate changes, socioeconomic impacts and Arctic governance issues.
Keywords
EU policies, arctic climate change, economy, fisheries sustainability, geopolitics, governance, indigenous, marine spatial planning, oil spill, pollution, resource extraction, shipping impact, tourism
Scope
Europa
Plan
VII Programa Marc de la Unió Europea 2007-2013
Resoluton year
2011
Funcding program
Cooperation Specific Programme
Funding subprogram
Environment (including Climate Change)
Funding call
FP7-ENVIRONMENT
Grant institution
European Commission

Participants